Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
The Lethbrldge Herald Third Section Lethbridge, Alberta, Wednesday, November 8, 1972 Pages 31 to 42 GIFTS TO ARTS CENTRE While Dutch technician Jan Kleyn checks the key- board Siem Doot, chief voicer of the Flentrop organ manufacturers of Holland checks one of the pipes in concert organ given to the National Arts Centre by the Dutch- Canadian community. The gift marked the 25th anniversary in. 1970 of the liberation of the Netherlands by the Canadian Army. (CP Photo) Fabled 'Old Father Rhine' languishing on death bed BONN. West Germany (Ren- ter) Old Father Rhine is on his (kathbed. The historic river of fable and romance now is Europe's largest sewer, mem- bers of the Intel-national Rhine Protection Commission were told at a congress in Wiesbaden. A group of international scien- tists and politicians attending the congress travelled down the Rhine from Basel to Rotterdam to problem for themselves. For long stretches, from its source in Switzerland to its mouth in Holland, 825 miles to the north, the great stream is no longer composed of water at ail, they were told. In the eyes of an analytical chemist it is a liquid mixture of human effluent, mostly un- treated, chloride, zinc, copper, lead, zircon, manganese, nickel, strontium, rubidium, chemical pesticides, radioactive isotopes and oil. Oxygen, which is supposed to be a major constituent of water, is present only in small traces. BUY BOTTLED WATER Yet somehow the world's busiest waterway keeps rolling along, bearing passenger and cargo vessels every year and providing drinking water- after chemical 20 million people. Werner Best, environment minister for the West German state of Hesse and chairman of the Commission for Rhine Puri- fication, told the Wiesbaden con- gress that the quality of the water in parts is on the point of clinical death. Many people liv- ing beside the Rhine never touch lap water. They buy it bottled. When the oxygen content falls below 1.5 milligrams a litre the experts say it "tips over." The fish and the aquatic organisms that are vital to the regenera- tion die out. The river continues to flow but it is no longer "brea- thing." This happened over a large stretch of the river two years ago. Best said he would regard it as a success if the commission could prevent this from happen- ing again. But it would take an- other 10 years and colossal in- vestments by local authorities and industry to make the river clean enough to swim in once more. Jordans ANNUAL SALE OF Superb Fashion Leader Carpet now featured at spectacular Savings Cheap carpet at a cheap price is not good value! The smart shopper will buy the best quality at the lowest possible price a nd deal with someone she can trust. Jordans reputation has been built on 43 years of quality and value service and integrity. Enjoy These Outstanding Bargains Now! 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Out of Town Resid- ents May Phono Col- loci for Service Right In Their Own Homcl Convenient Terms Uso Jordans Budget Plnns No Down Payment WINDS OF CHANGE SWEEP CHINA Now, even foreigners welcome By JOHN RODERICK PEKING (AP) The for- eigner, once detested as an imperialist inrtudcr, is return- ing in ever increasing num- bers to a China, which still vigorously waves the banner of anti-imperialism. Nineteen months ago the Americans were described as the most repellent imperial- ists of all. This year, following the February visit of Presi- dent Nixon to Peking, more than 500 Americans have made the China tour, often in- cluding visits to the Great Wall, the eating of Peking duck and lessons in acupunc- ture. Three months ago, the Jap- anese government headed by Eisaku Sato winced under re- peated Chinese charges it was headed down the garlen path to militarism. Yet a month ago the new prime minister. Kakuei Tanaka, returned from Peking with diplomatic recognition. In the words of Hsinhua, the New China news agency, he had "opened a new page in the history of re- lations between the two coun- tries." In fact nearly Japa- nese made the pilgrimage to Canton, Shanghai and Peking in the first nine months of 1972. More than 500 delegations of all kinds from 90 The new China: many of them Communist but a large number come to China. This has been accompanied by a vast exodus of Chinese table tennis players, basket- ball, football, ice hockey, bad- minton, skating and gymnas- tic teams to 52 countries around the globe, 16 of them with no diplomatic ties to Pe- king. Chinese trade delegations, journalists, doctors and diplo- mats have joined the parade as China's influence continues to widen internationally. OLD ORDER GOES The ebb and flow of foreign- ers into China, and of Chinese going out, is a product of Communist Mao Tse-tung's "revolutionary line in foreign affairs." Under it, the people of a country are described as essentially good, even if their leaders may be less than admirable. Though the foreigners are coming back, they do so under Chinese terms. The run-down Tudor houses on "Banker's Row" in Shanghai, occupied by poor Chinese families, the mouldering man- sions on Canton's Shameen Is- land, festooned with prole- tarian laundry, and the once- elegant Peking houses where foreigner once lived, are evi- dence that the old order has passed. A few foreigners still live in How to win friends and be influential Tiy ARTHUR L. GAVSHON PEKING (AP) China is winning new friends and in- fluencing more people abroad with the dual aim of smasliing the Soviet American super- power syndrome and thwarting any Kremlin dreams of con- quest. Peking's leaders consider, afte? years cf isolated con- templation, that the process of restructuring the world's power system requires them to work closely with Japan and Western Europe. As they see it. too. the sympathetic backing of Third World countries in Asia. Africa and Latin America would help. This grand design of a multi- polar World dominating China's developng foreign policy there- fore envisages: Chinese-Japa- nese co-operation and under- standings to counter-balance the supremacy of the super- powers in the Far East. Chinese-West European co-operation and un- derstandings to counte--balance tlte supremacy of the super- powers in Europe. HEADY TO TALK These objectives emerge in conversations with responsible Chinese authorities who these days seem readier than at any time since the Communist takeover of power on the main- lend in 1949 to discuss their woes and worries, wants and wishes with new-found friends from the West. It is clear from days of in- tensive talks in Peking that the new diplomatic offensive fash- ioned by Uie Chinese is in full light. The evidence includes: normalization of relations with .Japan, coupled with a big push for ever greater trade. In ihc view of some Chinese ex- perts, the significance of this development, ending 78 years of hostility, transcends even United States President Nixon's journey to Peking. normalization of relations with seven of the nine members of the bigger European Com- mor. Market and with other key n.itions of non-Communist Eu- rope. In this sector, Chinese au- thorities seem to be giving a special place to Britain, believ- ing the British share their skep licism toward the purposes that lie behind Russia's talk of East- West accommodation in Eu- repe. CITE PROBLEMS Tlie Chinese, striving to transform their "economical! backward" land into a thriving industrialized state in tune wit] the 20th century, say they have endured and still are enduring the dominance of the Amcri cans and the Russians. First, as they put, China was contained and encircled since 1949 by successive Ameri can administrations unable to come to terms with any form oi communism. Then, again as they argue it Cliina has had to face the men- ace of a Soviet invasion from the north and to them that threat today is so great that i precedes any danger they pro fess to detect from the U.S. It is this almost obsessive preoccupation with the peril o some swift and sudden Sovie: nuclear strike that is impelling Ihe Chinese into the search foi a new world power system. LIST PRINCIPLES Ideally, Peking experts are saying, it should bo a system based on five principles provid- ing for: respect for sover- eignty and territorial integritj in the in- ternal affairs of other coun- tries. between all states big and small. coexistence. There nre. of course, quite a few countries, such as India and Russia, which would argue hat Poking does not practise the principles it preaches. Equally, the Chinese insist the superpowers and their friends, by bullying and subver- sion and intervention, subvert tliose principles. They cite the American role in Vietnam, (lie Russia-led invasion of Czech- oslovak in, the dismemberment of Pakistan. WALDHEIM URGES UN ACTION AGAINST CRIME UNITED NATIONS (AD Secretary-General Kurt Walrt- licim has called for United Nations action to cope with a world "crime crisis ot growing proportions." In a weekend report to the IM-nntion General Assembly, lie said it might wish lo make a commitment to crime pre- vention, review trends in world crime nnd itsk him for more such reports in future years. He also said II. might bo up. propriale for Ihc UN system lo set up meetings of ministers of justice, ministers of the interior or Ilicir equivalents lo develop international policy on crime fighting. In a report on crime pre- vention and control, he said: "Some of the most tifluait countries are most sorely af- flicted. 'The revolution of rising ex- pectations" itself lias produced crime, Waldhcim said. solitary slender in Shanghai, their business with the Peo- ple's Republic smoothed by a gracious existence in spacious homes staffed by servants. But they are the handful which prove the rule, the re- minder cf tilings past. No longer is Shanghai divided into British, French, Japanese and Chinese areas. It is all Chinese. From the 17th floor of the Old Broadway (Now Shang- hai) Mansions, visitors are shown the splendors of the old Bund, a row of stately build- ings now dcing duty under dif- ferent names. The Broadway Mansions it- self, where foreign corre- spondents lived after the Sec- ond World War, is maintained in carpeted luxury, a hotel for Chinese visitors. Canton's Shameen Island, floating in the Pearl'River, is a mile long, 400 yards wide. It used to be the site of the French and British con- cession; after 10 p.m. its two stone bridges were closed to Chinese. Today, Chinese stroll under the shade of its splen- did banyan trees or sit over a game of chess. The foreigner draws curious stares. The Protestant and Roman Catholic cathedrals have fallen into disrepair, and the paint has peeled from the su- perb villas which line the riv- erfront. But government of- fices and Communist trade missions, meticulously main- tained, illustrate what it all once WEE. POLITE BUT ALOOF Few foreigners live in Can- ton or Shanghai compared with the thousands of yester- year. But the foreign popula- tion of Peliing-chiefly diplo- mats and rapidly. So far. 81 countries have recognized the People's He- pub 1 i c. among the latest U.S.S.R. Miles Nepaf Pakistarp r X rt Canton X o Ui Hong Japan and West Germany. When they move into their embassies, possibly early next year, the diplomatic popula- tion will make a large upward bound from its present Most diplomats ar.d foreign correspondents are restricted to the Peking area, though with the new open diplomacy, they have begun to see other parts of the country in peri- odic guided tours. Many complain of boredom: there is virtually no theatre, no Western movies, no sym- phony concerts, no night clubs or cabarets, no bars. But there are compensa- tions. Peking food is among the best in the world, the city itself is a collection of cultural solcndors, and the Chinese, though less accessible than in the are civilized, well behaved and friendly. There are, too, some posi- tive negatives: no tipping, no mugging, no appreciable smog, and no narcotics. The old Peking Club, where foreigners once ate strawber- ries and cream beside the swimming pool, became the International Club under the Communists, a grey, sleepy echo of the brilliant past. It now is bsing replaced by a bright, multi-storey structure on Chang An Boule- vard, the wide avenue which runs past Tienamen, the Gate of Heavenly Peace. Next to it is an apartment complex for foreigners. Some of the 40 or so corre- spondents now resident in Pe- king occupy individual houses, but" most live in apartments reserved for foreigners. Spa- cious and well built, these are described by their occupants as comfortable lit- tle islands in the vast Chinese sea. Diplomats and newspaper men complain most about what seems to be a conscious effort to keep Chinese and for- eigners apart. To the foreigners of the old society this would have been a source of amusement; they spent their time maintaining the walls between themselves and the Clu'nese. Announcing Our Compact! .Our isn't like the popular be then here it is. "small car n impact syndrome. Thu new HEKN1NA 807. Thrones that ;ire striped, Sometimes good things do com inexpensive and usu.illv tiny. About smoll pacLiEes. Wide choice of (hc'oiiK similarity between our cabinets and fulK guaranteed. "compact" and theirs is the word Tin- KKKMN A HOT i.s even bit i lie ureat sewing ni.idiiiif all the other BKHNLNAS iire, except it ...more compact.