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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHBRIDGE HJRAID Saturday, Novomber 4, 1971 The land is strong Trudeau's fallacy Surely it's time It is not our place to instruct Can- ada's neighbors. But war, particul- arly such a ghastly, tragic war as that being waged in Vietnam, sets aside the niceties of neighborly pro- tocol. As tliis is written, there is still some hope of finding the accommo- dation that will end the fighting in Vietnam. That hope is not a bright one, but it is still alive. There are three parties directly concerned, South Vietnam, North Vietnam and the United States. Two, North Vietnam and the U.S., re- cently agreed on terms for a cease- fire. Central to this agreement is the immediate withdrawal from Vietnam of the entire U.S. military apparatus. South Vietnam is not as yet in accord; of nine points agreed to by the other two, President Ngu- yen Van Thieu opposes seven. Throughout the world there is mix- ed opinion as to the motives of each of the three parties. It has been said (perhaps too often) that the Nixon administration has stage-managed both the U.S. war and the peace talks so as to wring from them every possible political advantage, and gain Hie maximum number of votes November 7. Just as often it is asserted that North Vietnam is interested solely in ensuring the Communization of all Indochina, that all its negotia- tions are simply tactical manoeuvres to that end. Equally devious motives are ascribed to President Thieu who, it is claimed, is not really concerned about peace or war, but only with retaining personal power to govern. To some, it will seem profoundly Important, legally, politically and his- torically, to establish whether or not these allegations are well found- ed. To others, it will appear as im- perative that any peace agreement include carefully detailed provision for any or all contingencies, with nothing left to chance. But while enquiries and negotia- tions go on, so does the destruction of Vietnam. Bombs may not be falling right now _ tut the guiis continue to roar, the rockets to fly, the fires to burn, the land to perish. Every hour ol every day, people die; soldiers and civilians, men and women, boys and girls. Perhaps the destruction of lives and land won't stop, even if the war is formally ended. Perhaps if stopped, it will resume. These things cannot be foretold. But one thing can be said with absolute certainty: the Westren pres- ence, whether American, French, Australian or whatever, hasn't stop- ped it. Quite the reverse. Surely, then, America's course is clear. It has this chance to go, its best in years. It must take it. Now. With President Thieu's agreement if possible, without it if needs be. To go without Thieu's agreement may be painful. But the Vietnamese people have suffered much pain in the past twenty-six years. To leave Thieu to his fate may appear less than honorable. But to kill a single Vietnamese peasant, let alone a hundred or a thousand, can- not be more honorable than to re- pudiate a Vietnamese politician. So, whether or not peace moves are being scheduled for political ends, whether or not North Vietnam has designs on the South, whether or not President Thieu approves, the United States has only one accept- able course at this point: to para- phrase a well-known English parlia- mentarian, in an equally emotion- charged situation, "Surely it is time to go. Then, for God's sake, Muted outcry An outcry has finally been heard over the bill before the Alberta Legislature calling for pay increases for members. It is a rather faint out- cry, however. Only seven Social Credit members and the lone NDP member oppose the bill while a great silence covers the province. No doubt the explanation lies in the feeling of inevitability. There was a considerable opposition generated to- ward the proposal to increase pay for members of Parliament which, incidentally, involved a much more modest percentage increase than is being considered in Alberta but the bill passed anyway. The futility of registering protest when a majori- ty government is bent on having its way has probably become apparent. Softening any criticism that might Weekend Meditation be made about pay increases for poli- ticians is the additional impression that it is unavoidable. Imparital studies clearly indicate that most people in public life require more money than is needed by the aver- age citizen. High salaries for public service might be some inducement for people on modest incomes to run for office; low salaries will prevent them from considering competing at all. It is ironical, nonetheless, that it should be a Conservative govern- ment that is engineering the pay boost. When the issue of pay in- creases was before the House in Ot- tawa some of the loudest objections came from Conservatives who found in the bill evidence of the Liberal government's wastefulness and arro- gance. Imagination rules the world Duveen, the art connoisseur, took his family to Dieppe for a holiday. He went with his little daughter to tha beach, but the water was cold and the child would not go in. Duveen got a teakettle, lighted a fire on the beach and heated some water till It steamed, then poured it into the sea and without hesitation the child then went Into the water. Just like a child, you say? Adults are governed by their imagination just as much as children. When Blucher, the Ger- man general of Waterloo fame, first saw London in 1814, he remarked, "What a place to Exactly what a Prus- sian general would think of first. That was the way his imagination ran. So imagina- tion can be a destructive thing. "Let them perish through their own the Book of Common Prayer translates Psalm 6, verse 10. And the lack of imagination can be a tragedy. "Must then a Christ perish in torment in every age to savo those who have no aska Bernard Shaw in the Epilogue to St. Joan. Benjajnln Disraeli held that mankind is not indebted to reason for any of the great achievements which are the landmarks ol human action anl progress. It was not rea- son that besieged Troy, that sent forth Saracen from the desert to conquer the world, that Inspired the Crusades, in- stituted the Monastic orders, produced tha Jesuits, or created the French Revolution, said Disraeli. "Man is only truly great when he ads from the passions; never Ir- resistible but he appeals to the Im- agination. It is by imagination that men have said Macneile Dixon. "Imagination rules all our lives. The hu- man mind is not, as philosophers would have you think, a debating hall, but a picture gallery." That is why symbols are so vitally important. They recall the mind to certain connotations, lift the mind to a variety of imaginations, and say things that cannot be spoken, that break through language and escape. For that matter, lan- guage itsell is symbolic. Thomas a Kempis described temptation as, "First there cometh to the mind a bare thought of evil, then a strong imagination thereof, afterwards delight and evil emo- tion, and then consent." Man becomes what he imagines and the world becomes as he imagines it to be. Wordsworth said that, imagination was "another, name for ab- solute power, and clearer insight, ampli- tude of mind, and reason in her most exalted mood." Imagination changes the world and changes you. It can be delib- erately trained, of course, and the thing to do is to train it in happy, creative channels. Said Shakespeare, "The lunatic, the lover, and the poet, are of imagination all com- pact." Which of the three depends on On person Involved. PRAYER: Lift my Imagination, 0 God, to contemplate the true, the good, and tho beautiful, and to see myself as YOU meant me to be, tho incarnation of these F. S. M. Precautionary query By Doufi Walker Until a visitor In our home revealed tho same fussincfis about Ice crenm that our kids do, I thought the members of our family must represent tho nadir In pcr- nlckctincss. Unless ico cream Is of recent arrival In the refrigerator it is rejected. The kids gay, if It a even a low dayi old, ttut It taJ ice whiskers or that it Is gluey at the) edges. One day n boy came to call on one of our sons just as wo were about bo get out the dessert. He was Invited lo have somo Ico cream us. he said, "how long have you had By Peter Desbarals, Toronto SlrtMHlawi commentator OTTAWA-The difficult task of accepting, understanding and adapting lo the unexpected election result began for the Liberals al the top. It started at (he party's elec- tion night headquarters al the Skyline Hotel as Prime Minis- ter Trudeau watched the de- struction of his majority gov- ernment enncleii on the tele- vision screen. During most of the evening, he was surrounded by several hundred members of his slafl, party officials and workers from the Liberal election head- quarters in the city. Only as the anticipation of victory began to fade did it become evident that the emotions of the crowd would make it more difficult for the prime minister and sen- ior party people lo begin lo re- spond lo Ihe new situation. For Senator Richard Stanhury, national party presi- dent, who had been at Ihe prime minister's side llirough- out Ihe campaign, election nighl ended after the last tele- phone call from the West Coast at 3.30 a.m. The first day of a new political era began three hours later when he got up to lake part in an early-morning telecast. From there he went to Liberal headquarters in the city where he and National Party Director Torrance Wylie spent most of (he day on the confer- ence telephone discussing the residt with party officials in ev- ery province. This enabled the party to have a preliminary analysis and interpretation of the results for Wednesday's cabinet meet- ing. The all-day session on the conference telephone on Tues- day had a dual purpose. The first was to discover the reasons behind the unexpected weakening of Liberal support west of Quebec. Up to the last moment of the campaign, Lib- erals had been confident of a majority. It was only when Ihe final Gallup Poll last Friday showed a live-per-cent drop in Liberal support thai some members of Ihe party began lo feel, as Senator Stanbury ex- pressed it, "a sudden tightening in the pit of the stomach." Alarmed by the poll, party of- ficials spent the weekend mak- ing telephone checks across the country. Organizers in every constituency in Ontario were contacted and asked for a last- minute assessment. But it is al- ways in the final stage of a campaign that information within a parly becomes least reliable. Predictably, within the party, indications remained positive during the weekend. The same information gave Truudeau litlle preparation for the situation that faced him Ihis week. So assured was he of victory only last week that he was will- ing, in private conversation with journalists, lo talk cau- tiously about planning and pri- orities for a second term. The date of yesterday's cabinet meeting had been fixed before the election, with part of the tentative agenda devoted lo a review of government priorities in the light of the prime minis- These boots are made for walkin' Thieu's survival versus America's By Joseph KraFt, U.S. syndicated commentator WASHINGTON In judging the Vietnam settlement now at hand, it is useful to examine two sets of rival claims. One has been put forward by the administration; the other by those close to Senator McGov- em. And by a circumstance thai would be curious on any issue except Vietnam, both are probably right. The administration claim, broached publicly by journal- pleased to play dictaphone to Henry Kissinger, is that through a nice mixture of dip- lomatic and military pressure the president and his chief aide forced Hanoi to accept American terms for political settlement. In fact, overwhelm- ing evidence can be marshaled to sustain that claim. Enormous pressure was ap- plied. The mining of har- bors and the resumption of the bombing in May clearly had something to do with stopping Hanoi's spring offensive. I am not persuaded by spec- ulative reports of an internal feud in Lhe North Vietnamese politburo. But pressure from other Communist states was brought to bear in June when a plenum of the North Viet- namese central committee seems to have been held. President Nikolai Podgorny came from Russia at that time. An aid agreement with China hung fire for weeks during the same period. My guess is that the Communist decision to come to terms made sometime in June. When the agreement was fin- ally cut in October, Hanoi did yield on the major political is- sue. The North Vietnamese had fought the war to achieve a friendly regime In Saigon, and their preferred bridge to that end was a coalition govern- ment composed of South Viet- namese nationalists, Commun- ists and neutral parties. They have accepted instead process dependent on a tri- partite Commission of Recon- ciliation set up to prepare elec- tions. The commission, mndo up of persons nominated by the Saigon regime and the Com- munists, can make decisions only by unanimous vole. Thus, as a vehicle for their principle political objective, the Commu- nists have accepted an Jnslni- mcnt (lint cnnnot work, n for- mula for failure. They have taken the fig leaf. By contrast, President Nixon Dr. Ktaloger bava achiev- ed what hardly anybody believ- ed was possible a lease on life for President Thieu of South Vietnam. They did it by first playing Russia off against China, and then playing China and Russia off against North Vietnam. That they are now playing Hanoi against Saigon to win over President Thieu shows how much they proved masters of the diplo- matic game. But their undoubted achieve- ment is to some extent unsaid by the claim of the administra- tion's opponents. I mean the claim that what has been gain- ed in the settlement does not justify the cost paid over the past four years. Considered outside the nar- Letters University poll results I should like to take the op- portunity to clarify the im- pression which The Herald gave concerning the results of the poll at the University of Lethbridge. It was stated that Hurlburt was delighted to find out that the university poll had fallen to the Tory onslaught. This is of course perfectly fal- lacious since there Is no poll here in the first place. In the poll in which we (U of L resi- dence students) voted, we were outnumbered by the surround- ing population by about two to one. The residence population It- self was mostly either Liberal or NDP. Tliis situation should be brought to the public's at- tention so that the studenls do not share the shame of having contributed to the defeat of tho only party, besides the NDP, that stood for anything at all In this election. RALPH DILWORTH University of Lethbridge Residence Next election issue A close examination of the figures of Monday's election re- veals some interesting (acts. If the votes are totalled for the different parties inside and outside of Quebec, using round the following results are obtained. Inside Quebec vole percentage L 50.3 PC 449.000 17.9 NDP 4.0 SC 615.000 24.6 Others 70.000 2.8 Outside Qnthfo vote perccntega 1, 34.1 PC 41.4 NDP 21.8 SC 100.000 1.4 Others 44.000 .6 From these figures It be- comes clear, that the Ubcrnls nnd Social Credit were strongly supposed In Quoljcc nnd rcpu- dinlcd in Ihc rest of Canada, while the Conservatives and tho were repudia. ted In Quebec while being strongly supported in the rest of Canada. In my opinion the vole outside Quebec was not so much a vic- tory for Robert Slanficld and his Conservatives as it was a stunning defeat for Pierre Tru- deau and his Liberals. It was the anli French backlash against what was interpreted outside as the squan- dering of the taxpayers' money by Trudeau, Marchand, Pelle- ticr and Mackasey in order to promote Quebec power in Ot- tawa. Mr. Mackasey's remark hundred forty million dollars 1s a drop in tho huckel" was exlremely arrogant; it was not a drop in (he bucket, it was n slap In face of every taxpayer in Canada. Regardless of whether Tni- clcmi or StanflcW forms the next Muvemincnl, the next clccllon will hnvc one issue only QUE- BIOC. A CONCERNED LIBERAL row calculus of the bargaining history, the over-all gain for American interests is slight in- deed. President Tnieu, to be sure, has a chance to survive. But how much is President Thicu's survival worth in Peoria? Moreover, the chance to sur- vive is not very good. The Communists now have legiti- mate legal and military foot- hold In South Vietnam. Devel- opments In that country are probably going to move toward reconstruction. In that atmos- phere the Thieu regime, and Its vast apparatus of miliary and police control, is probably going to prove Irrelevant. Set against these the cost paid out over the past four years is enormous. Hun- dreds of thousands of Vietna- mese, Laotians and Cambodi- ans have been killed. Twenty thousand Americans have lost their lives. Billions of dollars worth of damage has been done for which this country will pay in i reconstruction program. And there is the fathomless harm done hy the continuing war to the fabric of unity in this coun- try and (he national self-confi- dence. So it Is not clear that the game played so brilliantly by the president and Dr. Kissinger was really worth the candle. On the contrary, many Americans can plausibly feel that the na- tional interest would have been far better served by settling the war even on less favorable political terms back in What all this means is that drawing a balance between the two claims is like squaring the tircle. No (inal resolution Is possible. Those who are truly interested in binding up the na- tion's wounds will drop their claims and draw over the past n decent veil of oblivion. ler's "conversation with Cana- dians" during the campaign. The instinctive reaction of many Liberals to the election result was emotional and angry, particularly in Quebec where Jean Marchand was one of the first to accuse English- speaking Canadians of turning against a federal government with strong Quebec representa- tion. Tuesday's marathon ses- sion on (he telephone was de- signed not only to canvass re- action but to formulate an in- terpretation. By the end of the day, the outlines were clear. It had be- come apparent to Stanbury and the others that the "anti-Que. bee" theory was a dangerous simplification. It ignored the fact that the vote in Quebec had also fallen short of Liberal expectations, although not so drastically and obviously as in the provinces west of Quebec. Parallels began to emerge, in the eyes of Liberals, between the Conservative vote in these provinces and (he surprisingly strong Social Credit vote in Quebec. Within 24 hours of the elec- tion, Stanbury and others were repeating this summary of the party interpretation: "Peopla voted for an unknown Con- servative candidate against Os- ier in Winnipeg for the same reasons that they voted for an unknown Creditiste against Pe- pin in Drummond.'' The Liberals used such terms as "conservative" and "reac- tionary" to describe these rea- sons. This rationalization en- abled them to attribute their loss 'of support to their own "progressive" policies. Whether the interpretation was correct or not, it enabled the Liberals to defuse the explosive "anti- Quebec" Interpretation and to start immediately to build up morale in tiie party for the next election. Their analysis persuaded the Liberals that many Canadians apparently had shared a feeling that "someone else in the coun- try was getting something that they were not getting." The employed workers were afraid that the unemployed were tak- ing advantage of them. The taxpayers were afraid that the corporations were not paying their share. Western Canadians were afraid that Quebec was being favored by Ottawa. Quebeeers were afraid that Trudeau in the long run would sell them out to English Can- ada. All these lears were focused on the Trudeau government, eroding Its support in all parts of the nation except for a few scattered areas in the Marl- times. There, presumably, the fear that someone else is get- ting all the gravy is too famil- iar to be politically effective. Of course, flu's analysis raised a fundamental question about the prime minister's campaign. It had been based on Intensive public opinion sam- pling In the last year which ap- parently showed that Canadians were In an optimistic and con- fident mood. This assessment produced the "Land Is Strong" campalp theme for the Liber- als, and the structure of tha prime minister's own cam- paign. The election result Indicates that this assessment was partly wrong. If this Is true, the con- sequences of error were magni- fied by life prime minister's de- cision, In the last stage of his campaign, to tell Canadians that "they've Just about got It made." As political scientist Robert McKenzie suggested to Trudeau in his CBC interview last week, "Now surely that invites cyni- cism." This Is the question that still confronts the Liberals: Did they make a basic mistake in assessing the nalional mood, and did Ihis lead to a campaign that was an invitation to cyni- cism and rejection? So They Say The Communists could only hope lo win If our ally betrays us and sells us out, but our main ally will never betray us. He hns invested so much blood and money. Thieu ol South Vietnam. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LUTHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Ptibllshcri Published 1906 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Ucond Clou Man Rtolstrillui No. 001! Mtmbflr of The Canadian Presi and Ihe Canadian DAlly Newspaper Publlihen' Auoclatlon and lha Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLIO IV. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnaner DON PILLINO Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Mverllslng Manager THf HEftAlD IMVU THE SOUTH" WILLIAM HAY Assnchlc Fdllor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Bdllonal Pago Editor ;