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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - November 9, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta Satui'clay, Novcmbei*�, 1912 TIIET.ETHBRIBGE DATT.Y HEBALD Canadian Northern SteamshipSyLtd; ANNOUNCE Xmas Excursion Rail Rates From the West In Connection with THE ROYAL LINE Most direct roiito to Drlstol London and tho Continent. Tlckots on Halo Novomber 7th to Uccoinher 3i inclusive, wJlli a return limit ot tlvo months Irom Oato of Issue. > Good Going on ROYAL GEORGE (12,000 tons) From Wontreal, Nov. 13 CHRISTMAS SAILINGS ROYAL EDWARD (12,000 tons) From Halifax, Nov. 27th ROYAL GEORGE (12,000 tons) From Halifax, Dec. 11th nerth reservations and full Information from any railway or steamsUli) agent or write A. H. DAVIS, GENERAL AGENT. ----- Scott Block, 272 Main Street, Winnipeg, Man. -5% THE MOST PROFJTABLE DAIRY COWS AND HOW TO SECURE rHEM __,. s (Uy Dr. A. E. King, Agriculturist and Veterinarian) 7: D b t AT LAN ifTc L.r rf. STEAMSHIPS . . IMPRESSES 4* ROVALVMAIU ^ EHPRESSES November and December Sailings Empreta of Britain, Quebec to Liverpool ..............Friday, Nov. IS. Mount Temple, Montreal to London .........Sunday, Nov. 17 Lake Manitoba, Montreal to Liverpool ........!... Wednetday, Nov. 20 Lake Michigan,. Montreal to London ................Sunday, Nov. 24 Empress of Ireland Friday, Nov. 29 Empress of Britain St. John to Liverpool ..Friday, Dec. 13 Empress of Ireland Friday, Dtc. 27 WEEKLY SAILINGS LOWEST RATES Unequalled Accommodation-Saloon, Second, Third Class. Complete details on application. Berth reoervatlons can now be made with any Railway or Steamship Agent for Christmas ships, or write J. S. CARTER, Gen'l. Agt., 210 Pbrtage Ave., Winnipeg. GOLD RIDGE GLEANINGS Joe Saul) has been visiting in Gold Rldgo lately, tho guest of EVank Ileely. James Matthews has about completed Ilia new dwelling house and his friends ano looking forward tp the arrival o� his "cook." Mr. and Mrs. .T. Bunn, Miss ..Alice and Master Uobert have returned to their home in Gold Ridge. The many friends ot Mrs. IT. Kru-ger, who has been In .tlie hospital for somo tim-e, are pleased to hear that she is improving. The autumn brWe ot Gold Ridge, Mrs. Henry Faust, declares herself well pleased with Canadian men and .Canadian manners. This young lady comes from Idaho, but previously from England. Gold Ridge Is still holding her own. Although It lost one of its maidens when Miss Mabel Sinclair became the bride ot I^. �Wright, of Iron Springs, the vacancy was soon fllled by Roy ilanley, w'ho decided to leave his cousins across the border and FOR THE MEN ON THE SOIL Talks on Agriculture raabe his home with his \ mother in Sunny Southern Alberta. N. Harmon leaves shortly for Cal gary. N. Jargenson has taken charge ot his estate during Mr. Ilatmon's absence. . Miss Florence Matheson, teacher at Gold Ridge, spent a few days in Leth-bridge attending the teachers convention and the Dry Farming Congress. THE BRITISH BOND MARKET Toronto, - Nov. 7.-The byla'ws, which It is proposed to submit to the Toronto ratepayers in .Tanuary, will call for an appropriation ot about $10,500,000. They include the following amounts: Scarborough water supply, $fi,000,000; Bloor street viaduct, (12,250,000; garbage disposal, |990,-l 000; storm sewer, $950,000. The race is not always to tho swift. The fast young man is seldom fast enough to catch up with Ills running expenses. EvJSultan Abdul Ilamid ot Turkey is an accompanist. He plays the organ with tho gi*aco ot aprotessoi-. EASTERN EXCURSONS DEC 1-51,1912 VIA THREE EXPRESS TRAINS DAILY Lethbridge to Toronto aiifl Retiiin, $5J).35 LcthbL'idgc to Montreal and Return^ ,$G4.35. Corresponding low rates to points in Ontario, Quebec and Maritime Provinces Tickets on Sale December 1st to 31st In-cluslvd Good to return within three months �' Liberal Extension rrivilcges Tickets issued In connection with TRANSATLANTIC TRIPS on sale November 7th to Decemher 31st, inclusive and limited to five months from date ot Issuo, with privileges of extension. "Finest equipment. Standard and Tourist Sleeping Cars, Diwlng �.'o-t, nil Hirouirli trains. Compartment Library, ObservaHon cars Toronto Express". cars oh all througli trains, .oil "Imperial Limited" and .Special Tlirongh Tourist Car Service In connection with these excursions. For dates of departure ana ifevlervaUons apply:to local agent. TlcketSiVia all Trans-Atlantic Steanishii) Lines  For full Information, rail and steamship iickets, apply to S. B, MITCHELL, Ticket Agent, Lethbrldge, or write to 11. G. McNEILLlK, Qlstrict Passenger Agent, Calgary, Alberta. How wo aro to secure the most pro.ntahio cow for dairy purposes? is a question which constantly confronts the former, and the answers towhioh not Infrequently differ. Practically speaking, it all centres upon this (luestion; How am I to pro duce a miximum (luantity of butter on a miralmum amount ot ccst? The nucleus is, ot course, tho remms^r-atlvouesB ot tho animals; any other consideration will only hamper us in our efforts to reach this goal. . We must not consider 'too much tho eventuality ot keeping cows that can establish records in milk-quantity and overlook the expenses connect'ed.with such sport, but we must lay stress upon the contents ot bullerfat in the milk, on tlio importance of a long period ot lactation, on thnlr being easy keepers and inexpensive to raise. Where those qualitiea are united we 'will obtain tlie highest economical results, and that Is the object of keeping the cows, not for tho purpose ot breeding fancy animals that well may rejoice our eyes but rarely to a corresponding degree our pocketbook. In order to reach a coriiect conclusion in respect to the relative r fitableness of the cows, it is absolutely indispensable that we compare animals, that have been fed identically ami that we consider nothing but the net proceeds. This is neces-sarj' because we know that the composition of the food plays such an all-important part in regard to the produced quantity of milk. Neglecting to ascertain this factor when buying cows, the yield of the animals constitutes but a measure of the proprietor's ability to compound a good food-formula or ration; but it is not the owner's capability o'no is to judge when purchasing his cows, because that part Is never thrown Into the bargain. That the fodder consumption is a necessary point to have figured out, when the prcfltablcness of the animal is to be determined, ought to he BGlf-cvldeiit, but is nevertheless as a rule more or less ignored, not tlio least because our experts so seldom emphasize it. It we do not consider tho fodder and its chemical corapcsltion as an essential factor, then all systematic and economical dairy husbanilry c�as(3.s, and we find ourselves cither entirely lost or in the midst of the wikleat sport-breeding, where records-regardless of their cost-is the object,. Tocords of milk or butter, wliich may look fine in iho columns of the -uewspaijiors find dairy journals and to tho uninformed, but too frequently will be found lacking in, when correctly figured out. One must know what a cow has consumed as vvell i^s what she produces. Then we have all these much heralded "mllk-sigiisi" m!lk-ve!ns, milk-holes, etc., etc. Although it is far from me to declare them worthless in judging a cow's irroductlvcness, in asmuch as I consider them ot tho greatest value as liidicatious, it is nevertheless a fact that many ot our very best milkers by no means have tlieir "mllk-slgns" iu order; in otlior words, do not appear to bp a grand producer. But of what avail Is it to me to find out that a cow loclw as IC she be a splendid siiccimon, when' pnother one that does not look it, iu reality produces much nuTC? One must not behave loo much like pi.i;-oon fanciers, but look at the matter with the eyes of a farmer. As a matter of fact, it is impossible to pick out the Individuals in absoliUely correct .succession withuuL their Indivitl uul .yield (as will as tl'.e yield cf their parents and preferably also ot their grand parents); aiul to estimate their value one must know, not only the quantity of milk i.voducod, 'but above all Its fat coatcula as well as th'U fodder consumtd iu producing said (luaullty. An export "hispoc-tion" oC llio animal can net proditco such Information, llic^ only source of such knowloa.!,'c, namely, being tho account books. ' Whllo thus It is a fact, thiii these "signs" do not constitute a safe criterion of a producMoi), there is another important feature to consider in selecting milk cows, intended tor breeding purpose. This is that such cows (us well as the dairy siTo) should o.', which is termed "dairy tyi)e\" uud the reason Is that Bitch a type, H presont, is a very strong imilcotloii that tiha milking ability, which iirevlously should have been nscortahied by e.vamluatlon ot the aci-omit books, is not merely a casual one, liiit hue �beta so thoroughly ncquUed that it In all probability will be reproduced in th� offspring. Wliat tills type appears like 1b fiitllo to djisorlbo, us it can bo leariied only by practical studies. Wlioro the dairy buslncBB is based on bulier production, the �im �evidently uiiisL bo to produce ilio largest jiossible quaiitlty of butter iv tho least iioBslijle exponsos. If tho aiUinuls uriv '^'Auid Juckiiig In this liartlctilar respect, it is ot but little consolation, econoinlcally, if they otherwise might possess all Imaginable virtues. It la ot an enormous advantage to lay the main stTcss on rich milk, not tho Jeast because this capacity ot the cow is Independent on wind and weather and "fat" food. It Is an individual quality which is hcridi-tary. The capability to give large quantities is, as 'Wo' know, dependent on many circumstances, and by alterations in feeding and caro we are able to influence (he milk-flow to a very great, extent, in an upward or downward ' direction, according to the profitableness, which only the account book can tell anything about. To secure a* profitable dairy herd there aro two ways to adopt. Klther you may purchase at the start an entirely no'w herd- ot full-blood, or you may secure a full-blocd sire ot the breed you have decided upon, and use it on the stock at hand. Which method you should follow depends upon many conditions in the individual case. The former will generally turn out the njost expeusivo and require a considerable initial cash outlay; but it is the quickest %vay to bring results. The latter method, however, may be generally recommended in these localitlba, as it is safer and cheaper, though slower. But it must "be remembered that it requires a considerable insight and carefulness for Its successful operation. in the llTst place then, to start a profitable dairy, you must have a good sire, whatever be your choice of dairy breed. Use nothing but a RECKED PASHA Represented the Turkish Government di the signing of the peac* treaty ba-tween his country and Italy tli Ouehi, Switzerland, recently. California Excursion* from Seattle $37 SAN FftANCISCO AND RETURN QOOD TILL MAY 31 BERTH AND MEALS INCLUDED LIKE LOW HATE* TO OTHER POINTS TRAVBIooklct of Ciilifornin llutcls and free map of the Pncitic Coast Be sure to reserve Berths in advance PACinC COAST STEAMSHIP CO. . GEO. W. UNilliEWS, Sen. /let. Pan. Ogpl. 113 JAMES ST. SEATTLE, WASH. . ' INCOIIPOIIATM IMt-' . . - Recoril of Progmis for Five Years-1906-11 1906 1911 Capital .......... .1 3,000,000 $ 4,000,000 Reserve .....v.;.. 3,000,000 4,600^000 Deposits .......... 23,677,730 35,042,311 Loans & Investments 27,457,090 38,854,8011? Total Assets ...... 33,090,192 48,237,284 , Has 83 BranehM In Canada, and Aoantii and Corraapondanta In M t|ia Principal Citia* In lha World. A QENERAL BANKINO USINMt TRANSACTCO v i| SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT/! at all branehaa.'Ihttraat rflletMd at MiNai earrant rata. . >| X^ethbridge Brancli;! K.DUF0I1118011, Manager DonaMsoii Line Direct Service THE SCOTCH LINE FOR THE .SCOTCH PEOPLE Largo new twin screw steamers sailtag from Montreal and .Glasgow every Saturday carrying One Class cabin and Thlrd-Class piiSBcnBeis. CHRISTIVIAS EXCURSIONS Sail from St. John, N.B., Dec. Bth and 12th. LOVi^EST RATES UP-TO-DATE SERVICE. Reserve your accomniodatlon now and secure the best, it costs no more. Apply to any railway, steam-' ship agent or H. E. LIDMAN, General Agent, 445 Main St. Phono M5312 Winnipeg, Excursions To In conuocliun w.tli Bpcclal rates ou the railways ,.N'ov. 7 to Dec. 31. From Date SS. Canada ......Monlreul Nov. 10 SS.. MeG:;ntlc SS. lau' SS. Laurentic SS. Teutonic . SS. Teutonic SS. Canada ... SS. Canada .. .\hmtreal Nof. 'SA . I'ortlaiul Dec. 7 ., Halifax Doc. S . Portbnd Dec. 14 Halifax Dec. IB .. I'ortland Dec. 21 .. Halii:ax Dec. 22 full-blood, registered sire, and from a family of butter-producera with a reputation on bobh their sire's and dame's Bid� as such. Have no trifling in tliis matter, (for you cannot be too careful. Unfortunately not all regis-t,ered stoclt is profitable stock. The registers are like the "mllk-slgns," they are but Indications that bav� to be confirmed by actual records. Too many new breeders err here; they buy anything in the shape of a full-blood, it only registered, paying no attention to what their ancestors have done. In cons�quence of the above remarks^ we may conclude that for dairy business, ^ith butter production as goal-and that should be the average farmer's object-^It is desirable to buy dai-ry animals with milk ot a high butter-fat percentage, and that are small consumers and easy keepers. Without prejudice, the breeds that e.xcel any other in these respects on an average, are the Jersey and Guernsey (Aldemey). The Holstein cattle also belong to the world's best specific dairy breeds and aTc famous for their enormous milk-quantity-but, on an average, the fat contents is lower than the average in the torlner breeds. However, they rctjuiro considerably more fodder than tlie smaller English races and consequently are more'expensive to keep. In this latter respect it 'will pay better to keep more cows, if you have plenty ot fodder. However which of these three breeds (or four, if we include the Ayrshire) to select, that is a matter cf personal taste. Select, above all, the one you like beat, for the more interest will you take in them and the better the results will 'be. I can not conqlude this article without a warning to the farmers against the cry for a "dual-purpose' cow. It, is the same story from across the line' th'at now repeats itself in Western Canada, and the future will prove here, as it did and does in the States, that the dual purpose idea is and must be a fallacy. Lots of farmers have already been fooled into believing in this dual purpose. They were like the fellow, a dunl purpose man, who went to be examined in the old fashioned 'way by the school committee to leach school, and they asked him if lie believed the earth was flat or round. "Well," he says, "I teaches 'em both ways, just as they want it." Now this idea of "teaching it both ways, juat as they want it," has been a delusion, and thousands and thousands of farmers have wanted that same delusion and wanted it badly, Not unreasonably so, but because thsy hoped tliero was some way by which they could get just as much milk and bcHides that soil a good lieef product. .Tust ask the same farmer if it consistent with intelligence nnd com mon sense tliul a man should expect to breed for the race track, and at tile same liino get a th-aft horse Why no. Ask him it it is sane to breed for a liull dcg iuid get a fox hound. Why no-of course. But is It morn consistent for a man to breed for beof and get a butler? The days of liuiiibug and Uarnuin nr6 stlU with us. Do not forgot, farmer, that it can he oasUy proven who originnt cd this idea. The movement aiid agl lalion was started by the packing In terests and trust concerns-at, an, rale iu tho States-for their oi' heiicHl, not for the beuollt ot llie fanner. THE CANADIAN BAN! OF eOMMERCE SIR BDMVNb WAUUa. C.V.O.. LCD.. D.CL.. AUXANDER LAIRD ' lOHN AtRD G�Mral Maaasar CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,5 1t)URiSTS^ ^ TRAVmXERS Tba Canadian Bank orCommrea. bf laaaen ol to laifa noaikar of bnackitfji! i> rary Prevlnc* of Cinada,' Mtb'diraet tanraaantatfon !� Xendat Bug.. Maar VMbit:,;, �an>ranclaM, BaaMa, Portfaad. Ota,; Maalco and Bi, jehifk NBd, wfth A�t�B aM^ ? Corraaaeadania in avanr pan orUM world, ia abla to olir anaarpaaaad li travelling pubtte, anabttng tham to obtaia mon�r in th* riafialaat dO a tarm,?ralB-ing the average in ten ye'ara to t2,000 a farm. Tho other-tlOO is,needed by the average farm family to tirovida leisure and tncilltles for better education and to develop , country lite more rapidly. An average of |ldo more annually devoted to hotter food, better schoote, better home education and the social development ot Minnesota's farm boys and girls would so react a% to increase even more largely the Incoide and splendid country lite springing from Minnesota's land, StlU ano)lh6r' IIBP a farm could bo added to'the' iiioomes by developing better varieties; of crops and' better breeda of livestock^ jihd it may bo that still' anothoi; 1160'could be added by tho lise of (erftlliters costing loss than halt tbat fwiouDt.''' ; Tbe farmer in tho p|at'ha^ been more or less of an investor, but th� investment baa bean mora la"> mon objection oSered when'iiBvlil�i proved method of cropping Is present* ed, accbrding to an editorial In. the Southern Rurallst, is tbat It would coat too much to put it Into opmtloi|; There Is quite a general faellag tbat i| rotation of crops requires Ml aucb e.Ytra fencing that it is too expensive, Without discQBBing the queatlen pt whether or not crop rotation requires extra fencing, we would ask why that is an objection provided It incraasas the income from the land sufflclnetly to more than pay the extra expense. One deed may mar a life. And one may make it; Hold firm thy will for strife. Lest a quick btow break it, * -Richard Watson Gilder. Keep in touch with Canadian Development Every citizen of Canada owes It to himself to keep thorourb-ly informed concerning tbe industrial, commercial and flnancial development of Canada. THE FINANCIAL R08T OP CANADA fives a completa and nccurnte sumuiary, every weelOBT la uot a laobnloal paper, but li written in popular and interesting style so titat auyona can imder-stand, ! THE FINANCIAL POST la t(uot�!d a-i au authority on Cauadlau , Atfalrs in Caimda, United States and tireat Britain. The invoBiors' Information Bureau is free to Bubauriberi. Write fof.sample copy and further Inl'ormittiou. Th^ Financial Pott of Canada \ "The Canadlai)! Nawapapar'far lifvaatara" ' F. 0. HASVARO, Waatarn Managar SOI Dominion Truit Building �   RMINA, BA|K, ;