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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Stu- dents Encyclopedia to Scott Parker, age 12, of Muncie, In- diana, for his question- What made the Appalachian Mountains? The northern arm of the Ap- palachians was made about 300 million years ago and the south- ern arm arose about 100 mil- lion years later. The layers of faulted and folded rocks reveal when the massive mountain chain was built and also part of the story of how it was built. The answers to what made it are deep below the rocky sur- face crust. In the past few years, earth scientists have found evidence that mounlain- making may be linked to a lot of other stupendous geograph- ical happenings. The term for mountain-mak- ing is which means deforming the earth's crust. The term meaning "equally suggests why and how these massive crustal ridges are pushed up, cracked and stack- ed like multiple rocky sand- wiches. It seems that the glo- bal crust strives to keep its weight e v e v I y distributed. Countless tons of surface debris constajitly are shifted by the erosion of the weather and run- ning water. When these heavy deposits accumulate in enorm- ous trenches, mountains arise to adjust the crustal weight. The northern arm of the Ap- palachians stretches from New- foundland to Virginia. Some 400 million years ago, this enorm- mous arm was a geosyncline a long, deep trench fed silly slreams. Through the ages. Ihe streams dumped gravels and sandy clays into Ihe huge dilch and marine creatures of Ihe Paleozoic Era left their fossils in its muddy floor Ages later, the clogging geosyncline he- came a soggy swamp. Scrawny coal forests grew there, sharing the steamy air with giant onflies while whopping sala- manders wallowed in the mud. About 300 million years ago, the accumulated deposits be- came critical and isoslasy be- gan adjusting the weight of the old geosyncline. The mas- sive cnisl arose in more or less parallel ridges, generating en- ormous heat and pressure deep below the surface Volcnnos erupted igneous lava, earth- cuakes helped to crack and slack the deformed crustal blocks in ragged ranges of joung mountains. The stupen- dous project look many millions of years. Meantime, another geosyn- cline was filling wilh silly de- posits. About 200 million years ago, its weight became critical and the southern arm of the Appalachians begaji lo arise. Its younger ranges now reach southward from (he northern arm as far as Alabama, mak- ing the entire Appalachian chain aboul 1.500 miles long. Time and weather have round- ed and eroded the crests. And during the ice ages, the ranges as far south as New York were scarred and denud- ed by glaciers, Nowadays, scientists favor a global earth. view They of the restless see the Appal- achians and other enormous j-anges as local features relat- ed to somewhat myslerious planetary forces. They have just about enough evidence to prove that the drifting contui- erls have been inching apart through the ages. The magnetic poles and even the geographic poles also are shifting. The'c is evidence that these mysterious global activities helped to build the high Himalayas. Possibly they also operated behind the scenes when the Appalachians were made. Questions asked by children of Herald readers should be mailed lo A s k Andy. P.O. Box 705. Hnnlinglon Beach, California 92045. Chronicle Co. Today in history B yTHE CANADIAN PRESS Nov. 4. 1972 The Gungjjwder Plot to blow up the British Houses of Parliamenl and kill King James I failed 367 years ago 1605. A number of Roman Catholics planned lo destroy Parliament in pro- lest over repressive mea- sures againsl their faith, at its opening Nov. 5. But on the diay before, Guy Fawkes was found in the cellars with ,1fi barrels of gunpow- der which he planned to touch off. The incident is commemorated annually with bonfires and fireworks on Guy Fawkes Day. Dvvight D. Ei- senhower was elecled Ihe 34th president of the United Slalcs. Defence Minisler Claxton announced that one Canadian battalion and sup- porting troops would go In Korea. Allies an- nounced Ihal Greece had been completely liberated from Ihe Germans who had occupied the country during the Second Wai-. Roosevelt signed a measure repealing Ihe Arms Embargo Act. first Canadian steamer SS Accommodation sailed, from Montreal lo Quebec. Your horoscope By JEANE DIXON SUNDAY, NOV. 5 Your birthday (winy: For some personal projects you seem belated, have to double your efforts to calcli in others you're premature, have to leam patience. Emotional lies undergo vigorous testing. ARIES (March 21-April Your participation in commun- ity manifestation of faith car- ries meaning for others. You needn't organize anything out- side your immediate home area. TAURUS (April Romanc tneds toward deeper, serious commitment. Simple de- MONDAY KOV. H Your birthday today: This year you must simou'ty, set- tle and let go of obligations too complex for your re- sources. Social lies should be tended gently. Today's na- tives are not trulv "Scornion- ic" in nature as each reflects unique qualities. ARIES (March 21-April You're more in a mood to lay out future moves than to put anything into immediate effect, j Dm't neglect routines TAURUS (April Solo you can achieve only so Jolurduv, November I97J THE LETHMIDGE HERALD much in teamwork you can clarations your message j build heavily. Be sure your con- most effectively. trihulion is identified. GEMINI (May GEMINI (May 21-Jime You have much pent up energy i Tn concentrate on the job at but no handv channel for ILs hand is plenty. A steady push expression. This Sunday it's breaks the back of the job and more being and becoming than you're in the clear fairly early. merelv doing. CANCEI1 (June 21-.Inly Hidden emotions pep into full view, if you're watching. Rea- lize others see you in a harsh light, slay within your real convictions. C.ANCEfl (June 21 Julv Rigid plans admit no response lo slow changes, the accumula- tion of hindrances. Selection of new goals should enter your thinking. (July Eveiy LEO (.luly 23-Aug. 221: This word is loaded with meaning. a Sunday for putting all vour j standing issues come lo affairs to rights. Visits convey crisis, can he revived only extra meanings. I throush wisdom and insight. VIRGO (Aug. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Senl. You have essentially no secrets I Exnerimenling with finarses now. no alleTative to miking nrovokes temporary chaos. It's the sensible best out of things j hc-tte- to about possibilities i I hey are. LIBRA (Sept. Invitations temot you out of rep- ian lo ad. nrematurely. LIBRA (Senl- Tl's just as well you let ideas ular week-end habits into a wid- j lurk in the background for an- ei- circuit of personal adventure, j other day. Conserve your en- nr-'.v contacts. ertrv for later in the week. SCORPIO (Ocl. 23-Xov. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Vouv deeper characteristics are obvious without intention, so the less you try managing, the bet- lei'. Today's associations are for future, and lasling. SAr-lTTAflTUS (Nov. 22-Dcc. what you want done well should be done by you or under your direcl supervision. Press forward with well-considered pkns. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dpc. Seek restful solitude. Medi-: Avoiding new involvemenls offers a glinmse of eler- while winding up pending busi- nity. your path along the ways ness or neglected details may be delicate but very worthwhile. CAPI1ICORN (Dec. 22-.lan. Fill in the outline of re- of future. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Be home at least in thought if you can't actually be there. Distant neonle deserve full at- cenl ventures, collect facts and fi SUITS for future reference. Do tcption in correspondence. the approoriate things. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Fcli. j AQUARIUS (Jan. Abstain offering advice Slow so'ilarv sailing is today's and counsel until specifically j theme. Lillle competition or re- jsked. Listen and learn, get a sistance shows, but little close view different from work-week collaboration eithe'-. perspectives. PISCES (Feb. 19-March PISCES (.'A in-March 201: j ou'.runs reality Abstract, mental approaches, with lillle result, unless you prevail it's lire main idea make no'es for Hie future. A rsther than the details and ap- slrcak of laziness is a salety plications that counts. J vnlve. (1972: By Thf Chicago Tribune) (1972: By The Chicago Trihnnf) 'Gospel of the truth' important in advertising TORONTO ICP) To spread and the Institute of Canadian I gospel of Irulh in adverlis- Advertising in an aliempt to set is the most important job some guidelines by which ad- of the head of the Association of Canadian Advertisers says Alfred j president. verlisers evaluate the veracity of their advertisements. Hodges, its new "I feel the onus is on adverti- !sers lo make this thing work." Mr. Hodges, vice-presidenl of he said in an interview yester- corporate relations for Sterling "After all. we're Hie ones jDnig Lid. of Aurora. Ont.. is who pul up the money and ad GOREN ON BRIDGE i I he chief in an effort jhy Ihe ACA to cany the mes- sage of self-regulation for Can- nda's advertising industry. Truth in Advertising BY CHARLES H. GOREN e irn ir Tit ckicjff Trient WEEKLY BRIDGE QUIZ q. South you hold: 55KQ5 CUJ7< The bidding has proceeded: South West North East I 0 PISI I 'J Pnsl What do you bid now? Q. South, vulnerable, you hold: AAK986! K5 OJ.1 5 Tire bidding has proceeded: Soulb Wc.il Norlh E.jl 1 A Fist 2