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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 5, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TMB LETHMIDQE. HERALD November 1973 Progressing backwards Most of the million and a half people who are being added to the world's pop- ulation each week face the bleakest kind of future imaginable. The best that they have to look forward to is a place in the food queues of the Third World. Even the prospect of being able to line up with assurance of receiving sub- sistence rations now seems to be fading. The optimism about being able to feed an anticipated seven billion people by the end of the century has mostly dis- appeared. Not only is the production-rate of the miracle grains failing to keep pace with population growth but it is now ap- parent that the seas are not the .inex- haustible source of nourishment they Were assumed to be. The spectre of mass starvation has muted if not eliminated opposition to birth control programs. Governments no longer need- to be persuaded that something has to be done to halt the pop- ulation explosion. Many of them are ask- ing for assistance from United Nations specialists. Unfortunately the success of control programs to date has not been notable. which has had an intensive nationwide promotion of birth control for more than a decade is growing at the staggering rate of 14 million people a year. There is a temptation to think the con- tinued growth of despite of- ficial attempts to curb is due simply to human perversity. In countries like France and Ireland that perversity ex- presses itself in dropping birth rates in flagrant disregard of government policy encouraging a higher birth rate. Government policy may. have nothing to do with birth rates. Generally low birth rates go with high standards of living and vice versa. That might suggest superficially that the way to solve the population problem would be to improve the economic condition of people in the Third World. The catch is that it is the proliferation of people that is crippling economic development. With the approach of World Population Year in 1974 aimed at sharpening world consciousne'ss on the growth problem one of the radical ideas tak- ing shape is to try to dissociate birth control methods from medical practice. All the clinical trappings of professionalism are to yield to of contraceptives by people on the street. A version -of this'approach is being proposed for the nation where the ultimate nightmare in popula- tion explosion is most immanent. Bangladesh already has people per square mile more than three times the density of India and is increasing at the rate of three per cent a year. The proposal is that the promotion of birth control be in the hands of village midwives who have acquired a little training in techniques. Even such a modest program as this will cost Bangladesh more money than is available for it at present. So unless World Population Year can persuade the developed nations to expend assistance funds on a concerted attack on Bangladesh's and other members of the Third World's major problem progress may be only backwards. More than bruises In the continuing analyses of detente _between the world's two most powerful it is easy to lose sight ot the fact that Canada has also signed an agree- ment on science and technology with the Soviet Union and that the way is open for increased trade between the two 'countries. Russia is eager For western technology and as well as consumer 'and Canada should be equally eager tor markets. Russia and Canada the two biggest-countries in the and they have many geographical similarities. A closer .trading relationship and a continuing exchange ol technology and ideas would be of great mutual benelit. There is daily news of specific 'agreements between American businesses and the Soviet Union. Mon- the third largest U.S. chemical products has signed a tive- pyear agreement on scientific and technical co-operation with Russia. Control Data Corporation has signed a .10-year agreement whereby some com- puter components will be produced in the Soviet A group of 200 American lawyers has been in Moscow seeking co- operation on the legal front. In spite of the hope raised by the prime minister's almost forgotten trip to Russia. Canada has been a little slow off the mark in developing economic relationships. Some experts attribute this to a poor exchange of information. It is to note that 33 Canadian businessmen and industrialists look part in the five days ot talks in Moscow which culminated in the signing ot the Canadian lawyers may be forgiven if they decide to wart lor the memory of Alan Eagleson to but the businessmen and industrialists could use some ol his energy in furthering com- munications with their Soviet counter- parts. It has been suggested that the federal government set up a trade office in Moscow to tacilitate increased trade between the countries and that Soviet trade olticials be invited to Canada for the same purpose. No time should be wasted in doing this. The two countries have much more to otter each other than bruises on the ice. ART BUCHWALD Slanting the weather WASHINGTON Our TV commentators have indicated that we can survive the oil shortage this winter if everyone will conserve on their heat by two or three degrees. If this is not too much to it is my per- opinion that television could play a ma- j jor role in what could be the worst fuel crisis in our history. We have all become such victims of the of TV suggestion in my we easily could be brainwashed into believing that this was the mildest winter in our Ihistory. It would require a certain amount of news slanting on the part of the networks and local but it would be worth it if we can ksave the fuel. I propose that the people in charge of giving 'us reports on television lie about the weather. If it's cold they must report it's if it's going to they must refrain from mentioning it. The words 'and must be banned from ..the air. For the next six any temperatures 40 degrees may not be reported for national security reasons The keys to this plan are the early morning national news shows. All over America peo- ple wake turn on the television and listen to what the announcers have to say about the .weather. Whatever they report affects every home in Uhe United States. If their maps indicate Not recommended By Doug Walker The people who ire engaged in canvassing the rapport of church or community jervices it this time of might appreciate ja story that a minister frienJ once told in seminar. One of his canvassers made a call and got rather roagn The prospective .-pfedfcr was tall of criticisms of church and the minister to which the visitor iMoned Then when the haranfM was ended with an avowal never to contribute another red the visitor got up and left. But as he walked down the steps and toward the gate he got angrier and angrier. He turn- ed went back to the rang the bell and when the man of the house appeared he said to just want to tell you... GO TO My minister friend remarked that while thii was understandable It was not recommended procedure. Middle East Confidence By Norman editor Saturday Middle East 'miracle' By James New York Times commentator freezing the housewife automatical- ly turns up her thermostat three degrees. If they say their area can expect sunny the wives turn their thermostats down. It doesn't make any difference what is going on outside the everyone knows that television doesn't lie. The local which all have their own weather must also join in the con- spiracy. If the station would give a favorable forecast for a subzero they could save enough fuel to light all the neon signs in Las Vegas. If the TV station would advise everyone in'January to go to the we would have enough fuel to bus fans to the Super Bowl. It is a known fact that weather is all in people's imaginations. If someone in authori- ty tells them it isn't going to they'll happily plow through drifts without giving it a second thought. If the weather announcer promises a balmy weekend in perfect for golf and people won't even know they're play- ing on ice. I know there may be some resistance by network and local news departments to lying about the weather. But it's being done in the Soviet Union and many of the Iron Curtain countries with great success. If it weren't for Soviet television telling the Russian people how nice it was outside in I doubt if any of them would live there for more than one winter. WASHINGTON In his private briefing of congressional leaders on why he put the armed forces of the U.S. on world wide President Nixon took a decidedly pessimistic view of the Soviet Union's objectives in the Middle East. If Moscow managed to gets its seven airborne divisions into Egypt on the pretext of liberating the surrounded Egyptian Third he it would be hard to get them out of there and once established as the protectors of the Arab Moscow's influence on future shipments of oil would un- doubtedly increase. The United he was not'dependent on Middle East we could tighten our belts and live without but Japan and Europe got around 80 per .cent of their oil from that part of the and he could im- agine a situation in which Soviet of the Mid- dle East might lead within five or 10 years to the com- munization of both Japan and Western Europe. This was an alarming pic- ture and it persuaded the congressional leaders that the dramatic presidential military alert was justified by the magnitude of the but it left a lot of troublesome unanswered questions. if the Soviet Union had such vast geo-political he tell the press the following day that we had suddenly passed from most difficult crisis'' since the Cuban missle alert to the most hopeful outlook in the Middle East in 20 think I could safely he told the the chance for not just a ceasefire but the outlook foi a per- manent peace is the best that it has been in 20 All this still seems a bit ex- treme. Last month the official line here was that the between United States and the Soviet Union was building a of then a few mysterious actions by Moscow put the strategic air command bombers with their nuclear weapons in the whereupon the crisis not only ended as fast as it but we are back talking about peace. There is developing here a pattern of exaggerated and sudden dramatic action Nobody of course can know much about the Soviet Union's motives or intentions and it can be dangerous to assume its good will or but visions of the commumzation of Europe and Japan require almost as vivid an imagination as peace in the Middle East. it is not at all clear what Nixon's next order would have been if the Soviets had decided to use their'airborne divisions to get the Egyptian army out of the trap. Would he have tried to. stop Or land American paratrops in Not even the Israelis would have welcomed that. After it's not so long ago that the Soviets had about 000 men in and instead of the Egyptians kicked them out. Fernaps a more moaesi appraisal of U.S.-Soviet relations in the Middle East is in order. is a useful word to express a common desire on the part of the two major nuclear powers to avoid a major war with one but that's about as far as it goes. The Soviets did not allow their promises to Nixon to prevent them from conniving with the Egyptians and Syrians to attack or to encourage the other Arab states to get into the struggle and force the Israelis to fight on two fronts at the same Moscow is trading more and more sophisticated arms for Arab oil. and as the demand for oil outruns the it becomes more and more valuable to the Soviet Union as an instrument of pressure on and to a lesser extent the United States. the more Moscow can increase its influence over the oil- producing the greater her influence will be in other parts of the world as and this is likely to be an enduring objective of Soviet policy and similarly a vital interest of the United States to oppose the domination of the Middle East by the Soviet Union or any other power. Some modest gains have been made toward 'direct negotiations. For the first the Israelis and the Arabs will negotiate with one but Prime Minister Golda Meir didn't decide to fly to Washington because Israel's long-range position is better as a result of this latest war. Israel has gained some more territory and both ar- mies are now so mixed up on one another's lands that they will have to negotiate. But over the-long the outlook for Israel is not better but worse. The Arabs are closing the technological military gap. They were but not destroyed and they are not likely to take as Mrs. Meir put enjoy their The is not for peace. Israel still wants secure all the more so after the fourth war in a and this means holding on to territory the Arabs are deter- mined to get back. with Wash- ington and Moscow playing in- ternational poker for tjheir own Israel finds herself in the awkward situa- tion of having both the United States and the Soviet Union leaning on her to stop fighting whenever she gets close to destroying the armies that have attacked her. In short the big power detente may work to stop wars when both want to stop them but it doesn't seem to prevent and the result of war every few years does not benefit the smaller Israeli state but clearly benefits the Arabs. Nobody understands this better than Prime Minister Meir. When she was asked the other day whether the Israelis could afford more of this sort of she we afford to But she is not talking nonsense about manent She has lived too long and suffered too much for that. Letter to the Editor Save Pass landmarks I follow with much interest the pictures taken by The Herald photographers and find them much more interesting than the ones the Canadian Press sticks its clients with. I should like to comment on two of the series. The series of pictures on are of interest beyond the cattle drive shown. This was the first spot in Southern Alberta beyond the Bow River by a white man. Peter Fidler ex- ploring for the Hudson's Bay Company entered the at this point and described it in detail on Dec. 31. 1792 and Jan. 1793. He even climbed one of the peaks which he said had a pitch of 45 degrees. He first described and named Chief Mountain which he called Ninastokoo or of the He also first mentioned the Oldman River which he called Naw pew ootch e tay cots he place where the-Old Man played the wheel and arrow I have'not found any Blackpool speaker who could translate what Fidler was trying to ex- press but the reference to Napi or Napeo quite clear. The other pictures were the ones showing the remnants of the mine buildings at Passburg. Actually this is all that is left of Leitch Collieries. Most people forget that by 1913 the world was heading into depression as investment. money became scarce. Many companies smelting and coal mining went bankrupt. The war prosperity did not show its effects In the mining industry until about 1917. Any company that hung on until then surviv- ed until the fifties. Maple and Hosmer all closed their mines. Leitch Collieries in Passburg went under in 1915 only five yean after they had erected their line stone buildings and 500 coke ovens. For years everything was left as it was in 1915 even to the locomotive standing forlornly on its short length of track. All the iron was sold as scrap in the depression period but the stone buildings remained Other mines had closed but their buildings were usually of sheet metal and were moved away. I don't know how many times I have been asked what those stone buildings at Police Flat were. With only one mine remain- ing in operation on the Alberta side of the Crow's Nest Pass like a good Crow's Nest to spell it perhaps the remains of Leitch Collieries should-be duly dedicated by the government as a monu- ment to past glories in the coal mining'industry. J. University of Tturie are good reasons for President Nixon's confidence in the prospects for peace in the Middle it would be undiplomatic for him to but the reasons are nonetheless significant. The president believes that Egypt and at long have given up the illusory and dangerous notion that Israel can be eliminated as a sovereign state. For more than a Arab leaders have been se'zed by the idea that if only they could combine their military they could throw Israel into the sea. The six- day war of 1967 served only to intensify this conviction. The humiliation of that defeat con- vinced the Arab leaders that they could make their military superiority count if they could keep their an- tiaircraft defences operational and if they could open up their tactics in tank warfare. They were also determined to give their tank personnel better training. -All these resolutions were in evidence in the Arab two-front surprise attack of early Oc- tober. The strategy almost worked. If the attack didn't take the completely by it at least succeeded in throwing Israel onto the defensive. For the first 36 hours of the Egypt and Syria genuinely thought they were on the way toward overwhelming victory. What they didn't realize was that their initial success also carried with it the poten- tialities of disaster. The strategy of the it is apparent was .to lure Egyptian tanks in large numbers into the Sinai retaining only enough force to keep them but undertaking a bypassing action that would give them a military position on the west bank. This strategy had two objectives. to cut off the supply line for the Egyptian forces on the east to mount a direct threat against Cairo itself. This strategy came close to producing an even greater military victory for the Israelis than they-scored in 1967. Having routed the Syrians on the the Israelis isolated the main Egyptian tank force1 in the Sinai Peninsula and prepared themselves for a direct attack on Egypt. When the United Nations call came for a the Israelis were hardly enthusiastic about stopping the war at that point. But the United on which the Israelis were mainly depen- dent for military used its full weight to press tor cessation. l The United States was able to persuade the Israelis that they were now in a position to achieve their basic aim full recognition of and respect for their existence as a sovereign and independent nation by the Arab states. As the price for its withdrawal from Syria and the Israelis could de- mand full recognition. Given these President Nixon is confident that the chances for'a struc- tured and lasting peace in.the Middle East are better than at any time since the creation of Israel. He feels that the separate roles of .the United the Soviet Union and the United Nations in the Mid- dle East are finally in proper relationship and balance. Aad he is confident that Arab recognition of long the precondition for is now more than merely likely. The resourceful and effec- tive initiatives of the United States in the current Middle East crisis have been ob- scured by the political crisis over the investigation. But the historical reality is that re- cent U.S. foreign policy has had a constructive con- sistency which has improved the potentialities for world peace. Some may say that the credit belongs not to Richard Nixon but to Henry Kissinger. In the Watergate the point was made that Richard Nixon had to take responsibili- ty for the actions of his subor- dinates. That point is correct. In all the same prin- ciple should hold in the field of toreign policy. Consumer protection Heroes'arc not hul a heck ol lot depends upon what era thev are born into Take the case ol Frederick one the first pioneers in consumer protec- tion In 1820. recalls Chemistry Accum published a book Treatise on the Adulterations of Food and Culinary Poisons. Kxhibiting the Fraudulent Sophistications of Bfead. Beer. Spirituous Li- quors. Tea. Coffee. Cream. Confectioonary. Mustard. Pepper. Cheese. Olive Oil. Pickles and Other K in p 1 o v e d in BERRY'S WORLD Domestic and Methods ol Detecting the Accum ex- posed were the use of rod lead to color grccn'copper salts lo color pickles and sul- lunc acid lo intensify the acid laste ol vingegar all com- mon additives in the sup- poscdlv foods of a century and a half ago. -Far Irom winning him .ici laim as an early Ralph -publication which listed irresponsible manufacturers led to his dis- iirace. loss of his business .md Iriends and his exodus Irom his home in London got that haircut to bug didn't he LetHbrtdge Herald 504 7lh St S. Alberta LETHSfflDGE HERALD CO. Proprietors and Publishers Published by Hon. W.A BUCHANAN Second Class Mul Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEO W. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor ROY MILES -DOUGLAS K.WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor HERALD SERVES THE ;