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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 4, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UIHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, November A, 1970 It nice Hutchison No Anti-Canadianism Found In U.S. Wheat And Chaff The ucw urains policy announced In- lion. Otto Lang Jasi week is ot major impui'tmiiT, v.illiout a doubt. Hul just how I'tfcL'tive and far-reach- ing it will be Kimiut be foreseen, This will emi'rge from experience. It is an attempt at something inure; permanent than the previous emer- gency measures. It replaces the L.I.K.T. program and Ihc wheat stor- age payments program. It deals in five yctir averages and therefore ought to have an expected life of at least five years. Regardless of llic merits of the new policy, criticism should be registered at the way it was conceived and in- troduced. 'Mr. Lanj! no doubt discuss- ed it with ;i few farm leaders but by and large there has been no pub- lic irivoi cement in its conception. That was oire of the problems with the L.I.F.T. program. It was imposed on a helpless and compliant commu- nity of farmers. There was no "par- ticipatory democracy" in it. Mr. Lang should know that more urgent even than prices and markets is the mat- ter of restoring among the farmers a greater sense of responsibility for the disposition of their produce. Where, for instance, was the Can- ada Grains Council in the planning'.' It was conceived to help cope with just such problems as this, and ivas sponsored by the federal government. As to the new program, its purpose is good. It establishes a luncl, fi- nanced roughly half by the farmers and half by tlie taxpayers, to make up tlie deficiency when farm income from grain falls below the previous five-year average. It takes some of the emphasis off wheat, and will encourage greater di- versification. It establishes a substantial fund for market research, wliicli presumably will include the advisability of switch- in? lo different kinds of wheat, Soviet Pilots In Egypt About three days after the Middle East ceasefire, columnist Joseph Al- sop wrote that on August 2 a big air battle had taken place on the Egyp- tian coast of the Gulf of Suez, He claimed that the Israelis had shot down four .Russian MiG-21s and that the remaining Soviet planes had fled. He also said that the U.S. had "hard intelligence" that one of the Russian pilots was killed, another gravely in- jured, and two parachuted to safety. In a speech to 300 American stu- dents in New York Oct. 26th, Israeli Premier Golda Sleir confirmed Mr. Alsop's statement. That makes it of- ficial. It is almost impossible to dis- believe Mrs. Meir. It has always been known that Rus- sian personnel are manning the Sam missile sites about 200 for each one. But the Soviets have denied that their pilots were ever engaged in aer- ial battles with the Israelis. Denials are one tiling; facts are quite an- other, although the Sonets frequently fail to distinguish. It could very well be, that when Russian pilots lost their lives, when the U.S.-supplied Phan- tom jets proved far superior to the MiG-21s, Kosygiti and Co. found it ex- pedient to pressure Egypt into sign- ing the ceasefire. Losing Egyptian lives is one thing. Losing Soviet lives is quite the Russian point of view. Too often we find that the large print giveth and the fine print taketh away. John E. Moss, D-Calif. The older generation has to realize that there is no point in young people Working for goals their parents have already wen And ynim.e people must respect what their parents won through struggle. Prime Minister Olaf Palme of Sweden. Press Failure In Quebec By Charles King, TTUGE quantities of newsprint and end- less hours of radio and television time have been devoted to reporting, inter- preting and analyzing the events ui Que- bec and their meaning in terms of na- tional unity. But how effectively have the press and its electronic competitors dealt with tlie biggest story to face Canadians since the Second World War? Adequately, perhaps, but not admirably, considering the degree of advance warn- ing we all had that the turbulence so ap- parent in Quebec society was rapidly escalating lo Jiumcane proportions. The vast majority of Canada's English- language newspapers have never stirred themselves (o cover the evolving Que- bec confrontation in any relying on a grossly-inadequate service provided by the national news co-opcrolivc, The Ca- nadian Press. CP, undermanned and in- hibited by budgetary restrictions, has skim- med the surface of the news, but rarely delved into the meaning of cvenls shaping the destiny of tlie French-speaking com- munity. And others v.ho have seul [heir own cor- respondents inlo Quebec failed to attach Ihe weight and significance to the story lhat it now so clearly should have re- ceived in its early stages. Television, I Ihink. has done the job bet- only because CBC'5 tvisl re- sources enabled it In blanket cvenls niore effectively on ils iialionul networks. But all fjilien down lo tome ex- tent in our primary .inl) n[ liclivmim the facts and inlcrprrihm their meaning !o frive clear of the national ue remain ly nr.nupined lo pondute I'vcnch-CanA- tKuii h i n k i n i: in dniih, whir live press and Iflevisiim have done hltlf: In cMiiid iheir nii'VK-nrr'.i knowledge r.f KiH'ii.-h Until quite uccull> even tiic In the Ottawa Citizen language press of Montreal operated in a kind of ghetto atmosphere, reporting only the superficial interests and concerns of Quebec's English minority. Too late, the press there is developing an awareness of the growth of nationalist fervor that gave the FLQ its opportunity to flourish. Even the day-to-day coverage of the kid- napping crisis has been marked hy se- rious flaws and inadequacies which can be attributed as much to a lack of profeS' sionalism as to an absence of under- standing of the climactic events unfolding. While Ihe press contented itself with rou- tine reporting of developments, Hie CBC indulged in reams of ill-informed specula- tion about the trends in Quebec Uiiniiing. It reached such a height of silliness that CBC President George Davidson eventually had to tell his minions lo cool it and slick to facts instead ot fantasies. Tlie public cornaralicm deserves boll) praise and criticism for its mammoth re- sponse to the national shock of Ihe La- porlu murder, fn the early horn's of lhat terrible Sunday morning, when most Ca- narliajis were oilher in bed or about to retire, it hurriedly assembled a coasl-fo- coast network to cover She stoi'y. Unfortsjnalcly, it for andw men in Toronto a pair of ncus readcis untrain- ed in flic skills of journalism, and llic public was fed as ranch as genuinely-useful material before (lie ice- orrl w-as set .slnuglit. Perhaps we should nnl. ha faiilicd for all Iho ronfusi'in nml ini.ilL-aihiiL; --the police, armed with Ihe emergency powers, have been extremely reticent about giving oul all the fads. when tlic ii.iiional Iraimia U over and hfn. (o normal, the media vould be- ucll advi.-t' Ihc record and see where live up It) our rrspoii-M'n'.iily in rjiic (y, the our luiilorv. K But Hie program can be seriously faulted lor projecting tlie govern- ment deeper into financing the agri- cultural economy. Surely history lias shown that (a) where governments put money they control, and (b) government's arc notorious fail- ures in predicting markets and ex- ercising control. Agriculture is still a major Cana- dian industry but the >o called farm vote is growing smaller. As the na- tion becomes more urbanized its poli- ticians will become less solicitous for farm welfare. CanaitMii agriculture will have to depend on its own re- sources, its efficiency, its own en- terprise, and the more dependent it becomes on government assistance and authority, the more vulnerable it becomes. A case in point can be cited right now in the United Slates. American wheat fanners have operated for many years on a government price support program because under the American political system the farm bloc in Congress has been very power- ful. Under this program there have been strict acreage controls. But Con- gress recently adjourned for the elec- tion period without renewing its sup- port legislation, and so the season for planting fall wheat has come and gone without firm rules from Wash- ington on what to plant, how much, and what prices could be expected. As a result thousands of farmers have had to guess. If lliey planted too much they would he heavily penal- ized, if too little, they would not get the maximum benefits. The respon- sibility for making their own deci- sions has unnerved many of them. There may be s o m e relatively short _ term benefit from the new Canadian program, but it won't be universally satisfactory and it won't solve the essential problems. l'' of Scries 1SCGNTM', according lo the calendar, but long ago by (he measurement of human affairs in Canada. I happened lo walk through Harvard Uni- versity's campus it: Cam- bridge, Massachusetts. A ploa- panl, grassy square had ottcn provided llic selling for slu- deuls' dcmoiisli'alions, dis- orders and noisy social dissent, but now it quiet and empty, except for a single, bored policeman and half-a- dozen youngsters lounging on Cue benches under the ma- turing autumn suii. Then I noticed an ugly a nil vivid symplon; o[ the latest Ameri- can Revolution. Abraham Lincoln, in glinting bronze, stood serenely in the centre of the square to remind his posterity ot the awiul ques- tion that he had asked at Gettysburg on Nov. IS, 1SS3 whether a nation conceived in liberty could long endure. Com- inf. closer, I saw that the right hand of the statue Has been covered wilh dripping red paint, The imitation blood, dis- figuring the greatest son of America, was some student's piliablc little protest against Lincoln's heritage. And nearby, on an ancient stone wall, Ihc same red paint, in scrawled letters of obscenity, denounced the Boston "pigs" for arresting two youths w'no, allegedly, had just murdered a constable and father ot nine children in a bank robbery. At Harvard, the pinnacle of American learning, such liny portents ot our neighbors' af- fliction were enough lo startle an innocent Canadian visitor. But this, I thought, was purely their business, not mine. Of course, I was absurdly wrong. A few minutes afterwards, the radio brought the news from Quebec. Hearing it, any Canadian would know at once that it the most important national news of his lifetime. What few Canadians have yet realized, however, is that their own tragedy must profoundly alter their relationship wilii the Unit- ed States. It is a mere cliche lo soy that violence and threatened insurrection can happen in Canada after all; and a cb'che also lo say that Canadians, for the firsl lime, and very late, have discovered their inevit- able membership in the trag- edy oC mankind. These reports from Washington arc not in- tended tu elaborate lliu ob- vious. They arc concerned sole- ly with events in lire United Slates. Still, (lie vital, underlying evcnls, as the leading men ot Washington judge them, are common fo both (lie neighbor- ing countries and r.o longer separable, if Ihey ever were. For our own guidance on (he unmarked trail ahead, we had better try to understand them. It won't be easy. H will force us to reconsider niEiiy comfort- able myths, illusions and preju- dices thai until the last or so, distorted our entire per- spective on life across the bor- der and infected cur polilies wilh the poison of primitive anti-Americanism. This K a huge and compli- cated subject. Necessarily, it must be over simplified in brief newspaper columns, which f hiiVG deliberately de- layed vinlil our nation could di- gest (he news closer to home. Now I CEJI only claim that the version to be told here is UK result of talks with illustrious scholars at Harvard, statesmen in Washington whose names are household words through- out the world, and officials of government know far "Oh Mr. Lang? We were just popping down to market an' my Harvey says let's ask that nice Mr. Lang how's it looking for a little something in advance more about Canada, factually ut least, than I do. To begin Ihc news from Quebec naturally staggered the American government. It knew every detail ot Canada's public business, though the American people are almost totally ig- norant of it. The government did not krow that Canada was approaching a grave emer- gency and could noli imagine that it would be subjected, overnight, lo wartime law. Sur- prise in die, United Slates is not surprising when Mr. Trudeau didn't know until the eleventh hour, or later. The, reaction in official Wash- ington, us I witnessed it at first hand, was instantaneous and neighborly in Hie best sense oE Dial ivorJ the ncighborlijicss of men whose own nation has retained few foreign friends and who bat! begun to ask themselves if Ihey had lost their closest friend as well. Thai, it seemed lo me, was Ihe first and most important Cana- dian [act in Washington where, Cod knows, plenty of native troubles are erupting every day. In the turmoil confusion ot those first traumatic hours f never heard a whisper of crili- cism against Mr. Tnideau and his tough behavior. The Ameri- can government has always rated Juni high, perhaps Ico high, as a remarkable human phenomenon, tbs most inter- esting foreigner on the inlerna- lional stage. After the Quebec news his rating went even high- er, rightly or wojjgiy. More- over, wilh diligent inquiry in what you might call the highest places, I could not find xny trace of anti Canadianism to match the anti Americanism so virulent and, as I think, so utterly slupid and futile in some dark regions of Canadian society and politics. To he sure, certain aspects of the Trudenu government's poll- cies, as I shall relate, are ex- tremely objectionable to the United States. Some hard bar- gaining, and familiar frictions, lie ahead, especially on for- eign, defence and economic policy. But those angry, frjght- ened little men in Ottawa who see an American imperialist, a Wall Street capitalist and prob- ably a CIA agent under every Canadian bed are enjoying nothing more (ban a bume- nvas'e a curious ec- stasy of masochism, American officials regard this e.vereise as incredible, and yet it worries them. How can Canadians' an- xiety be stilled? Is there any- thing the "United States can do to reassure us? Such questions were asked me by men close to President Nixon but 1 could only say that Canadians were disturbed mainly by the violent state of American society, (lie Vietnam war and the apparent congres- sional drift inlo protectionism, not by any specific act of the government. Since Ihc govern- ment wjs grappling with all these problems as best it could, theatrical gestures and gaudy public postures of affeclion for Canada seemed useless, and most likely would be misunder- stood anyhow. Life for the mouse beside the elephant fin Mr. Trudeau's phrase) is difficult. It isn't easy lor the elephant, cither, if be wishes to be friendly and ur- gently needs Ihc friendship of the mouse. At any rale, as it should be unnecessary to say, (here is no secret slratcgy in Washington. against a proud and independent Canada, no sinister political, military or economic design to penetrate or dominate vis. On (he con- trary, there is, and has long been, a genial over estimate of our national virtues, a flat- tering and exaggerated image of our stable, law-abiding soci- ety, and a rather amusing fear of offending our brittle sensibilities. Above all, there is an eager, almost desperate, attempt to learn what Mr. Trudeau really means in (he affairs of North America, what ha intends to do in the future of the continent and whether his own changed dilemma has changed his think- ing. If he knows (which is to be doubted after (he evcnls in Ihe American govern- ment certainly does rot. No Canadian, except Mr. Trudeau, can answer that ques- tion. He has not answered yet !o lu's people and may not have answered it to himself. Pending his answer, the American peo- ple, while benevolent in their ignorance, are quite baffled by the news from a country close (o (hem geographically and economically hut at astronomi- es! distance in lerms of knowl- edge. The American govern- ment, with complete knowledge of the public facts, is also baf- fled hy (he news. Even before the present Ca- nadian emergency, the govern- ment was ivorried cot by our nationalism, a natural, positive spirit, but by its negative side, (lie mouse's deepening suspi- cion of the elephant. Now, we may be sure, this whole vague process, njore than a hundred years old, is tailing a new turn. For suddenly Canadians anit Americans find themselves in tlis same frail craft on -a stream of social change, blood- less or bloody, flowing every- where in the world and flowing very fast, no one knows where. As fellow-passengers the two peoples should soon learn more about each other, since they clearly face common profr- lems and perils. But in their joint adventure, as I shall try in show, there is a growing continental moorl of retreat, im- reab'ty and miscalculation. (Herald Special Service) Carl Rowan British May Send Communist Stock Soaring WASHINGTON Perhaps no foreign policy develop- ment of tlie last decade has been sharper than the rise in Soviet influence and prestige and Lhe decline of the Western position in the Arab world. The next; decade is likely to produce a similar increase in Communist power and respect in black Africa if tlie French continue policies lhat are amor- al and greedy and Great Bri- tain's Tory government follows through on an incredible pledge Letter To The Editor to renew the sale of arms to South Africa. British Prime Minister Ed- ward Kealh proposes to sell helicopters and other weapons to the ultra-racist government of South Africa with the im- plausible explanation L h a L South Africa will (hen stand as a Western deterrent [o growing Soviet naval strength in the In- dian Ocean and the South At- lantic. This has aroused furious pro- test among the leaders ol black Get Correct Information It is our suggestion that Mr. do some real research on a subject before giving a per- sonal opinion through a media such os the Letlihridgc Herald. Through the persona! opinion column "If You Ask lie" (Octo- ber 17th) tlanisgc has been done to the image o[ organizations that depend mote on the support nf individuals, such as parents and many volunteers' who give- willingly and freely of their time, than you can imagine. We would like to ask iiow much of Jlr. Wilson's spare lime is spenl on community pro- jects such as Coy Scouts, Y3ICA minor hockey, minor baseball, or any organization that is in- volved with our youth. Wo believe Mr. Wilson is liv- ing in a dream world and has no idea of tlie of youth or- id Iliis city when ho ri' to community projects for Ilicsc organizations, without go- door to door on their bottle or paper drives. Due to Ihe varied sizes of Iho dificrcnl oroimizalious if would be lo correctly dis- Irihulc Ihe workload and the hinds. We would like lo draw atlen- Ijuii to Ille (act that although these organizations receive fluids from the United Appeal, they also contribute lo the Uni- ted Appeal by giving their lime lo canvass. Jl may also IK ot interest lo you that the funds received hy the "loy Scouts of Canada from Ihe Unilcd Appeal go towards the expenses of the district body and not to the individual packs or troops. We might point out thai the money from the United Appeal does NOT go towards the pur- chase of badges; it lo a large extent lo the maintenance of camps and such projects. The individual packs nnd troops still have to pay a sub- stanlial amount of money to go lo camp each year, and the ob- of their fund raising pro- ject is to make it possible for cadi boy or girl involved in groups to utlcnd their camp, wiiifh is llic highlight of Iheir aclivilies. We trust this information will be of some benefit, and we are certain that correct, informalion can be oblainad as to Ite appli- cation of funds from Ihc organ- izations receiving assist a n c e from Ihe United Appeal. J7TII U'.TJlBniDGB CUBS AMP SfJQUTS. African states who know that such weapons won't deter the Russians one whit aJicl lhat they will be used primarily to fiu-iher suppress the already enslaved black masses of South Africa. London's Financial Times re- cently fulminated at length about the need for Heath lo show that a British government "cannot he pushed around" by people like President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania and Presi- dent Kenneth Kaimda of Zam- bia- Yet U'e Financial Times wound up saying: "However maddening the statements of African presidents (may selling arms lo (South Africa) would not bo a ivise act of for- eign policy." The Manchester Guardian warns Heath to take Kaunda's warning seriously and protect Britain's trading relations with black Africa because "Britain's long-term economic interests ;io not lie wilh South Africa." But The Times of London of- fered (he most compelling ar- gument against the arms sale to Soulh Africa: that iuslead of curbing Russia's growing naval power around [he southern end of Africa, this military support for a halcii apartheid regime would in fact open (he door lo Communist penetralion o[ Afri- ca, and Ihcn Wcslcrn counlrics would really have security wor- ries. Let Iherc he no doubt lhat black Africa's haired nf apnrl- heid wiiilc minorilv rule in South Africa and [Ihodosia is infiiiilely slronger tliau ils fcsr of Communism. Krustralcd and rebuffed, Kaunda and Nyerere will feel compelled to take tlic wraps cff Ihe "freedom fight- er1' guerrilla operations v.-ii.rh Russia and Communist China 'iinve been whan level. A massive C'oinmimisl ill' volvemonl in a ''war of libcr.i- iji .sotiljjcni Africa ought lo bo far more worrisome to Great Britain than a simple in- crease in Russia's nava! pres- ence iji the Indian Ocean. Tire truth is that "military security" is just a phony Tory excuse tor grabbing some o'f that South African money which the French have been taking without pangs of con- science lo the tune of about half a billion dollars a year. Here is a case where a bit of U.S. foresight and guls might prelect Ihe interests of democracy the easy way without committing a single U.S. soldier or spending any U.S. money lo Iry lo block a Communist advance afler it is loo late. A joint statement by President Nixon and Kaunda opposing such a sale would have been n moral and politi- cal coup for Uncle Sam. ft is especially unfortunate, then, that President Nixon's political campaign commit- ments led to lhat snafu which caused him not to see Kaunda during the latter's recent visit. So Kaunda, regarded by Sacre- ary of State William Rogers as one of the most impressive leaders in the world, went home felling snubbed. H is goofs like this, and blatant stupidities like the arms sales lo Soulh Africa, which lead (he Western na- tions into troubles that all their vaunted armies cannot erase. Do we have to repeat in Af- rica alt the mistakes [hat have caused us so much woe in Southeast Asia and the Middle East? (Field Enterprises, Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD THE HERALD The livestock popula- tion of Canada, with the excep- tion of sheep, slimvs a decrease as compared wilh last year. Cattle shewed a decrease in all provinces except Prince Ed- ward Island. 3931) Recommending lhat the province of Alberta "lake its loss" on the Lethbndge Noi'lVjcrn irrigation district, Ihc Wilson Commission, which has been inquiring inlo the finan- cial situation of water users. has made ils report lo UK gov- ernment. John BraclK.ii of Manitoba has announced his new coalition cabinet, w'elding the legislature groups into one governmeit to form Canada's first union administration of Hie war. disease bai broken oul in (he Moiiarch- Nobleford district and while olhsr pouliiy flocks are under suspicion, only a few flocks have been condemned and de- stroyed. The LethbruUje Herald 504 7til St. S., Lelhbridgc, Alberta LKTUBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Rcglslratisn No 0012 Men-tier of The Cfinadidn Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Nciwpaper Publishers' Association and Iho Auclil Dureay ol CirculaJions CLEO W. MOWERS, Erfllor cnrj Publisher THOMAS ADAMS, General Manager JUE WILLIAM HAY Eidiior Assccialc Edilor r WUGS DOUGLAS K. WALKED Advcrlisinrj Manegcr Editorial Page Ediior "THE HERAIO StRVtS THE SOUTH" ;