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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - November 5, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta BAYONEa:S WIN BATTLES, WINS WARS-BUY VICTORY BONEiS! VOLUME XI. LETHBIUDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 191 NUMBER 276 ALLIED ARMISTICE TERMS READY-GO FORWARD TODAY Allies Expect Huns Will Accept Armistice Terms Which Are Now Ready yf/illBeEven Mdre Drastic TTian Terms Accepted by Austria X -Allied Blows on West Front Leave Germany Little Choice But to Accept-Bolsheviki Ask Allies, to Negotiate Peace Terms. ALLIED VICTORIES WflUL FORCE ACCEPTANCE LONDON, Nov. 5.-(Reuter's)-The Time*' Pari* correspohdentT reportlno thot the alliei have agreed on armietlce condition*, sayc that the aWied uceeft*e* on the French front leave little doubt of Qerman Acceptance. - BOL%HEVIKJ NOW ASK FOR PEACE LONDON, Nov. 5.-The B6raheviki government of RuMia^ it is reported from Petrograd, has handed the neutral ministers a> note for transmission to the entente nation asking for the opening 6f peace nego-t^iations in order that hostilities between' the allied and ilovlst governments maybe ended, ��y� an Exchange Telegraph dispatch fr6m Copenhagen. Ths note asks the allies to decide upon the time and place for the holding of the confereneie. , BUSINESS SUSPENDED AT RdME * ' ' ROME, Nftv. 5.-Business has beci^ virtually-suspended here, while the oity eflntinues to celebrate the victory over Austria. The demonstra--t|�ns"jfi-4arious parts of Romk are fellovylpg each pl^sr without interval. All'the stores are closed and the tr�n])waya.{))iy�_b'MI!.^fpre9(f to suspend service because of the dense crowds that are thronging the street*. . A notAble fejiture of the celebration is suppl(�d.'b^i maftifc'.menument in .Berlin on Suridiy '-^H^^-^favor. of-^dt^liilttt^^^ ; ihe^Urar and it rtaolutiori iM�li'iilul-> sed protesting against the acceptance of^a humiliating peaeOf according to a; Copenhagen dlapatoh-to the^ Ex'chang�^ Telegraph company'quoting the Tageblatt of Serlln. Terms Are Completed Washington, Nov. '4.-Terms upon vhich Germany may obtain an immediate = armistice and end the war \vere edm^leted and signed today In Parle. Secretary Iiansinr announced the fact .tonight in a brief statement, adding ^irty that complete harmony had been,'achieved by the American and allied .confreres at Versailles. It ana ailiea .conireres at veiBuincii. '"i , . . c, �. . i . tt may b6 stated authoritatively that the Allied Armies Smashing Huns "w ...------------------ - , terms, not yet given out for publication, follow closely thoseunder whici Austria-Hungary surrendered and passed out ot the war, leaving Germany to Btand alone against the world. The presumption In official circles here tonight was that the stipulations Tvould be in the hands ot the Ger-wan government in less than 24 hours. Jf they are accepted, a reply settling th(3 issue-of peace or further fighting mfey also be received within' that time. Are Very Drastic Subject �0 an analysis by militaryi, 'officers here, both allied and An\er' lean, the terms, of the Austrian armistice, tvhlch are said to be no more 1 drkstlc than those for Germany, .are Interpreted to mean absolute .surrender. Nothing is left' to the \eood faith of the vanquished Germuns and no restrictions or limitations are imposed upon the -Victor. The officers, believe that Germany, left alone must also throw herself upon the mercy of the victors. Final adjustments, territorial or \ otherwise, are deferred to the peace conference, for which .the cessation oC hostilities Ipaves the way. In fact, tlie real peace conference has been Bitting at Versailles. The judgraant o� array officers as to the situation on the 'weslern front Jn a military isense is ,that Qermaflj' must accept the varmlstioe conditions or face a debacle of her'armies. Signs of disintegration of the G'jrman. forces Jn front ofthe Franco-American lines have been evldentfdr two days, The German official statement yest'erci^y Bdmitted an American break-through! If the breach is widened the German armies will be cut in half as effectually as were the Austrian armies In Italy. They then may be crushed sep-Brately. . ' . So strong is the impression here' thai Cenpany wlll'accept, that when word came that,a statement was to be is-- sued by the state department tonight, a Washington newspaper put out an extra, saying the.'War was over and Germany had igurrendered, It caused no excitement.' >, PARDEE MAY JOI^ THE DOMINION GOVT. Ottawa, Npv. 4.-The ' Eveiilwf' Citizen asserts that there will be , a reconstruction of the cabinet soon and that Fred Pardee, M.P., for West Lambton, may be given a " portfolio,  '  On Both Flanks in The Paris, No>/ 6.-^A battlfe Which is believed liere to be detJialve is no-^ going on. It'.iSj being, waged in two sectijfcs. In the hiiftli the blow delivered .by'the British armies under Generals Horne, Byng and Kawlinsbd and by. the French, under lOen. Debenney, is a threat aimed at one of the flaiilcs ot the vast pocket fbrmpd by the Gorman lines from Holland to Aletz. I The object of this offensive is to drive dangerous Wedges either north ot the Sambre in the direction of Mons or south of the river in the direction of'.Avesnes and Maubeuge. The result wyi bn a compromise retreat of the German armies in Belgium or those still between the Oise and the , Aisne. ' Bxclleut results have been realized so far. The Sambre river and canal have been crossed, this, was the last line of reslstiuice west of the frontier, which may soon be reached in.that region. According to the latest intorina-tion the allied advance cbntlnUes, �� notwithstanding dejiperatis' resistance by the enem^. ' The second section,of the,attack is being conducted by-"Generals Gburaud and Liggett on :the' Meuse. This is tht! griaat 8|;rat-egip offensive which tlie Gernianij. havia always feared and which they sought to make^ impOBsible by storming Verdim in 1916. The aim of the Frahcp-Amferi-can offensive is to pinch out the v/hole pocket.. American troops ^' are at Beaumont. That is less than eight miles from La Mouilly station, norllwest of Montmedy on the great shuttle railroad running, between Thionville; S^dan and. Mesleres. Even better, S,h9 ' opening of a fre([b the Americans on the^!eaBt bank o� the ^feuee may bring- them j;ito the Montmedy-ltonguyon ' region. That may mean ^oi only the cut--tiug of the railroad, but maklns\ it impossible for, lile-.enemy v to form upon the M^use line. This front then would n^' WvST.|FOINT OUT, HOW-visors and the- military advisory of fyER,^TH/n;j^^8ETJVO^R^ the United States be asked to submit LATING .,Tpv->\�l*�AT iS USUALLY to the governments associated against DESCRIBEp'::asi THE FREEDOM Germany the necessary terms of such PF TIjIE _8ea?/: an'armistice as would fully protect 'OUSINTERPJ the Interests of the peoples involved OF WHICH Ti and insure to the associated govern- CEPT. T.Hp^j ments the unrestricted power to fiafe- RESERVE^ guard "and enforce the details of, the PLETE F;^ peace to whIiEfi the German govvrn- JECT, Wl*eWif' ment had agreed, provided they deiii^-J^EAOE such an armistice possiblesifr^oni^ th^-^^"RiMiPT^ military point of view, > OF RiEACE-LAlO,l�OWN'IN HIS AD-" "The president is now in receipt DRESS TO COI^tiRESS JANUARY ot a meniorandum of observation by 8, 1918, THE PRESIDENT DECLAR- ED THAT INVADED TERRITORIES IV1UST BE RESTOREO A** WELL AS EVACUATED AND PREETj. THE ALLIED GOVERNMENTS FEEL THAT.j NO DOUBT OUGHT TO BEVALLOW-ED TO EXIST AS TO WHAT THIS PROVISION IMPLIES, BY l,T THEY UNDERSTAND THAT COMPENSATION WILL BE MADE BY GERMANY FOR ALL DAMAGE DONE TO THE CIVILIAN POPULATION OF THE ALLIES AND THB)R PROPERTY BY THE AGGRESSION OF GERMANY BY LAND, BY SEA AND FROM THE AIR." "I am instructed by the president to say tliat he. is in^-agreement with 8ie Interpretatiori se(^ forth in the last aragraph of tlie memorandum above quoted, I am further instructed by the president to request you to notify thjB German government that Marshal Kbch hajs been authorized by the gov-e'mment of the United States and the allied goverpments to receive properly accredited representatives of the Ger-rEnW; .fc communicate ie:CONDITJO|[|j|-tb tliei^^ ........... ' cept, sir, the resewed'assurance of my"i highest consideration, (Signed) ROBEKT LANSING.' is OPEN TO VAR-ITATIONS, SOME COULO. NOT AC-JST, THEREFORE, iEMSELVES COM-'�)N THIS SUB-EY ENTER THE Will Pass Over theiTop In the Loan^ Can^aign Today is the big day in the Victqry Loan drjve in Lethbridge and district. In an effort to make the winning of all objectives synchronise with y the dispatch of the allies' terms for the Huns' surrender, Chairman Baaliin, Generalissimo MacKintosh and ,all their legions are working .overtime, and they hope to be able to anTioUnce tonight that Lethbridge has not only captured Its honor flhg but has/Cron the crown and established the rSBprd for being the first city in Alberta.lo "go over the top''-with thcfull qubta; Up till four o'clock on Monday'at-t�ioon the total objectives reached wB-e; ?358,750, but, there were bigger things in sight for today. The official communique for Monday covering operations/of the four armies up till last night follows: Army of the North, Gen*. George MacKay-The $100,000 objective has been passed, and posts as advanced'ks $104,900 taken. This army has passed, the two-tl^irds mark. ' Second army. Gen. Tom Longwqyth- This army in hard fighting has reached almost the $50,000 objective. The total to date is |49,200. -The battalio.h is striking its swing and a big advance is expected on Tuesday. Third Army, Gen.'D. E. Hai-ris- Within sight ot the haK-way objectijie this army is making rapid gains. 'Tlui objective reached is $73,700. r ; Fourth Array, Gen. Hugh Macbeth-Rapid advances have been registered during the day by the army of the south which has pushed out feelers to the dnal objective. During the day this army reached $13,000 hill and advanced to .$130,900. There are good indications that Gen. Macbeth .will cremate the Kaiser's rei^ains, ','1 willbe very much disappointed it Lethbridge does not go oveythe top today" said Chairman Baaljtu to the Herald this morning, "We have the half million mark in sight, and If the city liuys $50,000 worth of bond,s for the sinking fund, as we ^expect they will, then we will, then .we will be jjjithih. striking distance of the honor flag with 100 per cent crown." If the dbjective is reached today the (CONTINUED ON PAGE 8) SnKJF rhine ' Toronto, Nov. 5.-A special cable to the Mail and Empire from Paris regarding peace terms for Germany says: "One of the terms is understood tq^qulre Germany to evacuate the bank's of the Rhine and withdraW , her' troops everywhere 25 miles behind the river from the Swiss frontiier to that of The Netl^er-lahds, inclusive. The allies e^re to occupy the Rhine front through-oiit'lts length on the left bank in Gei-mah territory and all the bridges" and bridgeheads and to remain in occupation until the terms "of peace are completely executed." � '__ London,-,Nov. 5?.-(Flash.)-The Germans are retreating on a 73-mile-front from the River Scheldt to the River; Aisne. peace notso near Pitns, Nov. 5.-PTiShier Clemen-ceau declared in the chamber of deputies today that peace might not be 80 near as some/think. The premier said, however, that he could assure the house that "the fate of the pBoplee was hencef,prth fixed." Half a Million Prisoners WASHINGTON^ Nov. - 5.-Austrian prisoners captured by the Italians beforeethe armistice took effect yesterday are estimated now at 500,000 and the booty taken include^ 250,00^ horses. An official dispatch from Rome today telling of the results of the final Austrian defeat says in the arrtiy of the Trentino alone over 150,000 'prisoners fellfiatovitherjjands of the Italisijii.  apply to foch London, Nov. 5.^-^The terms of the i armistice with Austria were announced to the house of commons today by Premier Lloyd George. Allied Armies Tear Into Hun Flanks While French Penetrate Hunding line BritisFf In Rapid Advance on Valenciennes jFront Ta^cJ 10,000 Prisoners and 200 Guns-Americans Continue Drive Along Meuse Toward Sedan-Decisive Battle lort ^est Front Now Raging. , 1 LONDON, Nov. 5,--British troops In their offensive seutheatt' of Vaienciennes>have captured the fortified town of Le Ouasney, a.ft*r having completely surrounded It, Field Marshal Haig anneunesd tatfix^ The entire garrisdn of more than 1,000 men waa taken with tha �lt�iWri , Rapid progress has been made by the British divlaiom M�t of >k� Quesnoy, where an advance of between three and four milaa has b'�'�n scored. The villages of Jollmetz, te Rondquaane; Fraaney and Le F*tit Marale have been captured. / , Further ground has been gained in Mermal forest. The village of Eth^'' five milfes southeast of VAlenoJennes, has-been taken. n , AATlRICAN ATTACKS VICTOftlOUS i ' T, WASHlNGTOr^, Nov, Si:-^VIetorieus attacks by tha Amsrtcan Istai'my  on its entire front are repoi^ted by G�ft. Parshing In his evening commil^n-. -icatlon for Monday. On t^e extreme right, breaking d�wh tha last aff*^ of ^hs enemy ^to hold the high ground, the Americans.drove through' liKel y valley of the Meuse and the forest of Oieulet and occupied the lm|)orti'itty;^ river crossing at'8tenajr.'?'>v'HIAyB PENETRATED hu(iDINO9eve,rattpei!ite aleng the front, accordingvte^^ war office^n the Oise and the Alehe the F have advanced about one mile on a five-mlle front. The PrencH latiriMy resumed the attack this mornjng and is making progress. >^- Between Sissone andXhateau-Porcleh, a front of more than 16 miles, the French have penetrated the Hunding line of the Germans. The .French are making a general advance, from east of St. Quentih-le-PetIt to the outskirts of Herpy, - ,, ; � AMERICANS CROSS Meuse - . : WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE SEDAN FRONT, Nov. B.r^ (10:15 a,m.)-(By the Associated Press)-Bitter fighting ^e taking: pluee,; today along the Meuse river. Americanpatrols again have eucceeded: .|n crossing the river at Brieulles on a pontoon bridge conetrueted uncfer fire. � At other points along the front the Americans were I'econnftltering' the enemy positions. i,/', The Germans have blown up the bridges acrois the Meuee betweln Laneuvilie on the west bank and the Important town of Stenay on the east bank. ENTERED TRENT ON SUNDAY ROME, Nov. 5.-Trent, the chief city of the Trentino, was entered at 3.15 'o'clock Sunday afternoon by Italian cavalry, Alplnl and artillery, according to a semi official note issued today, giving detelle of the, eWift J advance of the ,1st army on that city. More than 20,000 Auetrians, IheJud-; ing the commander of the 50th Scheltsen division, were captured. ' : The Italian flaj] wasshblsted oyer the castje.of Buon Gonzigllo amid enthusiastic outbursts'by^the population. London, Nov. 5.-(Reuter's)- In the house of commons today Premier Lloyd George stated the allies had decided ^hat Germany must apply to Marshal Foch for an armistice. � Paris, Nov.'4.-The inter-aiiied conference having completed its labors at Versaiiiea, Premier Lloyd George of Great Britiain left tonight for London-and Premier Orlando of Italy started for Rome. The conferisnca reached a complete agneement orv the question of the terms of an armistice for Germany. ^ With the ^Allied Forces in France and Belgium, Nov. 5.- ''The allied iihes this morning are about 1^ miles from Ghent toward which the allied troops continue to press. / Belgian) FrenclT and American soldiers this afternoon had pushed up to the caster^ outskirts of the beleaguered city with compkKa- ,,tively .-light' resistance, from the enemy, ,w.Ko appfirently lias evacuated ' Italians at Flume. Rome, Nov. 5.-Ita,liaii naval, vessels have landed trooJ)B on the Dalmatian islands ot Lissa and Lagosta, where the Italian flag has-been ,holBt-ed, a dispatch from , Trieste today sta.tes. Italian battleships and destroyers also have landed troops at Fiunie. ' ^ _ Admiral Milio has been named governor of the islands, while Admiral Gagnie has been appointed governor of tbe city of Fiume. The battleships St. Bon. and FJii-berto took the troops to Fiunie. A wireless message from Trieste says that Gen. Petitti, the commander of Italian forces which . landed there, has assumed the inilitary governorship of Hje citj'.  , . The Austrian armistice, delegates who came to Padulo last, Week, ic-cordlng to the Bpoca, were eight officers under Gen. von 'Weber. � The Italian delegates at the, conference wei'e headed by Gen. Badogllo. French Official. " Paris, Nov. 5.-The French olflcial statement roads: . ., ' J .� , >. "The repeated success of the Freuoh troops has Compelled the enpmy / to carry out new withdrawals at several points along the front. Pursuing the /enemy, in spite ot the rear guardsleft behind to protect the retreat of the enemy and to idelay our advance,' the Frcnqh tjpoops'with untiring ardor, maintain close contact; �'�'� "In the region northeast of Guise, French troops have captured Berguis-sm-TSambre, whei;e 200 civilians were liberated.' On'the whole, front of the Ist' army the French, resumed /thd attack this morning ad are advunolng. Between the Peron and Serre rjve/s' the French have taken BolSile8ji�arg-ny. In the region north of; Solssdne, the French have reached the line passing through the sugar-!Teflnery.ofj Froidmont, west ot Auti'emencpurt, Cunrleux, GondelanoourtCana.'.Mache-court. Our advance guw^ds are progressing, supported by.aHinei!y;"v'' - "Between Soissons andr Oh'siteau-the French havopenetrate^'InxalUfl- pitFts the Hunding position, which the V ^ eueiny attemjpted to hold, but jthe French forced his detachments to^ withdraw. A general advance isjiilii? prbgresa from east of St, Quentln-le- ; Petit to the outskirts of Herpy." v, British Olfjelal London, Nov, 5.-The text of tUe Brttioh pfacial statement reads: , "The walled town of Le Questfoy, being completely surrounded, tell l^ito our hands yesterday afternoon; *lih the garrison of over 1,000 men. ' "In the sector south and northi (Ot Le Quesnoy the 37th and-STth d^lp^. ions, in hard flghtlng yesterday; tookr ot \  (continubd o^ PAaB so;:); Amsterdam, Nov. 4,^The Rotterdam ..Courant's' Berlin respondent attribute* Jallur*'' Gen. Uudendorf^; gnnit: effenaW to the tensclty, ~.the, 9rV ' soldiers, who rofUMjl� �� stricken by ; any :*-�-*� sang frold of;M� spared hia reeervofi "It Is often aald^.Md.i confirm lt,'t*i4M>i*''r! - the BrltlaJj^nr^jlarob^,. Arras, o^usadrth*'failun gf .Qerman campaign."- � 4^, ;