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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THt LETHBRIDGE HEBAID Thursday, November Clinrlvx W. Excessive U.S. reactions to UN vote I truth rendmn: the Vinlc'cl Peking i.u.-t unjustified. Tin- di: are mil likHv m h.- i buke from UUI own mitiim has us -.ibilitv of trvin- I the trull, Hunk- Chil'f L'.S. clone so in ac on this In effect, lie I "'I1''1 SUltcs was hoist on ils n'.'.n pi'lanl. It the I' S Hull In'' -I' years insisted that only sit in the TN and i oniMlcdlv vojoct- etl a "duai Icinvmla. The natin.is Ihal Haunted the American v, rre in real- ity shov.-in- Ilia! Uicy I'ad learned the lesson v.ell. Contrary t'> il complaint the I'.S. is carrying a dispro- portionate amuunl nf the linancial burden of Ihe UN. Mr. Yost, armies dial the contribution is "considerably less Ihiin the U.S. share of the worlds would wan-anl." The wealth of the United States lias by no means been all "eneratod within the bounds of that nation. Much of its wealth has been drained off from elsewhere, including from the developing na- tions who are currenlly being accused of being -ungrateful" recipients of as tiie recent shiflings of relationships among the big powers mav be, it is a good thing to be re- minded bv Mr. Vosl thai a rein- forced UN offers the best long-term prospect for world stability. It is to he hoped that people all over the world, and not just Americans, will face up to this Irulh. IN1TEO NATION, N.V. While it is natural for the administration and sonic mem- bers of Congress to express dis- appointment at the uulcomo ol I ho t'N vote on Chinese repre- sentation, the reactions arc ex- cessive and in some cases dis- ingenuous. They Inste more of sniir grapes tlifin of hiller lea. When a simple majority of the t'N General Assembly in November 1070 year ago approved the Albanian resolu- tion (attempting to substitute Peking for Taipeh) it was quite clear that, whatever the United Slates might do, the days of Taiwain in the VN were num- bered. It would clearly be im possible for the United Nations much longer to ignore that Mao, not Chiang, governs China. President. Nixon, presumably for this and other reasons, de- cided thai a dramatic new de- parture in United States policy toward the People's Republic: was in the United Slates' na- tional interest. That was a wise decision. However, from the moment he annonced his trip to Peking, it became extremely unlikely that a seat for Taiwan in the UN could be preserved. The final blow to the American ef- fort to preserve it through a "dual representation" formula was Henry Kissinger's second visit to Peking at fhe vcl'y moment the UN vote was about to be taken. Prominent members of the Congress are now reproaching some of our friends for having "deserted" the United Slates on the vote, and arc threaten- itiR in consequence cither to cut aid to Item, or I" I he UN, or both. Particularly nt a time when unhealthy trend toward "neo- isolationism" is appearing in the United States, members of Congress would do well to look at the other side of the picture. What do our friends who voted "againsl us" say? First they point out that flic United States had for years insisted that only one Chinese govern- ment should sit in the UN. Others had repeatedly proposed a "dual representation" formu- la, and we had repeatedly re- jected it. Our sudden conver- sion to it in August 11171 was simply too late. Nor were our protestations that it would be outrageous to exclude the representatives of the 14 million people on Taiwan very persuasive, when we our- selves had for two decades been excluding the representation of the 700 million people on the China mainland. L es hi 011 the gravy It's a uoli-ume eineul front City Council that it a list" of prince'? ...hid; v. il! be con- sidcrcd HH- pn-vinr.al -nvern- ment for fuml'iiu under the iederal winter make-work The Slim mil- lion pmsram allocates speeilic sums lo each province v. nil tin- stipula- tion that luilf i" tin- municipal oovernmeni proit-cK appnivod and organized by Hie p'-nvmci.il govern- ment and the collier lialt .U'X'S to pri- vate organizations and asencies. I a- off the unemployment. voles durinc iliis month works program I Nov. 1 to May will receive up on'the qualification; required for spe- cific jobs. Other stipulations that employ- ers who receive Hie odr-ral aid must hire unemploveu orkers Canada Manpower 'cutres and the projects have to be of a basically profit nature: also, a minimum of five persons per project must De Mayor Andy Ander- son advised city council at its regu- lar Mondav night meeting that local organizations should be encouraged toVnbmit applications for work they would Hke done this winter. Conned would then approve the projects and forward them to the provincial aulh- But time is moving along. Applica- tions are being received now and the final date for receiving and ap- proving them has been set for .lan- uarv 31 of next year. That's not very far "off. so if Lethbridge is to take advantage of the federal govern- ment's largesse people should put on their thinking caps now and get then- applications in. Refreshing suspicion There somelhur; -jlresning in the smoggy ol interna- tional relations ju.-1 a suspicion, but it could been! a real lung filler. It i- si-ireed among com- mentators that "ossia and the United States to see the end of the war in Vietnam, and that these three big powers are in actual fact working "together to that end. Rumor has it that plans about v. hat to do to keep the peace, when a truce has been negotiated are -mug forward. and that such arrangements will be made through a IN. Already the Scandinavian countries of Denmark. Norway. Finland and Sweden are said to be gathering a military force of about. men who will be used to supervise the plan. The working hypothesis is to main- tain the division of Vietnam in two parts North and South. The UN peacekeeping force would have to police not only border areas but ru- ral areas of South Vietnam now un- der rebel control. They would also ob- serve and report on infiltration in the DMZ. and check insurgent activ- ities. If the force comes in lo use, it would be required to supervise and police the partition of. Laos and Cam- bodia as well. The London Observer's correspon- dent in Stockholm, Roland Huntford, savs that the force is currently being chosen and trained for its future role. The choice of the Scandinavian countries for the delicate job is in- oenious. Norway, a member of Nato, has the approval of the U.S.: >in- land is closely allied with the U.S.S.R., and Sweden has for some time been cementing her lies with Peking and 1-lanoi. IA former Swe- dish foreign minister is now in Hanoi holding talks with the North Viet- Mlhough no announcements have been made of course, the Observer correspondent says that the Scandin- avian soldiers involved, believe that matters will come to a head very soon. Maybe the army is ahead of the politicians this time. The very fact that preparations are being made for the day of peace in Southeast Asia is encouraging. Letters to the editor Consultation clauses Bv Louis Burke has becoint .-o complex. As a result. Ihe idea of consult at ion has become second na- ture fe.r all people income lax to innovations down en t'r.e farm. Hut no- where is consultation more r.eedcd than in the field of education and Ihe experts are the teachers. Consultation is c-vidn.tly uccc-.iary. and to date, there has been plenty of it. but under the School Ac; en' Scvenly. the i.ssi-.o has burst into flames because some school boards rcfn-r I" vile -neb a daiM into a legal contract fr.r ilHr icacli..r.v line such school hoard groupim: which refuses iww rules the in Ihe iwn cities, LcthbridL'i! and Medicine Hat. Anoth- er such grouping claims to speak for the entire population of .-.ou'V-rn Alberta out- side the two cities mentioned. Yet many oilier -sch'iol boards, some much larger; some much .smaller, have inserted consullaiion clause.-, ill llleir teach- ers' comracls. 'IV' clau-.e for Calgary pub- lic school The board will nol make in 111'- pre-i ill um-kim' conditions wi'ith .-'i' MI this agrecirioni wilVn'ii I'-nins Ih1' mat- ter considered in (d< isoi-y commit- tee ni tliree tr-acliers and three senior administer ive If Calgary can do it, there is absolutely no rea-siiii why seh-iol buards in .seulheni Alberta cani.nl dn il. In Ponoka Coiinly, the conciliation clause The teachers recognize the. right ol Ihe board In formulaic policy, ui return, the board recognizes the right of the teachers to he consulted. Nothing could he simpler, more direct, or better designed to ensure ar. atmosphere of confidence, co-operation and goodwill. The consultation clause in Grande Prai- rie states: An advisory committee shall be estab- lished to consider any proposed changes in educational matters. The board and the touchers shall have equal representa- tion mi this committee. There is no quest ion about Ihe morale of Ihe teaching forces in areas where such clauses are part of the contracts. They feel thai as ordinary professionals and experts their rights have been recognized and se- cured. Nor arc the above mentioned three .school hoards exceptions in the province. Over seventy other school boards have set- tled their contracts without fuss, confusion, or strike. At this slage, it is useless for Ihe school boards of southern Alberta lo protest that teachers ought lo trust them, and ask t'-.-'elicr.-. lo carry on in the 'old' way, say- ing lhal all will be well. That is foolish expei'ialien mi a great scale, or 'great ex- linel.alinns' "li a foolish scale. The lhal local school hoards, in .south- ern Alberta refused lo write a tiiin clause into teachers' contracts is more lhan ample grounds for Ihe spores of dis- trust to prow and flourish. Sadly, only the few must shoulder the responsibility for the rapidly delerioraling situation in our part ol [he province, 'the many must .suffer on but for tow long'.' Aii attempt to dear up some misconceptions Rccem comments in your pa- per and elsewhere prompt me to write in an attempt to clear up some misconceptions about salary negotiations in the rural school areas of southern Alber- ta. The new School Act in 1970 caused many problems. First, it removed from legislation most of the safeguards which teachers enjoyed. Second, it al- lowed (he formation of employ- ers' associations which led to regional negotiations. Teachers objected to such associations on (he grounds that it would be very difficult if not impossible to "work out a satisfactory agreement at this level. We want to negotiate with the peo- ple who employ us. Negotiations normally start some months in advance of the expiry of an old agreement. This is done so that when ono agreement expires another is ready to lake its place. Prep- arations started in this round in January, 1970. Teachers have been working on this agree- ment for nearly two years. Be- cause of delays caused by the implementation of the new School Act and the organiza- tion of employers' associations allowed by it, negotiations did not actually start until Octo- ber of 1970. Teachers have been negotiating for over a year. If an agreement is signed in fhe near future, and if it is a two- year agreement, it will be time to start work almost immedi- ately on the next, agreement with no chance to see how the new agreement is working and where the problems lie. Is it any wonder that teachers are gelling impatient'.' II should be mentioned that Stirling, Red- cliff and Ralston, school dis- tricts in Iliis area who did not join the Soul In r n Alberta School Authorities Association have long since settled. Regarding the present of negotiations, a conciliation hoard award was brought down in .lime. This was rejected by both parties. Al a mediation meeting in September both parlies to the dispule presented amendments to this award. The teachers roqueslod ihree chan- ges. This does not mean that the gave leachej-s all they wanted. Many clauses which we fell desirable wore dropped il did mean l.lwl, teachers W.TO willing lo try lo Ino wilh HIP oilier M'cliorc. even though they were not happy with them. The SASAA changes in clauses. Communications since indicate; the. SASAA has altered ils posilion on only four of those. What claibos are still in dis- pute? They cover a uide range and many matters from the sal- a grid, pro rata and addi- tional allowances through sick leave, professional leave and working conditions. The sec- tion on working conditions in- cludes the consultation clause which has received so much publicity. We feel Uiat this clause is one of the main is- sues of Uie entire dispute. It indicates an attitude of the SASAA to the teachers employ- ed by its member boards. Teachers feel that they have the right lo he consulted be- fore changes are made in the conditions under which they work We feel that a change m attitude of the SASAA wilh re- gard to the inclusion of a con- sultation clause would expedite the resolution of the deadlock. Teachers never have, do not and will not insist on control of education. But, we must have the right to express our opin- ions on decisions which affect education and in the final anal- ysis the students in this prov- ince. D. R. BALDWIN. Coaldale. Second, it was clear that "dual representation" would not bring the People's Repub- lic into the UN, as the United States now professed to desire, because Peking considered that its acceptance of such a for- mula would admit the exist- ence of a rival Chinese govern- ment, which Chiang Kai-shek still nnshakably claims to he. Third, and most important, as the representative of a NATO ally said to me, at the moment you arc re-establishing your reliitiiins with Peking by setting up the president's visit, you are asking us to jeopar- dize ours by this vote. And you are exerting the crudest sort of pressure on us and others to dn so. Is that a proper way to treat your allies? If the United States wishes the support of its friends and allies in a matter of major im- portance, it must hammer out with them a policy of common interest to all. In this case, a substantial majority of our allies had de- cided that il was in their in- terest to bring Peking into the world community and the UN, whatever might be the effects on Taiwan of doing so. They interpreted President Nixon's decision to visit Peking, over the strong objections of Tai- wan, as a recognition of the wisdom of thai policy. From their point of view, therefore, it was the United States, not they, which by its last-minute introduction of the dual representation proposal was deviating irresponsibly from a policy in the interest of the alliance as a whole. II. seems to them, moreover, that fhe administration was be- having in this contradictory way primarily for domestic po- litical reasons in an attempt to appease right wing Repub- licans who had been outraged by the president's intention to visit Peking and to deflect their rage from him to the United Nations. It is heartening that the ad- ministration has opposed "re- taliation" against the UN through cutting our contribu- tions lo it. but unfortunate that the administration and some members of Congress have suggested that cuts might be appropriate because United States contributions to the UN are "disproportionate." Of course the real sense in which rnir contributions are A common thread of violence discerned Just recently a great deal of publicity has been given the At- tica State Prison riot and the quelling of that uprising. Through the media a great many conflicting facts and opin- ions "have been expressed. How- ever one p r i in a r y thought pecins to run throughout which is. thai it was a terrible trag- edy. An article in The Leth- bi-idge Herald referred to a common thread in the violence in American life. The common thread would probably more aptly be de- scribed as a very long clastic band that Is being pulled into even' part of our world. In East Pakistan, eight million human beings left their homes and homeland to face monsoons elsewhere because armed forces killed hundreds even thousands and forced them out. Dozens of soldiers and police are being shot in Ireland. In Australia the I) lame for a bloody riot was put on "ten times as many police as were necessary." Why do women and children spur on rioters battling with police from windows and doors? What been accom- plished in Vietnam or Cambo- dia? Going further hack, what was accomplished in Poland or Japan or even in Ihe Second World War? Hale for armed and police forces is what has been engendered throughout. We, in Canada, yes. even Al- berta, have not gone untouched by the deadly common thread. Prison riots, hippie riols, stu- dent riots and a growing atti- tude that the police are not what they should be. arc part and oareel of our Canada. The possibility of a strike by our own reform institutions' rep- resentatives signified a dissat- isfaction of the part they have to play in backing the practice of the law enforcement agen- cies. Just why is this discon- tented attitude toward the po- lice agencies becoming so pre- valent? I realize almost everv- one had some personal un- salisfying cNperienco with Ihe police, surely this is not a good reason to condemn the whole and most people agree it is not. However the altitude persists, why? just recently I had the priv- ilege of discussing this question with a man who had over M years of experience as a bend of police forces, lie readily and wholeheartedly agreed with Die followins why haired for police is on the increase. Un- like the TV programs, i.e. Iron- sides Mod Squad, etc., the at- titude of our police forces is not to care for and be concern- ed for the welfare of people un- der their jurisdiction but rather to keep in subjection and sub- mission to Uie powers that he, people in particular and in gen- eral This gentleman further stated that the whole force here in Alberta has become a dog-cat-dog situation. If this situation exists, (and I for one have no doubt it what can be done to eliminate il? Strong action will have to be taken from the attorney gen- eral's department down to our local police chiefs to ensure thai this attitude is changed. It might be wise to amalga- mate the police forces under one bead, to insure individual recognition of general policy. If the vast, changes in our cor- rectional system are any indi- cation of what a single head as the minister of corrections can accomplish, then it could be wise indeed to amalgamate. B. R. MOYNAN. Coaldaie. is that they are considerably less than our share of the world's GNP would warrant. On that basis, we should be contributing closer lo 40 per cent than lo 30 per cent of the regular budget, and more _ rather than less, as the ad- ministration has itself proposed UN development programs. Moreover, all the major UN programs to which we contri- bute are ones for which we voted indeed, often ones we proposed and vigorously advo- cated on national as well as in- ternational grounds. The overriding fact should be that it is clearly in the United States' national interest to strengthen rather than weaken the United Nations. Because of Vietnam and our domestic preoccupations, ws are properly reducing our uni- laleral presence and commit- ments overseas. Yet the world remains as unstable and dan- gerous a place as ever, nor can it be reliably stabilized by some sort of w'ashington-Mos- cow-Peking troika. A reinforced UN in which big, middle and small states all play a role in multilateral peacekeeping offers fhe best long-term prospect for world stability. It would be the height of folly for Ihe United Slates lo jeopardize that prospect be- cause of pique over our failure to impose our ambiguous and ambivalent China policy on our allies and on the United Na- tions. (Copyright Charles W. Yost) Looking backward On licensing cats This opening gambit, probab- ly has been used many times, but in my case it happens lo Iw true. Very seldom I write let- ters to the Editor, but I no- ticed a small column in the Oc- tober edition that made me write. It. is about The Alhorta Urban Municipalilies Associa- tion asking the provincial pnv- ernmenl to amend Ihe section about licensing rat.-. Well lh.il. almosl proves my impression thai most civil sen-arts and smaller politicians have to jus- tify their meaningless and petty existence by dreaming up all soils of stupid rules and regula- tions. Just what difference is it going lo make lo Ihe oulcomc of our society, if a eal doesn't have a license, and how Ihe. flaming hell am (hey going In reinforce Ihe "impounding" of stray felines? I have a cat living in our home. I don't, claim I own the cat because I don't. He chose lo live wilh us and we have a rea- sonable working relationship, lie lets our children play with him. and drag him by Ihe neck- and I feed him, bill apart from thnl what, he does is his own business, and since his anatomy intact, he keeps himself very busy, Hunk, .ind maybe Ire can classified as a slray cat, but I cannot help it and I am nol going to gel a license for him and if somebody wants to try to impound him, and chase him lo (in so, they are wry welcome to il. ,11'AN .1. TKHAN. M.D. Pinchcr Creek. Through The Herald III2I _ Everywhere bread prices arc being slashed. Bread in Lelhbridge still sells for ten cenls a loaf. new library now ban an official librarian and will be ready for public opening soon. official opening of No. X bombing and gunnery school will be marked on Sat- urday aflcrnoon ;i Field 1951 The fifth United Na- lions general assembly reject- ed a Russian demand lhal, Ihe question of giving China's seat fhe Communists he given priority in Ihe sixlh session. SII7.000 ultra-mod- ern Warner County olficc was officially opened by Hon A.. .1. llooke, AlluTla minister of mu- nicipal affairs. The Lcthbtidge Herald 5W 7th St. S., LeUibririgc, Alhorta LETHBIUDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher Published 1905 Iti.VI, by Hon. A. BUCHANAN second Class Man Roqistrfltion No ool? Member nf The Canadian Press sna me Canadian Daily Nrwspapfr Publishers' Association thfi Audit BiirMi) fit Circulation! MAY CLEO W. MOWERS, Ertltor