Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, Novimber 4, 1972 THE IETHBR1DG! HEKAID 3 Garry Allison People of the South Native son much involved in sports Purple gasoline By Hodgion Total Involvement is the role Dr. G. W. (Gary) Bowie has taken upon himself. As a re- sult, at age 35, he finds himself leader in his church and com- munity and a respected and knowledgeable member ol the teaching profession. His role at the University of Lelhbridge is three-fold; he is the physical education profes- sor, the athletic director and the coach of the U of L PronR- liorns. Highly qualified in his field, Dr. Bowie has a B.Sc. from Brigham Young Univer- sity, Ills M.Sc. from Washing- ton State University and his PhD in physical education from the University of Utah. Born in Claresholm in 1937, Pr. Bowie has always had a deep interest and love for sport. His father, C. G. (Mike) Bowie end his mother, Hazel, were both avid curlers and snorts en- thusiasts. "There's no doubt my interest stems from their inflr- ence. My father enjoyed all sports, but curling was his game. He won the Lethbridge Shirtsleeve Bonspiel twice in a row back in the 40s." Gary was a fine curler him- self, and won the southern Al- berta school-boy championship in 1953, 1954 and 1955. Also pretty adept at hockey, he played semi-pro while attend- ing BYU. Turning from sports to tha teaching profession, Dr. Bowie feels that "physical education is more than gym, sport or fit- ness in today's university cur- riculum. It is the combination of these three and not three sep- arate entities." The old "PT" classes have given way to vastly improved teaching techniques and a cur- riculum that would astound early-day physical education instructors. Golf, archery, bowl- Ing, tennis and curling are just a sampling of some of the "leisure time" sports that are now taught in the schools. "Definite improvements have been made in the past 10 years in the calibre of physical edu- cation at all Dr. Bowie stated. "The leisure time activ- ities that have been introduced combined with more facilities end better trained teachers, are a great help. But I would have to say one of the biggest advancements has been change in public attitude to- ward physical education. Tho public lias overcome the old 'work Is good, play Is bad' eth- ic and they accept the new in- novations. "We instil In our future teach- ers the concepts of 'movement education.' The basic idea of this is to teach the old activ- ities that were taught by the hard pressure method in a way that allows the child to pro- gress at his own level, at his own rate. It is this sounder method of individual teaching that will allow the child to de- velop a liking for all physical activities." Dr. Bowie went on to explain that these new systems and principles are good only if the Individual teacher puts them to use. "We on the university level are always open to new con- cepts and ideas and have re- cently added field hockey for women to our program. All forms of activity are investigat- ed and many, like educational gymnastics a form of free exercise are found desirable and inaugurated into the pro- gram." The physical education pro- gram is set up so the 3'oungstcr spends his lime on the elemen- tary level developing his strength and becoming aware of his body. In the junior high schools lie progresses into an involvement in all leisure sporting activities and by the time he reaches high school the youngster should be align- ing his sports program with his own skills and desires. "By the time a student reach- es Dr. Bowie snid, "he selects the spoils accord- ing to his interest. In many cases the emphasis Is on how to teach these sport skills to others rather than just how to use them himself." One of the real problems in the study of sport and physical fitness is the gross misunder- standing of what these words mean. "Right from the beginning there is a definition Dr. Bowie staled. "To one per- son sport may ho play and to another it is athletics. Most people have some understand- ing of Hie terms, even if they have not analysed the many ambiguities which are involved with the concepts. In order to under stand bring the concept of sport into focus one must understand play, games and nthletics. Piny is the most general and the most basic form of activity. Sport derives its central valuo from play. Games are a form of play and athletics an extension of sports. One can explain this better by putting it on a continuum which shows the relationship between play, sport, athletics and games. We would see athletics as an exten- sion of sports in much the same way that sport is an extension of play. "Games are a variety of play; they are found in sport; and they are an essential ingre- dient in athletics. Therefore it is necessary to project another continuum of games which would parallel the play-sport athletic continuum. As there is more organization put into play we proceed down the con- tinuum towards athletics which has such activities as college sports and professional sports." Professional athletes put Dr. Bowie in a bit of a quandary. "As a spectator I enjoy the games and appreciate the play- ers' skills, but I wonder if we should hold them up as idols for our children to Mow. An example such as Henri Richard mouthing off about his coach is becoming more prevalent." Dr. Bowie spends over 47 hours a week at the university involved in the teaching of phy- sical education. In addition to this he coaches basketball five months of the year, which entails not only time spent in town with the team but a total of nine weekends, Friday to Sunday night, out of town. Any free time he has is spent in research. He pointed out that it takes three hours of prepar- ation for one hour of lecturing in class. He has done research into varying aspects of physical education and in 1962 he wrote his Master's thesis on "The History and Trends of Curling in Canada." His Doctoral dis- sertation in 1970 was entitled "A Survey to Obtain Relevant Information from Selected Col- leges in the Province of Alber- ta to Develop and Apply Our Evaluation Instalment for Men's Physical Education Pro- grams." In 1903 he did a 288-page survey on recreation in Leth- bridge and has written six papers on varying subjects from basketball to the influence of the Mormon faith on sport in Alberta. Dr. Bowie started his teach- ing career at Washington State as an assistant in and in 1962 he moved back to Leth- bridge and accepted a position at the junior college. With the beginning of the University of Lethbridge in 1967 Dr. Bowie became one of that institution's athletic instructors and in 1970 was appointed acting athletic director, a post which he now holds on a permanent basis. Associated with numerous professional teaching and sport- ing organizations, Dr. Bowie also finds time to devote to the community. He has served, or is serving, on committees in the city that range from boxing and wrestling, minor football and basketball to work with the YMCA and the home and school association. As president of the Gilbert Paterson Home and School As- sociation in 1971-72, Dr. Bowie found himself looking at the teaching profession from an- other angle. "The function of the home and school as I see it is a process mainly to try to help the school interpret what it is he said. Dr. Bowie adheres to the old adage, "actions speak louder than words." "If I advocate physical fitness I should be fit; if I advocate certain principals in life I should live he stated. Up at six every morn- ing, he runs two miles and spends 15-20 minutes in reading prior to leaving for work at eight. Religion is a vital part of the Bowie family. A member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Lat- ter-day Saints, Dr. Bowie was recently eypoinleA to the Bish- opric in the Lethbridge Second Ward. A hidden talent of Dr. Bowie's is singing. He won his "night" on the old CJOC talent show on radio as a youngster, but re- members losing out in the semi- finals to a girl named Frances Russell. Married in the Salt Lake City Temple on June 9, Dr. Bowie and his wife Marian have three children; Anita Ann, 10, Chad, six and Glen, three. Marian was born in Jackson- vill, Florida and later moved to Price, Utah. She is also qualified in the teaching pro- fession, obtaining her B.Sc. in early childhood education at BYU. Seated in his office in the Physical Education and Fine Arts Building at the U of L, surrounded by his extensive li- brary, Dr. Bowie isn't content to just "sit tight." He has re- cently started to dabble in sports psychology and is cur- rently in the early stages of compiling a history of sport in this area. There is an old saying that the busier a man is the he will become, and Dr. G. W. Bowie gets busier and busier a truly involved individual. DR. GARY BOWIE Photo by Garry Allison Book Review Belly up to the bar, boys! "Booze" by James H. Gray (MacMillan Co. of Canada Ltd., 221 pages That versatile, colorful, social historian of the early West has done it again he says for the last lime. James Gray main- tains that "Booze" Is the final volume of the quintet of prairie histories which "I never intend- ed to write in the first place. One book just naturally develop- ed info five." I can only hope that he will reconsider. So much remains lo be told; so few now living to tell it like it was. Gray puts vibrant life into the archives. His vision is might, his facts are straight, his love of the land of Us youth is sturdy. For good or bad, the West was, and still is the land of promise. In his preface Gray points out that during his research he "was somewhat dismayed to find out how few younger Can- adians were aware that there had been a prohibition era in Canada. To them, prohibition was something which the Am- ericans invented and which led to the development of their gangster era. They thought vaguely that Canada had a small part in it as a supplier of liquor to the rum-runners who took it into the United States sold it to Al Ca- pone." Nothing could be further from the truth. James Gray's spectrum goes back much further in time than the onslaught of prohibition in the West. Much of his account concerns the very early history of Winnipeg, a "turbulent row- dv, bawdy town of 100 in 1870, 215 in 1871; in 1872; by 1874, and in 1875." Guests of the local hotels of the day, he says "were geared to the rough and ready patron- age of the buffalo hunting fron- tier era then nearing its end. Patrons who over estimated their capacity for the rot-gut that passed for whisky were perfectly welcome to sleep off their stupor on the floor where they dropped." When the North West Mount- ed Police first came to Fort Whoop-Up in what was then the Northwest Territories, one of their duties was to wipe out the whisky trade with the Indians. Al the" time, total prohibition was in effect. Anybody anywhere was given the power to arrest an individual with booze in his possession and lo destroy the "evil ambrosia" forthwith. By 1875. regulations were some- what relaxed. Whiskv could be obtained under permit from the lieutenant-governor. None of these restrictions worked. Booze had become a fact of life; it flowed freely from one minute settlement to the next, a panacea for the hard life, a menace to the good, de- pending on the individual point of view. When the Mounlies were not out chasing whisky smugglers, or arresting white men who sold liquor to the Indians, they were frequently getting roaring drunk themselves. Mr. Gray re- ports that "on one occasion in 1886, 'H' Troop in Lethbridge got its back pay and went on a prolonged collective binge that terrorized the town. There was another time at Fort Macleod when a couple of drunken Mounties who had run out of money held up a visitor from Saskatoon on the main street of the town, relieved him of his wallet, and went back to the hotel to continue their spree." As time went on regulations were further relaxed and in the decade prior to prohibition ex- cessive drinking became the curse of the frontier towns. Men beat their wives, petty crime rampant, mayhem was the rule rather than the exception. It was all ripe ground for the prohibitionists, a cause which commended itself to Ihe fundamentalist preach- ers, women's groups like that led by Mrs. Nellie McClung, and others who believed naively thet eliminating the booze would destroy the social problems they attributed to it. Gray reports that when pro- hibition came in in 1916, there was a short period of compar- ative domestic peace. But the vacuum left by the flight of the demon rum was soon filled with a host of other evils. The bootlegging era had arrived, and with it rum running and conniption on a huge scale. The impossibility of controlling the sale and manufacture of booze became apparent. One evil had been exchanged for another and in 1924 the prohibition era came to an end. Government control of this profitable business was voted in. Tho famoui bar of Alberta Hotel In Calgary. Here Bob Edwards and Paddy Nolan shored rounds with legendary western cattle barons as Pat Bums, George Lane, Roper Hull and Dan Riley. I hope I may be forgiven for injecting a memory of my own childhood days in Calgary at this point. It concerns my brother who came home one day much the worse for wear following a knock-down drag out fight with a neighborhood boy. My father, who took a dim view of fisticuffs in settling ar- guments, was about to admin- ister further punishment, but thought he should first inquire about the cause of the dispute. My brother answered, with some spirit, that he had been forced into battle because the other boy had shouted, "Your Dad voted against prohibition. Your Dad's a drunk. Ha, Ha, Mollified by his son's spirited defence, my father bound up the wounds of war, with, I'm told, a certain pride. Well he might. Father, who boasted that what he drank during his lifetime would scarcely fill a thimble, nevertheless profited from others' indulgence. He was prorietor of the Old Alber- ta Hotel from 1906 until prohi- bition. The picture of the fam- ous bar reproduced below is taken from "Booze." The up- per structure of the old build- ing still stands across from the present Bank of Montreal at the corner of 1st Street W. and Sth Avenue. A laree section of Gray's re- search into the alcoholic past of the West, is concerned with the history of the Bronfman family, now the wealthy distinguished distillers of Montreal fame. The background of the family for- tunes in Saskatchewan and Man- lloha can hardly be a point of pride to the present generation, but it makes a fascinating doc- umentary of the rewards and risks of early 20th century boot- legging on the prairies. It is the story of how two im- migrants from Bessarabia came to the town of Wapella in 1875, before Saskatchewan was a province and founded a fam- ily who made it rich, rich, rich, on the whisky rivers of the prairies, recorded with spirit and strict adherence to the truth. There's more lols more. Southern Albertans will renrct that no tales of Crowsnost Pass rum running arc included, but old timers from Winnipeg to Calgary, will nevertheless revel In "Booze." Maybe too, the young sophisticates of the mod- em era will open their ryes a little wider. These are facts presented In the breezy evocative style of James Gray master racon- teur, In love with the early West Wet or Dry. JANE HUCKVALE When gasoline was first refined for pro- pelling automobiles it was clear like water or gin, and, of course, didn't mix very well with either. One, it couldn't burn, and the other it burned both the engine and the driver. They soon started coloring car fuel to show different grades, all the way from clear super to red and bronze second and third grades. Some companies used fancy colors to point out their special brand. Only one grade was sold from pumps till high compression engines de- manded a higher octaine rating, to combat pre-ignition knock. Then this rating was increased by adding tetraethyl of lead in- stead of lighter more volatile gasoline. Red coloring was added to show that lead was included, and so ethyl gas was born. I don't know who Ethyl's mother and father were, but she's a grown up old lady now. Along in the thirties the provincial gov- ernments jumped on the chance to hang a tax on gasoline sales, to pay for building and maintaining roads, they claimed. Most people figured the money was used some- where else, according to the shape the country's roads were in. The high cost of' license plates should have paid for all the little scratching around the highway com- mission was doing at least that was most people's opinion. There wasn't too much objection to the tax as long as it was just a few cents per gallon, but when paved roads came along, and the cost of construction jumped, so did the tax, then the farmers got into a tizzy about paying more than their share of road cost. Every gallon of gas they burned working their fields put several more cents into government packets for road work, or so they claimed, and their tractors never used the roads at ah1. So the color scheme came Into use again, and farmer's tractor fuel was painted purple. He couldn't use it in his car or truck, only in his traclor, and only for farm work. Then a lot of farmers jumped on the idea of changing the purple tint to something lawful for road use, and that involved dozens of ideas, some pretty wild and some real smart and simple. As soon as the government caught on that it was being swindled, it hired inspec- tors to try catehing the wrongdoers. They wandered around the country towns and places where fanners gathered, and armed with a small suction pump attached to a long hose, checked vehicle gas tanks here and there. Whoever spotted the inspector quickly cranked up the "bob-wire" tele- phone and spread the word, so everybody wilh unlawful fuel got away in a hurry. The appearance of an inspector in town or at a farmer's picnic was one of the fastest ways of dispersing a crowd. And it wasn't just farmers either, as many a city or town dweller had friends in the country who helped them break the law a little. One defrauding stunt was to mix ethyl into the purple gas about half and half, but that showed up in the inspector's glass pump as a very farolf color, so more ethyl had to be added. This put the price up to where there wasn't much saving for the risk being taken. The best idea I heard of, if the culprit had the patience, was to get rid of the purple coloring by bleaching it in a five gallon glass bottle sitting out in the sun. Then red cooking color was added lo make it legal for highway use. This was rather a slow process and took several days, and of course, the sun had to sWne, so somelimes a multi-bottle system was set up. One gas bootlegger I knew told ms his setup got a bad interruption once, when his son arranged his 22 rifle target range in line with his bleaching operation. A new bottle took all the profit for a while. Cook- ing pigment in gas could have been de- tected in a laboratory I suppose, but I never heard of an inspector going to that much trouble to catch suspected law breaker. Dale parked his car across the street in front of the lumber yard one day, and walked over to our shop for some farm machinery repairs. After he got what he wanted, Steve came in with the news that a gas inspector was in town. Dale grabbed up his parcel to get going, and then came back and sat down with, "it's too late, there he is." The uniformed inspector stop- ped behind Dale's car, removed the gascap, and drew some gas up out of the tank, and we could see from our place that it was very purple. The guy went into the lum- ber yard first, then over across the street, and asked if the car driver was around. Dale just grinned with, "Yep I'm and reached for the ticket. Dale told us he had been burning purple gas for years, and though this would cut into his saving a little he was still away ahead. The inspector was a nice friendly sort, and seeing Dale was taking it so calm he lit a smoke and sat down to talk. He told us he had caught a farmer in Taber that morning, and on his way back had run out of gas himself jiist west of town. He walked into a nearby farm yard to get some gas, and sure enough it was the farmer he had just pinched. He was very courteous and got a pail and pumped a couple of gallons out of a drum, and as you've guessed it was purple, 'ilie inspector said, "It was all he had, so what could I do? I asked for the ticket and tore it up." Banks, loan companies, and the govern- ment always seemed to be fair game for small time swindlers. They are all consid- ered to be oppressors of the little guy, and beating them out of a few dollars is never thought of as criminal activity. No one will ever squeal on another who lifts a little profit from any big outfit, that holds a whip hand over a small' operator, often conspiring together lo help each other do a better job of petty larceny. We in tha shop were just as guilty as anyone. I well remember installing an extra gas tank in a truck, so the operator could fill the regu- lar one with ethyl, and the one that fed (lie engine from under the seat with purple gas. The government has finally solved the problem pretty well, by allowing the tractor farmer to use purple gas in his truck and car on nearby roads. Now ha doesn't have to perjure himself or wholesale dealer with padded refund re- quests, or try to beat anybody by doctoring colored fuel. And there isn't enough saving for anyone else to take a chance on get- ting caught with illegal gas, so the purple gas battle is over, but I still don't think a winner can be declared. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY Struggle for survival As the world moves toward becoming comparatively few big cities with the con- sequent extermination of rural life, urban man is increasingly in danger of being choked on his own wastes and the inner city has become a tiling of horror, a ghetto, dangerous, dirty, heartless, and soulless. Before Plato in Greece and Mencius in China thoughtful men observed the vast ruin of flood and silt caused by the de- struction of the forested hills and tho grassy steppes. When Alexander invaded India' a vast forest existed beyond tha Jhelum River, but that north west region is desolate today. According to Dr. Hugh H. Bennett, former head of the Soil Con- servation Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2SO million acres (twice tho area of France) of crop and range land were destroyed by farmers' plows. Man has learned little, but examples are end- less. Anywhere, everywhere, man is the destroyer of his environment as witnessed by the desolations of great civilizations and dried up river beds, with remnants of pop- ulation sunk in apathy and hopelessness. One can only watch with anguish as the vast forests of British Columbia are re- morselessly destroyed by human greed an) stupidity, the land stripped bare, the wild life annihilated. Through pollution control something is being done at both the government and in- dustry levels. The U.S. government in 1971 spent over billion in pollution control and abatement, which Includes water, air, land, materials, etc., but the projected ex- penditure on water pollution control alono in 1974 is over billion. By 1976 industry will have spent billion for pollution con- trol facilities in both existing and new plants. 'The Consolidated Coal Company in West Virginia has constructed a oartheo dam with a potential capacity of 40 mil- lion gallons of water pumped from the Ark- wright mine as part of the Dents Run Watershed Reclamation and Restoratioa Project. United Air Lines has a million program to reduce jet engine smoke and plane noise. Du Pont by the end of 1970 had installed or authorized a million expenditure in pollution control facilities. The soft drink industry has a vigorous campaign for the collection and recycling of beverage containers thus reducing litter. Bethlehem Steel in its Pennsylvania plant alone has installed a million dust col- lection system. In the last three years 235 American companies have expended more than two billion dollars worth of pollution control fa- cilities. Tliis year industry will spend, ac- cording to the McGraw-Hill Economics Dept., billion on ah- and water pollu- tion, although the report says that Indus- try needs to spend billion to meet the standards in effect last January. The complaint is that the regulations are not nearly tough enough, and it is pointed out that the 1970 Clean Air Act does not start biting hard until 1975. A tough new water pollution bill before Ihe House-Senate committees sets a goal of "zero-discharge" by IMS. In Genesis man is told that Ihe earth was created for his benefit, but that It belonged to God. Man, like God, was to bg transcendent over nature. Now man is caught in a grim ecologic crisis, anl his scientific, technological, urban civilization must find a passage to a new ape wilh new institutions and radically different thought and life-styles, or end in selt- destruotiou.