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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 5, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta n wwii ii Ask Andy MINERALS IN SEA Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Ramona L age of for her How many metals and minerals are in Suppose we could extract all the minerals and metals from the sea. This material would cover all the continents with a layer 500 feet thick. Florida and all the other areas of dry land would be 500 feet higher than they are now More than 99 per cent of the recovered material would be composed of five salty chemicals. it also would con- tain silver and most of all the metals and minerals tound in the earth's crust The contents of the ocean tell a story of erosion that has been going on for several billion years Every rams and running water dissolve chemicals in the earth's wash them away and linally dump them into the ocean. Every the sun evaporates water vapor from the surface of the sea but almost all the dissolved minerals stay behind. Hence the salty sea is getting saltier all the time It is estimated that the world ocean now contains about 50 quadrillion tons of dissolved some of which are metals Since this figure is 50 plus 15 it is easier to imagine the situation it we concentrate on a smallish sample So let's con- sider the mineral and metal contents in a cubic mile of average seawater The tank to hold this amount would be a mile a mile wide and mile high. The dissolved chemicals make up about 3 5 per cent of oar liquid sample. If we evaporate 96.5 percent we would have about 166 million tons of dry deposits. The major portion of the about 77.8 per would be sodium or ordinary table salt About 10.9 per cent would be magnesium 4.7 per cent magnesium 3.6 per cent calcium sulphate and 2.5 per cent potassium sulphate. These five salty chemicals make up more than 99 per cent of the minerals and metals dissolved in the sea. This still leaves tons of other materials in our sample deposit And somewhere among this mountain of sediments we could find traces of more than 60 of the chemical elements that are present in the earth's crust. the proportion of different chemicals found in the sea differ from the contents of the earth's crust. For our cubic mile of seawater contains tons of magnesium and 47 tons of iron In the earth's there is two times more than magnesium. There are only 47 tons of aluminum to our seawater yet aluminum is the most plen- tiful metal of the dry land. The sea's most abundant elements are in the form of salty chemical compounds. Our cubic mile sample also contains 14 tons of dissolved copper plus the same percen- tage of lead and tin. It also contains 1.4 tons of dissolved silver. And it is estimated that about 38 pounds of precious gold is dissolved in every cubic mile of seawater Questions asked by child- ren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask P.O. Box. Hun ting ton California 92648. Chronicle Publishing Co. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN Tkt Tnbini BRIDGE QUIZ ANSWERS Q. as South you hold- AK1092 OAJlO 9 5 The bidding has South West North East 10 2 20 5 7 What do you bid diamonds East's pre- emptive tactics have made scien- tific exploration Impossible It is reasonable to assume that part- ner's free raise must be based on diamond support and some- thing of value in the spade suit At the slam should depend on a finesse In there are Limes when the opponents will take a phantom sacrifice In seven clubs aga nit an unmake- able six diamonds. Q. as South you AK7 OAQJ65 The bidding has South West North East 1 0 Pass 2 4 Pass 2 V Pass 2 A Pass 3 NT Pass 5 Pass What do you bid A has described a hand with six clubs and five spades From his leap to five spades It would seem that the suit should be headed by the ace-queen-jack His clubs should be solid missing the ace. It is easy to count 13 and you should bid the grand slam at no trump as the safest contract Q. you A9 8 2 098543 3 The bidding has North East South West l V Pass 1 NT Pass 3 Pass. What do you bid hearts. This Is a spec- ulative and If your queen of hearts were In any other suit would recommend a pass queen of hearts should garded as a sure and your hand produce two tricks perhaps even for partner who has jumped In face of weakness response of one no trump. Q. as South you hold1 OAJ7 AAKQJ2 Your right opponent has opened the bidding with one spade. What action do you your hand is worth 16 we do not recommend a takeout double Your hand lacks f lex i b I too much of Its strength Is concentrated In one suit. you are not that well prepared for a heart response. Bid two clubs A vulnerable over- call at the two-level shows a good hand. Unless partner can take voluntary no game will be missed. Q. you 4 OA 843 The bidding has South West North East l 1 V l Pass What do you seems Incredible that partner could scrape up a free bid in your strong second and in a rough-and-tumble game A bid of six spades has much to recommend it you might have a grand so the services of science should be en- listed to probe for the right spot. The way to start the Investiga- tion is to cue bid two hearts Q. as South you 67 5 4 OAKQ7 3 3 The. bidding has South West North East 10 1 INT Pass t What do you bid no time In contract- ing for game at no trump. Your hand contains 16 points in high cards and a good five-card suit. Partner should have about 10 points and a sound guard in the opponents' suit for his free re- sponse of one no trump. Q. you 3 9 2 OK9 3 The bidding has South West North East 1 Pass 1 2O 2 4k Pass 3 Pass 7 What do you bid A a 4-3-3-3 distribu- tion should dampen your ardor. it should not be a de- terrent where partner has shown a two suiter and all points are In prime controls. You should lose no more than one trick in the minor suits and chances must be good that partner can limit his major losers to two. Bid four spades. Q. as South you OK103 The bidding has West North East South 1 Dble. Pass 1 4k Pass 3 Pass What do you bid a jump in a new suit following a takeout double Is not 100 per cent it should be passed only with a hand That cannot be said of your which contains a and a five-card suit. You have nothing to be ashamed of bid three spades U'L OUR MARRIAGE UCEMSE OUTA TH'SHREDDER.r Your horoscope 9S NOV. I Your birthday Make up your mind to do the best with what already has been established. Expect no no major windfall. You spend most of the year experimen- searching for a better use of your resources. You learn to resist taking the easy way as each time you do brings some repercussion Relationships depend mainly on your continuing what you started. Today's natives are interested in physical titness and related often work at social duties such as law enforcement. ARIES 21-April Carry on with plans despite urgings toward last-minute changes. Don't strive to be enough is going on so that everybody is busy keeping track of where they are as it is. TAURUS 29-May With nothing happening quite as it is just as well you have the serenity to wait out the day's momentary stress Competition is many contests are upsets. GEMINI 21-June You'll be proud of keeping your try to per- suade others to keep theirs There's room for an extra break useful for tidying up details. Be ready to cope with minor surprises. CANCER 21-July Since everybody seems to have something on his join the club Rather than feel pursue special in- formation that helps your own interests. LEO 23-Aug. Healthy skepticism turns you aside from a losing at the possible expense of your pride. Getting the story straight is essential if your af- fairs are to thrive VIRGO 23-Sept. See today as a resting phase in your cycle as you wait for passing uncertainties to clear Tomorrow you will have plenty of new moves to make and more energy for the doing. LIBRA 23-Oct. Dodge public arguments where you can. Express definite preferences privately. Some of the matters you confront today have no easy no definite right or wrong qual- ities SCORPIO 23-Nov. In your search for the prac- tical take care not to ruffle others' you need their co-operation later on matters of common concern. Wait for final news rather than worry through preliminary reports SAGITTARIUS 2Z- Dec. Take the initiative in bringing group or family differences to temporary but avoid open- ing any new issues Very late hours find tensions lessening. CAPRICORN 22-Jan. The difficulty is to find practical uses for many of today's odd the in- formation you gain is beyond price. A touch of comic relief is welcome at the end of the day AQUARIUS 20-Feb. Take time out for a good look at your immediate your plans for the near but do not rush into changes yet Tomorrow brings another turn of circum- new conditions. PISCES 19-March To get anything you must use extra energy Just be sure of what you really and that it is an exten- sion of what is already un- derway If others appear in- forgive them. The Chicago Lawrence Lamb DEAR DR. LAMB You recommended more coarse foods for constipation. in my case I am not allowed coarse foods as 1 have diver- ticulosis or diverticuhtis Would you please explain what the difference is between the two I am worried as some people say diverticulosis is an inflammed colon and has to be operated while the other is not. I have attacks where my stomach and I have pain on either side of the ab- domen. Would you please write more about this as I am anxious about both. DEAR READER Just keep in mind that in medicine refers to a condition like tuberculosis while means inflammation. the condition of small pockets along the colon is diver- and if one of them is inflammed it is diverticulitis During an acute attack of inflammation or actual small perforation of a a soft diet or even no food is often prescribed until the con- dition subsides. if a significant perforation ex- it is much like a per- forated and then surgery is indicated Most of the less severe inflammatory reactions though can and treated without surgery. After the acute attack is over then efforts toward proper bowel training should be started. It was once believ- ed that bland diets were the thing. More recently most doctors who have been faced with these problems recommended a diet that con- tains considerable amount of bulk. This is not a bland diet. It does not need to be of course.-The object is to provide bulk so the colon will develop normal action. There is more to it than this it is necessary to have a program of bowel training. The thought is that the diverticulosis is usually caused by poor bowel and diet problems to begin and this means eating foods that have no residue for normal colon using harsh laxatives and being hung up on the idea that a bowel movement must occur every day. Conditions in the colon that result in spasm of the muscles She wanted to live in. Canada. L He wanted to live in Mexico. they parted. Years when asked the she replied l by Ctofte icbdll '1 just didn't like his IN W kyfmki'iMl try fiAiffv BVJRV GODMOTHER FOR' ITCH DOESNf -p A WITCH BLONDIE by chic yciif YOU WISSEO WITH YOUR KISS I DON'T THIMK I GOT THAT TIME EITHER' BEETLE BAILEY by mart walker in the tube-like colon build up pressure within the colon and finally cause the small hernia pockets that are diverticula. Many of the symptoms that people with diverticula com- plain about are not even caus- ed by the diverticula Spasm and cramping of the bowel will cause bloating and pain even if no diverticula are present Other people have diver- ticula which cause no symp- toms at all. I suspect that if you could separate the symp- toms from poor bowel func- tion from those that are really caused by diverticulosis that you would find only a small percentage of patients with diverticula who really have symptoms from them. I have received a lot of letters from people asking what to do about their con- stipation problem since they also have diverticulosis. Current thinking is that there is no difference in the long term treatment of the problems of spastic constipation and diver- they are all parts of the same elephant except in acute such as perforation or bleeding. Enterprise Send your questions to Dr. hi care of this new- P.O. Box Radio City New N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on send 50 cents to the same address and ask for booklet. Tourism hit TEL AVIV The Mid- dle East war has put Israel's largest foreign currency earner on the casualty list. Tourist traffic to the Jewish state dropped by almost 75 per cent in the first 20 days of Oc- tober. BURNT England A list of good conduct rules was posted in a church in this Suffolk town after the vicar found a party of brass-rubbers frying food at the altar rail. by il caff I THINK HE DIP 'T TO ME AiSAlN SAK6E MY JUST HAGAR THE HORRIBLE TRY TO LIMES TO CROSS LIKE HoW AM I YOUR TO HIS NAME ARCHIE by bob montini JOSHEAD SITTING ON THE RAILING OF THE BRIDGE AND HE I ONLY RENT IT BY THE HERE'S TEN ALL I HI AND LOIS by dik browm CHIR WE'RE ID INCREASE VDUR ALLOWANCE CAN T HAVE CHIP'S OLD WE'RE MCVING VOU FROM UP TO A DOU-AR TUMBLEWEEOS QUICK.'6ET A SO THAWS NO LEGAL PROOF AM'IO'GOT NO LEGAL WAV OUTfcTH' SADIE HAWKINS DAY RACE- BEST NO GAL IN DOGfWrCH BINS MINNY CEPKIC 16 MAKING HI5 DAILY ANALVSlS OP THE STOCK MARKET L HOW ABOUT OtVINO BUdS A MARKET TIP IN KBTURN FOR HI6 CONTINUING SHOR- LIKE A OOOO BUY... ;