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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 10, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID Tuesday, November 10, 1970 lirtice, Hutchison, China or the bomb? In an oblique way, the Chinese have reminded the rest of the world that they would be interested in a global summit conference, object, to prohibit the production of nuclear weapons, to destroy all those nuclear weapons in existence, and as a pre- cursor to all this, to reach an agree- ment on not using nuclear weapons. Tim Chinese message was carried in a joint communique issued by a group of visiting Japanese socialists and an organization called the China- Japan Friendship Association. The Chinese are plainly worried about how long the Japanese will continue to hold to their present policy of re- fusing to acquire nuclear weapons. Peking will employ even the left- handed approach to let Tokyo know that it. too. does not really want to have nuclear installations on its Chi- nese soil, and that it is the Big Pow- ers who insist on terrorizing the world with more and more of them. But the Chinese cannot shout their views from the pagoda tops at home. After all, they have just completed another nuclear test, which o d tl 1 y, they did not announce until several days after it took place. Maybe they hesitated to rile the Soviet Union, maybe the test was not as success- ful as it might have been, or maybe they just wanted to keep their affairs to themselves. The outright nuclear weapons ban suggested by the Chinese is seldom taken seriously, particularly by those nations who already possess nuclear capability. The reason is, of course, that such a ban would work in Chi- na's favor. The U.S.S.K. ami the U.S. shield themselves and on occasion threaten one another with nuclear weapons, the ultimate in milit a r y might. China must still rely on its immense population, its great peo- ples' army as its greatest del' e n c e weapon. 11 would have plenty to gain strategically if a global nuclear ban were to be agreed upon by ail the world powers. The very proposal of such a ban scores a few propaganda points with the small neutral nations. To them, it sounds like that great Utopia be- fore the A-Bomb. It sounds that way from Canada too. Does the eventual choice have to be between China and the bomb'.' Invitation to Thieu The Paris newspaper Le Monde re- cently carried an invitation to South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu to emulate former U.S. Presi- dent Lyndon Johnson by announcing that he will not run in next year's election. Making Uie invitation was Ton That Thien, who was Saigon's in- formation minister for a few months in 1968. Some observers think Mr. Thieifs proposal was aimed at aiding the presidential candidacy of General Du- ong Van Minn. Although Big Minh has not formally announced his candidacy, he lias made it quite clear that he intends to run. Representatives of the Communists at the Paris peace talks have not stated that they would be more am- enable to negotiations with Big Minh than with other potential candidates. What they 'have made very obvious is that they arc not prepared to deal with the i'hicu administration. The departure of Mr. Thieu, Vice Presi- dent Nguyen Cao Ky, and Premier Tran Thien Khiem has become a symbol to the Communists, accord- ing to Mr. Thien. No doubt there would be greater possibility of entering on real nego- tiations for peace in Vietnam if Mr. Thieu was removed from office. But it is not likely that he will remove himself as suggested. His removal seems to rest with the success of a rival candidate in an election. Big Minh is thought to have wide support for his more flexible attitude toward the Communists. This suppo- sition will have to be tested at the polls and even then the mind of the people may not be known because of the dubious nature of elections in South Vietnam. Food freaks Miss Lillian Roxon, author of The Rock Encyclopedia, claims that an "enormous' anti drug backlash among the young" has set in as a result of the recent drug-connected deaths of two rock idols J i m i Hendrix and Janis Joplin. She says that many members of the rock gen- eration are "turning away from chemical highs to the natural highs of organic foods and vegetable juices." It could be true that an attempt is being made to give health foods the stamp of approval among that gen- eration. But there will be much skepticism about health foods replac- ing drugs until there is much more evidence than Miss Roxon provides. Drug taking has an anti-establish- ment component that does not seem to be associated with the consump- tion of health foods. Therefore it is difficult to imagine any public op- position developing that would give health foods a "desirable" cast. Yet perhaps the fact that health food consumption has never achieved more than minority support makes it a logical candidate for a sign of non- conformity. If kicks can be got by indulging in food faddism it might be possible that a shift from drugs could be achieved among those who are merely seeking to gain peer ap- proval. The attitudes associated with the use of drugs and alcohol are of enor- mous importance. No solution will be found to either the drug or al- cohol problem until the social sanc- tions are tackled. Education doe1- not seem to be the answer "because fancy is more potent than fact. Promotion of the sort described by those mak- ing a pitch for health food may be more significant than seemed pos- sible at first glance. Popular prophecy From the Christian Science Monitor "THE IDEAS of Charles A. Reich, a Yale Professor Heidi's views. Yet certain as- professor, about the thrustjng-forth of sumptions should not be let pass. American youth culture have made a great commotion in recent weeks after a con- densed version of his new book, 'The Greening of appeared in the Sept. 26 New Yorker magazine. Professor Reich's view of present estab- lished society is easily seen in his use of subtitles: "Disorder, corruption, hypoc- risy, war; poverty, distorted priorities, and legislation by power; decline of dem- ocracy and liberty, powerlessness; the ar- tificiality of work and culture; absence of community; loss of self." The corruplor of society is the corporate, technocratic state, which subverts law and all the processes of individual life to its own ends. Professor Reich is not dismayed by the allgrasping tentacles of tlie corporate state. He feels it will spend itself in its own acts of repression. Society will survive through the emer- gence of what he calls Consciousness III, the new mentality of the young, which will arise "from the rr.aehine-made envi- ronment of the corporate -state, like flou- ers pushing up through a concrete pave- ment." Now, ii is not possible in so -short a space cither Io fully represent or refute First, we are troubled by the one-color reading of the motives of those who "run" established society. Many of the young, in most parts of the world, like Professor Reich, see those motives as and exploitive. But are they? Are they not at worst mixed, and gray? And, further, is society run by a corporate conspiracy? We doubt that it is. Second, we doubt that the overriding influence in modem man's life is the tech- nocratic state. Man today, as in every other time in history, lives essentially in a mental climate, not a material one. Dis- order, corruption, hypocrisy, war, poverty, distorted priorities and so forth, which the professor and many other prophets of the young would ascribe to present society simply arc not new with it. We too look with hope to the young. We believe that mankind's course, despite its downturns, is essentially progressive. And the young often have first inklings of the direction progress beckons. But there is a danger today in the ap- plause that follows saying uhat people want lo hear whether to the repressive Right off the campus or the anxious youths on it. And the sheer popularity of ideas may exceed the substance of them. Adults only Ity Dong Walker TVTcKILLOP United Church had a con- it was possible to show cartoons on one gregational dinner Uii.s fall. People side for children and more substantial mo- who wanted to make an evening of it could vies on (lie other side for adults. Inflation is a tantalizing problem Last o fa Scries A CONGRESSIONAL clen- lion campaign in (lie United States and a national tragedy in Canada have recent- ly driven North America's baffling economic co-nimdrimi into the background of politics. But it won't stay there long. For the simple fact is (list both nations have hardly begun to break, and yet somehow must break, while there is still time, the weird paradox of high prices with high unemploy- ment, business recession with inflation and idle productive apparatus with the need of larger production. In Canada, it is true, the in- flationary heat has cooled con- siderably during the last year. On the face of the price index the Trudeau government's harsh orthodox measures have succeeded tetter than those of any industrialized nation, but that isn't saying imich. As the government knows, it has made only a small puncture in the balloon and the pressure will soon mount, again after this year's huge built-in cost in creases. The situation in the United States is different politically and, measured by the price rise, economically about Uyice as tad. 11 is different political- ly because the minds of Prime Minister Trudeau and Presi- dent Nixon stand poles apart and their circumstances almost equally distant. In the first place, Mr. Tru- deau is an ex-socialisl, in some ways a conservative (as we have seen lately) and always a pragmatist. Mr. Nixon is a self styled conservative in the deepest ideological a passionate free enterpriser and a bitter enemy of governmen- tal tampering with the econo- my, though he often has to tamper with it all same. In the second place, Mr. Nixon, unlike Mr. Trudeau, has been fighting an autumn elec- tion vital to his own r.o election in 1972, and his grand strategy requires the support of the "hard hat" labor unions, or whatever fraction of it he can get. Consequently he blurred the problem of. inflation until the polls closed, since it cannot he touched, much less acted upon, without isolating and em- phasizing th.3 disagreeable but primary economic fact of the day. This is the fact, that inflation has long passed the early de- mand-pull phase of too much money chasing too few goods and is now almost entirely cost-push, the process of hand- ing on higher production ex- penses io the consumer in prices. And the higher costs re- sult almost entirely from wages. Mr. Nixon was not to blame for the inflation at the begin- ning. ft came out of the pre- v i o u s Democratic govern- ment's %vild finance and Viet- nam war which' launched the demand pull phase, though naturally the Democrats are now blaming lum for their own mistakes. Even Us critics must admit, too, that in his fiscal and monetary policies he showed great courage, accepting high unemployment and business re- cession as the disciplines need- ed to sober the economy after a prolonged debauch. Finally the president, a layman in ths White House, has suffered, like many predecessors, from the advice of experts whose fore- casts went sour. On the other hand, he has never dared, as Mr. Trudeau has done, to pinpoint the para- mount cause of inflation, the wage spiral, lest he antagonize (he vote of big labor. As a re- sult, the Canadian visitor to Washington is astonished to see how little that cause is under- stood or, at least, discussed in the government and Congress. Almost all politicians, in both parties, fear the labor vote, and the responsible, rather conservative, union leaders fear their rebellious rank and file. Despite these difficulties, po- litical and economic, the Nixon administration felt confident, at the summer's end, that it was getting the situation under con- trol, not as soon or as well as expected but sufficiently to avoid more drastic action. Over and over again in Washington 1 was assured by the experts that the rate of price increase had fallen to about half last year's level, that the presi- dent's famous "game plan" was working satisfactorily, if not quite on schedule. Then came some delayed fig- ures and a painful shock prices in September, the latest recorded month, were rising at a rate of six per cent a year, contrary to all official predic- tion. The monster had not been caged after all, or even lamed. Under Ihs impact of this news the basic facts are, begin- ning to get through at last, a year after they penetrated the public consciousness of Can- "Listen to li'I ol' me for once honey War Measures Act does NOT apply to Women's Lib ada. Once they are understood, what will be done about them? That is Mr. Nixon's tantalizing post election problem, a prob- lem more serious than it looks In the statistics because rising prices, falling profits, hence falling rev.enues and an unex- pected budgetary deficit cut straight through all his plans and policies, foreign and do- mestic (not to mention the bru- tal human damage of infla- It is possible that the recent inflationary spurt may be a brief interruption in the "game that the price increase will slow to its summer rate again and perhaps become po- litically tolerable, for a time. Even if it dees, however, it will still be disastrously high in the long run at something like three or four per cent an- nually. Anyhow, the puzzled layman in the White House will not lack profound and contra- dictory advice from the na- t i o n s leading economists. Three of them, among the most distinguished in their pro- fession who talked frankly to me, disagreed about every- thing. The most celebrated, John Kenneth Galbraith, permit- ting quotation, had no doubt that the economy would con- tinue to lurch along, with busi- ness sluggish, prices increasing fast and unemployment falling little, if at all. He had no doubt, either, that the nation, under the Republican or Dem- ocratic president elected in would be forced to adopt the Galbraithian remedy of di- rect economic controls, not across the board as in war- lime, but on the profits and wages of a few industrial gi- ft-; thst export t'neir cost on the helpless public. Dr. Galbraith expound- ed Us thesis fully for the first time, in Ottawa a year ago, I ventured to suggest that it would be dismissed by the Ca- nadian and American govern- ments but would not die. Now, having talked to some impor- tsrt figures in the Senate, I nm convinced that it is alive, well and certain to re-emerge next year as a practical issue in politics. If the professor can succeed in his campaign to educate the leaders of his Democratic party, it will sponsor an un- precedented cure for inflation and run on such a policy two- years from now. But as one of the'most powerful men to the party told me, the president, reversing ideological gears, may well have stolen that strategy, and claimed it for his own, before then. This looks just conceivable, and the Dem- ocratic conversion very prob- able, unless the game planners are right when, up to now, they have been so pathetically wrong. (Herald Special Service) Carl Roivuu 'Soft on crime' fizzles as vote-getting issue arrive carlv for eating and then withdraw WASHINGTON You can scratch "soft on crime" and attacks on "radical liber- als" as the great Republican campaign strategy of M72. For as we reflect on the meanness and madness of the last few weeks, in the light of last Tuesday's voting, it is clear that the American people are not yet so full of fear and frus- tration that they are ready to jump off the political deep end. Eager as they are for safe streets, campus tranquility, smashing of the drug traffic, racial harmony, this election showed that they wiil not buy propaganda suggesting that one political party has a monopoly on virtue where these things are concerned. And despite a quirky situa- The axle By Don O.'iley AS EVERY schoolboy knows, man's first great invention was the wheel. Right? Nonsense! writes an anony- mous sage in "Through the Meshes." a modest compen- dium of homely wisdom pub- lished by the W. S. Tyler Co. of Mentor. Ohio. No one invented the wheel. he avers, because the wheel always existed. Kvcry round stone was a wheel. Every fall- en tree Inmk was a wheel, as was anything that could roil. But they were ail useless until someone invented lire axle, on the ends of which wheels could be made to turn, and on top of which a platform could be built to carry things, Titus not the wheel but the axle %vas '.he first great inven- tion. Watch out for old duffs like us, ,say.s Ihr autiior. We're .still able to think pretty well. lion where James Buckley fell between two stools of liberal Republicans and Democrats and came up a Senate winner in New York state, the elec- tions made it clear that this country is not about to move "so far right you won't recog- nize ss some of President Nixon's advisers seemed to think. The Republicans wanted in the worst way to hold Republi- can Senate seats in the criti- cal states of Illinois and Cali- fornia. The Republicans' "soft on crime" strategy, the out- landish effort to exploit an angry student outburst in San -lose, were designed to create so much public distrust of two young challengers that i o dowdy Republican incumbents, Ralph Tyler Smith and George Murphy, would win re-election. But unprecedented efforts by President Nixon and Vice-Pres- ident Agnew to inspire ajid ex- ploit fear backfired in (hwe states. Adlai Stevenson III swamped Smith despite the lat- ter's dirty law-and-order cam- paign, and young John Tunncy gave ex s o f t s h o e dancer Murphy a solid kick into the growing ranks ot California's unemployed. Yet. the Democrats were not without some surprising head- aches that, too. sobering evi- dence that American voters are not patsies. Maryland's Ken. J o s c p b 'IVdings .suffered a shocking defeat nt fhe hands of GOP Congressman J. Glenn Beall, apparently because Tyd- ings tried to win liberals by fighting the gun lobby and woo conservatives by pushing a re- pressive District of Columbia crime bill, Tydings wound up alienating thousands at both ends of the political spectrum. The Republicans scored sweet victories in gclting Democrat Albert Gore out of his Tennes- see seat in the Senate and in pulling Robert Taft, Jr., to vic- tory over Howard Metzenbaum, a very liberal Ohioan who some thougiit would win a Senate seat from the Buckeye State. But, the President and Vice-President had put their prestige way out on the line trying to win key Senate races in Florida and Texas. But Dem- ocrats won both those contests. And a "Sout'herin strategy'1 was dealt a mean blow when Sen. J. Strom Thurmond's He- publican candidate lost the race for governor of South Carolina. The roost telling result of tliese off-year elections may lie in the fact that the Democrats wiped out what had been over- whelming Republican control of stalehouses. Democrats won smashing victories in the gub- ernatorial races of Pennsyl- vania, Ohio, Florida, and Ne- braska. Hubert H. Humphrey carried an underdog Democrat into the statehouse in Minne- sota, as did Sen. William Prox- mirc in Wisconsin. With Democrats now control- ling reapportionment of House districts and political patronage in several new states, the politi- cal outlook for 1972 has changed drastically. T h e Democratic fund raising potential has im- proved immensely. And the Democratic enthusiasm f o r drumming up an appealing Presidential candidate behind 60 they say 1 think it is wrong in prin- ciple thai people wlio come to this country should do so on the basis that they refrain from any activities which are lawful for Ihe ordinary citizen. Mr. Reginald M a u d I i n g, British Home Secretary. whom almost all Democrats can unite is infintely greater now than almost anyone thought possible before the election. So look for a major though gradual shift in Republican strategy. There will be less of the politics of divisiveness; fewer ugly names hurled at either Congressmen or students, with or without alliteration; in short, a lot less strident rhetoric from Agnew. Look for President Nixon lo resume talk about bringing the American people together and to challenge firmly, even angrily, those advisers who have told him either that the economy was on the mend or that the average voters were so fearful of crime and violence that they could be made to overlook high prices and low employment. There were some pretty sob- ering lessons in last week's elections. Whoever refuses lo heed those lessons will meet, in 1972, the same hitter heart- break that so many candidates tasted in turbulent 1970. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Capt. Bruce Eairns- fathcr, cartoonist and lecturer will he in the city November 20 and will lecture at the Majestic Theatre. He is most famous for his humorous cartoons of "Old JMO A total of eight planes arrived in the city last night and North Lelhbridge hangar space was inadequate. Many of the planes bad to be staked down out of doors, despite the high winds. Win Weather forecasting slaff of the Dominion meteor- ological bureau at (he Vancouv- er airport will be transferred lo the Kcnyon Field at Lelh- bridge. This will make Leth- bridge bureau a first class weather station. 1950 City council took stern measures to have an eyesore removed from the city. The old Huff Refinery on Mayor Magralb must be demolished within six months by the own- ers. Ifllio There is a possibility that Canadian Western Natural Gas may apply for an increase in MGI rates. The company's rates in Lethbridge and several other southern Alberta commu- nities were increased by 21 per cent last June 1. The Lctltbridcje Herald 50-1 7ih SI. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Ciass Mai! Registration No. 0012 Member of The Conadisn Press and !f.n Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and 'he Aurfit Bureau of Circulations CLEQ W. MOWERS, EdHor and publisher THOMAS-H. ADAMS, General Manager JOB BftLLA WILLIAM HAY AA.inAging Editor Associate Hditor ROY F. WILES DOOGUAS K, WALKER Aclvcffisincj MiiniiQcr Efjitofi'it Pnyc Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;