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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - November 5, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta BAYONETS WIN BATTLES, WEALTH WINS WARS-BUY VICTORY BONDS! VOLUME XI. LKTIimUDC.E, ALBKHTA, ITESDAY, NOVKMHBn 5. IfllH NUMBER 276 ALLIES DELIVER SMASHING BLOWS; TO MAKE GE S ACC TERMS ALLIED ARMISTICE TERMS READY-GO FORWARD TODAY Allies Expect Huns Wfll L_____stop press m i.i.ktix ahied armies tear hto Accept Armistice Terms Germany Must Recompense Hun Flanks While French Which Are Now Ready \Vill Be Even More Drastic Than Terms Accepted by Austria -Allied Blows on West Front Leave Germany Little Choice But to Accept-Bolsheviki Ask Allies to Negotiate Peace Terms. allied victories will force acceptance _ LONDON, Nov. 5.- (Reuter's)-The Times' Paris correspondent, reporting thnt the allies have agreed on armistice conditions, sayc that the a*lled successes on the French front leave little doubt of German acceptance. - BOL4HEVIKI NOW ASK FOR PEACE LONDON. Nov. 5.-The Bolsheviki government of Russia, it is reported from Petrograd, has handed the neutral ministers a note for transmission to the entente nation asking for the opening of peace negotiations In order that hostilities between the allied and Soviet governments may be ended, says an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen. Th; note asks the allies to decide upon the time and place for the holding of the conference. BUSINESS SUSPENDED AT ROME ROME, No>, 5.-Business has been virtually suspended here, while the city continues to celebrate the victory over Austria. The demonstrations |p various parts of Ron* are following each other without interval. All the stores are closed and the tramways have been forced to suspend service because of the dense crowds that are thronging the streets. A not.-ible feature of the celebration is supplied by airplanes and dirigible balloons, which are flying over the city and dropping flower*. All Civilian Losses By Land, Sea, and Air of Washington. N'ov. f,.-The Secretary Lansing's note to f.Vnu.'riy fi.ll nvs: "I have (he honor If, ivqiir.-l you to ' en careful consideration to tin- enr-. transmit, the following nmnimini.-:it ion respondence which had passed be- to the (Joniiiiti guv-rnmenl: tween the. president of the Knifed "In mv note of Oct. as. litis. I ml- States and the Herman government, vised von that the president had iraiu- Subject to tho qtialif(rations which mltted hin correspondence with tii- follow thoy declare their willlngneFF German authorities to the govern- lo mnke Pnaf0 wltn lh" j ments with which the government of ernment on the terms of peace In id the 1,'nited States is associated as :� down In the president ,'s address to the allied government.; or this cor- ED THAT INVADED TERRITORIES respondence. which i:; as followH; MUST DE RESTORED A*� WELL AS j " 'The allied governments have Biv-I EVACUATED AND FfteE'D, THE AL-| LIED GOVERNMENTS FEEL THAT. NO DOUBT OUGHT TO BE ALLOWED TO EXIST AS TO WHAT THIS PROVISION IMPLIES. BY IT THEY UNDERSTAND THAT COMPENSATION WILL BE MADE BY GERMANY FOR ALL DAMAGE DONE TO THE CIVILIAN POPULATION OF THE ALLIES AND Penetrate Hunding Line British in Rapid Advance on Valenciennes Front Talcei 10,000 Prisoners and 200 Guns-Americans Continue Drive Along Meuse Toward Sedan-Decisive Battle on West Front Now Raging. belligerent, with the .�uggo. tion that. ugrosH on January S. UUh. and 'he j THEIR PROPERTY BY THE AG- O- WANT WAR CONTINUED London, Nov. 6.-A domonstra- i tlon has been held before the Bismarck monument In Berlin on Sunday In favor of continuing, the war and a resolution was pns-aed protesting against the acceptance of a humiliating peace, according to a Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company' quoting the Tageblatt of Berlin. Terms Are Compieted �Washington, Nov. -1.- Terms upon which (iermaiiy may obtain^ an immediate armistice and end the war vere completed and signed today in j I'arlH. Secretary Landing; announced ' th" fact .tonight, in a brief statement. lidding �*mty that complete harmony had been achieved hy the American I and allied confreres at Versailles. It1 "* jiuiy he stated authoritatively that the Allied Armies Smashing BATTLE IN If those ;.',overnmentH were disposed Principles enunciated in his sunse to accept peace upon the terms and 'Wont addressee principles indicated their mlUltirv ad- THEY MUST POINT OUT, HOW-visors and the military advi-ie's of EVER, THAT CLAUSE TWO RE-tlie 1/tilted States lie asUed to submit. BATING VO WHAT IS USUALLY to (he governments associated against DESCRIBED AS THE FREEDOM Cermanv the nccessarv terms of such 0F THE SEAS �S OPEN TO VAR-an' armistice as would fnilv protect lous INTERPRETATIONS, SOME tlie interests of the people:-, involved �^ WHICH THEY COULD NOT AC-and insure to the associated govern- CEPT. THEY MUST, THEREFORE, incuts the unrestricted power to safe- RESERVE TO THEMSELVES COM-guard and enforce the details" of the PLETE FdEEDOM ON THIS SUB-peace to which the German gowrn- JECT WHEN THEY ENTER THE inent liad tweed, provided they deem PEACE CONFERENCE, suih an armistice possible from tho i "FURTHER, IN >TME CONDITIONS mllilary point of view. I OF PEACE LAID DOWN IN HIS AD-  "Tin; president Is now in receipt DRESS TO CONGRESS JANUARY of ti memorandum of ohservalion hy 8, 1918, THE PRESIDENT DECLAR- GRESSION OF GERMANY BY LAND, BY SEA AND FRtTM THE AIR." "I am Instructed by the president to say that he is in agreement v.hh i the interpretation set forth in the last | paragraph of the memorandum nheve j quoted. 1 am further instructed by j the president, to request you to notify j the Herman government that Marshal Focli haft been authorized hy the government of tho i'nitcd States and tho allied governments to receive properly accredited representative* of the Herman government and to communicate to them of the terms of armistice. Accept, sir, the renewed assurance of my j highest consideration. (Signedl KOMKllT I.AN'SIN'C terms, not yet given out for publication, follow closely those under which Austria-Hungary surrendered mid passed out of the .war, leaving Germany to nland nlotio against the world The. presumption in official circles here tonight was that the stipulations Tould ho in the hands of tho (!er-jium government in less than "I hours. 3f they are accepted, a reply settling1 the isHiie-of peace or further fighting: jnay also he received within Iliat time, j Are Very Drastic | Stihjec' to n� analysis by military j officers here, both allied and Amor | Iciin. the terms of tho Austrian arm-' (stlce, which are snld to he no more drastic than those for Germany, are Interpreted, to mean absolute sue-1 render. Nothing Is left to the good; fuilli of the vanquished Germans and I no restrictions or limitations are im-| rosed upon the victor. Tho officers believe that Germany,' left atone must also throw herself i upon the mercy of the victors. 1 Final adjustments, territorial or j ntlieiwise, are deferred to tho peace' i (inference, for which the cessation, of hostilities paves the way. In fuel, the real pen on conference has been hltliiie lit Versailles. | Tho judgniojil of army officers as to the situation on the western front In n military sense is that Germany must accept the . nrmist^'c conditions or face a debaclo of her armies. Signs of disintegration of the German forces Jn front of (lie Kiuiico-Ainerlcun lines jiuve hceti evident for two days. The Herman official statement yesterday udmltled an American break-through. If the breach is widened the Uermun (irniies will be cut In half us effectually as were the Austrian armies in Italy. They then mtiy ho crushed sop-nrately. So strong is the impression here that lli-riuuny will accept, that when word lame thai a statement was to bo issued hy tho slate department tonight, ti Washington newspaper put out an extra, saying the. H'�r was over ami Germany hud inurreiuleroil. H unused no exclleiiie'it. Huns On Both Flanks in The West Hopeful That Lethbridge Will Pass Over the Top In the Loan Campaign PARDEE MAY JOIN THE DOMINION GOVT. Ottawa, Nov. 4.-The Evening Citizen asserts that there will be n reconstruction of the cabinet soon and thnt Fred Pardee, M.P., for West Lambton, may be given a portfolio, Paris. Nov. 6.-a battle which is believed here to be decisive is now going on. It is being waged in two sect Inns. In the north the blow dollvered by the HviUsh armies under Generals Home, Hyng and Hawlinsoit and by ihu French, under Gen. Debennny, is a threat aimed at one of the Hanks of tho vast pocket formed by tho Gernmu Hues from Holland io .Met/.. The object of this offensive, is to drivo dangerous wedges cubes' north of the Sambro in Hie direction of Mons or sontli of the river in the direction of Avcsnes and MtuibouKO. The result will be a compromise retreat of ih,> German armies lit Itelgium of those still between the Oiso and tho Aisne. ICxellent results have been realized so far. The .Smnbro river ami caiial have been crossed. This was the last line of resistance west of tho frontier, which may soon bo reached in Unit region. According lo tho latest information tho allied advance continues, notwithstanding desperate P'sift-anco by the enemy. The second section of the attack is being conducted by Generals (Iburuud and Idggett. on lliu .Mouse. This is the great strategic offensive which the Germans have always feared and which thoy sought to make impossible by storming Verdiyi In 1U16. Tho aim of the. Fraiico-Awcri-can offensive Is to pinch out tho whole pocket. American troops ' uro at Beaumont. That is le.-is than eight miles from I.a Moullly station, uorfhweat of Montmedy on the grout shuttle rullroud running between Thionville, Sedan and Aleidercs. Rven bettor, Ovi opening of a fresU attack by the Americans on the east bunk of t.lio MeiiBO may bring thorn into tho Montmed.r-liOUKuyon reelon. That may mean not only tho cui--Ung of the railroad, but making it impossible for the enemy to form upon tho Meuse line. This front then would no longer bo joined up with that of Thionville, Today is the big day in the Victory Loan drive in I.etlibriilge and district. In an effort to make the winning of all objectives synchronize with the dispatch of the allies' terms for tho Huns' surrender, chairman llaalim, Generalissimo .MacKlntosli and all their legions are working . overtime, and thoy hope to be able to nnTmunro tonight that Lethbridge has not only captured its honor Hag but has *on | withj, striking distance of the crown and established the recording wili, j0, ,,,,. (.ont crov for being the first city In Alberta to "go over the top" willi the.full quota. I'p till four o'clock on Monday af-tonioou the total objectives reached wire $1158,7,r>U, but there wero bigger things in sight for today. The oll'.clal communique for Monday covering operations of the four armies up till last night follows: Army of the North, Gen. George .MacKay The J100.00U objective has been passed, and posts as advanced as $UM,9uu taken. This army has passed the two-thirds mark. Second army. Gen. Tom l.ongworth This army in hard lighting lias reached almost the $f>(),0li0 objective. The total to date is $-l'J,i(ill. The battalion is striking its swing and a big advance Is expected on Tuesday. Third Army, Gen.'l). K. Harris--Within sight of the half-way objective this army is making rapid gains. Thtl objective reached Is $":i.7l)(>. Fourth Army, Gen. Hugh Macbeth-Kiipid advances have been registered during the day by the army of the south which lias pushed out feelers to the llnal objective. During the day tills army reached $13,0110 bill and advanced to ?13u,'ju0. There are good indications that (ien. Macbeth .will cremate tho Kaiser's reaiains. "I will be very much disappointed if Lethbridge docs not go over/the top today" suld Chairman Uaaljfii to tho Herald this morning. "We have the half million mark in sight, and if the city buys $."il,(iin� worth of bonds for tho .sinking fund, as we expect they will, then we will, then wn will be the lienor crown." London, Nov. 5.-(Flash.)-The Germans are retreating on n 75-mlle front from the River Scheldt to the River Aisne. If the objective is reached today tho (CONTINIKI) ON PAGK 8) ALLIES TO OCCUPY LEFT BANK OF RHINE Toronto, Nov. 6.-A special cable to the Mail and Empire from Paris regarding peace terms for Germany says: "One of the terms is understood to esquire Germany to evacuate the banks of the Rhine and withdraw her troops everywhere 25 miles behind the river from the Swiss frontier to that of The Netherlands, inclusive. The allies f\re to occupy the Rhine front throughout Its length on the left bank in German territory and all tho bridges and bridgeheads and to remain in occupation until the terms "of peace are completely executed." PEACE NOT SO NEAR Paris, Nov. 5.-Prerhier Clemen-ceau declared in the chamber of deputies today that peace might not be so near as some think. The premier snld, however, thnt he could assure the house "the fate of the pt;sp!es henceforth fixed." that was APPLY TO FOCH London, Nov. 5.-The terms of the armistice with Austria were announced to the house of commons today by Premier Lloyd George. Half a Million Prisoners WASHINGTON Nov.-5.-Austrian prisoners captured by the Italians before*the. armistice took effect yesterday are estimated now at 500,000 and the booty taken include^ 250,000 horses. An official dispatch from Rome today telling of the results of the final Austrian defeat says in the army of the Trentino alone over 150,000 prisoners fell'into the hands of the Italic*, . London, Nov. 5.-(Reuter's) - In the house of commons today Premier Lloyd George stated the allies had decided thnt Germany must apply to Marshal Foch for an armistice. Paris, Nov. 4.-The Inter-allied conference having completed its labors at Versailles, Premier Lloyd George of Great Britain left tonight for London and Premier Orlando of Italy started for Rome. The conferencs reached a complete agreement on the question of tho terms of an armistice for German;'. ALLIES ARE CLOSE With the Allied Forces in France and Belgium. Nov. 5.- The allied lines this morning are about 1J/a miles from Ghent toward which the allied troops continue to press. Belgian, French and American soldiers this afternoon had pushed up to the eastern outskirts of the beleaguered city with comparatively light resistance, from the enemy, .who apparently has evacuated the vlaoo. LONDON, Nov. 5.-British troops in their offensive southeast of Valenciennes - have captured the fortified town of Le Quesnoy, after having completely surrounded it, Field Marshal Halg announced tosHty. The entire garrison of more than 1,000 man was taken with tha olta<*�. Rapid progress has been made by the British division* aaat of La Quesnoy. where an advance of between three and four mile* ha� ba�r� scored. The villages of Jolimetz, Le Rondquesne,- Fraenoy and Le Petit Marals have been captured. Further ground has been gained in Mormal forest. The village of Eth, five miles southeast of Valenciennes, has been taken. AMERICAN ATTACKS VICTORIOUS WASHINGTON, Nov. 5.-Victorious attacka by th* American 1st army on its entire front arc reported by G*n. Pershing In his evening communication for Monday. On yie extreme right, breaking down the laat eWorte of t,he enemy to hold the high ground, the American* drove through the v.ill'y of the Meuse and the forest of Dieulet and occupied the important river crossing at Stcnay. FRENCH ADVANCE PARIS, Nov. 5.-French troops continue aucce**fully to pursue th*. Germans in the region of Guise, northeast of which they have taken the village of Berques-tur-Sambre, according to the war office announcement today.  FRENCH HAVE PENETRATED HUNDING LINE | PARIS, Nov. 5.-French successes have oompelled the German* to make new withdrawals at several point* along the front, according to the w.ir office statement today. Between the Oi*e and the Alane the French have advanced about one mile on a five-mile front. The French let army resumad the attack this morning and I* making progress. Between Sissone and Chateau-Porclen, a front of more than 15 miles, the French have penetrated the Hunding line of the Germans. The French are making n general advance from eaet of St. Quentin-le-Petit to the outskirts of Herpy. AMERICANS CROSS MEUSE WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE SEDAN FRONT, Nov. 5.- (10:15 a.m.)-(By the Associated Press)-Bitter fighting^* taking place today along the Meuse river. American patrol* again have succeeded in crossing the river at Brieulle* on a pontoon bridge constructed under fire. At other pointt along the front the American* were reconnoltsrlng the enemy positions. The Germans have blown up the bridge* across the Meuse between Lnncuville on the west bank and the important town of Stenay on the east bank. ENTERED TRENT ON SUNDAY ROMF-. Nov. 5.-Trent, the chief city of the Trentino, wa* entered at 3.13 o'clock Sunday afternoon by Italian cavalry, Alplnl and artillery, according to a semi official note Issued today, giving detail* of the �wift advance of the 1st army on that city. More than 20,000 Austrian*, including the commander of the 50th Scheitien division, were captured. The Italian flan was hoisted over the castle of Buon Gonzlgtlo amid enthusiastic outbursts by the population. Italians at Fiume. Koine, Xov. IMiuti naval vessels hnvc landed troops on the Uulniu-tlaii islands of Lissa and 1-UBosta, where the Italian flag has been hoist-1 oil, a dispatch from Trieste toduy state.;. Italian liattlcsliips and dos-' troyers also have lauded troops at Finnic. Admiral Milio lias been named governor of tho inlands, while Admiral (lamiie has been appointed governor of tho city of Kiume. The battleships St. lion and Flli-bono took the troops to Flume. A wireless message from Trieste say* Hint Con. I'etltti, tho eorauifln-der of Italian forces which landed there, luifi assumed the inllilury governorship of the city. Tho Austrian armistice delegates who came to Pudulo lust week, according to the Kpoca, wore eight ot-llcers under (leu. von Weber. The Italian dolcj;ate;i at the conference wore headed hy Cieu. Hadoglio. French Official. Paris, Nov. Ik-Tho French ollicinl .stiUemeiit reads: "Tlve repeated suieeoss of the Frenoh troops has compelled tho enemy to cany out. new withdrawals tU several points uIonk the front, Pursuing the enomy, In i pile of tho rear guards left behind to protect tho retreat of the enemy and to .lelay our advance, tho French troops with untiring ardor, main tain close contact. 'In tho region northeast of Ottlse, French troops have captured Berguis-Bur-Samhre, where 200 civilians were liberated. On the whole front of the 1st army tho French resumed .the attack this mortiintr ad uro advancing. Between the Peron and Serrc rivers the French have tukon llois-les-Parg. iiy. In the region north of Solsgone, the Kronen have reached the line passing through the sugar refinery oTj Froiijuiont, woat of Autremencourt, Cunrioux, Condolancourt and Mache-court. Our advance guards mre progressing, supported by artillery. "Uetweon Solssons and Chateau-the Fronch have -penetrated, in all Ha parts the Hunding position, which the enemy attempted lo hold, but tho French forced hia detachments to withdraw. A general advance is in progress from east of St. Quentinle-Petlt to the outskirts of Herpy." Britlah Official London, Xov. 5.-The text of the nrttinh official statement rend*: "The walled town of he Quesnoy, being completely surrounded, fell Into our hands yestorday afternoon with the garrison of over 1,000 men. "In the sector south and north of Le Quesnoy the 37th and -67th divisions, In hard fighting yesterday, took many prisoner*. Overcoming strong resistance about Louvitnles and Ors-nlvall at the outset of their attack, these divisions pushed rapidly on tho flanks of the New Zealanders eaut of Lo* Quesnoy, advancing with them to a depth of between three anil four miles and capturing the villages ot (CONTINUED ON PAGE SIX), F E Amtterdam, Nov. 4.-Th* New Rotterdam Courant'a Berlin cor-respondent attribute* failure of Gen. Ludendorff* great offensive to the tenacity of th* Britten soldiers, who refueed to be panic* trleken by any defeat and the �ang frold of Marehal Foeh, whe spared hie r***rv** te the trtmejt, 'It I* often *ald and I am able,* confirm it. that the r**l�tanoe ef th* British on March S7, nagr Arra*, cau**d the failure at IBB Carman campaign.'' 066 4?9711 ;