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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta ------Saturday, November 6, 1971 _ THS UTMBHIDGE HOJdD R Kook reviews Booze, broads prairie history Focus on the University By J. W. FISHBOURNE "Red Lights mi (ho I'rnir- les" by James II. Gray (Mac- millans of (-'anadn, pages, DAY of Hie ret] light house is gone. It's as 'ashioned as grandma's it least that is what I think ant I'm no autliorily. (Mr. uray says that tlie. only house, nf ill repute in the West which boasted a red light in the win- dow was in Cranbrook anyway. The West used other methods of indicating the pleasures to Ire found once inside the do- mains of the madams of yester- year.) In any case, the bawdy house of fun n'love at three hucks a throw, plus extra for the drinks, has disappeared. But in the early days of the West they were as intimately connected with the development of the towns and cities as the Royal Canadian Mounted Po- lice (or the NWMP, depending on the Mr. Gray has drawn much of his information from the RCMP and local police files. Many of the madams with their tawdry entourage were here before the railway. They catered to the needs of thou- sands of single men who flocked to the prairie West from Eu- rope, and who worked in the local coal mines or as cowboys on the vast ranehlands. The wo- men were recognized by the authorities as a necessity, albeit an evil one. The early settlements from Winnipeg to Calgary had their own special problems with les femmes de joie. As the towns grew, families were established, and in most cases Papa no longer had any need to whoop it up in the house of evil on a Saturday night. The morality squads were nevertheless well aware that the canker in their midst had not by any means been tolally eliminated Tliun- derings from the pulpit were heard across the land and the newspapers at the turn of the century recorded it all with gentlemanly relish. Mr. Gray marries history and prostitution in a lively union. He tells it like it was when the West was young VBI'y, very vigorous, when men were men and certain typos of women, dispensed booze and sex with a lavish hand. The Lethbridge broads were a particularly high class kind, he he has been told by an unnamed old cowhand of this area. This ancient prairio Lothario says he thinks the Lclhbridge girls were a cut above their sisters who had es- tablished themselves in Hie Crowsncst Pass, simply be- cause the men to whom they catered, required different treatment, or prostitution proto- col, when they took their plea- sure. The miners, says the fel- low who knew, "lined up out- side the front door waiting their turns and they'd be in and out of the joint in a matter of min- utes." But the cowboys went about their business in a more jovial, leisurely manner. They tended to use the house not only as a brothel hut as a comfort- able place to relax, drink and whoop it up. They were out for a good time, in ted and out of it, after months of no compan- sionship other than horses, cows other men. There was no other place in town where they were more as- sured of a warm welcome than in one of the joints at The Point, where many of the Leth- bridge houses of ill fame were located when they replaced the original dreary shacks in the river bottom area. (The Point was in the coulees not far from the present site of Molson s In the early years the houses were painted brilli- ant colors thai, could be seen for miles. Later on the madams were forced to tone down the gaudy view. The houses were painted in hues more indigen- ous to the local landscape. This was done when the morality forces entered the picture. A gray house for some obscure reason was less inclined to evil than a bright blue one. The tales of the embattled women and the police when they encountered the temper- ance-morality forces, who loud- ly denied the need for the houses, are a measure of the social climate of (he day. Tho police, who privately acknowl- edged the necessity of this pocket of evil in the midst of relative purity found them- selves assailed' from the pulpit and cily council moralists. Tol- erant members of council found themselves defending the wo- men and (he police against tho fire and brimstone which pour- ed from the righteous. (There is imc quite beautiful exchange of wards involving Major Adams and the Rev. Prosser. It's templing to quote it, but should be read in context for full enjoyment.) "The Possibilities of Can- ada are Truly Great: Mar- .tin Nordegg Memoirs 1906-. 1924" edited by T. D. licgehr Macmillan of Canada, 238 pages. TVORDEGG, ALBERTA, is a tiny hamlet, little more than 100 miles due west of Red Deer, on Highway 11. Today, it is almost a ghost town at the foot of tire Rockies, but seven- ty years ago, Isordegg was known to money manipulators from Calgary to Ottawa, and on to London and Berlin. The interest was coal and there were possibilities of selling large quantities to the fledgling CNR pushing its way through the Ycllowhead Pass into the Rockies at Jasper. Martin Nordegg, an explorer of German-Jewish extraction, wardered far before finding his coal deposits, but he kept a lively diary filled with local fact and history on which T. D. Refi.-hr University of Saskatch- ewan, Saskatoon, has worked well. The editor keeps the book flowing rapidly as the explorer Nordegg makes many long journeys across Canada and on to Germany where his main contacts lived. "Yukon Trophy Trails" by Dolorrs Brown (Grays Pub- lishing Ltd.; BROWN'S fast moving, humorous adven- ture story belies iis title for this is not really a narrative about hunting in the true sense of the word, although il is woven around her experiences jn the uilderncss of the far north as the working wife of an internationally famous guide and outfitter. She has made history. She has also made her own bid for fame. For apart from the fact that she quit the atmosphere of smog, crowds and traffic of Olympia, Washington, saying goodbye to friends and family lo head north into the Yukon Territory where she met and married Louis Brown; slie has rambled through miles of coun- try where no white woman ever lay foot previously. Also, her delicious dishes served lo hunting guests nil the trail by way a sheet iron, wood- binding slovo, wilh its pipe through a tent roof, arc still talked about wilh nos- by Kuropoan and North American gourmets alike. Dolores lias what is known in polilo. circles as in- fortitude and in the north as just plain guUs. She Well, it all adds up to a unique social document of small town and m'ban life on NIB prairies before the turn of the century until the beginning of the last war, with emphasis on the early !9UOs. Kaeh commun- ity had its particular problem; each had its own way of solving ignoring ils existence. It is to Mr. Gray's credit that he lias been able to pull it off. His book is witty but never crude. He names names only when there can he no possible harm or reflection on those he uses. People still living who have asked not to be identified have not been identified. No judgments an: passed. Red Lighls on Die Prairies will he a d'liplit to readers young and old. I-'or the old it is an exercise in nostalgia. For the young il is a document of a mores which once existed in this area. I'm lolcl by rumor mongers the day of the brothel is over and men no longer need lo take their pleasure at three hucks a I brow. No one re- grets it. But it's a lot of fun lo read about what it was like way back when. JA.NT; HUCKVALE. Corfe Castle., Dorset A bit of Alberta history The book plumbs many depths. For the Albertan, it stirs the imagination to realize that local places figured prom- inently at the beginning of the century Red Deer, Rocky Mountain House, Kananaskis, Crowsnest Pass, Banff and oth- ers, not excluding Lethbridge. The Nordegg diaries brings us into the backrooms to witness important Canadians at work Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Sir William MacKenzie, Sir Don- ald Mann and others in the money, mining and political worlds. One sees the tentacles of huge financial empires reaching out from Berlin and London to touch the Rockies thousands of miles away. However, Nordegg appears to have ignored the foibles and follies of the men and the times, or perhaps, the editor has sniped them out. It is hard to see what happened to them, but they don't appear in the book. Yet, the job is wel] done. The book should prove of great in- terest to the student of local history and the Albertan his- torian. LOUIS BURKE. went into the north as a green cheekacko and transformed hy her own determination into real soiu-dough. She is Ihe kind of stuff from which pioneers are made; a tiny, wiry vivacious woman with the kind of nerve it lakes to cut loose from the mundane and her dreams come true, often in this day and ape docs one find an author of her perienci1 with Ihe ability to count her first-hand impro: sions of the hie; north c'nml.i people and animals in such colorful blend of word a phrase. It all adds up to great slory. my only wish be- ing, that she had spread il bit here and there wilh more description of the country make it even belter. 1 take umbrage with her pub- lisher, for his choice of illus- tration on the (lust jacket could be termed had judgment. Many potential readers who pick ui: Ihis Ixiok scl it down a without bothering lo open Much of the reading public t day has 1 i 1.1 I c, if any standing of or interest in hunt- ing as a sport. The title and the pictures lead one to thinking it is a hunting slory, when rea" it is a very enlorl .lining count of a way of life. T wolf portrayed lakes a ve important part in Uiat account Reproduced from the book "England" Enjoying England at home "England" with an Intro- duction by Aliens Wilson, photographs by Edwin Smith and notes on the plates by Olive Cook (Thames and Hud- son. 221 pages, with 138 pho- togravure plates and eight color plates, SM.50, published Kmiultaiiconsly in Canada by the Oxford University "PEOPLE often wonder what a place is really like but because of distance and never get to visit it. This book takes a person on a pic- torial view of the country and gives them an experience of what most people would ima- gine England is or should be talks by people who have been fortunate enough to visit. The first impression on flip- ping through the pictin-es is, "typically what I thought En- gland would be On consultation with a person just returned from ihe country, it was pointed out that the book stressed buildings more than Boohs in brief "Tilikum: Luxton's Pacific Crossing" wlitcd by Eleanor Georgina Lnxton (C. ray's Publishing I, i in i 11 d, 1511 past pictures, films Luxton, long asso- elated with Banff, in 1901 a remarkable ocean voy- with Captain Jack Voss in an Indian war canoe. They left B.C. on AJay 20.' 1901 the author's fear landed at Suva, Fiji on largely IS of that year. At do eertainly kill to Luxton was forced to quit as she and Louis ho had been scverly in- over Ihe years, but they on a coral reef. Voss con- attack humans. Further, on to Australia and bad ethics to sit on. to England. Al- steji over a dead game Luxton had apparently to nave one's picture to publish tho story of the moose trophy photo trip, his version has only been made available to the the publisher The reason he did not a v e included a photo seems to have born section, which Voss beat him to it. Un- ni'ir'1 the bonk the slory of Ihe only occupies a I w ut 30 tho rest of the book ago in exchanging devoted to experiences with the Indians prior to sail- 1 urged her to write and with adventurer on Pa- This she has done and islands. Most, of the book- off my hat. in salute. For interesting but Ihe best part walked sonic of the that dealing with the voyage. she left moccasin have met the animals about, in that, vast lonesome country under Ihe Law of Divorce in liners of the aurora n n n d n" liy Irving up There is nothing phony a bo ut. biT si 01 'v cvrn if 1 1'riinrosr Pull-lisliinR f.ft Town in, pupcrhack. pull the bov, once v, hile. That is tho pages, a good slory Idler, of this little honk con- the one who comes from the north with a decided of questions and answers about divorce under pro- adventure. She has the of the law in Canada. w caving understatement v.'ith exaggeration that Ael Inspecting Divorce is included as well as tlie Ontario re ".I forms. It could bf a u.'.e book to some people. people but maybe this Is what makes England so unique, espe- cially to the visitor. The com- ment gained from the pictures of (he buildings is. at least one can see them without all the scaffolding and the multitudes people. One thus gets a good leek at the architecture of En- gland. Mr. Smith makes full use of every angle and has a (rue ar- tist's touch willi the camera, especially on scones of the land. His view of the buildings is something the average per- son couldn't sec because he wouldn't be able to take the time to do so. The book takes an historical look at the country, dividing it into four classes: before the Norman conquest, medieval and Tudor, renaissance and Georgian and Victorian and modern. .Mr, Smith has envi- sioned England in all stages of its growth as outlined by the four classes. In the introduction, Mr. Wil- son takes a look at England, past, present and future. He lias (lie knack of combining history with a ronl explanation of what England is all about. As wilh most any country, if explained by a man Mich as Mr. '.Yilson who scorns to have to (read deeply In fully enjoy anything, travel about llie coun- try LS necessary for a true pic- lure of everything. Thanks to Mr. Smith, everybody can ac- tually feel England. Tho work of Mrs. Cook, in I lift text of the pholo plates is an in deplh study nf not only (he pictures but of tho country. She manages to completely take person nut of the text book and gne a lively touch thai makes il no! onh in1ero1.ini. lo road Iml a pleasure. She manages hi maintain her pleasing stylo Ihroiii-'h all four clashes out- lined by Ihe authors. Il" there a ilrauhaek, it is l.ho limited number of color photographs, but with a price nf only one can't expect more, excellence nf the work of Mr. Wilson and Mrs. Cook holps to ofl.M'l the lack of color. UK'. SvVlHART. The Chancellorship IT seems lo be fairly generally known that Dr. 'Sam' Smith, tho founding president and vice-chancellor of tho Uni- versity of Lethbridge, will he leaving these parts at the end of the curren', year. H is probably less well-known that, a rnonl.ii or two later, the institution will be replacing another very important official, ils chan- cellor; Chief .Judge L. S. Turcotte's term as chancellor will come to an end in March, 19T2, and the Universities Act is quite ex- plicit in stating that a chancellor is not eligible for re-election. The Universities Act also says that the chancellor shall be elected by the senate on the nomination of a joint com- mittee representing the general faculties council, the alumni association, and the senate "Such a committee has al- ready been formed, and has started the business of searching for a new chancellor. The act imposes no restrictions on where it may search. The act is also silent on the subject of qualifications for a chancellor. It rather sketchily describes his function, by saying chancellor shall be the representa- tive of the university at ceremonial occa- sions preside over all degree confer- ring ceremonies of the university and shall confer the but it is left to the good sense of the senate, guided by the committee described above, to find a man with qualifications appropriate to these tasks. In North America, unfortunately, the mere mention of anything ceremonial often brings out the wiorst in the publicity-mind- ed, who see these things only in terms of advertising value. This may be why the chancellors of so many North American in- stitutions are celebrities, with only inci- dental if any interest in education. It may account, too, for tha nominations of some of the illustrious non-residents who were suggested when last thus institution was seeking a chancellor, f And, by the way, anyone can suggest yoj, dear reader. Just request the secre- tary of the senate, care of the university, for a nomination form.) Generally speaking, Alberta universities have tended to select local men. They have done so for a half century, and probably for better reasons than a .simple prefer- ence fur a "working" chjrico'itjr over a more widely known absentee. I believe the wi.se senators have noted Ihe fact that, when the chancellor is or unable to act, the vice-chancellor takes over; the vice-chancellor, of course, is Uie president. In considering this, it seems very likely our senators have Ix-en mindful cf two rather important considerations. Tlie first of these is fairly obvious the presidency of a modern university is a man-killing job at the best cf times, without any addi- tional burdens. The second point is a little rr.ore subtle. A university senate's real function is to put it simply nnd to keep an eye on bow the university Is being run. Olniously. t.hc prime "runner" of the university is its president, which really means that he is tho one upon whom the senate is supposed to be keeping its eye. So if I were a senator, I'd be just a bit dubious about appointing an absentee chancellor, because il would make the very man I was supposed to be watching the chief watchdog. Now, before someone accuses me of character assassination, denigration, lese majes'e or heaven knows what, let me hasten to explain that 1 don't, mistrust the presidents of Alberta universities. I have been fortunate enough in have bad some acquaintance with no less than seven of them, as I am able to judge these are wise and able men, concerned only with doing their best at their nearly impossible jobs. Appreciating the senate's observer role doesn't mean ac- cusing presidents of being crooks, any more man appointing auditors means you think accountants arc dishonest .So, although it mipht b? to cam public relations points, by Eprci'iiing tha Duke of Toronto, or perhaps to gjLher part u[ a juicy p'M.ate. by picking some towering industrialist, I much prefer the Alberta tradition of selecting someone close enough to preside directly over the sen- ate's affairs, and sincerely hope our senate will follow it. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY Charles I and Oliver Cromwell A HECENT television program "Mur- der ill the Name of God'1 presents a confrontation of Charles I and Oliver Crora- wall which is a travesty of history. Charles I was a man impossible to respect ami had he triumphed the hard iron victories cf British liberties vbuld have been for- ever lost. The Earl of Stratford, close friend and adviser of Charles, was his ex- ecutive in establishing an autocratic sys- tem of law and government. When mes- sengers came to tell the Earl that his friend the King had signed hLs death-war- rant he listened to the devilish treachery with his face in the shadow, expression- less, head bowed, staring at the stone floor. Then after a few moments he lifted his eyes with an ironic smile for the uneasy group, saying gently, "Put not your trust in Princes." Loyalty was not a word in diaries' vocabulary. Trevelyan in his history of En- gland says that Charles was by tempera- meiit incapable of coming to an honest agreement and abiding by it. Utterly in- sincere nobody could trust him. The Tu- dors had governed legally if tyranically but Charles having agreed to the Petition of Right and obtaining money from Parlia- ment thereby immediately violated every provision of the Petition. The four abuses stated in the Petition were: raising mon- ey by forced loans; 2. imprisonment with- out due cause shown; 3. quartering thr soldiers in private homes; 4. trial withoiu jury. For eleven years Charles ruled with- out Parliament but through three vicious, illegal Council of the North, the Star Chamber, and the High Commis- sion Court which were completely sub- servient to him. In the most historic strug- gle of the political annals of any country Parliament abolished these courts snd put the crown under Common Law as well as dependent on Parliament. The abortive, tragic policy of Charles and Stratford in Ireland, settling new plantations which de- prived the natives of their land, led to the ghastly Catholic rebellion of 1641 which would have never-ending and horrible con- sequences. Cromwell's life is full of tragic Irony. Believing to the end in parliamentary gov- ernment he was forced to govern with per- sonal rule. A man of 'great humanity he committed inhumane acts of warfare. His letters are filled with concern for widows, bereaved parents, and the destitute. The French ambassador reported lo Ins master that "Tlie Catholics find their position bet- ter than under former Kings who did not allow their freedom of worship." Tlie Royalist John Evelyn was astonished that the Anglicans had freedom of worship and conducted all their services. The Jews were readmitted to England and purchased a cemetery outside London. Mam-ice Ash- ley records that it was a golden age for education and the grammar sclwols. Li- braries were founded ajid much social re- form instituted. Ralph Perry says t'lat the independency of Oliver Cromwell was one of the first times in history when no man was per- secuted because of his religion. England became a citadel of liberty and a refuge for exiles from all over Europe. A new vision gripped men as Cromwell for the first time made them see a uni- ted Great Britain. English sea power was revived and England under Blake and Cromwell became the leading naval power of the world challenging successfully Hol- land, Italy. Spain. France and penetrating 'or the first lime into the Mediterranean. "'iout Cromwell the British leadership in the snipping industry and the industrial revolution would have boon impossible. Cromwell was succeeded bv the weak and vicious monarchs Charles II nnd James II who well-nigh destroyed Britain's greatness and the tradition of liberty of ccnscience. 3t is fascinating that Sigmund Freud. Ihe founder of psychoanalysis, named ins son after Cromwell. As ho told his wife. "I am aching for independence, the thought of England surges up before me. the most interesting historical period, the- reign of the Puritans of Oliver Cromwell." In these degenerate days the memory might stir us lip to a revival of Ihe old dignities and decencies. Substitute sap By Doug Walker 'PlfE FALKEXBErtO basement was tlie .T variety progrflni one ovo- Pi'rforjr.in.c befoir a wildly enthusiasl.il1 audience of odds and ends of tlio. neighborhood la mother from one home, n fat her from another, the non-sick child- ren from all of them) were such out- standing performers as Allison and Mich- ael Falkenlwg, Barbara Turner, Beth El- liott and Tony Flumpton. An enttTtairniont critic reporting on tins event uanl to say Mimething alxtut the exceller.t choreography in (lie. Charlie presentation; the C.I.MUIK of Tony as Charlie Broun, the astounding ability of AllLson, at lier years, to bat her eye-- lashes so in a renuintic skil; tJie Kitspenseful moment when Michael had a whispered consultation Tony in the middle of a drama. Only one thine; marred a splendid eve- ning it didn't seem miile right to ir.ako mother the gracious sponsor the butt of one of the stage jukes. Surely Klspeth or Alice could have been called ou stage instead of Marg. ;