Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
38 THE IETHBCIDGE HERALD November 197J NORTH SEA OIL BOOM For Stavanger it means new lease on life By MICHAEL STKHN Krw York Times Service STAVANGER. Nonvay Oil is giving this old town a new push. You can't see it as you walk Ihe street, but it's there. And it's going lo be important for us.1' Konrad Knudsen, Stavanger's city manager, was talking about the Sea oil boom that has already brought 1.500 foreign- ers, mainly American engineers, and French engineers and their families, to live among the city's 82.000 people. they have aggravated a local housing shortage and have helped to bid up to luxury lev- els (lie prices ol even modest houses. But the local residents don't have also brought the big spend- ing and employment power of the oil companies. Wlule, as luiudscn noled, the change might not be visible as you walk Uie streets, if one Roes down lo the harbor it is only too endcnt. Rising out of Ihe harbor and filling the eye of anyone who looks seaward is a vast con- crete structure that many of Stavanger's citizens now think of as the eighth wonder of the world. It is the largest oil stor- age tank ever built. The pride local residents take in reciting its epic proportions -it has a capacily of 42 million gallons, is as tall as 30-storey building and is two acres across the a reflection of their DL i seem to mind that much. Tne satisfaction that the ancient port reason is that the foreigners I has become a major staging area for North Sea oil explora tion and development. 'Hie job of building Ihe oi' tank employed 900 local men last year and, now that it is virtually complete, it still has 400 local workmen in jobs lha' will last until next year The tank is being built by a French engineering concern for the Phillips Group, a consorli urn headed by the Pliillips Pet- roleum Company. Next summer, it will be towed to the Ekofisk field, 112 miles southwest of Stavanger. The field is the site of the consorli tun's oil su-ike, which is the biggest so far in Norwegian waters. Once there, the tank will be sunk to the sea bed, leaving 30 feet to ride above sea level to serve as a produc- tion platform. This Saturday In Weekend Magazine P" "I'M SORRY I DIDN'T SEE ORR" Vsrratotf the USSR national hochty lean Weekend Magazine asked Russia's foremost hockey analyst to interview Soviet Coach Bobrov on the Russia-Canada series Why More Canadian Couples Are Not Having Children There is a growing trend.to childlessness among married couples in Canada. A trend which crept up on the social scientists. In Weekend Magazine this Saturday, Marq de Villiers explores the reasons why. "In Flanders fields the poppies blow" JOHN McCREA On the 100th anniversary of his birth. Weekend takes a look at Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrea who wrote In Flanders Fields. The World's Most Sought-after Nannies Michael Cope tells about Britain's lop nanny academy and Sally MacLeod, the first Canadian to attend it. Thirty" He's Jim Young of tlie BC Lions, one of 1ha meanest, most aggressive players on the Canadian gridiron and one ofthe most modest off it. Bake Now For Christmas Boiil Ihc Chnslinrij will] Mnrrjo's mdpns. Choose from White Fruit Cake.Plum Rranrly Plum Pudding, Mincemeat Cake and Shorty Cake. The lethbridge Herald One of Stavanger's new resi dents is Robert Couch. He ar rived two years ago from Tex- as with his wife and three chil- dren lo be a supervising en- gineer for Phillips on the tank project. like it here very he said. "We're learning to ski and we've made a lot of friends The'Norwegians have made us Tecl at home." But still, Mr. Couch said, Stavanger sometimes feels a long way from home. There is loneliness from time to time Old friends are missed. The family's house, though snug anc warm, is so much smaller than Texas-size houses that it some- times closes in on the children. Because the Couches do not speak Norwegian, television is not much of a resource for them. As a result, they make more entertainment for them- selves. They are members of a square dancing circle that meets weekly in Stavanger's largest hotel, the Atlantic. Though started by Americans, Norwegians are beginning lo join and learn the intricate steps. Commenting on the openness of Stavanger society, Knudsen, Lhe city manager, said, "we have been careful to see that the new people do not settle in clus- ters. For their part, the com- panies have been careful in how ihey deal with Norwegians. As a result, flic new people have been absorbed in a very smooth We have had no trouble." The city lias broad housing powers and is using them to built Ml the rate of 900 new units a year. These arc open to 'oreign oil company employees as well as to townspeople. The expectation is that the foreign community connected with oil may double in the next few years, to about people. Stavanger is one of Norway's oldest, cities. It was founded in :he eighth century and the sea lias been the bnsis of its econo- my from its earliest days. Trade and fishing were the principal occupations, with [arming in the hinterland, until the 19th century. Then the town became a rail terminus and in- dustrial diversification began. Steel and textile mills were es- tablished, along with metal- working plants, ceramics fac- tories and fish canneries. The city in the northwest of Norway is built on the side of a fjord. It also serves as an ad- ministrative centre for Roga- county and is the site of re- gional schools, hospitals and government agencies. Jobs in these service fields are grow- ing faster than jobs in Ladiu- tiy. "Stavanger is Norway in said Kjolv Egclund president of Rogaland Region- al College. "We have a whole cross section of the occupations Nixon: Aid continues to Indochina By BERNARD GWEHTZMAN New York News Service WASHINGTON President Nixon has told recent visitors they should not view the pro- jected Indochina settlement as American disengagement from that part of the world. In conversations with Prime Minister Souvanna Phouma of Laos and others, Nixon has stressed that he would seek to continue American economic and other assistance to Laos, Cambodia and South Vietnam because he believed it was im- portajit to maintain non Com- munist governments in south- east Asia. There be great temp- tations for many Americans "to li their hands" on fndo- china, Nixon lias said. But lie las assured the Laotian leader and others that as long as he was president, the U.S. govern- ment would not follow that course. The president's views were made known by completely re- ibale non-While House sources. In discussing the projected line point peace plan, ins said that he has "no il'us- is'' about North Vietnam, but iclicves that for n varicly of nl.eriifil and external reasons, Hanoi luis derided to seek a from Ilir war. llr has that he dorp nnt liirsl.ion Hanoi's priori faith in iulo flic draft agree- ncnl, which the United States ins said si ill requires final ne- lol.ialions before the signing, nil Nixon hns told visitors that his rioe.s not mcnn ho trusts Vietnam. liccnusc of this, he has de- 'ilcd lo keep American Air iinils in Thailand and the '.S. .Seventh I'lccl units off the nrloclima rriasl, in case the fire i.s I'urJHy borken by Hanoi, ho has ,said. here Uiey are all and we are also the most iu-- banlzed area after Oslo." There is no accurate count of now many jobs the North Sea oil discoveries have created, but merchants are known to have put on extra sales help, homebuildcrs are straining to meet demand and teachers, health officers and clerks havo been hired by public authori- ties. Because Stavanger has had virtual full employment for sev- eral years, the principal effect of the opening of oil explora- tion has been to shift low-paid, unskilled workers to higher- payijig, skilled work. NOR7H SEA Oil Map localti lile of undersea oil fields 115 miles east of Scottish coast. Drawings show cf drilling rigs used in ilie big British Petroleum Forlies field compared with London's Post Office Tower and Big Ben. Optimist! iug. gest lhat Norlh Sea oil may one day maka Britain no longer dependent on the Mid- dle East. Oil puts smile on Scots' face New York Times Service ABERDEEN, Scotland "It lakes a lot to put a smile on Hie granite face of this city, but oil has done it." Ian Macdonald was comment- ing on the cheerful bustle of Hie crowds surging past his small men's wear shop on Aberdeen's Union Street. "I'll sum It up for you in three he said as lie moved to the door to greet a custom- er. "Business is he said, rolling the R in the characteris- tically Scottish way perhaps even a bit more than normal, for emphasis. Busines is, indeed, Iiri5k In Aberdeen and the oil discoveries in the North Sea is the reason. Last year there were 17 empty shops on Union Street, the city's long shop- ping centre. Now they are filled. The hotels are as jampacked. New restaurants Italian, Chinese, Indian and French are opening and giving a cosmo- politian variety to the usual Aberdeen fare of roast beef and fried fish. One hiinelrcd-nnd-ten compan- ies involved in offshore oil ex- ploralion have arrived. More than 1.300 new jobs have been created in busineses serving the oil industry directly. And, as a kind of fallout, perhaps an equal number of taxi drivers, waitresses, laundresses, sales- girls and bank tellers have been added. "Oil has been a big bonus for our said James A. Dinnes, deputy chief of the Northeast Scotland Develop- ment Authority. "We have to grab It is our chance to make Aberdeen flic offshore cnilal of L'Juron" That prospect was opened In 1969, when the first major north sea oil strike was made. Since then, the pace of exploration has quickened. The huge float- ing drilling rigs used by the oil companies among them Shell, British Petroleum, Texaco and Standard of Indiana require men, equipment, supplies, food and repair work. Aberdeen, to Its profit, has been supplying them and hopes to do a lot more. Projections made by the de- velopment authority, a quasi- public body organized two years ago to reverse a long-term em- ployment decline, show thai Aberdeen may gain a total of oil-related jobs in the next few years. Many of these will disappear when the big rush to explore ends a decade hence and the rigs are replaced by automated production plat- forms. But left behind will be the administrative offices of the oil companies and it Is the hope of Dinnes and other Abcrdoriaio that these will become R perm- anent prop for the city's econo- my. "We want oil lo become an integral part of Aberdeen life, but only a Dinnes said. "We want to use it as a catalysl for more growth, lo create a more diversified economy." The Lord Provost, John F. Smith, and the city council are busy devising strategies to max- imize Ihe benefits Aberdeen can derive from the oil discov- eries and minimize the distor- tions they may bring to the city's traditions. "The major difference be- tween this oil find and previous ones is that this one is so close to a major city that already has a characteristic way of Smith said. "Oil made Caracas, but that will not be the case here. Our job is to hold the right balance for the city." We said oil had already hroughl many benefits. One was lo cut the city's unemployment rote from 4.5 lo 3.4 per cenl, ahout half (he rate for Scotland as a whole. But on the cosl side lJ tin boom it has brought In house prices, doubling the cost of a modest, two-bedroom cottage to Looking lo Ihe fulure, Smilh has a vision of Aberdeen as the administrative capital for the j North Sea oil Industry. Fashion Winners, Hands Down! Fashion Bags! Come see our grest selection in deep fall colors of black, brown, navy or tan. 'A1, 'B1 in red, also. All but 'A' are of dull-finished vinyl with the rieti look of Spanish kid leather. A. 'Ripple1 swagger of wet-look urethane has clasp-closed section flanked by 2 outer pouches. Inside zipped pocket; vinyl lining. Approx. 10 X 13.00 B. Zipped-up shoulder bag with handy outside zipped pockets. 10 X 13.00 C. Double-handled bap zips at lop( has inside wall pocket, plus outside pockets. Fully vinyl- Hined. Approx. 11 X 15.00 D.' It's really '.in thn bap'... the adjustable shoulders-styled organizer with 5 compartments, 2 zip closings...all concealed below flap top. Abt. 15.00 Faihion Qualily Cosh No More at Simpsons-Soars STORE HOURS: Open Dnily 9 ii.m. to p.m. Thursday nnH Frirlny 9 9 p.m. Ccntro Telephone 328-9731.