Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 3, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Low tonight 25-30; high Saturday 45. The LetHbrtdge Herald VOL. LXV No. 275 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1972 PRICE 10 CENTS TWO PAGE! China weaves Hutterite expansion curbs removed new network of friends By JOHN BURNS FP Publications PEKING British Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home left China yesterday at the completion of a four-day visit which demonstrated once again how sharply the orientation of Chinese foreign policy has changed in the past 10 months. Before leaving, Sir Alex declared that, while the ice on relations between the two countries had been broken some months ago, his meetings with Chinese leaders had so improved things that "the water is now warm and we can swim in it together." Like the four other Western foreign ministers who have visited Peking in recent months, Sir Alec was suffused with optimism upon departure, looking forward to relations with China that will go forward Irom the solid basis now established to be "warmer and more intimate as time goes on." Sir Alec's confidence was more than matched by the satisfaction exuded by Chinese leaders, for whom tlie visit was an important step forward on the road towards a new understanding with the West. The foreign ministers of the United States, France, Canada and West Germany have all been here in tha past eight months, meeting with the same eager re- ception that greeted Sir Alec, while every passing month brings fresh evidence that relations between Ihe Chi- nese and their erstwhile partners In the Soviet Union are growing not better but worse. New contrasts While the new alignment has been measured thia week in new Soviet ambassador storm- ing out of a diplomatic reception in one part of town while the People's liberation Army band serenaded Sir Alec with the Eton boating song In visil of the British foreign.secretary is only the latest demon- stration of a strategy that has been unfolding early last year. Wliilst stepping up military preparations against Hie perceived threat of a Soviet attack, the Chinese have been weaving a new network of friendship with coun- tries that were either enemies or strangers in the past, in the hope that this will have its deterrent effect in Moscow too. This week it has become apparent that the Chi- nese set special store on Britain's role in the new scheme of things, as a European country that has no illusions about the Soviet Union and is prepared to bo tough in negotiations aimed at promoting detente in the West. At a press conference before leaving, Sir Alec dem- onstrated an appreciation of Chinese sentiments on the matter by declaring that Britain's policy towards the Soviet bloc was one of seeking reconciliation, but from a basis of strength, a policy he said was understood by Chinese Premier Chou En-lai. Among Chinese leaders, Britain's attitude may be favorably compared with lhat of France, otherwise one of Peking's best friends, which has for some years pur- sued a policy towards the Soviet Union that is consid- ered to be overly accommodating here. By the same token, there was intense interest and some disappointment here last year when Prime Minis- ter Pierre Trudeau and Premier Alexei Kosygin ex- :hanged visits. But Chinese concerns on the matter seem to have quietened as it becomes evident that there is to be no dramatically pro-Soviet shift in Canadian for- eign policy. Common ground Like Mitchell Sharp when he was here two months ago, Sir Alec had his differences with the Chinese. But he stressed at the press conference that there was nevertheless a good deal of common ground between the two countries that could be "explorM nnd ex- ploited" to mutual advantage. Tlie Chinese ministers of foreign affairs and for- eign trade would be visiting Britain in coming montlis, an attempt would be made lo promote trade, which both sides considered to be loo low, nnd a program of academic exchanges would be initialed, he said. An air agreement would also be negotiated to permit air links, possibly through Hong Kong. Oilier topics which found the two sides in somo measure of agreement were Indochina. "We hnvc o common interest in creating condi- tions under which the Ihrcc Cam- Ixxlia nnd Ire nonaligned" and disarmed. "Thcic was agreement, lhat one must gel down lo Iho business of disarming nnd Ihal just broad declarations of inlcnl lo disarm arc not much good." One topic on which Micro wns an agreement lo disagree, for the time being at least, wns Hong Kong, claimed by Peking as part of China. Sir Alec snld Iho two sides were satisfied with (heir exchange on Iho rnlony, which was broken off from China In the Inst century. Legal restrictions on Huttcr- !'e expansion are being remov- ed, The Herald has learned. Repeal of the Communal Properties Act will be proposed in the legislature today, be- cause it is inconsistent with tha Alberta Bill of Rights, also coming up for enactment. Liaison between Hulterites and the local communities will reduce any economic effect of their location or expansion, it is suggested. Secondly, Ihe gov- ernment will provide funds for the relief of communities where it is proven lhat Hulterilc ex- pansion has hurt them. The Alberta government has a report lhat the economic dam- age Irom Hutterite colonies has been exaggerated. Being serious about its Bill cf Rights and concluding that the Hutterite controls have been discriminatory and con- trary to the principles of any meaningful Bill of Rights, the government is Iclt to have no alternative but the Communal Properties Act. The Communal Properties Act has beeo a bone of contention in the province for decades. Many critics felt it was uncon- stitutional because of its re- strictions on the Hutlerlles. It was aimed originally at other ethnic groups which have since left the province. It was enacted after com- plaints abut the possibility lhat the religious groups might severely harm rural economies because they were buying up large tracts of top- grade farmland. The existing legislation re- quires Hullerites to get permis- sion from the communal prop- erty control board before the group is permitted to buy land. It also stipulates how close any Hutterite colony may be to another and the size of individ- ual colonies. There are 82 Hutterite col- onies in Alberta, mostly In southern Alberta. The aver- age size is about 10 lo 12 sec- tions or between and acres. The communal property con- trol board's powers were sus- pended earlier this year and then the government appoint- ed a special nine-member com- mittee to study the effects of repeal. Battle lines drawn as Liberals hang on OTTAWA (CP) Tied with the Conservatives at 109 Commons seats each, Prime Minister Trudeau Thursday said his Liberal government will face Parliament and, if necessary, go down fighting.. And the first sounds of battle followed immediately after the prime minister's news conference as New Democrat leader David Lewis took Mr. Trudeau's place before the national television cameras. the prime minister and Mr. Lewis were conciliatory in tone, suggesting that the Parliament, due to sit in a few weeks, could go on for some months if the government presents legislation acceptable to cither the New Democrats or the Progressive Conserva- Environment machinery established PRIME MINISTER TRUDEAU holds on to power UNITED NATIONS (AP) The UN membership voted 115 to 0 Thursday to set up machin- ery for international action to imwove the envronment. The vote came in the eco- nomic committee of the Gen- eral Assembly over the protests and abstentions of the Soviet bloc. Canada voted in favor of the program. The 132-nation as- sembly stil must vote on the en- vironment plan in plenary ses- sion, but Ihe big vote in the committee assures assembly app-oval. The resolution approved would create a 50-nation envi- ronmental governing council, a fund to finance programs and a professional secretariat to di- rect the effort. The fund is expected to have million to spend in the first five years. The United States offered S40 million providing other nations come up with the remaining million. Several other industrialized nations, in- cluding Canada and Britain, have pledged substantial sums. Truce team offered By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA The Canadian government is prepared to place at the disposal of the pro- posed neiv international super- visory body for the peace set- in Vietnam, the dian delegation to Uie existing International Commission for Supervision and Control. The 1CSC was established by the 1954 Geneva conference. The Canadian delegation al- ready has offices in both Saigon and Hanoi and would therefore he in a position to participate in the initial supervisory activi- ties of the proposed new organ- izat'on until the international conference provided for in the peace settlement, External At- U.S. president won't be bullied New York News Service WASHINGTON President Nixon insisted Thursday night that the draft agreement for a Vietnam settlement would not be signed until all remaining is- sues resolved In a televised political broad- cast, Nixon declared lhat "we are going to sign Ihe agreement when Inn agreement is right, not one day before and when the agreement is right, we arc going to sign without one day's delay." For the last week, since North Vietnam made public a sum- mary of the terms of Ihe draft n g r c c the president's spokesmen have asserted thai, .-mother negotiating session was needed to put the accord into final form. The signing of the tentative nine-point peace agreement for Indochina has been delayed due let Nixon's insistence that all details he worked out and ambi- guities removed. In the broadcast Thursday night. Nixon repealed Ihal al- though have reached a sub- stantial agreement" on most of the terms of a settlement, the agreement would not be signed until all issues were re- solved. fairs Minister Mitchell Sharp said in an official statement Thursday. Developments at the confer- ence would enable Canada as well as the parties concerned to determine "what, if any. future role was appropriate for Can- Eda in Vietnam in the light of the arrangements that emerged from the conference concerning the membership, the terms of reference and the operation of an international supervisory he said. If Canada was invited to the International conference which is scheduled to convene thirty days after the signing of a cease-fire. "Canada would, of course, be prepared to said the "The government hopes thai, insofar as Canada's participa- tion is a factor, this course'of action will enable initial cease-fire arrangements to pro- ceed without delay subject of course to an agreement being reached among the parties con- Mr. Sharp said. He pointed out that recent statements by the United Slates and North Vietnam have in- dicated the possible conclusion of a peace settlement in Viet- nam in the "very near future.'' tives. NO DEALING With the NDP holding a 30- seat balance of power, at least one of the two major opposition parties must support MT. Trudeau in Commons votes if his government is to survive. Under parliamentary tradition. a government must resign and will an election if it loses a ma- jor Commons vole. There has been no behind-the- scenes dealing, said Mr. Lewis, and therefore it appears that the party leaders were setting out theb basic bargaining posi- tions both to the nation and lo each other. CLEARLY SL'BIU'ED The prims minister, certainly more subdued than before Mon- day's vole, said his government had rot been clearlv rejected by the electorate although il did indicate his pe-formance "was not satisfactory." "What the vote has not done, however, is express any clear degree of approval for any single party." He said it now is his con- stitutional duty to try to mako the stalemated Commons work. "Whether it will work de- pends on all members and all parlies, for no single party has nearly enough support in the House of Commons lo exercise its will wilhout the co-operation of others." Meanwhile. Conservative Leade- Botert Stanfield sat in his Parliament Hill office watching his political opponents set out their battle lines. Two nights earlier, Mr. Stanfield went before the same came'as and suggested the government should resign and hand power to him. He would not speak directly with reporters Thursday but his staff gave this statement by telephone: "Mr. Trudeau made clear tonight the arrogant desire of his government to hang onto power. "He is treating the election result as simply another opin- ion poll in the hope he can somehow get away with it." Although the Conservative leader did not mention it, the popula- vote total Monday showed his party with 35 per cent support compared with 39 per cent for the Liberals. BUDGET KEY A new budget will be one of the first priorities when the Commons meets, said MX. Trudeau. While no date has been set for the opening of a news session, the prime minis- ter said it would be as soon as possible after the official elec- tion writs are returned in De- cember. Because of the normal Christ- mas recess, it does not appear likely the Commons will be called before early January. With both the Conservatives and the New Democrats de- manding cuts in personal in- come tax, the government budget may have to include that to face its first test of strength. While not promising income tax cuts, Mr. Trudeau did not rule them out. The prime minister was asked directly If he had been humbled by the vote, abandon- ing what some observers called his arrogant attitude. "I certainly have many sins, but I confess them to my priest and not the said Mr. Trudeau. Govt. may withdraw bill for patient marriages EDMONTON (CP) Health Minister Neil Crawford said Thursday night the government may withdraw proposed legisla- tion which would permit men- tally-ill persons to marry. After a series of questions from opposition members about whether Ihe clause in Ihe Men- tal Health Art was in (he best interests of the persons it deals i t h. Mr. told the legislature he would consider changes. The clause would eliminate the provision for a fine for individuals who issue a licence or solemnize a marriage involv- ing someone known to be men- tally defective. Gordon Taylor (SC Drum- heller) and Jim Henderson (SC Wetaskiwin-Lcduc) question- ed t h e advisability of permit- ting someone with the intelli- gence of a child to marry. ''We're not being kind to them or ll'eir possible said Mr Taylor. Mr. II o n derson sympathized with the government's objective of making living conditions as close to ''normal circum- stances" as possible but he had reservations about (he possible results of the clause. Debate was adjourned. Election victory margins widened and heard About town PHOTOGRAPHIC ARTIST Hnhnr iiboul presenting a showing of his slides lo Ihe Oplimisl Club I'Yan Hamlllon giving out Halloween goodies on an equal basis, one fo" them, one for her liny Pulley won- dering why his eriltliage Rame was off and discovering five cards missing from the deck. The official ballol count has given Ihe winning candidates in IvOthbridgc nnd Medicine Hat even wider margins in their federal elcclion viclories on Monday. Ken Ihvlburl, tlie winning Conservative candidate in Lcth- iiridge, wound up wilh of Ihe SD.nni voles cast, an In- crease of nearly 500 voles from election nighl. Second-place finisher, Literal Andy Hnssell, finished ivllli 7.- 5.14 voles, up nearly 300 from election nighl, Hal Hoffman, the New Dcm- ocralic Par.iv candidate, picked up 90 voles in Ihe recount lo finish with 3.915. while Social Credit candidate Keilh Hancock pnniered six new voles for n fi- nal total of 2.203. A total of (100 ballots was re- jcclcd. The I'olcr Iliniout ill tallibrklfgc was 73.2 per ccnl. i.vcitF.ASi'.s I.KAD In Medicine Hal, Bert liar- Crave, who look the scat for Ihe Conservatives, finished wilh 021 voles, an increase of nearly 500 Agriculture Minister Bud Ol- son, gained about 300 more voles lo finish second wilh New Democratic Parly candi- dates Toole picked up 5f> more voles for 2.027 while the Social Credit's Willard Taxman had voles. The volo- lurnniil in .Medicine Hal was 77.7 per conl. Some 3G.5M voters were eligible-. In C r ft u1 f o a t. Conservative .l.irk llorner widened his mar- gin by aboul 200 voles over I.ih- Andy llrAlisln-, llorner finished wilh in.iifiii compared with McAllstcr's GOO. .lack Green of Ihe Social Credit got votes while NDP candidate Gloria Me- Gowau finished with The Roeky Mountain Conser- vative Joe Clark picked up alionl voles lo finish well ,'ihead of Liberal incumbent Allan Siitolycky's lolal of 7.S7S. Kulalyeky added about -100 votes in Ihe final count. NDP candidate Alfred finished wilh while Brian Ganskc came In wilh voles in lire final (ally. Turnout in liocky Mountain was 65 per ccnl. DAVID LEWIS pledgn inpport ROBERT STANFIELD unhappy Heath suffers setback By J4LVTX SHUSTER New York Times Service LONDON Prime Minister Heath's efforts to win ap- proval for a voluntary anti-in- flation program collapsed Thursday night foreshadowing a major confrontation with the nation's labor unions. After seven hours of talks with Icar'ors of business and labor, an angry Heath expressed his "immense (hat the union leaders refused to con- sider his proposals as a basis for negotiation. He called a cab- inet meeting Friday and said he. would make a stale- merA in Parliament on Mon- day. the expectation In London Thursday night was Ihnt Heath would move toward compulsory wage and price controls to meet Britain's raging inflation, probably the worst in Europe. This is likely to lead to wide- spread defiance by the labor unions and industrial strife.