Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 11, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta
TTTTC DAILY II. HUT. Booklet THE JAMES STEWART MFC TWENTY BUSHELS OF WHEAT ON FOUR INCHES OF RAINFALL For Sale by llick-Selil Hardware Co. It is simply impossible for this space-saving IDEAL Folding Bed to close accidentally. It is self-balancing in any position. Works with springs, not weights, and is so light and per- fectly balanced that a child can operate it. All metal vermin-proof. No parts to work loose, wear out or break. Bedding kept in perfect order, always open lo air. Canopy permits artistic or closed it is a handsome piece of furniture. Be sure an i Its kind, or any otlu-r kind, fur turt matter, except it .be the Peace at the lingua, Mint has ev- er been brought together in thiu or any otlicr country. upon the suc- cess of the tillers of the soil depends the very exigence of the liuinan race. Hefore proceeding with tlie task, al- HMV me to tell you liow l came to bo' nerc, ami some of our earlier dry- lanning experiences. of which 1 Consider more remarkable than grow- ing twenty bushels of wlneat on four ncnes of rainfall, in July, 1SS5, I started West, with any more until about Middle 01 the month. It commt'iu.vd tmow- i'iiy iiboul two o'clock one afternoon, uvo Inches) of wot, heavy snow fulling in (wo iionra. Uy tun o'ctoi-l; the next Hay the sun was shining bright and warm, and the snow had softened oujih to KM. the gunge wheel of the Plow cut through io the ground. I men commenced to plow under, turn- ing about two inches deep. It began again about two o'clock, and I kept on plowing until the snow gut deep. Thus, Uie snowing and the plowing went on for fivv> ilayn. the sun suining out bright and warm each morning, anil ending up on the (ith witu a rain. The ground was WCM to u ueptii of eight or ten inches, ami bo low that it was as dry and hard is -v grindstone. The next ten days ciotuty and foggy ami the ground .kept m about the same, condition that it: u'as when the snow quit falling. Dur- ing that time I planted fourteen acres, ot potatoes, dropping the potatoes iDout two feet apart, .1 3-4 inches deep n every third furrow, planting about my family, from onr home, in and one-half acres each day, h.ii ms, Kansas, in search of that most [rowing three times with the Acme ,JUTOW [jj (inning fay, priceless health, 'with Califor- na as our destination, but being hived with the tales of perpetual -sunshine, cool summers and pleasant winters, nicy were planted. When it cleared ami the sun came out the moisture on the unplowed land was all gone in mos; healthful climate in the'iour or five days, while on the four- rprlU, where'lhva most bountiful icen acres planted in- potatoes It had could be grown by irrigation in the oothills of the Rocky .Mountain reg- ons, we decided to visit, for a shqrt line an old friend, then living in Colj On the 2Sth of the month, wo ound ourselras upon 1113 divide, some dried only about an Inch. After that about once a week a heavy cloud would appear along tho foothill of the moniUcuns to the west of us and, with more or fess rain, move steadily On Christmas Morning as on any other winter day, you can make your home more comfortable and cheery by using a Perfection Smoke- less Heater. Its genial warmth is quietly at your service, ready (or use in any emergency. You will need it as a supplementary healer .when those extra cold spells come. Lnlef you will find it just the thing for the changeable weather of early spring. The Perfection Heater is light and easily carried. It is safe in the hands of a child the safest and most reliable Heater Drums finished either in blue enamel or plain steel, with nickel trimmings an ornament to any room. A special automctic dcnce makes imaling impossible. All parts cleaned. Gallon lout; burnt nine hours. Cool liuidlc damper lop. everywhere; or write (or descriptive cilculir to any agency of The Imperial Oil Company, Limited acje- Ijing tlonRside the east, until it I01 ami JIlst as Oood 11 id th ith id h ei in wintei tht bcloit ind wnich was plowed early, packed with rile Campbell pad cr twice yncl drilled in just ntic tl eighteen acres were sown; .made twenty' bush els to the acre, a five to one proposi uon. around they came together over I the table lands, and for two hours we experienced the heaviest rainfall at we did so; living L snowstorm In November, which roKe the ridge pole. We then decid- (l to rent a house, and stay the rest f th'a winter. .The only house in the eighborhood that we cou'ld gst car- nea with it a contract to break ana tarm .of new land- e er when sod. We took the pace and the next spring commenced-'fannnig upon the; bpilngtooth hiitou it thould have been but ueut out "t twice common spike-tooth narrow "oued Iifti leic- stlett lied Cross seed, usjng forty pounds to the nere. the last three days in Auu "st, JUKI fifty acres in Fultzo jicdlt- uianein I ho n st ihree dais of September, after, which. .we had one most of it, however, running; off the 'ground. After that we had frequent. dry lands of Colorado, but in what was then known1 as th-a rainbelt dis- trict. 1 will not go' into details as to onr farming operations, except to say it was pretty dry until the first of June, after which we'had timely rains, and acres of potatoes one thousand ponnds 16 the acre, and on two acres fourteen in 1U07 on 100 acres summer tilled. uiough not thoioughlj iighi nfn ibout one rouith of u ty bushels of Big Four oats to the acre, .forty pounds, to the bushel, and on one hundred acres that hud been in oat-o tho year before, one hundred aixd twenty-five bushes; a sixteen to grew a good crop of potatoes, six for the purpose of len thousand pounds to the acre; how the rainfall is en acres' of Gorman millet, making and also to show you how three and one-half toiw to the acre; one proposition. The last few years nave been very dry, about an average rainfall of six inches, including snow 1 almost forgot to tell you that two years ago my wife, having pounds to the acre. The two acres I recovered her health, we completed of spring wheat made eighteen bush-'' els and five acres of oats thirty-five bushels to the acre. I have gone into the details of this the 1 moisture can be 'retained in the soil. O. LIMITED MONTREAL TORONTO WINNIPEG ENGLISH LAND SOON WILL BELONG TO THE PEOPLE acres at Trentham, in Staffordshire, for about and Viscount Clifden .ims unloaded acres in Oxfordshire for ,an estate in I Cornwall for and one in Cain- for Another bis sal-a was that of Lord Lpndesborough's estates in Yorkshire, which .netted about while Lord I-ands- downe, the famous Tory leader in iho Hous'5 of Lords, got over for acres in Wiltshire. So far no figures are available as to the total sales this year, but they lour for the crop Ulc arc- applied and thte .work. flonte at, the right In the intervening years we have made more or less of a success, by London. Nov. the most feel that they are no longer safe, and notab'ie and lasting effects of the that they have been forced to sell by French Revolution was th-e transfer the now policy of taxing Ip.iid. AS far of the ownership of the land of France as the amount of the tax is concerned, from the feudal aristocracy to the peo-' '.his is absurd, but there is no doubt We had1't lien''passed something uve'r a year in the sunshine show- ers of Colorado, "but, with but little aeuefit to my wife's health. We de- cided, however, to try it a while long- er, and began looking around for a niece of Uncle Sam's land" upon .which will run Into many millions of dollars llortheast of 'Eastbnvillo, and on the and there are lots more to come. Any .east Of tn.3 railroad. Upon this enterprising Anvoricu.ii who wants to j DeclaratoVy Sta'tement (Pre- buy up England has u jjootl chance to on February 27, 1SST, do so now ,but lie will have to reckon trom a sawmill on Lloyd George taxes which are miles away, built a house, moved on- more likely to grow than to decrease. tQ and Commenced farming An interesting side issu'e of; this operations change in the ownership of land is pie. Jn England this process has Hint the fear of heavier taxation, no-.v been going on peacefully and afmost .that the principle has been establisli- nnnoticed during the last tweh'e j ed, has had some effect. Far greater, months, at a rate which, if continued however, has been the influence of much longer .will accomplish at great th-a rising price of land, which strange- Inmost unlhinkaMe1 H change-in the ownership of the land 'y enough, due both to what the as the Revolution did in that of .government Is doing, and what the France. i opposition is expected to rib when it There' are several reasons, for this j returns to power. The government was re'-aT'd-ed its change. Enemies of the present iiov- j policy has been to encourage the re- s eminent say that the owners land settlement of small .holders on [law of entail it-was inalienable; A spendthrift-son might run..ibrough the and- got into-.dclit; but the laud remained.- Now it willb-a easier to dissipate the ancestral fortune and ambitions -American mammas -v.-ho want titled- sons-in-law may soon find a slump in prices. on the nth of April. sowing two acres wheat, thirty pounds of seed to the n the top of the ground before .the effect it will have on the i aristocracy. Until -now it has linen almost exclusively a territorial and j feudal one. A wlihout hind was nd; newly .created business peers always haste to muTOWjng same three times' with an buy laud ami so- ucgurre 'a' definite ncnie harrow. Immediately after standing In their new caste. Land, it ueing so dry, I did'not sort of insur- acre, o. plowing. I then plowed the sod as u'aep as inch to an inch ml ground being so dry, ance against changing fortunes. H was tangible property antl ttitder the COMMENCING WED. NOV. 8 And lasting for one week only One-third Off All Felt Shapes 1 have (in limit! a Jarg-e assortment of these-felt, trimmed and-iintriimnod. Alsf) all Pftncy :Mounls, Wings (JliiJd- ren'a-lial.s, e'very one in good shape, which I 33 1-3 per cent, discount ALSO 25 PER.-CENT. DINCOUXT off all Bcsivor and 'fc'ur Mats. (Jliil'l'on Face Veiling. Ribbons and Velvets. One VVcciv MISS CAMERON MILLINERY. Hill Block. 3rd Avenue. WATER WORKS AT PRINCE RUPERT Toronto, Nov. 10. The water works at Prince Rupert; according to j information from now nearly completed., having nearly jmying bi'un spent during 1'VU. out ;of .11 to- lal appropriation of also j 1 icing spunl this year on sewer, sj-s- I lem and a like sum on rock cutting Ktrciit grading. WON'T WALK STREETS LONG London, N'ov. T. Preston hits sent to his resignation as trado commissoner for Mofland. 'Pres- ton itt returning io Canada, ami pos- sibly Inter wlil accept it position In i York offered him by ji German firm. CLEMENT MAN IS ILL London, N'ov. Max Aitkin has ?oiin into the country owing lo II] health and han cancelled his more Imwodiato parliamentary engage- nientu, COWAN'S PERFECTION COCOA Is rood for Growing Girls and they like h. It nourishes their lit lie bodies makes them healthy and strong. Cowan's Cocoa, n you get k frooi your grocw, pure, fUvoi by the uw of the highmt grKle of beuu, skilfully bladed. Nothitf ii ittded to impiir WJtti- btbldiDi pnpmin of the COCM. Do Cowu'i COCOA practicing Dry Farming carefully tilling our land and care- fully selecting our ses-d. We have neen able to grow from twenty-five to to pitch onr tent. We were advised'one hundred bushels of oats and from not to go east of the C. and S. railroad, sixteen to forty-five bushels of wheat as we would be out of the rainbelfc. jio tfl-a acre. are the averages The only thing we could find, for the entire crop. er, that we -thought suitable for farm- the parj Of April. 1000, we mi purposes, was 160'acres lying on I had about five feet of wot, heavy .unnnit of the'divide, four miles Jsnow which wet the'subsoil from 'ro five fc'at deep, and for the next-five years, where we practiced Dry Fann- ing tilled onr land, tfte crops were good, oats making an average of from fifty to one bundled bushels io the acre, potatoes from six co ten thousand pounds, to the acre, with 'about an average annual rain- tall of ten inches including in 190C wi'th t'3ii inches of rainfall we grew on forty-five acres an aver- age of ten thousand pounds of pota- toes to the acre, one acre of which made twenty thousand pounds. This land was worked very thoroughly. Commencing the latter part of April plowed the ground about seven inches deep, using a triple Disc'Han- uock plow, packing and harrowing the ground every evening with a Camp- bell subsoil packer to which tlva har- row was attached, and planting the 1 potatoes about four inches deep antl on the land plowed the day before, liy thoroughly cultivating tho crop af- ter it was planted wy managed to save all of the moisture' that fall, except wnat was taken by the. growing pota- toes. including the plowing, planting, har- rowing ami -digging, we went over the land fourteen Um'es. .The next year, we grew on this same ptece of .land, ten acres common spring wheat, .torty bushels to the acre; ten acres Durum wheat, twenty and one-half IDUBliclsto the u ere, and.tho remaining !twenty-five acres, eighty bushels of Four oats to the acre, forty-four j pounds to the bushel, machine weigh- od, with jnal three, rains during tlie I growing season not to exceed six inches in nil. I the last five years it has j ocsn unusually dry in our immediate fvicinity, the rains being local, mtascd IM as Ihey did a great miiny others. Aliout AH average finnim! rn in fall of HIX inches including the snowH.' In JOOU on thirty-five acres of sum- mer fallowed not Hummer tilted, we'-grew.-twenty-five bushela King of i Winter When! acre. On eigh- teen'acres that, had bwcn. in potatoes tne your before and thoroughly cul- tivated we 'grew eighteen humlrod niiHiiclK of Rig Four oala, weighed at. machine forty-six pounds to -the bush- to the moi ture Y where IheLwh'Jat planti d vnry.Iitf.lo suow'-fffll (lu'ri'ng- the win off of the wneat. practic, winter., except ,a few acres in a place where tKy snpw'ilodged. Thn most any of it hart wo.tild not ma] e I o exceed, four water. nad btfi-'hwo raiiiH diiiriiig the growing -season; thefgvound down than three our trip to California and after four uie -inoiptiir.0" than three months canva home better satisfied incires. :f very Jignt, with Colorado than ever. tiry make to '1'his brings me lo tin: assign-1 we grow twenty bushels of moisture wneat on four inches of rainfall. iiave. just told you that tha last, five inch' ifi years' have bc'au .very so we start eil in with litfie moisture In the soil. Kirst let me stale that, we sltnal.- eu upon the summit of the divide, it ,s harvested, the ]ii'tlr'W .Urly. AVhen Uio (.hresiling -was done we found we.liad twcntx one hall' bushels-to the acre, oT a very fair qualify of wheat. Sample or this wheat can seen at our twceri the Platte and Arkansas risers, nihit at'the 121 Paso (Jo. division. One lies northeast, of Colorado Springs acre of the Alediterranean, on thousand 20 miles from ami HDOVO any living stream that i wai'Sr enough io irrigate more just with just eu -ugh water for domestic purposes. --wo ;-re compelled to depend upon the rarnlall cniirely.to grow our crops. To 'begin with this land wavi sum- nvar tilled, tliongh not tlioroughly aa it shored. have been. Beginning early in March, 1910, this J.70 acres was Liioi'oughiy "cultivated one time over with spring tooth harow, there being a little moisture in the ground at th-a time. After this cultivation there was very little rain; for some time it wnlcli the iv to niiike now'hiid drifted sufficieni- about two inches ot' uire wlilchi with the rainfall would inak-c eight, inches, yielding; fifty-five misuels. This wheat was subjected to ouier very nnvariable .conditions, it ueing very cold and dry, freezing; ice thick as a window pane from one to tnrc'o times a weeft, until the wheat Uegan to head, and in the latter pare ot the season was int'es'tcd wii.lt chinch bug, which injured it to some extent, so yon ran sec wlint we dry- arnvep.5 have, to contend with. But. tnanks to our scientists, our agrlcnl- experiment .stations A so dry llKil the shattered oats and worlt in discovering-' the'-porn- weeds did not start until an-jr'the and diseases that injure our Biat of Jlay, at which time we had iijcropa, ami in providing a remedy.' snow that wet the ground about four or five inches and started oats and Woods jvs soon, as the weeds began to.np-. I.'jar we went over the ground with an Acme harrow which thoroughly pul- verized the surface and destroyed the After this we did not have And I would like to call your alien- j uon to oivo Inrgeifarnr one v ot the grealL-st grain growing stages 3 oi the Union, a farm frnnV Whicli rail- i iioii-j and niillions of bushels of grain .j nave been sold. of the 1 _ iarin-are making thonEaiuis and thous- j, any rain tp amount to anything, two amis .of dollars every y.dar. notwith- or three light showers, which only v.-jt 'standing tlra fact that -this farm is in- 3 the ground one-fourth of an inch, un-; reeled wjth one of the very worst 3 LII me 19th .of July. We plowed the j Kinds-of parasites, worst necause none 3 ground earlj' in -Inly, using a horse Oi 'bur scientists or experiment ;fctn- power'engine and it 21 dbc Kmerson j nons Imve'been abte ;lo find a remedy, plow, plowing the ground from six to-a is so badly infested, in fact, that nuL'c 'inches average of about seven at the same time with the.Acme harrow attached TO ttlC piOW. Tlie next rain cams on tho of ,juiy, and wet the ground from two and one-half inches to inches, ju-3l enough to reach the moisture oelow as we had. Then commenced uie harvesting of one hundred acres of winter I may add nere, woa on suminw tilled land, and made an average of twenty bushels to the acre without any moisture to (to it any good, after the 1st of Slay, wnen'wn hnd snow. Tlie light rains raitier Iraing a. detriment, ns it seem- ed to scald the. grain when the sun came out. "It, .commenced raining ag- ain about the as'th of July, and rain- ed every rtiiy for two weeks. About live mill one-half inch-as fell during Unit, time, which started the weeds Again we harrowed the ground with iiiu AciiKs and the Bprinstooth har- j rows. About the ifitli or Ifith of Aus- reniedy is soon found, it be a blessing to tho farmers uverywliero if it stricken wiih 9 urought so severe, s0 intensely dry and hut, that no method of dry-farm- could ever revive it. ;I refer to. j tlie Board of Trade Kiirm' in Chicago. I think you have been shown .at. this UongresH that It is possible to'niako j two bushels of gsain grow where'only nii'j grew before, or even where none J grew before, and it is said that he who i ft able to make two blades of grass to'grow where only one grew before is a benefactor of mankind. Iti conclusion, I wish to say to yon larmora who nitt trying to .farm (irv lands of this and -all other cqun- list, Just, as wo were finishing tho narrowing, we got a heavy rain, about one and one-half Inches falling in a snort much of It running off (tho other rains having all soaked In- o the ground wlitoro they Hcing tusy with our wheat, setting out the snock lo dry tor we did lot have to thoroughly cultivate the inns, if you wish to be of manktnd, go home and ptacUco dry- larming BUljinier. till your laiidsl a'nd.'.to iyou. Jioard; of Trade fjir- mera, If thero are any het'a. "who (ire operating farms like tbe one I triert to Uc'nuHbu iii' Illinois, go homo ninl DUTii your buildings', fences and all. leaving plain -evidence' tlml you dirt so, nml l-hfiti try to collect your flra Montreal's birth rate of 26.-I5 per Uiousantl, Is snld to be a world's re- cord, whllo St. I'etersliurg has a greater death rate, that for Alonlre-! nl being 22.4.0.