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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 9, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Some may HA VE to starve to save others from catastrophe The World Food Conference in Rome, whatever it achieves, at least marks a new stage iii human affairs. Famine here and there is recorded as far back as the Bible. What is new is the poten- tial for food shortages not confined to particular places and time: a per- manent crisis threatening hundreds of millions in large sectors of the globe. That is the dark prospect that has brought representatives of more than 100 countries to Rome. The fear that something fundamental is chang- ing in the relationsip of man and nature, the concern that things are out of joint in the world, is not confined to the problem of food. The use of oil as a political and economic weapon, the Comment by ANTHONY New York Times pressure on other recourses, the inflation raging across most of the world all these give rise to uneasiness. Some scientists believe that the world's strains signal a basic crisis: the approach of physical limits to human and material growth. Others disagree. But at the least, as the food conference shows, the problems are enormously complex. And so the hard question on food and other issues is as much political as scientific: are human beings capable of organizing themselves on so large a scale? Can they overcome their differences and agree on world solutions to world problems? The decisions may be exceptionally painful. Seven years ago, in a book called "Famine William and Paul Paddock warned that population growth would soon overtake the abili- ty of the less developed countries to feed themselves. They foresaw the United States, as the principal food surplus country, facing terri- ble choices on which countries to feed. They suggested that the only realistic policy would be to do nothing for the hopelessly poor and over populated countries, such as India, and help only those who might be able to sustain themselves if they stopped their population growth. Philip Handler, president of the National Academy of Sciences, has now put the population and food figures together just as grimly as the Paddocks. Only with the disaster nearer. He focuses especially on South Asia, which he says has almost no chance of feeding itself. Only out- side food aid can prevent "tens of millions of child deaths in that region in the next two he says, "and hundreds of millions there after." Painfully, Handler advises that the developed world should not help South Asia unless it is prepared to undertake the massive job entirely, because "assistance which barely manages to keep people alive and hungry" will lead to more population growth and more tragedy later. Rather than halfway measures, he suggests, we might "forget" the countries of South Asia, "give them up as hopeless." Then we could concentrate on providing enough capital and technical advice to other countries so that they can one day feed themselves, giving the aid "on- ly in exchange for a political commitment to population control." That last, vital condition posed by Handler gives some idea of the political difficulties in- volved. Will it be politically possible for the United States to demand population measures as the price of aid? And assuming that a "com- mitment" to population limits were obtained, how would it be enforced, either internationally or inside any one country9 Robert L, Heilbroner, the economist who took a gloomy view of the future in his book "An In- quiry Into the Human has taken a further look now and suggests that the world will move toward a new social order in an attempt to meet its problems It will blend a religious tone with a military discipline, he "monastic organization of society" to which China comes closest today. That is comment enough on the despair of some thoughtful persons as they look at the problems of food and energy and resources and organiza- tion awaiting human solutions in the last quarter of the 20th Century Much talk, little action The Lethbridge Herald at food meet LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1974 20 Cents ROME (CP) Observers at the World Food Conference say little has been ac- complished in four days of for- mal speech-making to help the more than 500 million peo- ple suffering from hunger in the world. Upset by the lack of progress, Philippines Foreign Secretary Carlos Romulo suggested Friday that the delegates and observers to the conference be locked in cramped quarters and given little food until some agree- ment was reached on anti famine measures There has been little agree- ment thus far. A proposal for a new plann- ing group of gram-exporting countries made by State Secretary Henry Kissinger of the United States has been all but rejected by Canada and some of the Scandinavian countries on grounds that the mechanics for such planning already exist. The Soviet Union's representative, in his speech Friday, did not comment on calls for a system to ensure the world against hunger. A senior Canadian official said the planning group sug- gested by Kissinger was in- tended to lay down co- ordinated production plans among grain producers for 1975. The official confirmed meetings involving Canada, the U.S., the Soviet Union. China, Argentina. Australia and the European Economic Community have taken place on the question of available reserves and supplying the neediest countries. However, he denied that grain exporters were discuss- ing an allocation scheme that might cut sales to wealthy countries to supply countries in greatest need of food. Some U.S. officials have said Kissinger's proposal for a new planning group would lose much of its value if the Soviet Union did not take part. The Soviet Union has already reacted with extreme coolness to proposals for a worldwide food information as an essential component of a reserves system. Marge going to work as journalist VANCOUVER (CP) Mar- garet Trudeau says she will be taking a part-time job in jour- nalism in the near future. However, the prime minis- ter's wife, in an interview with The Vancouver Sun's Toyko correspondent, declin- ed to give any details of her new job "I have been working on photography and writing and I have a job lined up, but I can't say anything about it just yet." she said. She also declined to say what city the job would be in, but admitted the work would be for a magazine, the evening newspaper reports. Mrs Trudeau, 26. arrived here Friday after a 12-day tour of Japan In her Toyko interview, she said she doesn't know how Ca- nadians will react to her deci- sion to go to work "I don't know how they're going to react to this when they sec me taking a Mrs Trudeau said, adding that she found out Canadians were supporting her when she entered hospital recently This Weekend ON THE BEACH A jrovnp Monfraaf wrttor, arrogant and .cynical ffto maanffiff. of Awnwnbnuic0 and imm m rfi I MtMlt JikA witMwiw w ifvfiiianojr wnn apMtB OF 0M BVMjfiJ flfltf Bna JBDafa Of tM) flMML FvAja 2 LIFE WITH IDI MT to fiMftr Aa i Low overhead location At first glance it would seem that this property would only be suitable for a very small businessman, but a loyal hard-working tenant could really put the bite on some profits here. Actually, of course, the dog house has nothing to do with the advertised property, but during these times of high real estate costs, we just couldn't resist. Army secretary paroles Galley FLYING HIGH ftowo aver to wttcn a toaf of more MM ffcfrats 21 WOMEN BEWARE COLUMBUS. Ga. (AP) Former U.S. Army Lieutenant William Galley, the only person convicted in connec- tion with the My Lai massacre in Vietnam, was granted both parole and freedom on bail Friday. In unexpected back-to-back developments, a federal appeals court in New Orleans ordered Galley freed on bail and Army Secretary Howard Callaway announced he was paroling Calley effective Nov. 19. U.S. District Court Judge Robert Elliott of Columbus, the judge who overturned Galley's court-martial convic- tion Sept. 25, scheduled bail proceedings for today. Except for three months when he was free on bail earlier this year, Calley has been in army custody since his conviction in March, 1971, for the deaths of at least 22 Viet- namese civilians at My Lai An army spokesman denied that Calley received any special treatment. Housing starts plummet 42% Police storm farm house to free family ODESSA, Sask. (CP) A dramatic, but bloodless pre- dawn rescue today ended al- most 12 hours of terror for a farm family held hostage by a man who had escaped police custody in Edmonton. Edward Millard, 26, was ar- rested by RCMP after his brother Roger, who had been flown from Edmonton to talk to him, seized the rifle which the man had used to stand off scores of policemen throughout the night. The drama began about 7 p.m. Friday, when Millard, fleeing from police after an al- leged kidnapping attempt in Weyburn, Sask., turned in at the small, two-storey farmhouse of farmer Felix Klein, near this community about 40 miles southeast of Regina. Mrs Klein and six children ranging in age from one to 19 years, were trapped in the house with the fugitive. Mr. Klein was also in the house when Millard entered the farmyard, but escaped through a back window to seek help. Millard, who had exchanged shots with two pursuing con- stables, fired several shots through the door of the home once he entered. Those were the last shots fired during the siege. Millard had escaped custody in Edmonton Thursday, while facing charges of attempted murder and rape. RCMP were on his trail after a woman complained of an attempted kidnapping in Weyburn. about 40 miles from the Klein farm. A witness noted the licence number of the car involved in the incident. RCMP said during the 12 hours Millard held the farm- house, the Klein family stayed in the attic, refusing his de- mands that they come down. He did not attempt to go up into the attic, possibly because of distractions from policemen who quickly sur- rounded the building, RCMP said The police borrowed large trucks from neighboring farms to serve as shields in case they decided to storm the house PLO offers to camp inside UN BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) A Beirut newspaper says the Palestinian delegation headed for the United Nations has to camp in tents inside the UN compound in New York next week. The newspaper Al Moharrer says the offer was made to UN Secretary-General Kurt Wald- heim. and heard About town City police inspector Max Copeland saying if people think traffic was a nightmare after Friday night's hockey game at the Sportsplex "wa't until Sunday's game Folks still finding it hard to believe that Stan and Colleen Maxwell are celebrating their 25th wedding anniversary when they look so much like father and daughter i ti9 I0O ttO flMMI fWXt 33 Canada goes to four-price oil 68 Comics............36 Family....... Maritets.........2US Religion.........3MO Theatres...........17 TV 16 Weather............3 LOW TONIGHT 3f; HIGH SUN. SUNNY, COOL. Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Faced with in- creasing difficulties in selling certain heavier grades of crude oil in the export market, the Canadian government has decided to lower the crude oil export charge, and therefore the export price, for some heavy oils by 50 cents a barrel and for the oils from the Lloydminster fields by II 10 a barrel, effective Dec 1 In effect. Canada will have exchanged its present two- pnce system for crude oil for a four-pnce system during December, with three separate prices for the export market Energy Minister Donald Macdonald announced late Friday that the National Energy Board has not yet found grounds for an increase in the export price for regular- priced crude oil exports or for an increase in the 50-cent-a- barrel discounted export pnce for certain designated heavy oils generally those less than 28 degrees API gravity, that came into effect for November In fact, the TVEB decided that the export pnce for one type of oil. the Lloydminster blend export strea, should be reduced even more in December by an additional 60 cents to f 1 20 a barrel, on top of the 50 cent a barrel discount that will be continued in December But the federal government has decided to reduce the De- cember export charge for the Lloydminster oils by only a to- tal of f l 10, that is from the regular export charge of 20 to 10 a barrel If the NEB's pessimism is correct and the actual export pnce for these oils drop by as much as an additional 60 cents a barrel, to keep the heavy- oils moving, then that extra discount will have to come out of the pockets of either the ex- porting oil companies or more likely out of the pockets of the producing province, via an ad- justment in the well-head price The extra 60-cents-a-barrel discount, should it be needed, will be a matter for discussion between the oil exporters and the province of Alberta and-or Saskatchewan Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Pressure on the federal government for action to bolster the floundering housing market was redoubled Friday with disclosure that urban housing starts during October were down 42 per cent from the same period a year earlier The latest figures from Cen- tral Mortgage and Housing Corporation show that construction of rental units has been reduced to a trickle, and that total starts for all types of accommodation probably wiii fail short of even the pessimistic targets During the 10 months from January to the end of October, according to CMHC, construc- tion of multiple housing units declined 25 per cent over the same penod in 1973, and starts on single-detached dwellings fell two per cent The housing corporation said that on a seasonally ad- justed basis, the October figures represented an annual rate of 173.300 starts. Last year, actual starts across the country totalled The most significant decline has been in multiple-unit con- struction, particularly in On- tario. A CMHC official said that during the first 10 months of the year, there were only 59.962 starts on this type of housing, which includes rental accommodation as well as such things as town houses and apartment con- dominiums During the same period in 1973. there were multi- ple housing starts. Since Jan. 1 this year. Ontario has ex- perienced a 20 per cent drop in multiple starts, and a 16 per 'cent dropoff in single- detached building. Conservative critic Sinclair Stevens (York-Simcoe) called the latest housing figures "disturbing" and said it was clear that Finance Minister John Turner's new budget will have to incorporate proposals to "stop the slump before it becomes an outright depression "These figures indicate that the fall-off in housing is worse than the worst projections in- dicated." Stevens said. "Danson (Housing Minister Barney Danson l can no longer talk in the abstract terms Jhat he has about other measures that will be brought forward at an appropriate time." John Gilbert view) said the October statistics represented the "complete failure of the government to meet the hous- ing cnn.s Gilbert said the time has ar- nved for Danson to "start be- ing the minister of housing and stop being the minister of hoaxing The Toronto New Democrat said there had been rumors thai the federal government was Considering a new proeraTTi to subsidize ihe interest rntcs rnarged b> lending institutions for home purchase? Such a rnovr. he said, would be adarnanth opposed bv the ;