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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 IHt LETH1RIDGE HERALD Wednesday, November I, 1972 Four more years The American people have given Richard Nixon another four year mandate as president of the United States, probably the most powerful position of any single individual on earth. There is little doubt that Mr. Nixon won re-election on his foreign policy record the rapprochement with Russia and China, his success in winding down American participa- tion in tlie Vietnam war, and by in- spiring confidence that a ceasefire and "peace with honor" will event- ually be achieved. Now tiie president must focus his priorities on domestic affairs, an area in which he has shown less con- cern, in which his achievements to date are more vulnerable to criticism, and where the power of office is not so great. On issues such as water pollution, welfare, social security, busing, etc., the Congress has the power, and has exercised its prero- gatives vigorously, in opposing the president when it sees fit. It is not likely to be obstructionist, but Mr. Nixon will be in for considerable opposition to his wishes in some vital areas. It is surprising to Americans them- selves as well as to many people around the world that President Nixon, a man of little personal ap- peal, somewhat withdrawn from the electorate, has emerged from miser- able political defeat bordering on humiliation, to attain the highest po- sition in the land. He has not only done that, but he has proven him- self a statesman of first class rank, able to lead a great nation through four of the most troubled years in its history, when divisive strains within and threats from without have menaced its entire cohesive fabric. Now the president has the awe- some task of mending the tears in the cloth of the body politic. If he can be as successful on home ground as he has been abroad, he will go down in history as one of the great- est presidents America has ever known. Repeal plebiscite law With the introduction of the "bill to repeal the Communal Property Act the provincial government has dem- onstrated an enlightened altitude which should find expression in the elimination of other unsatisfactory laws. The Herald suggests again _ the suitability of repealing the law requiring a plebiscite before a com- munity can have its water supply fluoridated. This matter has recently come back into attention in Lethbridge as a result of a notification by the pro- vincial health department of its in- tention to stop providing free fluoride pills No suggestion was made that the health minister has decided such pills are dangerous and undesirable; the implication is, rather, that a com- munity is remiss in not fluoridating its water supply so the free pffls are to be withdrawn as a kind of reprisal. Such a prod if it is a prod to once again get involved in the costly, cumbersome and controversial busi- ness of a plebiscite on fluoridating the water supply is difficult to under- stand. Why should one technique of providing a measure of public health become a matter for plebiscite de- cision? Why not also have plebiscites on whether to chlorinate water sup- plies, put iodine in table salt, permit additives in foods, allow drugs on the market, and so on? The law requiring a plebiscite on the one health measure is simply archaic. Allowing it to continue on the books does no credit to the pres- enl government. Repeal of the law is imperative. Watch on hunters The fact hunters are now being scrutinized from the air should serve as a deterrent against careless for- est habits. The stalkers, it seems, are being careless about dowsing their outdoor fires thinking that the light covering of early fall snow is sufficiently wet to put them out, when actually the underlying soil and debris is still very dry and provides ripe conditions for a spreading fire. An estimated 25 hunter-caused fires have broken out in Alberta already this fall with the Alberta Forest Ser- vice now utilizing activated patrol aircraft equipped with loud-hailers to warn hunters of the fire hazard. "Jack-lighters" those who hunt at night with spotlights are also being snared by officers who have found that radio-linked aircraft and ground vehicles are very effective in their detection and apprehension. Careless hunting habits have long provoked people who live near hunt- ing areas and have to quench smoldering fires or clean up debris left by the happy hunters. Perhaps the knowledge that they are now be- ing watched from above will maketha hunters more careful. No amnesty WASHINGTON One of the hottest emotional words being bandied about these days is "amnesty." Both President Nixon and Vice President Agnew have vowed never to give amnesty to those who refused to go and fight for freedom in Viet- nam. But amnesty means all things to all people. Cedric Farfinkle, an acquaintance by marriage, told me, "I am against amnesty for anyone who got us involved in Viet- nam." "That's rather harsh, Cedric." "Nevertheless, there Is no reason to for- give anyone who cost this country lives and billion." "Christain charity says you should for- give people after a war is I pro- tested. "These men knew what they were do- ing. They had a choice, and without con- sulting Congress or anyone, they got us into the war. There should be a public stigma applied to them. They shouldn't be allow- ed lo go off to teach at Harvard, head up banks and law firms and write books with- out some kind of Farfinkle said. "That's easy for you to say. These men had the choice of going into Vietnam or staying out of I said. "The fact that they chose to go in is to their credit. They may have violated the law, but sometimes you have to put your conscience above the law." "You're talking like a bleeding Karfinkle nid. "Suppose we forgave every- body who got us into a war. How would that look to Ihe young people of this coun- "I may he a bleeding heart, I said, "but I still believe that no matter what a man did during a war ho should not hnvc to carry it around wilh him the rest of his life." "I'm not asking for n blanket punish- ment for all the people who got us into this Farfinkle said "I think each case should be taken on its own merits. There are probably some people who can prove extenuating circumstances, and we might forgive them alter a hearing. But what I say is that granting general am- nesty for all the men responsible for get- ting us into this war would be a travesty of justice and would demean the great number of people who have fought for 10 years to get us out." "Everyone makes I cried. "Just because a man did what he felt was the right thing at the time does not make him guilty of a war crime." "Afaybe Farfinkle said, "but I don't think these warmakcrs should be allowed to just come back and Lake up their lives where they left off. Perhaps at some future dale, after all the emotions have calmed down, some president might pardon them. But for now they should be made to pay Ihe price for their actions. If we grant amnesty, they won't even realize they did anything wrong." I was getting discouraged "Every coun- try in the world forgives Ihc people who start a war once the peace agreement is signed. Without that, no one would have faith in his leaders." "No Farfinklc said. "What kind of punishment would you propose for those who got us into and kept us in the "I would forbid them to vote or hold public office. I would also make them servo for two years in some government peace organization to prove they've had a chnnge of mind." "Rul. I "whnt you're proposing to do would punish the cream of the American Establishment. If given amnesty, some of those men may turn out to fine, upstanding citizens." "They're going lo hnvo to go "lo prove it lo me." (The Los Angdts Times) Letter Legal robberies In support of the editorial The debotr's paradise (Nov. 2, we would like to congrat- ulate The Herald on the expo- sure of our financially institu- tionalized society. We would like to say that we have been enlightened about the problems bolund loan companies, and are very disgusted with the gullibi- bility of people who blindly go to these companies. Actually, we can only say that we are sorry for those who have been led down the garden path to everlasting debt, but when peo- ple are in need, the appealing (unappealing to us) advertising traps these unsuspecting vic- tims. Now, In regard to these in- stitutions how a loan com- pany or bank can unmercifully charge such sky-high interest we will never know or wish to understand. We cannot honestly see how these institutions can do their 'job' without deep feel- ings of guilt on their conscience for breeding such unsympathet- ic altitudes towards helping tlicir fellow human beings. Again, congratulations and thanks for the very courageous move in revealing these 'legal robberies.' SHIRLEY B. CAROL S. Lethbridge Trudeau seeks confidence of the house By Maurice Western, Ottawa FP Publications commentator OTTAWA The Prime Min- ister spoke as a meticulous par- liamentarian last Thursday as he gave the country, through a press conference, his answer to the most -urgent question, of many, posed by the election re- turns. The ministry will stay on and seek the confidence of the House. Mr. Trudeau made no refer- ence to the changeover in Drummond, which brings the Liberals to parity with the Con- servatives; nor was there any indication that he was influ- enced by it. Of interest too is the fact that he attempted no argument on the basis of the popular vote although, in re- sponse to a question, he did make the obvious point that it is unusual for a government in modem conditions to win the endorsement of a majority of electors. His single and simple argu- ment was that, in our system of government support in the House of Commons is the test. As matters have turned out, no party has achieved anything like a majority. The country cannot be left in uncertainty pending recounts and judicial recounts. Decision was thus ur- gent. The view that prevailed was that the government should carry on and should summon Parliament at the earliest date possible after the return of the writs. It is known that various courses have been pressed on the Prime Minister. The argu- ments have not been concerned solely wilh party advantage and not all ministers favoring the decision believe that it will be helpful to the Liberals in the early future. There is a genuine anxiety thai a Slanfield govern- ment with only one French Ca- nadian minister during an un- certain interregnum would ex- pose Quebec to a serious separ- atist attack. Of this there are signs enough already in Hene Levesque's interpretation of the vote in English Canada. Whether or not Mr. Trudeau shares this anxiety, he might have difficulty in reconciling the argument with his own precise views of parliamentary democ- racy. He did not attempt to do so. Parliament is Parliament, not to be thought ot in terms of English or French factions. As he noted, cabinets responsible to Parliament are not always representative of every prov- ince. Mr. Trudcau avoided any suggestion that one province is not like the others in this re- spect. What he rejected with em- phasis was the simplistic, thor- oughly irresponsible argument that his government was the victim of an English backlash. He conceded frankly that there were all sorts of reasons for dissatisfaction with the govern- ment and promised to take them into account in policy revisions. The Prime Minister was con- fronted at his press conference wilh the same question address- er! earlier to Robert Stanfield. What concessions would the Lib- eral (or Conservative) govern- ment make to the New Demo- crats who hold the balance of power? The replies in essence were identical and of obvious importance. Neither is willing to make deals; each proposes to sland or fall on its own pro- gram. This is the proper course un- less one takes the view that the tail should .wag the dog. It is also apparent that Mr. Trudeau and Mr. Stanfield share a clear perception of the basic weak- ness of Mr. Lewis and Mr. Caouette. Neither is in any posi- tion to face a new election. Apart from cost considerations (which are formidable) small parties aye likely to fare badly in run-off elections, as was de- monstrated in 1958. Why cater to the NDP when there Is a high probability that, for some time to come, Mr. Lewis's parlia- mentary bark will be much worse than his parliamentary bile? Mr. Trudeau announced that the Liberal government will be refashioned before the session. This is obviously necessary in view of the election casualties hut it was in any case to be expected in view of the fact that some ministers did not sland. It should also be helpful if there is to be a serious re- examination of policies widely criticized in the country. Serious threat to national unity posed By Paul Whilelaw, Quebec FP Publications commentator MONTREAL: As the voting returns were being counted elec- tion night, Jean Marchand bluntly appraised the reason for the Liberals' setbacks across the country: an anti-Quebec backlash. "Quebecers judged that they have been well represented in Ottawa- while the people of On- tario showed they weren't happy with the way Quebec was repre- said the controversial minister of regional economic expansion shortly after 9 p.m. A few hours later, undoubted- ly, Mr. Marchand would have broadened the assessment to in- clude not only Ontario but all the English speaking prov- inces west of Quebec. The Liberal minister said It was clear to him that English- speaking voters were rejecting his government's efforts to pro- mote bilingualism and equalize the economic opportunities in various regions of the country. Whether the "anti Quebec backlash" was the only factor in (he Liberals' election set- backs outside Quebec is highly unlikely, given recurring ques- tions in all parts of Canada during the campaign about un- employment, economic perfor- mance, welfare abuses and the rising cost of living. However, the result of the voting which split Liberal and Conser- vative strength into separate English and French camps poses a serious threat to na- tional unity. Prime Minister Trudeau's fra- gile grasp of power will make it much more difficult than in the past to promole the special interests of Quebecers in Con- federation bilingualism in the public service and regional economic aid. A Conservative government- with its strong rep- resentation in Western Canada where bilingualism, among other issues, is decidedly un- popular w o u 1 d be hard pressed to cater to Quebec. Yet, as Mr. Marchand noted: "Bilingualism in Icderal institu- tions and fighting for recogni- tion of equal rights (for differ- ent regions of Die country) both consitute policies which are es- sential to the survival of Can- ada." (Conservative leader Robert Stanfield evidently recognizes this pressing challenge more than many of the Tory MPs who were elected Monday. At his televised news conference in Ottawa after the election, the Conservative chief cautiously supported the need for bilingu- alism in the public service and continued economic equaliza- tion. However, in leading a govern- ment with only miniscule repre- sentation from Quebec, Mr. Stanfield would have a doubly difficult task in dealing with these and other matters of cru- cial interest to French Cana- dians. On the one hand, Ihe Con- servative leader would have to appease the feelings of MPS like Jack Horncr, the outspok- en Alberta rancher, while some- how managing not to alienate Quebecers. The Liberals' strong showing in Quebec and the apathy which greeted the "anti campaign" of the separatist Parti Quebe- cois arc an endorsem e n t of Prime Minister Trudeau's ef- fols to make French speaking Canadians feel more at home in Ottawa. Unless Mr. Stanfield could continue this effort, he would be providing powerful poltical ammunition for the Pequistes' Rene Levesque and other sepa- ratist leaders to be able to point to the election and the repu- diation of the Liberals outside Quebec as evidence that Eng- lish speaking Canadians are not willing to accommo date "French Power" in the national capital. The voting rcsulls could also take their toll on the Liberal administration of Quebec Pre- mier Rotert Bourassa. The Quebec leader has been preaching a doctrine of "profi- table federalism" since he was elected in April- 1970 specifi- cally that Quebec Is on the re- ceiving end of generous federal spending programs. However, no minority govern- ment either Liberal or Con- servative could afford accu- sations of "favoritism" towards Quebec. Mr. Bourassa has been main- taining a near-austerity spend- ing program since he came to office, and he may now be forced to make further cutbacks If the How of federal funds is reduced. Such a blow to "profitable fe- deralism" could provide politi- cal fod-cler for the Parti Quebe- cois. It could also have long- range effecls on the future of Confederation as Premier Bourassa gears up for the next provincial election, expected within two years. Rebuff to Trudeau may be beneficial By Joseph Kraft, U.S. syndicated columnist WASHINGTON A new in- dent in the ebbing tide of lead- ership around the world is marked by Ihc election in Can- ada. The rebuff to Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudoaii makes it plain once again that there is insufficient public support for bold address Lo the social prolv- lems of the modem nation. Tho consolation is that there arc now cosier conditions f o r achieving international luirm- ony. To explain Ihcsc mysteries, a word needs to be said about the relalion between loaders am! followers, firpal. men do not spring up in a vacuum. They rnnnro n certain back- ground of events, nn historic climate or atmosphere. When supreme opportunities open, or Ihc greatest dangers threaten, then twoplo nre pre- pared to subordinate private and provincial interests lo Inrg- cr Deimuuls fov sacrifice, '.o the greater good can find n response, and tlioso able to elicit Ihc response become fi- gures larger than life. That is how if happens that periods of great stress periods such as American Revolution or tho the Second World War have yielded such flowering of lead- ership. Then present, for most of tho countries in the modern world, is a time when Ihe private in- terest prevails over the public interest. Look, for example, at the problems that arc front and cci'tcr in the leading countries. There is Ihc matter of racial and economic justice in the Umlcrl Sidles. There is the overwhelming ucrd lo improve production and distribution of rraisumor goods in the Soviet Union. There Is the business of checking Inflation in Europe, especially Britain. There is in Japnn tlie tricky job of turning productive efforts awny from export market.1; toward tho home ir.nrknl. The giant ligurc of still dominates Yugoslavia. But li lie, as so often claimed, truly helping that country master the problems set up by inequali- ties among the component prov- inces? Isn't he, on the contrary, holding his nation to a stand- ard of unity and equality it can no longer sustain? Isn't much the same true of Mrs. Gandhi in India and ot Mao Tsc-tung in China? Then there is Air. Trudeau in Canada. He is a figure of high intelligence and courage who sought to he tha keeper of his country's conscience, lie mot riireclly Ihn prnWnn of in- tegrating C'anadn'.s r'ronrh province, Quebec, Into the body of the nation. But the faster-moving parts of Canada resented conces- sions m.-ule lo the backward cousins. Trudenii's pnrty went down from 79 lo TO) scats in Ontario nml In British Columhin. His iHikl approach miisl now bo discarded, rad Canada faces period of wobbly minority gov- ernment condemned to live with internal problems. No one can be altogether happy with such developments. Still the cutting-down of men who would soar is not without beneficial side-effects. Leaders such as Adenauer and de Gaulle and Mao and Khrush- chev bear about them a cer- tain national egotism. They keep the international pot boil- ing and stand in the way of ft settling down. Lesser figures, especially those harnessed lo insoluable domestic problems, are more prepared lo compromise in the inlcrnationnl arena, iteccnt progress in negotiations for firms control, for a German settlement, for European unity and in Vietnam all bear witness lo this trend. Mediocre leader- ship is Ihc stuff which can form Mr. Nixon's generation of peace. Now, as in Roman days, it may be Hint Ihc cnpilol will be saved by geese. The Lethbridge Herald b04 7lh SI. N., IxMhbririgc, Alhcrla LETIIWUDGK HERALD HO. LTD.. Proprietors and Publlshcri Published 1M5-J95.1, hy Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clflis MM! Reg Is trillion No. 0012 MemMr of Tha Press nnd fhc Cannrilnn Dully NewspBDtf Publishers' Assoclnllon and Audit Bureau ol ClrculBtlont CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor fincl Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genrrnl Mflnnri" DON PILl-ING WILLIAM HAY Mnnflfllng Editor A'-inf.hin Edllor ROY T- MILES DOUr.l k WALKER Advirtlilnfi Mariner Bdltorifll Pnno Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;