Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE HERAID Momlny, November 8. 1971 Curl Multilateral aid 'Hie principle Him ;mil obligation of the rich to help llu'. pool- is a keystone of any dcmocru- Ik- society. Wealthy pay high- er taxi's.' not simply lo build betler roads, to p.iy lor line' hospitals and schools, hut 'in rxliMiil some of (lie benefits ot the affluent society to all. The poor fi'ouui'iilly complain that, what they receive- is insufficient for their nrais, I'.ut their complaints arc ilirected to nm ernmcnts. municipal, provincial or federal as the case may he. rather than to individuals. should the same principle not br made to work on an international basis'.1 It is the belief that it could be. that indeed it must be, which is al llio basis of the demand by the U.S. Senate for a change in the method of tvxtciulnii; aid. bilateral aid on the scale the I'.S lias been dis- tion. mvoluiu many tions of the world. II should not be an instrument of cold war competi- but an which ac- s world community responsibil- for economic development of the nations of the earth. tion. cept ity poor and ton often, agreement on how and where the money should be spent. feels that his efforts have been was- ted. The in this case the U.S., finds its generous motives suspect, its funds used for purposes for which they were not intended. The U.S. Senate has now been made fully aware that bilateral for- eign aid has not achieved its pur- pose and it lias said, in effect that it wants a drastic change in the method of extendint! '.his aid. per- haps through an international body such as the International Develop- ment Association, or a United Na- tions organization in which the 1 .S. woul essentially pLiiiicipam. it. should be a multilateral organiza- The projected new l'.S. foreign aid bill could 'make a start in this direc- tion. The chairman of the Senate Relations Com- mittee, .Senator ,l' William Fulbrisht lias been advocating it for years. In his book. "The Arrogance of Power" published in IWti. Senator Fulbrisht writes, "We must learn to think of the world as a community in which the privileged accept certain re- sponsibilities toward the under-pri- vileged just as they do in our own country. We must learn to help people without humiliating Much will be required to accom- plish such a transformation in Ihe meainn.u' and purpose of foreign aid. For my own part whenever the administration is prepared to ask for legislation authorizing the United Slates to participate in a program of aid to developini; coun- tries significantly in- creased amounts of money, solte.' lending terms, and international management, 1 pledge to use all my resources as a Senator and as t ban-man of Ihe Foreign Relations Committee lo secure its cnacl- incnt." Senator Fulbright has his oppor- tunity now. The world should be en- couraged. rather than dismayed at this aspect of abrogation of U.S. pow- er. It is an altruistic, bold concept in line wilh the climate of the times. More gloom The doughty defenders of the right of people to propigaie in profusion must be finding their platform get- ting shakier ail the time. A recent report, prepared for the United Na- tions Conference on the Human En- vironment in Stockholm next year, documents a new danger the world's reserve of phosphorus may be exhausted by the end of the next century. Phosphorus fertilizers have had a large part to play in the high level of productivity achieved in world ag- riculture. Without the extensive use phosphorus fertilizers, the report says, the planet could support only between one and two billion people. Before anyone proposes a lottery to determine which of the excess in the present 3.7 billion people on earth let alone the seven billion expected by the end of. the century are ex- pendable, the recommendation in the report should be considered. The chief recommendation is that great care should be exercised in the use of this nonronewablc resource. An international agency for regulating the use of phosphorus may be neces- sary. It is also urged that efficient ways of recovering phosphorus com- pounds that have been released into the environment be explored. Alan may fluke his way out of dis- aster but, as warning piles on warn- ing, optimism seems strangely out of place. The rapidly increasing popu- lation is putting too much pressure on the world's resources. Opposition to birth control must be overcome. Some of the solicitousness that has been shown for the might-have-been born should be transferred to the already-born and the yet-to-be-born who will have to live in a world where quality of life is in danger of being overwhelmed by quantity. ART BUCHWALD Cables from around the world W 'ASHLN'GTON "Mr. President. I have some cables I would like to read to "Yes. Mr. Rogers. Go ahead." The sec re tan1 of state started to read: "Because of recent actions taken by your government.. I must warn you that we are goirg to take strong measures that might eventually lead to a break in relations be- tween our two countries." "Is that from the president asked anxiously, "No. it's from Prime Minister Trudeau of "He's probably bluffing, but alert our SAC command anyway.'1 the next one, Mr. President. 'Your perfidious and outrageous behavior toward our country has forced me to take action which will cause grave consequences for the entire world.' "It. sounds like -i note from North Yirl "I'm nut, Mr. President.. It came from Japan." "But. Hirohito didn't, .seem mad when I saw him in Alaska." "This was just delivered this morning, Mr. President. 'The running dogs of the United States imperialism will soen that we will not pushed around and that we are not paper tigers who can be .sacri- ficed on the altar of the American dol- me think t.hal could bo tire president said. "I know it's from Chile." ''You're urong again, Mr. President. R's from Denmark." "Little the president said. "But they're in NATO." "I know sir. It .surprised us loo. Here is another one. 'The betrayal hy Ihe Ameri- cans, though it. did not come as a surpri-.r. has not gone unnoticed in Ibis part of the Why the foreign aid mess will worsen As tin: Congress and Ilic istraliun simple rrcuvci' from UK- S'L'iuilc's slimniiiK of the foreign ;iid liill, ii is lime for Ihe Aniei'ii'iin [mblic to face .some realities: The first is there, nevei been anything very altruis- lie or hunuiniliirim ahout uur ioreign aid program. H has served largely to buttress I hi1 political and economic inter- ests of the United S'lales. Foreign eeommiie aid got its aura oi glamor U.S. dol- lars helped to rebuild the Eu- world. shall reciprocate in kind until we have you on your knees begging [or mercy and screaming [or ''That has to be Castro." the president said. The secretary of -laic slxjok hl.s head. ''It's from Chian Kai-shek in Tan-.an." ''Well, you can't win them all." the presi- dent said. "This or.c was delivered verbally to our ambassador: 'Tell your president that his recent actions can only be interpreted as a personal affront to 40 million people, and we shall demand full compensation for any losses by his unilateral action.' "That, has to he Egypt." the president said. "Would you believe it came from the Vatican'.'" "Comially said the surcharge would cause some difficulties, bu! 1 didn't think we'd br in Itiis lunch trouble. Mr. lingers, don t you any cablr.N wilh good news m The secretary kepi going through the flimsies. Kiivally tie came up one "Here you are, sir. It reads: 'Deal' Mr. President. you to know how grateful we are for vverything the United Sates is doing and how all of us here consider that yon are not only a great president, but a bravo one. who will do the right thing, even if it's unpopular and could hurt you politic- ally. Your courage has been an inspiration In our counlrv and we .sincerely hope wn will lx> friends for years lo come'" "That's more like Mie president smiled. "I knew Prime Minister Heath would come through." "This isn't from Prime Minister Heath, sir. It's from Chou Kn-lai. lie gave it to Henry Kissinger. 'ToKinlii .Senile) ;Jf ropean economic and military strength needed prevent Iho Soviet Union from nverwhelin- our war-ravaged allies. It continued to Peril on Washing- ton notions that U.S. dollars and anus could frustrate Com- munist efforts to woo the new, weak nations of "the third world" uliose leaders were pre- sumed to he intoxicated on the wine of sudden freedom. Those who thought, them- selves too sophisticated to sup- port foreign aid for naked Cold War reasons fell back to the notion that, gratitude from American largesse would inspire societies the world over to reshape their institutions in an American mold. The closest Americans canio to huiuauitarianism was an oc- casional observation thai a world in which vast millions are hungry, sick, disgruntled is too dangerous a world to ig- nore. So year after year Congress has appropriated three or four billion dollars (Mr. Nixon asked for K.5 billion in the measure just killed by Ins Senate I, leav- ing Americans in the false be- lief that they generously wero carrying the social burdens o[ the world. The truth is that we set up rules where inure than pel' cent of aid Funds were spent in the United Stales, a tidy bo- nanza for some -LOIHI U.S. firms and extra job insurance for tlu'ir workers. Ik-cause of this requirement and one that aid shipments could be carried only in Am- erican ships, recipient coun- tries were paying IS per cent more than would have been re- quired to purchase the com- modities elsewhere. don't like this reform. Now, vfhsn something's wrong, instead cf yelling have to call out 'CORRCCTIOHAL Peter Deslxirulx "You don't do that in PUBLIC, do Blunt talk against the U.S. beginning There ,vo growing indications, here as well as in central Canada, that U.S. President Richard Nixon is rapidly taking over from Walter Gordon and Mel- ville Watkins as the most ef- fective advocate of economic nationalism in Canada. In the process, he may also be mak- ing a significant contribution to Canadian unity. There was evidence of this when Manitoba's Premier Ed S'chreyer, in an interview re- cently, spontaneously placed himself in the unusual position (.1 agreeing wholeheartedly with a federal Liberal cabinet Referring lo a Chi- cago interview with External i f f a i r s Minister Mitchell Sharp, rebroadcast the pre- vious night by the Canadian broadcasting Corporation, the Democratic Party pre- mier said that he was ''gen- uinely surprised and intrigued'' by the minister's comments on recent U.S. economic mea- sures. "It certainly indicates to said Schreyer, "that we are at least beginning to think about the need for being more blunt and outspoken in our negotiations with Washing- ton." The Manitoba premier said that his reaction was based not so much on what Sharp said In- they way he said it. "The tone of his statements IIU.T intrigued me, and I don't disapprove of it. He's being real- istic. Some people may get a little nervous because they think that this may be the opening round in a series of name-call- ing. T don't think it need come to that. P.ut surely we have to be a little more plain-spoken where we feel that we have a right to resist a U.S. initiative." Schrcyer's sense of surprise at Sharp's comments may be .shared hy sludcnLs of his own brand of politics uhen they rfvirl this rolunin Pespilr bis affiliation, SVhreuT Iwen more conservative in his approach lo economic national- ism than many members of older parties. In contrast, to his support of the 'lone" of Sharp's recent comments. Schreyer in the past has used exactly the same crilcria to condemn the economic na- tionalism Waffle group within his ov.n party. "Wbilc I agree wilh Iheir analysis of the bn has said, "I sure don'l, agree with the tone wit.h which they express it." Schrcyer's record is also fill- ed with comments which are ty- pical of Western Canada's open altitude toward the United Stales. Here on the prairies, anti-Amci icanism has never tx'riv as fashionable as in cent- ral Canada where Ihe national memory includes recollections of loyalist emigration from the republic to the south and sev- eral invasion attempts. In the wesl, there are almost uncut pages in (he book of Canadian history. As Schreyer said on a visit to North Dakota two years ago, "Despite the fact that we are two countries, there is a feeling of affinity that runs north-south even more strongly than it docs east-west." Schreyer told his American audience in that "you would get many Winnipcggers who would be more kindly dls- Letters To The Editor posed to their neighbors in the Dakotas and Minnesota than they would to those far East- erners. It is against this background, and his own cautious tempera- ment, that Schreyer's com- ments have to be assessed. They indicate that the shock waves generated by President Nixon last August have rolled right across Canada and right across the usual regional differ- ences to some exlcnt. In the light of the Nixon policies, the Manitoba premier maintained that on the Prairies, with the Family rates al movies 1 would like to make a few comenLs on the recent ad put in The Herald by R. E. Shakle- ford concerning poor atten- dance at family movies. I realize there have been some family movies in recent months, but I don't recall them being as numerous as Mr. Shackleford said; and I am sorry that our family has not been able to attend all of them, as we would very much like to be able to support good enter- tainment. Might I point out that the few times he did have family mo- vies, there were two on at the same time, but in different theatres. MoM of them have been run about three days and in the middle the week. We are a family of seven, which would mean a cost of S9.5G to see a movie in the eve- ning. What has happened to the good old ''family rates'' we used to see? We used to be able to get into the drive-in at "so much" per car. I realize that costs have gone up, but other centres still have family or car rates. I get the impression that the movie industry, theatres includ- ed, are doing their best to make sure the family movies don't make it they seem to receive less advertising and arc seldom shewn on weekends. If the same effort was pi't into making the family movies a success as is put into glorify- ing the trash, the family movie would soon be back into its own. THE SHERIDAN FAMILY. Lelhhricige. More power lo llie U.S. How hypocritical can some Canadians be to protest the U.S. nuclear blast of Amchit- xa? As of late, it would seem lhal. alt our Canadian leader- ship can do is verbalize the problem-, nf the world from IhHr and Ibis I hey do without Inn iiuii-h rfloc- (ivenr.'.> If our great neighbor lo the south feels that it is necessary for the best interest of their na- tion, and I am sure to that of the "free" world, then who are we lo oppose it? Lot us not for- get that it is the United Slates of America lhal is Ihe predom- inant power and influence for peace and keeps "free" coi'n- lires "free." Our leaders can put l-heir arms around Ihe lead- ers of the Communist countries flnd ean naively Iwlicvo thai. Ibis will keep peace. It is not the "doctrine" of the C'omun- ist world to have peace. They want world power. As our lead- ers put their arms around Ihe .shoulders of the Communists, they, in Inrn will be pulling "Iho velvet knife helween orr ribs." Again I say, if the U.S. feels Amcbilka lo be of such impor- tance, then I say, "more power lo Amchilka." AN ANTI-PROTESTIili. tx-lhbridgc. 'Crazy Capers' exception of the oil industry in Alberta. "There would not be much resistance to a course of. action that would lead lo great- er Canadian economic indepen- dence." "I don't think that any of the problems that we have wilh current trade relations with the United States have a bearing on Western sectional feeling." he said. "The response in the West is much the same as any- where else in Canada with re- spect to the Nixon surcharge." Schreyer also said that the II) per cent surcharge on a wide range of U.S. imports might be in the long run "a good thing lor Canada in the sense of forcing us lo discipline our- selves." "The point that many na- tionalists haven't been willing to face is thai. sure, we can try to repatriate more of our eco- nomy but to do so would re- quire a he ex- plained. "There is no secret about the process of capital formation. It has to be squeezed out of consumption and that means in turn, no in- crease in living standards as such for a period of time. "Now I think that for the most part in a consumer-orient- ed society in the postwar pe- riod, we haven't wanted to make that kind of sacrifice and no governments have been pre- pared to lead in that direction. Bui I think that if we have a rcpitition of the American sur- charge action once, twice, a third time, it will force us into a position of grcaler economic independence. "But it won't be without some he cautioned. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Much of the money went not lo aid foreigners hut to givo American bureaucrats cushy jobs in foreign lands where they often arc viewed as med- dlers, as Ihe new imperialisls. Sen. Frank Church (D.-Idahoi, a I i h e r a I who just turned against foreign aid, points out that "we have twice as many American officials administer- ing our aid program in Brazil today as the British had in In- dia governing that country be- fore independence." Our iood programs often have bcL'n used to unload sur- pluses at no cost lo the Uni- ted Mates, hut at considerable cost to the receiving country. Yd, the billion "foreign aid bill" was only the begin- ning of the foreign aid mess. We have hidden about bil- lion a year in military aid in Ihe defense appropriation bill- much of this used to finance our sales of surplus arms which helped small countries to stay in conflict with neighbors, or arms that enabled oligarchic or dictatorial regimes lo keep their people suppressed. It is interesting to note that in killing the foreign aid bill Congress did not kill the Penta- gon "aid" programs that the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee says will cost this coun- try billion over the next five years. The Senalc action knocked out a SI00 million U.S. grant to the United Nations Develop- ment Fund, some million to help the UN assist Lo million Palestine refugees, some Sl.'l million for the United Nations Children's fund ar.d other simi- lar programs, but it did not put ll-e axe to some of the military shenanigans that have soured so many liberals on "foreign aid." Tl-c Senslc threw out the baby even without throwing out all 'the dirly hath water. Church explained pretty suc- cinctly why Ihe Senate acted so drastically when he said: "Foreign aid, in all its forms, is costing the United States ap- proximately billion a year! This country simply cannot af- ford to sustain such an outlay especially when in terms of its stated objectives the con- tainment of Communism, the promotion of economic devel- opment, and the advancement of freedom the program is on the whole a proven failure." The Congress surely will bounce back with a piecemeal mishmash that restores parts of the foreign aid package. But we will still have too many o( th'j wrong programs, maintain- ed for the wrong reasons. There can never be any real gratitude, whatever we do. as long as American officials de- clare that wherever we throw U.S. dollars around, we expect the beneficiaries to vote our way on crucial matters liko the t'N vote on the China ques- tion. We have learned a bitter les- son, at the cost of hundreds of thousands of casualties, that all our military might will not scare even weak nations into doing cur bidding. We now beg to learn the hard way that not even the poorest nation is so bereft of pride that it will sell ils soul for a trifle of foreign aid. Foreign aid has failed be- cause our expectations were absurd. We assumed that woe- fully weak, disorganized coun- tries could take a pittance from us and suddenly transform themselves into affluent dem- ocracies. But they must not be- come so strong, we made clear, that they would fail to show obeisance whenever Uncle Sain ordered it. Wilh the kind of negative, self-serving, conflict fostering aid program that we have had, the S'enatc just might be right in concluding that, while no program would be shameful, it might be less a blight on 113 than what we have tolerated. (Field Kntcrprises, Inc.) Looking backward Through The UrniU! Mr. .Justice Tweed IP. li.-ks Ins firM appearance in Lrthbridyr his rlrva- linii to Ihe bench. The Legion Aces and the Pirates maintain an un- broken string of victories in the Lothltridge carpolball loop. No. f! Homhing and Gunnery School of the Hoyal Canadian Air Force officially opened today at, Kenyon Field. of new conslnic- tinii in Ix'llihndpe in Ihe first. months nf ihc yrar was higher per capita Ilinn any of the other ten major cities in West- ern Canada. iitiii City enpineerinp offi- cials said Wednesday thai the sout Invest bypass road will probably he open for traffic within a week if went her is fa- vorable. I net the feelino that !rv lypint) diploma isn't lo have much in- fluence. The Uthbridcje Herald 50-1 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, 'jy Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN becond Class Mall No. 001! Member nf Ttio Canadian ann me Cnnnnian Daily Ncwspapfir Publishers' Association and tho Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W, MOWERS, Editor nncl Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mr.nntinr JOE RAl LA WII 1 I AM MAY MniuKino Editor I'lfHlGl.AS K WALKER C.iilMisi Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THU SOUTH"