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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 9, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, Novamtmr 9, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 A collection of brief book reviews "The Rockin 50s" by Arnold Shaw, (Prentice-Hall of Canada Ltd., Aaw, nostalgia! Elvis, Fats, the Everleys, Holley, the Platters or the Teddy Bears, with hits like Hound Dog, Blueberry Hill, Bye Bye Love, Peggy Sue, the Great Pretender and To Know Him is to Love Him what memories. And there are many, many more in this book. Bui aside from the trip down memory lane the book is shallow. The author skips over what would be meaningful in- sights with -one or two sentences. He tells you a former rock star is dead, and then drops him. How did he die, when, why, where? It is as if he knows the basic facts but just didn't bother to do any digging for the facts. There are other small evidences as to the lack of follow up as well. Conway Twitty came and went according to the author, but he doesn't recognize that he is back again as one of the biggest names in country-western music. And I'm sure Gene Vincent died a few years back, although the author doesn't say so. Some questions 1 would iiKe to have answered didn't get mentioned in the book. What happened to Dickie Doo and the Don'ts or Chan Romero? But then I guess the author couldn't include every singer or group could he? The author is knowledgeable in his field and does supply some indepth writing in some cases. It just maddens one that he skims over some other aspects. GARRY ALLISON "City Police" by Jonathan Rubinstein (Farrar, Straus and Girous, 455 An excellent insight into the daily activities of policemen in large urban areas and why some of them deserve a bacon reference and others do not. Jonathan Rubinstein takes readers into the streets of Philadelphia to view the day by day battle against crime. He describes a policeman's attitude toward his work and the place he polices, various methods of surveilling a beat and the use of weapons and strength to control people. The internal problems of corruption and brutality are also extensively dealt with. Mr. Rubinstein spent a year on the Philadelphia police force specifically to gain the information related in this book. He is fair to those charg- ed with the enormous respon- sibility of policing a big city but doesn't ignore the policeman who enjoys being brutal or uses the force for his own financial gain. It is a refreshing relief from the fictitious policeman who has been darting across our television screens displaying "knight in shining armour" qualities during the past two vears. JIM GRANT "Noah's Ark: I Touched It" by Fernand Navarre (Logos International, softback, 137 pages, distributed by G. R. Welch Co. French industrialist and ex- plorer Fernand Nevarre claims to have found Noah's ark at the bottom of a 45 foot crevasse on Mount Ararat near the border of present day Turkey and the Soviet Union. As proof of his find he includes pictures of himself with a piece of hand hewn wood which a forestry expert "supposes" is about years old. Only those who want to believe in the historicity of the story of Noah's ark will be convinced by what they read in this book. Even the publishers felt constrained to caution that one carbon 14 lest of the wood yielded an age of only years. The ex- pedition, consisting of "believer" Navarr? and his youthful son, did not record the exact location of their find or take measurements of the thing they photographed or note the relationship of the beam to other things in the location. In short, from an archaeological point of view, the piece of wood is a worthless curiosity. Identifying Noah's ark has io be a hopeless task since it was made out of an unknown kind of timber (gopher wood) at an unidentified place and time. Even if Navarre leads others back to his crevasse and some k nd of shipis found how would anyone prove it to be Noah's DOUG WALKER "Marlon: Portrait of the Rebel as an artist" by Bob Thomas, (Random House of Canada Ltd., Everybody knows Marlon Brando as a superb actor but Thomas gives the reader a glimpse of Brando at work, creating his roles. Brando comes through as a complex person, uncaring about his treatment of others as long as it will better his performance. He seems to be a confused man, spouting rights for the Indian in one breath and then belittling a director in another caring about rights for the masses but walking all over an individual's rights. It is an acceptable book about Brando and the movie business, when com- pared to some that have hit the press of late. Thomas, incidentally, can be read by readers of The Herald quite regularly on the entertainment page. GARRY ALLISON "The Lake" by Yasunari Kawabata, (Fitzhenry Whiteside, 160 One has only to read The Lake to understand why Kawabata was awarded the Nobel prize for literature in 1968. The author, an orphan and loner all his life, and a suicide in 1972, writes touchingly of the ineffable loneliness and sadness of life in spite of fleeting moments of tenderness and joy. The Lake is a glimpse into the life of a neurotic, spineless, shy young man who is obsessed with the urge to follow beautiful young women and admire them from a dis- tance. He is tortured by a sense of guilt and his own inadequacies, and bedevilled by erotic fantasies and unplea- sant hallucinations. An un- attractive person at best, and despicable at worst, he longs for beauty but is depressed by the ugliness that seems to go hand in hand with it. This Beauty and the Beast theme can hardly be called a novel, since it has no plot. Rather it is a portrait painted with such telling strokes and skill, and with such simplicity and economy of language, that the impact on the reader is profound. This little masterpiece, enhanced by the local color of far away Japan, is like a miniature tragedy inasmuch as the non-hero is doomed by the flaw in his own character. We enjoy it because of the author's exquisite language and the catharsis of the emotions it engenders in us. Special credit must be given to Reiko Tsukimura of the faculty of the University of Toronto for her beautiful translation. MARY HEINITZ "Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy" by John LeCarre (Random House of Canada Ltd., 355 From the author who gave ,us the best seller The Spy Who Came in From the Cold, comes this rather unique novel dealing basically with the same subject matter, but from a different perspective. British Intelligence has been penetrated at the highest level and this double agent has to be ferreted out. Sounds like old hash? Well, not quite. Author Le Carre utilizes his masterful imagination and knowledge in the field of inter- national espionage to keep the reader alert and on his toes as the agent assigned to the case goes about clearing the suspects, who have been narrowed down to five men in the very hierarchy of the "Cir- cus" Five years spent by Le Carre in the British Foreign Service undoubtedly provided the inspiration and technical detail which gives us an inner look in the spy world. DON W. KIRK THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Morley Wayside refreshment Ervin The old well on Highway 61 near Skiff Book review Explaining the rising cost of food "Hard to Swallow" by Walter Stewart (Macmillan of Canada, This is the book that should have been written by the Food Prices Review Board and wasn't, for several reasons. In the first place the author's puckish sense of humor would never be allowed in a govern- ment publication, although it and his supply of anecdotal material make the constant diet of information edible enough to consume. The book is gourmet fare compared with government reports. Furthermore, the author names names, which is not always considered politically expedient by government employees. In the words of the subtitle, it relates why food prices keep rising and what can be done about it. This is what the average Canadian hoped Mrs. Plumptre would say. but didn't, partly because of the scope of her job and partly because she is not the average Canadian. Although Stewart obviously is not enchanted with Mrs. P. he does not spend much time on personalities. His concern is with cause and effect along the food chain, from farm to consumer, and with outside forces such as the population explosion, natural disasters and manipulations of the com- modities market, which have an effect on prices. While he agrees with the FPRB chairman that food prices are not likely to go down, he does find "villains" in the chain, without calling them such, and he does have some recommendations. Mr Stewart is on the staff of Maclean's magazine and is. as the jacket says, one of Canada's most experienced journalists. Hard to Swallow is billed as an "angry" book, although it is more reasoned than angry. It is a sidelight on the publishing business that to have an informed point-of- view and to state it bluntly is thought to be anger, when it is just good journalism. Evidence of the writer's point-of-view is his liking for Eugene Whelan. whose responsibilities in the CEMA affair he would like to think of as an aberration. In other words. Mr. Stewart does not look on farmers as the villains in the food chain. Among the statistics which come almost in staccato form in the book are these: Farm net income was lower in 1972 than in 1951. Canada produced about two billion pounds less milk in 1973 than in 1969. In 1973 this country exported more Grade B eggs than it produced. (For reasons ex- plained in the book this is known as "the purple egg Buying and selling shelf space in grocery stores across Canada represents about three per cent of the national food bill. Between 1963 and 1972, for the one supermarket chain which produced such figures at a hearing productivity rates increased more than wages. Another company which had a 10 per cent boost in labor costs in one year also gave its 10 top executives salary boosts averaging 43 per cent the same year. Mr. Stewart pays attention briefly to the values and short- comings of commodities markets, explaining what happened to sugar and a few other commodities. (Readers will now know why beans increased in price.) He admits there is little Canadians can do to correct speculation elsewhere, mainly in the U.S., bul has some suggestions for modifying the effects at home. Major attention is paid to the four large supermarket chains and the dangers inherent in their vertical integration and some of their practices. The book is brief and not definitive. It might not have been written if it were and it would certainly not be read. Nevertheless, it is no ex- aggeration to call it "must" reading for all those concern- ed about the cost of food. (And who isn't? It should help alleviate strained feelings between farmers and con- sumers and while it provides no magic solutions and no hope of cheap food at the store, it does indicate measures that can be taken to bring sanity (and a lowering of costs) to the producing, processing and marketing of food. If you can't buy it (infla- tion has hit the publishing business too) borrow it. JEANNE BEATY Transcript of Louis Kiel trial "The Queen VS Louis Riel" with an introduction by Des- mond Morton, (University of Toronto Press, 383 This is the transcript of the trial of the French halfbreed Riel who was accused of high treason and found guilty of fomenting the uprisings of 1885 at Duck Lake, Fish Creek, and Batoche. This trial is the most famous ever held in Canada and caused reper- cussions throughout the country that are felt to this day So strong was Quebec's sympathy with the accused, and resentment toward the government, that the Conser- vatives lost their hold on that province and never regained it. Riel was an educated man, pious, bilingual, and a per- suasive orator. He'd had some success as a leader of the Manitoba Metis, representing them in Parliament and getting concessions for them from the government, so when the Saskatchewan Metis could get no response to their appeals to Ottawa, they sent for Riel, then living in Mon- tana, to help them. The Northwest Rebellion was the result Anyone interested in our history will enjoy this book, but don't expect Perry Mason or Ironside types of flashy courtroom histrionics. Testimony of the many minor witnesses is repetitious to the point of tedium. There are no "objecting" lawyers with sparks flying between them. The trial was conducted with decorum and dignity. The drama lies in the final sum- mations of the lawyers and the touching and restrained appeal of the condemned Riel. Desmond Morton ties all the threads together with a followup account of stays of execution, appeals to higher courts, more mental ex- aminations of the accused, and finally the ultimate hang- ing when the calm Riel tries to cheer the weeping priest accompanying him to the gallows with "Courage, mon pere MARY HEINITZ A good word for bad words Moralists from the prophet Isaiah to the medieval saints, from Dante, Milton, and Shakespeare to Reinhold Niebuhr, condemn pride as the deadliest of sins, indeed the matrix of all other sins. The Greeks had endless illustrations of the disastrous doom of the proud. Whether it was physical pride as in Goliath, national pride as in Nebuchadnezzar, this not the great Babylon that I have cultural pride as in the Renaissance hero, Hamlet what a noble mind is here o'er thrown! The courtier's, soldier's, scholar's moral pride as in the Pharisees, or intellectual pride as in the Greek philosophers, Nemesis, the goddess of retribution, at last reached out her strangling fingers. But is pride always wrong? Jane Welch Carlyle, when tempted to do wrong, would stiffen her backbone by saying, "A Roman wouldn't have done it." Surely also pride in the achievements of ancestors is an inspiring thing. It would be good to hear more young people repeating the words of the heroic Cyrano de Bergerac, defeated but determined to keep "One thing without stain, Unspotted from the world, in spite of doom Mine own! And that is My white plume. "There are so many cowed, beaten people about that it is heartening to find someone like Mohammed AH who overcomes the handicaps of race, poverty, and public odium to declare, "I'm not a nobody. I'm valuable and important. Nobody and nothing is going to put me down. I'm the greatest. "The earth may be strewn with the exploded bladders of the puffed up, but it is strewn far more with bleached bones of the discouraged. Stupidity is another bad word. You can get away with calling a man a sinner, but to call him stupid is a deadly insult. Yet Walter Bagehot maintained that stupidity was a mark of British genius. He wrote, "I fear you will laugh when I tell you what I conceive to be about the most essential quality for a free people, whose liberty is to be progressive, permanent, and on a large scale; it is much stupidity. I need not say that, in real sound stupidity, the English are unrivalled. In fact, what we opprobiously call stupidity, though not an enlivening quality in common society, is nature's favorite resource for preserving steadying of conduct and consistency of opinion." No one would call Mackenzie King a brilliant personality, but Canada never had a more successful prime minister or the Liberals an abler leader. So 'When Peter Jenkins of the Manchester Guardian writes President Ford off as a "mediocrity" and implies as do others that he is stupid, he had better have second thoughts. In an article in the August Atlantic, Rowland Evans and Robert Novak headline it with the question, "Jerry Ford: The Eisenhower of the It is generally recognized that Eisenhower was not the brightest of the presidents, but he had a charisma, a trustworthy father image. So the authors conclude that Ford's candor and decency are preferable to cleverness and glibness, and quote a former House colleague, "Jerry doesn't really have a first class mind, but then, neither did Eisenhower." Indeed Jacques Barzun fears that too much intellectualizing in American politics could end in disaster. One could make out a good case for a large number of bad words. Anger was painted by Peter Brueghel in a celebrated painting of 1558 as a monstrous vice. Spenser in The Faerie Queene described "Fierce revenging Wrath" sitting astride a lion and bearing a "burning brand" in one hand a knife in the other. Yet anger has been called "one of the sinews of the soul" and St. Paul urged the Ephesians to be angry. Jesus on occasion was very angry as when he called down the seven woes on the Pharisees and their fellows, or drove out the money changers. As for in- tolerance which is usually linked with anger, the prophets of Israel were most intolerant of idolatry and other sin. Undisciplined or selfish anger is cruel and destructive, but righteous indignation is essential to morality. In this country to describe a man as lazy is to condemn him as a social parasite. Also the Bible has harsh words to say about "the sluggard." Surely, however, there are times to invite your soul and do a bit of loafing. Robert Louis Stevenson has a hilarious essay on the aggressive activist and Thoreau and Emerson had great contempt for the ruthless- ly busy man of affairs, that steam engine in trousers. Even for covetousness one may say a good word. St. Paul roundly condemned it. yet he said, "Covet earnestly the best gifts." In this sense Paul was a very covetous man. Also he was a very ambitious man. The problem with covetousness and "ambition is the same as that with anger being covetous and am- bitious and angry at the right times and for the right reasons. The University of Lethbridge APERTURE Research in psychic phenomena Dr. J. Don Reed received a BA degree from the University of British Columbia in 1964 and then attended Kansas State University where he received a FiiD in experimental psy- chology in 1969. Since that time he has been employed as an assistant professor of psy- chology at the University of Lethbridge. His teaching and research interests include human learning, cognition and memory. .It is an error to treat the stage magic of Kreskin and Uri Geller and the documented body of modem parapsychological research synonymously. This confusion is evident in public and university reaction to a depart- ment of psychology seminar course titled Psychic Phenomena. In large part, this critical attitude stems from the erroneous belief that offering the course is in some way synonymous with uncritical acceptance of the data and theory relevant to the course topic. However, one of the primary aims of any university course is to foster the spirit of free enquiry and critical interpretation of ideas. This was one of the major reasons the seminar on psychic phenomena was offered. The course deals extensively with the traditional topics described by the term "ex- trasensory perception" (ESP) and include clairvoyance, telepathy, precognition and psychokinesis. In addition, selected term paper topics are researched by the students in the course and cover a wide range of phenomena from altered states of con- sciousness (such as hypnosis and meditation) to physical manifestations of psychic phenomena (such as psychic healing and the activities of There is, a'xociated with each of these topics, a body of reliable data collected through active laboratory experimentation objective observation of spontaneous occurrences. The statistical reliability or repeatability of an event, of course, in no way- supports a particular interpretation of the causes of that event. Historically, para- psychological research has met with little acceptance by the scientific establishment. Only in re- cent years has this area of research acquired a degree of respectability as evidenced by admission of the Parapsy- chology Association into the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the offering of both undergraduate and graduate courses on the topic at many univer- sities. Why then has there been such active opposi- tion to this field for so many First, the data presented by parapsychological research often runs counter to ordinary ex- perience and common sense. For example, since most of us neither claim to have clair- voyant abilities nor to have personally witnessed such an ability in others, ex- perimental data which support thf possibility of clairvoyance carry little credibility The fact that we do not understand the basis of an event, of course, does not constitute justifica- tion for a denial of the occurrence of that event. If one studies the concepts of modern physics and astronomy which have often been accepted by other scientists in the absence of personal investigation, it is apparent that the rejection of data relevant to parapsychology is a peculiar exception. Secondly, one goal of the careful research techniques and control procedures in para- psychological research has been to eliminate channels of com- munication between people or be- tween people and things. If these procedures were successful and reliable data were obtained, explanations to account for the data which involved extrasensory com- munication were thereby eliminated as well. Thus, an interesting paradox resulted. That is, only when researchers could be assured that there was no physical explanation did an explanation exist. In other words, one of the traditional defining characteristics of evidence in favor of. say. ESP was that there was no other available explanation for its oc- currence. Needless to say, this research method alienated many other scientists who quickly dubbed it research in search of ig- norance. In recent years, however, para- psychological investigators have been less concerned with compiling mountains of data and have instead attempted to develop theories and explanations consistent with what is known in the natural sciences. Finally, another source of skepticism is the result of a well-known history of trickery, fraud, and charlatanism in the stage demonstrations of psychic ability. But the number of identified instances of fraud among parapsychological researchers is small. Those which have been identified are certain to receive considerable publicity whereas verified accounts of fraud or mis representation within more traditional areaj of research typically receive little, if any. attention. Narcissist? By Doug Walker Jack McCracken. down from Edmonton on business, called at our house one evening with a package that Anne wanted us to get to Betty Meyers somehow. Elspeth called Don and Dons Bessie lo come over and bring their pictures of the farewell party held for the McCrarkens in the Bessie's back yard in the summer The viewer and pictures were passed around and at one point ElspelJi jusl stood transfixed by what she saw "Why are you taking so asked someone "It must be a picture of her. said Keith ;