Internet Payments

Secure & Reliable

Your data is encrypted and secure with us.
Godaddyseal image
VeraSafe Security Seal

Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 6

Join us for 7 days to view your results

Enter your details to get started

or Login

What will you discover?

  • 108,666,265 Obituaries
  • 86,129,063 Archives
  • Birth & Marriages
  • Arrests & legal notices
  • And so much more
Issue Date:
Pages Available: 8

Search All United States newspapers

Research your ancestors and family tree, historical events, famous people and so much more!

Browse U.S. Newspaper Archives


Select the state you are looking for from the map or the list below

OCR Text

Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 8, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE SIX THf LETHBRIOQE DAILY HERALD MONDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1909. BEET SUGAR INDUSTRY AT RAYMOND I i cess over again to be made into gran- i ulatcd sugar if possible, while the fin-1 al mol asses are at present shipped to be made into stock foods. All the various processes of the su-j gar factory are controlled by analy- i AT IT AGAIN The Knocker This Time Lives In Montana "Bv the Herald's Travelling Corres- carbonalors. This lime must be ofj Great Falls Leader of Octo- very well and are quite peaceful and revolving iron worm carried them up lbe purest quality .and is burned with ber 18. the following alleged inter- n tiFirlAf hjii n iTvrr pondent." ew weeks thc Herald correspondent had a chat with C. McCarty, one of the largest sugar beet raisers at Raymond- A Tisit was also paid to the sugar fac- tory. As it is the only factory of its kind in Alberta it is thought a de- scription of the better sugar industry may prove interesting to many of our" readers, and especially to acrc ls (lone. vwho have never visited Raymond or its sugar factory. This year Mr. McCarty has acres in sugar beets, which are plant- ed in rows a mile Jong. He has about a hundred Indians employed in the fceet harvest. He is well satisfied view appeared under the heading "No Canada for Mr. Whitaker ap- orderly, except when any fire-water a short slope and then in the cups or j the highest grade coke, comes along their way. They bring i an elevating belt, they are carried various operations are so com- While in Raymond a few weeks ago, a Qf ,QO wMch straight up lo lhe top of lhc high plcx aad so many of lhcm in'pipes or parently is a land man who has m- pasture free. The In- building and dropped into a hopper j Closed tanks that it is hard for a' vested heavily in some Montana lands dians are mosUv from the Blood re-i at the bottom of which is a set office to understand, let alone des-.and appears to have been stung. His though there are some Crees revolving knives, the edges of which cribe. The writer is indebted to va- j "IP Alberta evidently de- and some Peigans. An Indian couple are corrugated so as to gouge thft; rious officers oi the company for this pnved him of his particular brand of ,-an pull and ton an acre in two days. I beets into shreds smaller than a lead vague description of the intricate pro Montana whiskey and when he came Some hustlers do better. Chief Lit-'pencil. There is no pressure and no! cess of sugar making. back it looks as if he had loaded up tie Ears is an expert. t squashing as some people may j Through the courtesy of the officers wlth of The Indians get paid as soon as i pose. of the company the writer was en- Put enough Then they take a The clean, white drop down a spout __......._------------ spwd "nesrly" all their money in Rav- iwntrc of a circle of strong iron vats night. When the interior of the _ loose a good many mocd, and load up with winter's sup-j called a battery. The spot is so building was lit up it certainly was; statements that would make Ananias j plies The exhibition parade would hung thai it ran be swung around an interesting sight. The processes: blush for shame and humbly ask Mr. i lead us to think of the Indians as oi and the contents fed into any 'one of are of a continuous nature so through for the source of his mspir- the camp-fire variety. But at Rav-1 the battery cells in turn. Here the factory season there are two ation ,mond a couple of well dressed In- j beets go out of sight and it is bard; shifts of men and the factory runs if he was not' Dutch courage into a shreds oi beets'Vbled to visit the factory both in the jack-rabbit to make it spit in a bull- hung over the davtime and when in operation at dog's eye. Mr. Whitaker has shaken wild and rasa Just to show its readers to what! Indians A beet j the same with -the beet raising he would not stay in the business. 6-ood beet land and near the factory is worth 5100 an acre. After the beets are hauled off in fall the beet fields are plowed .-with six horses for the plow is sent as deep as they will go. The tops are hauled oG or fed to stock plowed under for a fertilizer. Ray- jooad cows that eat beet tops yield Ytry rich milk. Im the fall or early spring the plovr- ei ground is harrowed with an or- iimary steel harrow, then levelled witfc 4 modern drag or float. Seed- is begun as early as possible, on aa average about May 1st 'steder. is used. It is on prUciple as a grain drill. la about three weeks or a month after, thinning begins in the classes children at the schools. A boy or lirl can earn from 51.00 to per iay, while -thinning the beets chil- irea 12 years old or over take a con- tract to" thin beets at S4.50 per acre. The children creep "along on their kands and knees and thin the beets about a foot apart. Some do j all the work by hand, while others j use a hoe to block out the beets about a foot apart, and then pull by so as to leave the strongest single, plant'at each place. Doubles amount to anything. The weeds set scared, for the fields -five or sis times in a sea- son. .An extra 'fine stool of wheat would be a weed in a beet field so beet ground is kept sacred for beets, so as not to have a troublesome vol- unteer weed crop of contend; with the next year. This year Mr. McCarty has mer-iallowed some of his beet wuu. j rest it and to preserve the mois- j ture.. He did not seed to grain, !or( ia the end he would lose more tbauj the grain. !stoves, mond a couple of well dressed In-; beets go out yl signt ana n is ot men ana tne uiuoviy dians were noticed loading a stove in-i for either writer or reader to under-! day and night and every day of the lengths the insanely jealous and the to the back of their democrat.'. These'stand what happens, But the beet! week till the season is over. i Mindly prejudiced nunu can and does i ____. ___ nt" t t trtr TTA! 'bllC I'iCrHlQ 1 CprOuwCCS JiLulClc buy democrats, -trunks, shreds are steeped .ami by means INTERIOR VIEWS OF KNIGHT SUGAR FACTORY sum-, land There is probably no industry vet SO. the Herald reproduces the developed, that has received more m full. scientific attention and control than1 "Charles Whitaker of Geyser, Mont. the sugar beet industry. This es- has just returned from Alberta, Can- Ipecially true of the German and Aus- ada, where he made a careful studr factories. Although the mod- of all the conditions, such as -the ch- ;'ern plants established in U- S. and mate, markets, etc. He advises i Canada are frequently better equipp-; American peaple not to believe the) ed than the older plants in Europe, Canadian agents in what they sar where the beet sugar industry -began, j about the northwest territory. i "It has been stated on authority 'Tnis year was the best year they j 'that to a community the manufacture ever had in Alberta and they raised I of beet sugar means an outlay to the best, crops they ever had, but er-j 'community of''about for each. en at that a great deal of the coun- ;ton of beet sugar. While in refining I try was frosted and hailed out, iou-ar as in the Coast cities, -the out- frost coming before the crops werei I lay is only about S3.00 per ton of said Mr. Whitaker. j fined sugar for in that case nine-; "In the the northern part tenths of the cost has-'already been: of Alberta they never raised a pota- incurred in another country." to till this year, they 'being wet and is an The beet sugar factory at Raymond strong so that they were unfit to eat. an important factor in the years the crops were all under jopment of- Southern Alberta. It was snow before being cut, and as a re- Ian inducement that helped to bring j suit the government had to furnish I settlers to -that district. It has help seed to the settlers before another develop :the working spirit in! crop .could be raised, and three, years 3004, 2654 indies wide, or 1 1-2 yards 42 indie? TWO CHARMING GOWNS wide. Width" of lower edge of skirt, PARIS PATTERNS NOS. 30008, 2654. about 3 3-4 yards. All Seanas Allowed. The other is in dark red Venetian' This stylish dress (3003) has the elo'1-. Two backward-turning titicks new long-waisted effect which is so j srive fullness to the front, and becoming. The skirt portion has the tljp waist a-ad-seven-gored skirt aie. necessary fullness distributed in a attached under ih'e belt. The close- wide inverted plait, either side of the inline' sleeves are tucked and .finish- front., a similar plait giving 'full- ed with a frill of black satin ribbon. ed to 'the Indians' of the nearby reserve. I The sugar factory has'certainly been foot Ian asset te the Raymond district. ago about one-half of the cattle were ness to the centre-back. The .arm- The belt and front panel are braided holes form strap effects over the j..with black soutache braid. .The dress which are trimmed with j fastens at centre-back. "The pattern buttons, and tlie guiimpe is in 7 to 44 inches bust nvijf be made of any. desired mater-, measure. For 36 inches bust the dress ial." The pattern is in 6 sizes 32 to by the intense cold bust measure. For 36 bust reuires 9 yards of material 27 inches wide. 6 1-2 yards 36 inches wide; and blizzards. Many of -the settlers the dress requires 7 m. yards of ma- j 5 1-2 yards 42 inches wide, or 4 1-2 I A.N-ARGHDUKE WHO who 'have 'been in Alberta some years are minus toes, five ranch' Belies GONE WRONG j men being frozen to death last win- _____ ter while on their way home from Royal. Swindler'in Hands-of Paris j town.. The ground always freezes to a depth of four or five feet each winter. Freight rates on the Can- Rolice After Defrauding Tradesmen i man about j 20 years of who says he is called Cout Cubata, but who is really Arch- les sent to the laboratory to be an- charge against them is that they pro-jthe sale of she te in- the edge of the field. Each child j harfnom. the Indian Department The pulp goes out into a vat francs worth of jewels'terested m- and) at takes what rows he can handle cleans between the singles, and the same time pulls out one of any doubles that may have been left by the previous thinning contractor. This line must keep well together for be- hind come two bouncers. If any hoer gets behind them the bouncer hoes that row a short distanre, while the hoer jumps up ahead and starts in again even with his line. Some more experienced usually set the pace for the row and: any child -who does unsatisfactory work or requires the bouncers' as-! who desire to uplift the general of the Indians. The R.N.W.M.P. have two or Indian Police scouts who are important fellows wearing and is afterwards sold for stock food. They test for specific gravity to sec three if or Onl5r water. In the latter case too much wat-er went '.__ with pulp to the silo. I without paying for thorn. T -.Tl- Half of i It "is also charged that they obtain- ed other goods to the value of Thc cesses of pass through two pro- j 000 francs by false pretences. Their It passes J latest attempt at iwradling was to carbonation. sets amusing to see a scout through two sets of carbonators j order francs pile peaking wncre it is treated with lime. After! Took-out for that In- c'ach treatment it is forced through j dian who was supposed to be Sun a filter where the lime stays. When: __, horge tMef frOai .he the filter is clogged with the residue lime the filter is opened and the lime i removed. Then the juices go to the sulphitr-rs worth of furs. In the whole of Alberta thsre is i i about two-fifths of good land and I j three-fifths of very poor land. There j i is no comparison between Montana j j land and that of Alberta, and the j j man who goes there to better his con j dition is making a sad mistake and j will be back to Montana as soon as] hf. pogsiblv I 3071 I LADIES'' PETTICOAT SKIRT. j PARIS PATTERN NO. 3071 All Seams Allowed. All women realize --the importance I of well-designed underwear.' cspec- i ially the fit and adjustment of the-. i petticoat. Thi; one is made with 7- j gored upper part and plaited flotmce i lower part. The back is in habit i shape. Muslin, cambric, silk, satin and pongee may all be used for tihft j'making. The pattern is in 7 I 22 to 34 inches, waist measure. For i 26-inch waist the skirt will require 16 5-S yards oi material 20 inches i wide, 4 3-4 yards 27 inches wide, 3 3-4 yards 36-inches wide oj 3 1-8 yards 42 inches wide, with 1 1-4 yards 20 ins. i wide, 1 yard 27 inches wide, 3-4 yard j 3G inches wide or 5-S yard 42 inches- I wide extra for bias ruffle. Width of lower edge of flounce in medium size about 3 yards. Price of Pattern, 10 cents. As soon as possible the beets are sistance too often has to interview the.foreman, who follows behind, and eagle eye scans the and corrects any slips by hoers bouncers. The iorman occasionally v eives the gaa.i; a recess on hot days. As the children work they are a jolly bunch, talking, whistling or singing, but at the sam-e time working for t.he foreman carries a time book which he uses to pay off delinquents. hauled to the sugar factory. Some of the Indians even work at this and are hauling over a fs nnriips. M ton with their from ary wheat wagon drives along be- tween the rows or piles of scalped beets and when the box has been loaded full the load is hauled to the factory, where there is a procession of wagons being weighed and unload- The beet harvest begins about Oct., ed As rhc. wagons come from the rather tof> j company's own fields as well as from rty and others it is neces- sary for each teamster to carry a tag which is marked by the weigher 1st, but this work is heavy for children. Mr. McCarty em-Mr_ ploys about 100 Indians. The field is plowed with a beet plow, which is Here the juices are out of sight in iron tanks alongside of which are a I couple of iron tanks where sulphur is i being burned. When the door is op-i ened the blue blaze can plainly be seen. The gas from the. burning sul- phur is used by the sulphiters and af- ter the juice passes through there it is again filtered. The thin juices, are concentrated in-! to large evaporators where the liquor is boiled in low temperature under a j vacuum. This concludes the beet! end where the juices are treated. The Sugar End i The liquors are boiled in a large tost the specially adapted for plowing dcep.j j -tialcd bv the al the! apparatus called the vacuum pan and at the same time loosening and j dumping platf0rm. wbere thc thick JUICCS arC and lifting up thc beets. The Indians take the contract to pull and top the beets at six dollars crystalized and the grain of sugar is j The factory is a large brick build-1 formed The object w form inS- But let us first vlslt the bect ghcds the beets are per acre. An .ndian pulls up -.rcceived. There are sheds for unload grain of the desired size which lat-i consumpUoni aa ,ranulated The hlll of the slaps them together to knock oft from cars coming from the ficWs- Dan .g at dirt, and them tosses in a pile or SUrling? Magrath> and othcr u a .row, while his squaw or The beets grown near Raymond ife f Th lows behind cutting off the tops haulcd -n two kinds.'ed a 01 knife. j Formerly large fl-at beet racks were Some toppers use a special beet j usw} and tnese tHe bveets .arc I WiilV-O V-t 4. knife with a hooked blade. Thc In-1 shovcled into sheds, but this year with centrifrugal force this! dians prefer an ordinary butcher .ante ]argc loading platform has been built jmatcrial of grain sugar or svrup isj so they can use it for other things. so that lhc bects can bc in an J onto'finc scrcens and separat-i These are some of the very Indians ordinary grain box dumped irom i od up pours out who were in the procession at Leth- j tilc lowered end just as grain is dump jn romains on tnc scrcens. j bridge Exhibition dressed in all their ;cd inlo an eievator. There are. Thc are washed and then! uncivilized costumes and Chief Run- of dumps so that nine tjjrough Special driers. Then! ilh about 350 at each strike I Ncxt cQmcs centrifrUgal machines! ning Wolf, who led thc pow wow in front of the grand stand is thc bia; chief here. He settles any disputes or .misunderstandings, and there is can drive up on the trestle and all dump at thc same time, around a curve and down to thc v j (again on then the seives where it is dried i and sifted. i The granulated sugar is caught in no appeal from his decision. He is Bother load. ground and back into the field for an-; rirc "-ci-'hcd, hard worker and his squaws work hard too. Mr. McCarty show- ed us a had received from the chief. It. was a fine soft cowhide robe. Tt had .been tanned by the Indians who do good work using "cows' brains" as well as their shipped away to various parts of From, under this dump and slicds; postern Canada, there is a iarcani of water running in prom the syrup which has been sep-i thc boets into the factory and to thclaratcd from the grain sugar, isj bottom of a -bis wheel which revolves -j madc a lower grade of sugar, or a j and lifts the bects and water up into fmai molasses from which it is im- an elevated tank from which they are j possible to crystallize sugar profi.t- kicked out by a set of revolving firms j aoly. without special apparatus. It's the same with Lumber as with .every- thing else. The biggest stock means the best variety, and the most economical buying for the purchaser. We have the largest stock in Southern Alberta outh Alberta Lumber Co. Lethbridge, New Dayton and Magrath I 4 1 own-.. Thus the beets arc washed and the i These brown sugars arc melted in the THe'Indians conduct themselves carth ard gravel removed. A juices and go through the pro-' '1 ;