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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, THE ItTHBRIDGE HMA1D 47 Enigmatic electoral college prevails despite its faults All pins and needUs Andrew Kim, a 25-year-old resident of Sault Ste. lieves In the .uperiority of the method over modern meet- Marie, Ont., demonstrates the ancient Chinese method leal techniques and says it can be used to treat almost of acupuncture which involves the insertion of different- all illnesses, sized needles into various parts of the body. Mr. Kim be- (CP Photo) NOBODY'S COME UP WITH ANYTHING BETTER By ROD CURRIE WASHINGTON (C P) After all the congressional wake of the threatcried Elec- toral College crisis of 1968, the old system that has been the key to U.S. elections for some 184 years remains intact. Described by the American Bar Association as "archaic, undemocratic, complex and the system lias nevertheless served the coun- try well despite the incredible certain circum- it could deny the presidency to the candi- date getting the largest popu- lar vole. After seemingly endless de- bate, Congress two years ago shelved a variety of plans to replace the Electoral College. Over the years, more than 100 such schemes also failed. The 1968 crisis arose when the comparatively strong bid of third-party candidate Gov- ernor George C. Wallace of Alabama disrupted the tradi- tional two-party system. He won five states and nine mil- lion votes and boasted he would hold the balance of power in a close race, but as it turned out President Nixon get enough Electoral College support without having to dicker with Wallace. Only once has the system failed, in 1888 when the candi- date winning the most popular votes lost on the electoral vote. Even most Americans don't understand the complexities of their Electoral College. For a start, Americans do not vote directly for their man. They vote for a slate of delegates to the college, in state conventions. If a voter wants to vote for Mc- Govern, say, he votes for the siato known to support Me- Govern. For guidance, in most states the name of the national candidate and the names of his slate appear to- gether on the ballot. To win, a candidate must get 270 of the 538-member col- lege votes. The total is equal to the 435-member House of Representatives, plus the 100- man Senate and three college members representing the District of Columbia. Each state has representa- tives in the Electoral College equal to its members in Con- other words, in pro- portion to the population. Cali- fornia, with the two senators permitted each state, and 43 members of the House, has the greatest Small-population states such as Alaska, with only one con- gressman, have three votes. It's a winner-take-all fight with the candidate getting even a bare plurality in any state taking all that state's elecoral votes. Strangely, although an elec- tor is bound by custom to cast his vote for the party's candi- date, there is nothing under law to force him to do so and there have been isolated cases of betrayed trust. Although the winner is usually known election night, the result isn't actually offi- cial until the electors meet ia their respective state capitals "on the first Monday after the second Wednesday to Decem- 18 this cast then- votes. These are sent to Washington where the president of the Vice-President Spiro T. Ag- new counts them and an- nounces tlie result Jan. 6. The president is sworn into office Jan. 20. In a three-way race, If nei- ther candidate gets the neces- sary 270 college votes the de- cision goes to the House of Representatives where each of the 50 states has one vote each. The Senate votes for vice-president, raising the possibility of having a pTesi- dent and vice-president from different parties. It took him 17 years to learn a new career ST. CATHARINES, Ont. (CP) Johannes K. Hogreb of St. Catharines spent 17 years and learning a new career. Last year, at age 61, he scut- tled his 15-year career as an in- surance agent to become a full- time writer, and to some extent a diplomat. In 1954, Mr. Hogreb began travelling the length and breadth of Canada, filling 27Di- aries with the sights and im- pressions from his travels. "Without knowing it I was lie- coming a naturalist, looking deeply into biology, zoology and the he said in an interview. million loan okayed to Yugoslavia OTTAWA (CP) An agree- ment to loan Yugoslavia million for construction of five chemical plants at Tuzla, Yugo- slavia, was signed here by the Yugoslavian government and the Export Development Corp. (EDO. The loan will enable one of Yugoslavia's largest chemical producers, Sono Hemijski Kom- binat, to purchase equipment and engineering advice from Canadian exporters and chem- ical equipment suppliers. Total cost of the project Is es- timated at S40 million. In addi- tion to the EDO loan, the Cana- dian Imperial Bank of Com- merce will provide a loan of million to the Yugoslav com- pany to assist in financing the project. The struggles of simple people jving off the land began to re- his interest in selling in- surance policies. He took an extended vacation from his job and spent several months living with a French- speaking Indian trapper in the Abitibi .district of Northern On- tario. His experiences resulted in a first book, The Trapper of Ghost- river, published in 1969. In the first six months the book sold copies and now is in its third printing. BOOK WAS SUCCESS The success led to a second book the following year, de- scribing the fauna and flora of Ontario and Manitoba. In 1971 a third book, In The Paradise of Hunters and Fisher- men, was published followed by In Ancient Forests On Lone- some Lakes this year. All his books and 35 maga- zine articles, published in Ger- many, Switzerland and Austria are illustrated by photographs taken with worth of equipment. Another was spent on travels. Between trips to James Bay, northern Quebec and Labrador Mr. Hogreb writes day and night at his home. He admitted that the financial success was one motivating fac- tor in becoming a full-time au- thor. "But our world is shrinking with the speed of he said. "We must realize all na- we need each other "I try to bring people together for better understanding by trying to make the beauty o our country known to the people of other nations." KEEPING DRY Keeping his powder and a few oilier lliings dry, a South Viclnamoso soldior it slow going in ihe soggy balllo zone around Cai Lay. Save on tailored thoroughbreds at a tailored price. You're off to the races in Perma-Prest dress shirts with styling and low price, sure to win! Place your bets on dobbie weaves, white-on-white or prints. All with long sleeves, 2 button cuffs and long point collars. 1414-17 neck, 32-35 sleeve. a-Plaquet front print shirt. Mauve, red, brown, blue. Reg. b-Plaquet front dobbie weave. Blue, tan, racy red, apricot. Reg. c-French front white-on-white dress shirt. Reg. 499 Play the odds with a co-ordinating tie designed to win at FurnliMnfli oears Quality Costs No More at Simpsons-Sears STORE HOURS: Open Dally 9 a.m. to p.m. Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Vlllag.. M8-9M1 ;