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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Prlcr Ueshamlx Wedneiday, Nov.mber 3, 1971 THE lETHBRIDGI HERALD When Canadians fought the Red Army o iTTAWA In mill the Ca- nadian prime minister, Sir Kobert Bordcn, said of Russia: "Intimate relations with that rapidly developing country will be a great advantage to Can- ada in the future." Then he spoiled the prophet- ic quality of the whole thing by continuing: "Other nations will make very vigorous ami determined efforts lo obtain a foothold and our interposition with a small military force would tend to bring Canada into favorable notice by lire strongest element in that, great community." And with that, 53 years ago this month, Bordcn dispatched 5.000 soldiers of the Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force across the Pacific to fight the Bolsheviks. It wasn't a very long, diffi- cult or dangerous war for Ca- nadians. One of our soldiers took time off from shelling the "Bolos" to write thai "a gen- tlemanly conducted campaign of this sort surpasses all other occupations for a young man of normal hc-alth and spirits." In less than a year, the Cana- dian soldiers were back home and everyone simply wanted to forget about Canada's first post revolutionary attempt to attract "favorable notice by the strongest element" in the Soviet Union. And we did forget about it, with a thoroughness that would do credit to an early Marxist historian. Only one book has ever been written about Can- ada's "invasion" of Russia, by John Swetlenbam in 1967. As far as this generation of Cana- dians is concerned, it has been effectively erased from history. Tire only point in mentioning it at this inappropriate time, with Premier Kosygin having just toured the country, is to emphasize the changes in in- ternational relations that have occurred since then. In his opcrinK remarks lo the Soviet, premier. Prime Min- ister Trudcau said ll'al. Ihn-e k now an extraordinary "fluidity" in world affairs. The power blocs that we have be-on accus- tomed to for the past 25 years are becoming fuzzy and waver- ing in outline, like colls shim- mering and pulsaling under the microscope in the millisec- onds before they divide and multiply. Almost every day brings new contacts across ideological barriers that, seem- ed impassable only a few years ago. For countries of modest size and influence such as Canada, as the Prime Minister said, this fluidity presents an oppor- tunity 1" diversify relations and acquire friends. Bui it is also a time of un- certainty for a country like Canada, as the Soviet govern- ment fully appreciates. It isn't c.nly that relations with our tra- ditional friends seem to grow more difficult day by day. The Russian visit reminds us thai we have also losl old enemies and lhat historically, in the days when Canadian soldiers were fighting communism in Siberia and long before, Can- ,-cla was prnlcded by its cm- mi; s as well as by friends. This country has always been fortunate in its choice of enemies. When it was domin- ated by the French, Hie even- tually successful enemy was an expansionist England on the way to creating a global em- pire. In the ISlh and 1'Jth cen- turies, our enemy to tlie south twice marched across our bor- ders, ensuring u.s of the con- Economic revolution in process o genius of the democratic system is not that it enables gradual change by popular consent, but that it occasionally permits profound revolution without too many people noticing. T h u s we are now engaged, although we hardly know it, in an historic transformation of our economic system. Under the guise of tinkering with capitalism we arc in fact abolishing it and moving to an entirely new system of collec- tive control. If this sounds an extreme in- terpretation of events, consid- er what is implied by the wage and price controls that are now so easily and widely advocated and to which all industrial states seem to be advancing. The case for controls is sim- ply that the market economy is no longer functioning in the public interest. Despite all the techniques of taxation and regulation with which governments have tried to modify the workings of the capitalist system, it cannot pro- duce, full employment and rea- sonably stable prices. So we must move to a sys- tem of controls under which the rate of return on capHal and tTie price of labor v.ill ly; fix- ed by the stale instead of by t. h e competition of private in- terests. The old socialists would have been delighted. But curiously, it is the politicians who aro Ity Anthony Westell usually labelled conservative, or right wing, who are making file case for this vast shift of power from private to public- hands. President Rich a r d Nixon leads the way in the United States, the world's most ad- vanced economy. In Canada, the principal spokesman for controls is Paul Hellyer, the impatient former who explained his program in a re- cent book, Agenda, A Plan for Action. Both men claim lo be reforming the capitalist system in order to preserve it, hut that is simply their way of shield- ing the public, and perhaps also themselves, from complete un- derstanding of what they are about. Nixon in fact is so unwilling to face the complete truth about his policies and where they lead that he has shifted responsibility for making the hard decisions onto boards of citizens, appointed to represent business, labor and consumers, instead of b e i n g elerted through the normal political process. He realizes probably that once involved in a system of controls, there will be no end to the process and he is beginning to build new institu- tions of government to handle tlw new- power pas-ing into public hands. Hellyer frankly admits thai the defects in the system are not aberrations due to special circumstances. He is pronosir.g not temporary controls, but a permanent change in the way in which economic decisions arc mads. He is even honest enough to pursue some of the implications of his idea. For ex- ample. In accepts the obvious fact that when the state con- trols wages, it must inevitably make judgments about the val- ues of different types of work, allowing some wages to rise faster than others. Thn so-called progressives in our political system, mean- time, are desperately resisting the pressure of events. The New Democrats sneak not for the poor wiio suffer from un- cmplovment. and inflation, but for the unions of organized workers who have done well out of the capitalisl economy and have no desire to surren- der their power to the state by accenting regulated wages. They therefore oppose controls. Some socialists! The Liberal government rec- only too well the im- plications of controls, the rev- olutionary chan2e thev mean in our society. The cabinet has desncrately sought for another way to contain inflation and redistribute income, but its monetary and fiscal policies are now almost universally condemned as ruinous. Con- trols are the alternative and there is steadily mounting pub- lir pressure for their adoption. Call it what we will, deny the truth as we may, an eco- nomic revolution is in process. (Toronto Star Syndicate) BUY NOW AND SAVE! NOW'S THE TIME TO MOVE UP TO ONE TOUCH SEWING! One Touch Sewing makes sewing easier than you ever thought it could be. (or decoralivo and stretch stitching, built-in butlonhoier, slant nGPri'e and dial pattern selector are just a of the features lhat make Singer' Tour I p c tn n on i nq machines. t 7he L till t in T i e! ind com pi IP c n nr ce t i for on lo cil A Tl on i c SAVE IMAGINE x OWNING A SINGER ZIG ZAG FOR JUST S88.00! Don't wait another day 10 slarl saving on your wardrobe. You can 1 afford lo, when yoo consider the low, low price ol this vwsatile Singer model, r.ompletc with carrying case. Designed to save time, it features zigzag stitching lor speedy bultooholing. billions and zippers. Diaftension eliminates guesswork. Adjustable Forward and Reverse Speeds and quiet Vibration-Free Movement make sewing a treat. Designed lo save dollars loo with this low Sale-A-Thon price Ing. I inued and support of Creat Britain. In our own limp, Ihe menace of the Soviet Union lins helped to close relations with the United Slates. As long as Canadians can romc.nlx.T, our enemies have assured us of the inter- est and protection of our friends; and our present stale of development indicates mat we have been adepl at using both. Now the game is changing at a frightening rate and it is no real consolation to realize that the changes arc along the lines lhat we have piously advocated lor the pasl 25 years. When President Nixon goes to Peking next spring, he will be follow- ing advice lhat we have been giving him gratuitously for some time. But in fact, despite all our exhortations at the Uni- ted Nations, Ihe old state of affairs suited us quite well. Particularly in recent years, by keeping a jump ahead of the Uniled States in the approach to countries such as Russia, Cuba and China, we have been able lo maintain a "progres- sive" Canadian image while gaining important economic benefits. And as long as the Uniled States remained antag- onistic to these countries, the Americans also found our friendship valuable. It has been a secure situa- tion for Canada, with many ma- terial benefits, but il has also stunted our development as an independent nation. 0[ course this has been a familiar com- plaint over the years. Now it appears that events beyond our control arc in the process of e n d i n g or reducing these de- pendent bilateral relationships and forcing us to exist on our ow'n merits in a new world of multilateral relationships. The effects of this on our trade and economic development, our na- tional inslitutions and our cul- ture can hardly be imagined. If history has prenared us badly in some respects for the more independent role that is now being thrust upon us. our own internal problems over the years have given Canadians a number ol useful characteris- tics. In particular, as many people have often said, we have learned well the arts ol compromise. If the Cana- dians who fought the Bol- sheviks in Siberia are now un- suitable as Canadian heroes, there may be others we can turn to. Slight I suggest Major H. K. Newcombe? He also went to Russia in 1918 and became, through a series of events too e o 1 i caled to summarize here, paymaster and field cash- ier to the Soviet commander in the Caucasus and thus, as far as is known, the only Canadian who saw active service in the Tied Army during the Civil War. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Robot cow By Don Oakley, NBA service who still haven't quite accepted the fact that artificial butter is here lo slay, are faced wilh a new challenge an artificial cow no less. An Englishman has invented a contraption of plastic tubes and angle irons, with huge jaws fed by a conveyer belt and a centrifuge for a stomach, according to a National Geo- graphic news bulletin. The jaws munch on grass, clover or waste cabbage leaves. Then the centrifuge spin separates the fiber from the liguid, which is treated with chemicals and eleclric currents to eliminate mineral The resulting clear, bland juice is fortified with vegetable oils, sugar and other additives, then is homogenized and pas- teurized. It's claimed that the machine can transform one ton of fodder a day into ISO gallons of "leaf protein milk." This exceeds by far the average of less than tlu-ee gallons a day credited to America's dairy cows last year. Will leaf protein milk do to the cow what oleomargarine did to Ihe butler churn" At I his early date, there i? uddcrly no way to tell. 'Crazy Capers' Save during Sale-A-Thon. Use Ihe Slngor credit plan. Sinnor makes It easy. SAVINGS ALL OVER THE STORE! SINGER COLLEGE SHOPPING MALL Mayor Magrath Drive ond 20th Avenue South Telephone 327-2243 Open Doily 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Wednesday 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.; Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. 05" HO The protectionist virus 'I he Wall Street Journal protectionist virus is .steadily spreading through the government, through the country, through the world at large. Unless some means are found to check it, its toll could be enormous. Peter (i. Peterson, the White House top foreign economic policy aide, professes to be so worried about the trend that he's afraid 1o push the oilier way. That view, moreover, isn't as odd as it may at first sound. The administration, for instance, is well aware that its 10 per cent import sur- charge is hitting painfully at poorer coun- tries in Latin America and elsewhere, even though the move was designed primarily to pressure Japan and other major na- tions into agreeing to more realistic cur- rency exchange rates. For some time, the administration has favored trade measures that would give the developing countries greater access to markets in the U.S. and other industrial nations. So far such proposals gotten nowhere, and for lira present at any rate the administration docs rot intend lo push them. Why? Well, Mr. Peterson said the other day, the mood of Congress and of the U.S. generally is "so protectionist'' that any ad- ministration bills to extend trade prefer- ences or enlarge aid to poor countries would probably be transformed by the law- makers into "permanent, fixed quotas" against imports. Considering some of the legislator's' recent performances, the pre- diction isn't at all unrealistic. Thus the House Labor Committee elected to attach a protectionist rider to, of all things, a bill to increase the federal mini- mim wage. The rider seeks to bar the federal government from giving contracts of more than to foreign suppliers who pay their workers "substantially less'' than whatever the U.S. minimum wage happens to be at the moment. "Substantially" is not defined. :-.nd the provision's proponents seem to think that's a plus. The vagueness, they say, will give the administration "a lot of latitude" in deciding whether or not lo give business to foreign suppliers. It will also give UK protectionist Congressmen, as well as lob- byists for special interests, a lot of lati- tude to put pressure on the administration. Meanwhile, the in per cent surcharge continues to embitter some major coun- tries thul, until recently, the U.S. saw as friends. Unemployment in Canada roee to T.I per cent of the labor force in Sep- tember, a 10-year high and well above the I'.S. rate. Canadian officials are quick to note that September was the first hill month after imposition of the surcharge; while the levy probably is not the only reason for the jobless upsurge, it may be hard to convince Canadians of that. More than 60 per ccr.t of Canada's ex- perts to the U.S. and about 25 per cent or close to S3 billion, are affected by the surcharge. In retaliation for the U.S. levy, the Canadian Parliament already has ap- proved a progi am to subsidize Canadian exports and offset a large part of the sur- charge. In Japtn, the primary target of the U.S. get-tough policy, the ar.ti-l'.S. sentiments are even more evident. With the threat of mandatory quotas, the U.S. bludgeoned Ja- pan into a new "voluntary" pact to restrict textile shipments to the U.S. Even though the 10 per cent import surcharge now will be dropped for textiles, Japan's sagging economy and its angry textile industry make it certain that the agreement leaves little gccd will in a country whose coop- eration the U.S. desperately needs in the Far East. Meanwhile, a Common Market official warns that, if the surcharge lasts much Icr.gcr on other products, tna world will "enter escalation in retaliation measures." Such measures, he apron's t.i recognize, won't really be good fi r anyi but na- tions seldom WOITV modi al'jjt that scrt of thing when a trade war gets under way. ThiTO wrs definite need for a realign- ment cr international trade rules, America's rough talk and actions at least have made that phm to everybody. In the process, they have also done a great deal to sprcr.d strengthen protectionism both in this country and abroad. If the governmcT.i doesn't come up with antidotes soon, a lot cf people are going to wind up awfully sick. Uncle Sam's a poor loser The Ottawa Citizen AMERICAN leaders have a strong case when they argue that the United States should not have to pay 30 to 40 per cent of the budget of the United Nations. That ratio was feed at a time when the European countries needed U.S. help to get back on their own feet after the de- struction suffered during the Second World War. Now the European countries, and Ja- pan, are prospering and the U.S. would bo entirely justified in seeking a bigger con- tribution from them, as well as the So- viet Union. But the U.S. has not seriously raised this point until now. Assorted U.S. senators and Congressmen have started berating the UN calling for the U.S. to reduce its contribution following the decision of the world body to give China's seat to the real government of that country. Secretary of State William Rogers and UN Ambassador George Bush have encour- aged such rhetoric by some pretty unfor- tunate statements cf their own. They not only fought tenariously for a foolish cause, but when they eventually they had proved to be ungracious losers. Due mainly to U.S. efforts. Peking was kept out of the UN for 22 years. Now that it is being given China's rightful seat, we hear complaints about Taiwan's "expul- sion." Taiwan has never been a member of the UN and the question of its expul- siion does not arise. Only its delegation has been expelled wliich claimed wrongly for 22 years to represent the 700 million people of China. E Never jam today ACCORDING to an Ottawa informant the federal government's economic policy is directed by a board a Ouija board. Once a week the finance minister sits down at a table with the rest of the cabi- net, Mr. Trudeau turns out the lights, and Mr. Benson tries to contact the spirit of C. D. Howe. Instead he has been contacting tho spirit of W. C. Fields. The Fields theory of money management was based on a thorough-going persecution complex that had everyone in the world scheming ways to bilk Bill out of his hard-earned bucks. It involved opening saving accounts in as many banks as possible, under a variety of names, and trusling nobody, especially infants. But. at ihe last seance the Ouija board bounced violently and the automatic writ- ing spelled out TAX CUTS FOR ALL. Mi. Benson bad contacted the ghosts ol Lord Keyncs. St. Nicholas, and Lady Boun- tiful, working as a combo. His interpretation of the psychic sounds was to one billion pcsewas into lax reductions and make-work pro- grams. The billion will be added to tho national debt. As every spook knows, the national debt is something to be paid by posterity, and posterity may he defined as other people's children. An ugly-looking lot Ihey are, loo. Kids who smoke and use dirly words have no one lo blame but themselves when another billion goes on tlio tab in their name. Yel Mr. Benson is bring chided because of his volatile economic policy. Critics of tho government complain IhM his p.ilicy too much on voices from beyond (sometimes known us Mackenzie rather than on long-range pla-ining. As though it as possible to be sure of any- thing for more than five minutes in the accelerated lunacy that is life today. In contrast to Mr. Benson's detractors, I find a definite in the way he keeps materializing, like the Cheshire cat, out of the clouds of his own pipe smoke, to tell the nation ot his latest ol mind. When he fades in to tell me that my income tax is reduced tlu-ce per cent re- troactive to last July but not effective till next January. I am as bemused as I have been by anything since Alice Through the Looking-Glass. "The rule is. jam tomorrow, and jam yesterday but never jam today.'1 "It must come sometimes to 'jam to- Alice objected. "No, it can'l." said the Queen. "It's jam every other day: today isn't any other day. you know." I find il reassuring that Cltawa's handling of the jam, input r.nd output, is as spon- taneous as the administration we associate with the Queen cf Hearts. We know that the jam is not regulated by some master recipe to which the government sticks, ro- g.Tdless, like Mother's preserves. To somebody like me, whose expertisa in economics does not extend beyond esti- mating the correct change from a coko machine, there is perverse joy in ths spectacle of chartered accountants whim- pering over their projections, and business- men calculating their cnrp.irating tax' by counting Ihe pebbles in a pigeon's crop. So pour lu nnrlhcy ru1 of c. dear JT-d Hat'.cr Pierre. is wild, and please pa; aiicoiner 1'rouucc i tulurcs) ;