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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta -Wednesday, November 3, 1971 THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID 33 32 THE UTHBRIOGE HERAID Wediicitlny, Nc lumber 3. SKYDIVING OLDSTER Gle-' Gardner of Cincinnntui, N.Y., says he lias been wnnl. Ing lo jump out of an emplane since 1919. h 1966. he got his chance and has been sky- divina regularly since then. Here lie adjusts his helmet before a flight. He keeps mum about his age but associates soy he will never see 75 again. Students change tactics in effort to reach By ART JOHNSON Canadian Preys Staff Writer Siurlent.s si Canadian universities this year still nre preying ;i greater voice in the decision-making process, but the accent now seems to be on calm persuasion nithcr than heated face -t o f a c e clashes. A Cross-Canada Survey hy The Canadian Press shov-'s that some key issues ai uni- versities are tenure for fac- ulty, academic standards and jjrridtng procedures. uu'ludt' hou-inc and Minion fees. Both administration and student leaders at many cam- puses agree that ix'tu'ecn the two groups are more cordial this term than ever before. Dave Bilek. vice-president, academic, University of Al- berta Students' Union, says the days of faco-to-facc tactics are over. Students nrnv have cither chosen h e t. v; e e n within the system for change or going underground and .stirring up dissent, he pays. S'teve Garrod. president of the student hndy ai. University of British Columbia, savs stu- dent pmver confrontation is "mainly a .short-run theatrical want, to change things." "We're trying to the basis for the future." CAMPUS QUIKT Rev. Patrick .J. Maiune, president of Loyola Coliepe in Montreal, hays the campus quiet last, }car because of ''battle fatigue This year, he says, students have realized; confrontation will not. sohe their problems. While .students apparently arc using moderate tactics to win demands, administrations at many universities have al- lowed greater student partici- pation on policy bodies, antici- pating, and heading off. some potential conflict. At University of Alberta, students now have equal rep- resentation with faculty on the General faculties body composed of student-; and per cent from and adminiMralion- Ji) per cent. There :ire also three .-indent represent .'Mixes on the H'.- member board of governors. At Loyola College, sludmts asked for parity with faculty and administration on the se- nate but were given six out of V.' i 1 1 i n m K, ice of the Univer- ,'itv of Lulhbridge, says stu- dents have four representa- tives on Ihe ivn- rral council. lie an- ticipates I ha! students ask for more but not parity faculty. At University of Western Ontario in London, students are seeking greater represen- tation on policy-milking bod- ies, and Dr. Roger Rossiter, vice-president, a c a d e m i c, says they probably will get it. lie n y s administration probably will approve a rec- ommendation that s t u d e n t representation on the 44-mem- ber senate be increased to Hi from three. in addition, he says students probably will be given three for undergraduates and one for graduate students -on the board of governors. Students now are allowed to elect one non-student on the board. Students at the University of Toronto sought parity on t h e university's governing council, but the Ontario gov- ernment cave students eight seats to the faculty's 12. The new University of To- ronto bill, providing the IM2 formula, will into effect by July 1P71 At University of Victoria, students now have two seals on (lie Senate. Uuss Freethv, a student spokesman, says s t u d e n' s want more representation on other policy-making bodies al the universilv. VOICK IN HIRI.V; Sludents at some universi- ties also are seeking a voice in hiring, promotion and granting or denying tenure lo faculty members. Brent flaukcs, president of the stud e n t representative council at the Sackviile. X.H., campus of Mount Allison Uni- versity, says students there want representation on ad- ministrative councils that grant tenure and promotions to teaching staff. Spokesmen at, York Univer- sity, Toronto. University of Alberta and University of Vic- toria say tenure will continue to bo an issue with students at these universities. K c o n o m i c consideration-; portend turmoil ai some uni- versities, and peace and quiet at others. At I'mverMty of Prince Kd ward Island in Brian Xaleuski. vice-president n ihe union. i here has been conirn- a inrrease in residence fres. The unnersity originally announced a Mmi increase, but after talks be- tween students and adminis- tration, it was cut by IIFMTIMNS TK.YSK Chris Smith, chairman of the. student's union at Dalhou- sie University in Halifax, says relations with administration now are "leiiM1" because of an increase in tuition. President Henry ilicks of Malhnunr f e c would DM; lo [mm OUK CHAIR DEPP. RECLINERS LAZ-E-BOYS HOSTESS ROCKERS OCCASIONAL CHAIRS BEDROOM DEPT. Such famous namos as KNECHTEL, PEPPIER, nncl VICTORIAVILLL nncl others. Drop in and browse around during our Anniversary Sale. Here's a great opportunity for newly-weds or other home" makers to buy their furniture and at the same time avail yourself of the substantial savings being offered. So beautifd when on, providing remarkable color TV performance tuned with the touch of a finger. And so beautiful even when off, in its contemporary mood high- lighted with subtle cabinet detailing. 315 square inch super rectangular picture tube. Deilcraft cab- inet li available in Walnut. 36' wide, 20" deep, 29" high. Everything Is unquestioninaly correct in this contem- porary creation by Electrohome engineers and designers. Correct in its fine hand-rubebd finish. Correct in its re- strained balance of lines. And correct in its unchallenged color performance. Deilcraft cabinet in Natural Walnut. 33'' wide, 18" deep, 30" high. OPEN THURSDAY AND FRIDAY Till P.M. DEMONSTRATES PICTUREPHONE Communications Minister Robert Slonbury dem- onstrates an experimental picturephone from his Parliament Hill office to the commun- ications department. The picturephone is a Combined television camera and screen equip- ped with a dial and various buttons to adjust the camera. The communications depart- ment system would be the first time the picturephone had been used outside of Bell Canada quarters. _______ Nightmare of contradictions Writer recalls Canadian trials in Korean war Twenty-one years :igo Ca- nadian troops embarked for the Orient to participate in the. I'nitcd Nations polite action in Korea. In this story. Bill Boss, corre- spondent tor Tin- Canadian Press in Korea, tells of the trials faced hy the Canadi- ans. Boss, also a Canadian correspondent in (lie Second World War, now handles public relations for the Uni- versity of Ottawa. Written for The Canadian Press By BILL BOSS years after it all seems in retro- spect a nightmare of contra- dictions. Although it claimed Canadian casualties, Korea never qualified as a war- merely a police action. Although the purpose in Korea ivas simply to drive the invading North Koreans back to their side of tile 38th paral- lel, it developed into aggres- sion against North Korea by the United Nations. Not one member of the UN, Canada included, said the job had been done when tJie parallel was restored 4Vi months later. Although the task had been accomplished by niid-Oclober, Gen. Douglas MacArilmr's in- sistence on closing up to tbp Yalti River prolonged opera- tions two more costly years. First Canadian participation in the war signalled when Brooke Claxton. then defence minister, announced Nov. 4, 1950, that a Canadian battal- ion and supporting troops would go to Korea. The untrained Canadian "garrison" battalion of about 900 men that embarked in November as a token gesture, besides in time saving the 8th Army's bacon at Kap'yong, turned out to be merely the precursor of Canadians who were to fight in the thea- tre before it closed in 1954. KKADY TO HELP The 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade symbolized Canada's readiness under the UN ban- ner to help people anywhere defend themselves against ag- gression. Lt.-Col, .1. H. Stone learned, on docking at Yokohama en route to Korea, that Mac- Arthur planned to :ommit the untrained 2nd Battalion, Prin- cess P a I r i c i a 's Canadian Light Infantry, to battle as soon as il arrived. At that: point UN forces were in full retreat from the Yalu, Seoul was on the point of being re- captured and Pusan harbor was jammed with ships evac- uating heavy equipment to Japan when the Patricias ar- rived to disembark. To Amer- ican commanders a man in uniform was a soldier. Stone, reinforced by orders in his pocket from Ottawa, was adamant thai his troops would not be committed until he personally was satisfied that they were batlleworthy. In the end he fiad to fly to .Seoul to make the poinl slick with -den. Walton Walker, thru commander of Hie Anny In Strange Official History of the Cana- dian Army in Korea, LI.-Col. 11. F. Wood noted that Stone had responsibilities not only to the 8th Army but lo the Cana- dian government as well. RKSISTED PHESSl'RE Wood writes that Stone knew that the memory of Hong Kong in still was fivsh in Canadian minds and tin- a n :i d i an govcTimicnl meant him to irsisl pivsMire to i-ommil his hnlf-irainul h I ;i 1 i o n in'.n arlidil llut inighl end in In 1951 Brig. J. M. Rock- ingham had the same experi- ence as Stone, when the high command wanted him lo com- mit his brigade before it had even been assembled behind the line. And .still later Maj.- (ien. A. J. H. Cassels had the same problem collecting his 1st Commonwealth Division together. Historian Wood recalls that Rockingham protested t h e order on the ground that his troops would not have suffi- cient time to prepare for ac- tion. At one time he was said to have been ready to be re- lieved of his command rather than commit unprepared troops. Cassels' report on the high command order to move the Canadian brigade to the Com- monwealth area went this way: "As this put all my brigades in the front line, and as the Canadians were separated from the others by two rivers, both of which were in flood, I protested strongly. After three days of argument and discus- sion it was agreed that 25 (Canadian) Brigade should move to a reserve area be- hind 28 and 29 (Common- wealth) brigades." NO-XONSEXSE LEADER Stone w a s a no nonsense commander determined that liis soldiers would lie ready for battle and he used lo good effect the six weeks he won to complete their training. Every lesson he taught them was grimly underlined the day he first led them into past 83 dead United States soldiers cut down by the Chinese as they tried to escape from a position they had just taken. They had bed- ded down in sleeping bags without even posting sentries. The Patricias never forgot the lesson. The UN forces at that point were inching back to the 38th parallel for (lie second time in three months and the Canadi- ans shared in the arduous hill-to-hill and rnountain-to- mountain advance lo establish and maintain contact. Stone's troops did well against an enemy whose main strength was determined manpower that lacked artillery' support. But the tough commander had to be tougher to get across to his men that they were soldiering for keeps. When several of them died of wood alcohol poisoning by making a out of canned heat during one resi period he paraded the entire battalion past the bodies. DETERMINED STAND By mid-April, 1951. when the Chinese were ready to make a determined stand against, the UN advance, Stone's Patricias were equally ready for one of the most im- portant battles of the cam- Massively outnumbered hy the counter-attacking enemy, entirely surrounded and sup- plied 'by air. the battalion stood firm, held the army line unbroken and embarrassed the Canadian government by bring awarded a V.S. presi- dential citation for its collec- tive gallantry. In wiihstandinfi the brunt of an att-ick by an estimated 6.000 Chinese troops the Patri- cias' casualties amounted to It) killed and 23 wounded, trib- ute to Stone's rigorous and de- nvnding leadership. .loinrd a month later hy ami the rest of tlv Canadian Infantry including the 2nd bat- talions of l'ii> lioyal 22nd Re- and the Rnyal Cai.a- nl l of The RCR's first major blood-letting was in the ad- vance on Chail-li and by the time armistice discussions began in Kaesong. switching later to Pamnunjom. the Ca- nadians were vigorously pa- 1 rolling forward in the area of Ch'orwon. HO HALT IN SIGHT "Peace" talks, were going on. but there was assurance from nowhere that tills tune there would be the halt on the 38th parallel that had not taken place UK- year before. By then part of the Com- monwealth Division, the Ca- nadians crossed the Imjin River in September, 1952. and during October established po- sitions in the area of Little Gibraltar (Hill 355) and The Hook that were to become, substantially. Canadian-held for the next two years. As the Chinese rolled up their artillery and mortars in ever-increasing number, tho common with the rest of the and tunnelled deeper, dusting off manuals and textbooks on trench warfare that hadn't been used since the First World War. It became routine for as many as 300 enemy guns to be registered on the locations of one Canadian battalion. Re- connaissance, fighting snd ambush patrols ill the valleys separating the lines became the order of the day. In November, as the Pan- m u n j o m discussions dwelt upon the demarcation lines that would follow nn armi- stice, the Chinese mounted an- other massive attempt to dent Ihe line to their advantage. 1JXE HELD This time they swarmed in hundreds upon the positions of the Van Doo, whose CO said they presented targets like buff aloes herding over a bridge. Any positions lost were quickly retaken and the line was held. Similar assaults were made on RCR battalions in November, 1952 and May, 1953. Brig. M. P. Bogert. and later Brig. Jean V. Allard. in- herited a static front which meant largely an artillery war punctuated by vigorous patrolling as both sides probed the other's defences, the forces determined merely to slay, the Chinese to push them back if I hey could. Brig. Bogert's command, esseniially. the professional 1st battalions of the PPC'LI. the RCR and the Van Doo. while Brig. Allard's troops ivere the new 3rd bat- talions, units which two years earlier hadn't even existed. Professional or part-time, the Canadian troops always exuded a more military at- mosphere in the line than did most of then- largely Ameri- can 1TX counlerparls. Even beginners like the 2nd Patri- cias in ISl.'il had an espril de corps, a "tails-high" altitude and, under stress, a business- like cool, that only American formations lite tile 1st I'.S. Marino Division could match. An important factor in the otiiciencv morale of the Commonwealth sector was the policy of rolalnig battalions. Unlike Ihe Americans, who relieved troops on a man-for- man basis in units bearing nu- merical designations, the Ca- nadians. Rrilish ami inns relieved a unit n time. This kept the front in the hands of battalions whose offi- ecrs and men knew and (rusted one- another's abiiily and dependability. ;nid who (ell jointly respothible lor the rrpiii.inmi-. ot Ilicir reijinenK It proved its NOI 111 in Kui'e.i, ;