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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 IHE IETHBR1DGE HERAVD Tuesday, November 3, 1170 Carl Roman Vigilantism Is A Form Of Insanity Students And The Public The words of Dr. Jinx U'yman, president ot llic University of Alber- ta arc anise Tor serious Ihoiifhl. He told Hie U of A coiivocalion in his annual report that "there is a ilnn- gerous hosltlily rampant among (lie people of C'iiiiiidii, ;i hostility lluit is directed toward its educational insti- tutions." Much of this. Dr. U'yman believes is caused by what happens on U.S. campuses such as Kent Stale, Berkeley, (.'oiumbia, and, one might add, Harvard. While admitting that there is the inevitable measure of proles! in our universities too, he notes that il has been almost entirely iion violent in nature. (The item does not mention the riots at Sir George Williams University in Mon- treal which shucked the Canadian public a couple of years ago. There is no question that what Dr. Wyrnsin has lo say ahout the public attitude lu student unrest, is right. There arc unthinking people who are unwilling to accept the right of young people lu non-violent demonstration, who arc only too willing to victimize the lanju body of earnest, altruistic, hard working and intelligent young people because a few foolish ones in their midst grab lliu headlines, defy the law and generally make nui- sances of themselves. Universities must have generous public and pri- vate support for their continued exis- tence. The students are our hope that Canada will be a nation which will slaiul second lo none in professional, intellectual and technological devel- opment in Ihc years Lo conic. lixcepl in a few isolated incidents Canadian university students have been well behaved, and although we do not always agree with their opin- ions, or their actions, this should not blind us lo the fact that they are tin: coming leaders. 1C we deny them financial support both public and pri- vate, we are not only doing I hem a disservice, uc are imperilling our own future. Let's not forget that ma- turity comes with the years and with experience. Volatility, over eager- ness and complete confidence in one's wisdom are the hallmarks of vouth. Safe Driving For a eily of its size, Lethbndge would appear to have an unusually high number of traffic accidents. The most recent which resulted in a dou- ble fatality Sunday night, occurred at the intersection of 3rd Avenue and 13th Street. Tliis is a bad corner almost any time, but during rush hours is par- ticularly hazardous as long lines of cars tie up traffic with regular mon- otony. A traffic counter would surely tabulate this to be one of the busiest corners in the city and deserving of the installation of arrow indicators on 13th St., allowing traffic to turn east or west on 3rd. thus encouraging a smoother flow of traffic in all direc- tions. 'Die "yield" signs throughout the city probably need reassessing to evaluate their efficiency. At some in- tersections the through traffic is ob- scured by hedges, trees or fences, making these signs ineffective as safety measures. Yield signs are also prone to broad liberal interpretation by individual drivers. A few will slow and yield as the law requires, others will merely reduce speed but not suf- ficiently to prevent danger of colli- sion with traffic having the right of way. Safety, whether pedestrian or mo- bile should be the concern of every-' one. Blind corners, badly marked cross walks and heavily trafficked streets arc oflen noted first by those who use them most. They should be encouraged to report them to the proper authorities. Some Questions For Police By Christopher Young, Editor OF The Ottawa Cilizen WHEN Hie present crisis is over, tlie (he HCMP has something lo do wilh this political authorities in Ottawa, Que- failure. bee City and Montreal will need to make Now let's look at one example of ihe some sharp inquiries about the quality and lvork of lhe police. capacity of their police forces. Pierre Laporte was murdered according to the killers, at p.m. weeks ago I know it's easy to write some hortato- Saturday. At 7 p.m. radio station CKAC re. ry sentence such as, 'Thsse killers must be hunted down." It's easy to declaim to this effect in Parliament. And it's very much more difficult to do it. NcverUie- cc-ived a telephone call reporting his death. The slalion chose lo regard the caller as a crank. At 8-30 p.m. another call stated that Mr. less it's impossible not to ask questions Laporte's body was at SI, Hubert air base. ahout a police operation that has pro- duced over nearly three weeks such re- markably meagre results. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police, for a start, had been repeatedly reminded ol their dangerous weakness in the French language. Tliis weakness vividly ox- posed in 1965 by the Dorion inquiry into the scandals associated with tne name of The station asked for proof of aulhcnlicily. A (hiifi call about riireclert the sta- tion to Place des Arts, where a written role gave explicit directions as to where lhe body might be found. The radio station appsrently did not in- lorm police until afler its reporter had found the car, shortly after Jt p.m. The police did not find the body until Lucien Rivard. a.m. Sunday. Those ol us who sat glued to our ra- To quole a couple of revealing extracts dios and television sels through those ter- from Chief Justice Dorion's report-. hours mm- forget the expe- "Superintendent Fraser asked rience but rceanwliile the killers had whether, at the time he decided to ap- six hours' head start. point Sergeant McLeod to conduct the in- It was shocking enough that the radio and later lo assisl Inspector slalion did not tell the police of the three Drapeau, he would nol have Ihought il phone calls at Ihe lime, apparently pre- wiser to have appointed a hilingual offi- fernng a scoop lo the capture of the kill- cer since most o[ the persons lo be in- ers. But what astounds me even more is terrogatcd were French-speaking. His re- 'hat police were not monitoring all phone ply is worth noling: 'I never gave il a calls received by (he slalion thought CKAC hstl been used as a channel of "Tlie appointment by a senior officer of roninnimcalirm ever since the abduction of an investigator, or an assistant, who is There bcc" English-speaking and does nol speak French, to work on an investigation among calls from the spokesmen of the luo FLQ cells involved. It would seem an elemen- French-speaking people is so cxtraor- iary slcp assi8n a policeman lo the dinary that il is hard to believe it has switchboard lo record and try to trace every call having to do with lhe kidnappings, The police forces have clone a great job happened in our lime." The Rf'MP, despite a recommendation of the later Royal Coir.mission on Security, remains responsible for security and in- of whacking large numbers of Frcnch-Ca- telligencd in Canada. That commission Jail under Hie special prim- warned that a. primary Ihrcat lo Canada's of lflc Measures Acl. Some have inlernal sccuiily would IK- posed by sep- nafc'ranl. sympathizers of lhe Some liavo been chance vic- linus of Ihc. roundup, c.itcs rf irlp.ntfify ni- nf The mainriiv (tt lip ai-- aratist movements in Quebec cmnmiUed lo Ihc use of viol. Tile onlv way in uh'rh rrvnlil- lionari- can hn Ihrougli iiifillialion. II is obvious, nmv James Cross has IWP.II hcid by kidnappers of the dc Liberation riu Quebec for a monlli ami after Hie kidnapping and mm-- arc lhc uh" I'lanned the der of Pierre Uporlo. lhal no siicces-fiil m- 'apprehended Insiirretlion'1 or who limk iillralion ot the FLQ bad hccn cut pnrf in lire kidnappin.qs or ubo killetl Mr. by (hose for (lie nalional sccur- Laporlp. At soniu point Ihc police forces will have to be askrd lliev Irave put H is hardly idle (o .snp-jcsl more than picnic in jail, 'not includ- Iliat Ihc reic-iulc'ssly Anglo tradition of ing lire ones UHT aflur. counted for, jn Ir-nv.s nf specific cjiaigcs fir legitimate siisincion.-. U'liat we have inn got vcl. so far as we Recognition hiu Rickard txj lerosted As lie i viding n working mi .lib. house Hers' supplement recently, D'Are suddi-nly bad an inspiration, 'there a Iff! of potential hoir.c owners in- .spec-hit foaliirp oinldins. ouc n.inio ,-ecimvl hi.Mniid rail in association with thc. Mibjod. Su be came into my office and'ci me lo write his arl of cmislrurlini; In lifr uhcr--. us .-n'r dnrimvd Mllllo'iticl H i. -HI III ;'ri i! il H ns liic nun li-nc-e builder par excellence! WASHINGTON Attorney Gsnerdl Jo'mi iUildiell has been taking some unjustified lumps, from this writer and many others, because lie was quoted in a way that seemed to offer a Ml banded Justice Department endorsement of vigilantes. But lhe tape recording of Mitchell's remarks show's that he was misquoted by Ihc Wash- ington Post, with the result that I heard people speaking ot him in anger in Minneapolis and Chicago and Louisville last week. What Mitchell actually said, in response to a question about the danger of this country's swinging loo Far in the direc- tion ol a police state is I hat there is no danger of this as a result of government action. Bui. Jlitchell added "citi- zens outside ot government might feel they would Iiaiv to resort lo vigilante tactics that have been in this country years and years ago. It is nol recom- mended, We hope it will never come Lo that." That is not a statement de- signed lo encourage would-be vigilantes, and I am glad )o spread tbc Attorney General's true words to those people who might "feel" (hat they have lo resort lo vigilante tactics. For those people might well remember that our history is strewn willi the tragedies thai inevitably arise when self- righteous citizens take the law inlo their own bands and act as prosecutor, judge, jury, and executor. 11 is just Ihis kind of mad- ness, made easy by Ibe profu- sion of firearms in this coun- try, Uia! is responsible for the fact that a young honor student inel death in suburban Vir- ginia recently while going on Ins newspaper route in thc early morning darkness. While delivering the paper at one home, 13-year-old Todd McKinncy was heard by an 18- year-old college student insido iriio concluded that the paper- boy was someone tampering with his parked car. So the IB- year-old poked a shotgun out the window, in the best vigil- ante tradition, and snuffed out the life of a very promising young man. When this vigilanlo business arises out of (be kind of Tear and polarization that we have today, no one can predict where the madness will lead. The Louisville Courier-Journal recently offered a reminder Ihat almost cxudly 50 years (lie United Slates ivent through similar paroxysms ol fear what with labor and ra- cial unrest mounting, lhe Bol- sheviks taking over1 in Russia, and 4U or more bombs sent through Ihc mails lo public figures. In Ihat period Attorney Gen- eral A. Mitchell Palmer was in- flaming' the fears of the Amer- ican people, leading a cam- paign to arrest "aliens" and generally offering his blessing lo would-be vigilantes. As usual, a lot o[ people re- sponded. In Weirlon, W. Va., a band of super patriots forced 118 striking steelmakers, ail immigrants, to kiss the flag. The Courier Journal also re- minds us that in Hammond, Ind., an alien yelled, "lo hell with the United and "We'll Be Delighted To Exren d The 601, 602 Truce For Another 60 Days 603, 604 was shot dead by n naturalized citizen. The jury deliberated two minutes before Ivccing the slayer. Thank heaven the present At- torney General is nol giving rc- speclabilily to llial kind o( "patriotism." II is precisely during lense emotional limes such as these (bat we cannot afford citizens assuming a righteous mandate lo impose Iheir brand of Jaw and order, or justice, or morality, on their fellow citi- zens. Have we not had enough of Kn Klux Klansmen nol only terrorizing blacks hi the in- terest of preserving segrega- tion, but also pulling lhe lash to whites whom some Klans- man said were guilty of adult- cry or something else he deem- ed wrong? Was it not in our generation that we saw not just blacks beaten and killed by racial fanatics, but white editors with their heads split open in Mis- sissippi, white ministers run out of town, while businesses dcslroyed? Lei the word go out that Holel or Reslaurant X says to hell wilh the Public Accommo- dations Act, but it isn't going to serve blacks. As far as blacks are concerned, the people who operate that hotel or restaurant are thus be- come proper targets tor retri- bution by black vigilanles. And people who see a power- ful firm continue to pollute streams and befoul the atmos- phere, always avoiding punish- ment under the law, will feel complelely justified in giving that lirm a little vigilante re- minder like a can of gaso- line and a fJaming torch lo [lie headquarters building. Of course lhe blacks who at- lack (he offending hotel and the citizens who put the torch lo tire offending factory may very quickly be publicized as awful lawbreakers themselves, and they will become a prime target Jor another group of vigilantes. Obviously there is no end lo Ihis kind of, insanily. But this country survived the madness of and 1020 as- well as the pob'tical ambitions of A. Mitchell Palmer whose inflammatory tactics back- fb'ed. We'll probably survive today's fear and tension, too, as long as the record is clear that our present Attorney Gen- eral opposes those who would use "lawlessness" as an ex- cuse to take the law into their own hands. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Boris Kidel New Controversy Over France's 'Secret War' pAKIS Tne death of II French paratropers in a desert ambush has reopened !he controversy about France's mil- ilary intervention in the trouble- stricken African Republic of Chad. For 38 months, nearly French troops, including crack Foreign Legion units, have been engaged in operations against rebels threatening to over throw Chad's autocratic ruler, President Francois Tom- balbaye. It was at Tombal- baye's request (hat General de Gaulle shortly before his resig- nation last year, agreed to send troops to Chad. The Government, only loo aware that military involve- ments overseas have become highly unpopular in France since Lhe Algerian war, has maintained a virtual news black- out t'.bmit the Cbad fighting. Now the death of 11 p'1 aged between 18 and 24, has led to renewed criticism in Parlia- ment and in the press against lhe "secret war" being waged in Central Africa. Pressed for information by the Mi-wing opposition leader Francois Mitterrand, the Gov- Letter To The Editor ermnent lias decb'ned to reveal more than lhe broad oullines of lhe military conimilinenls in Chad. It was to honor her treaty obligations, Secretary of State Leo Hamon told Parlia- ment, that France despatched troops to Chad at Tombalbaye's request. The President had turned to France, he said, when he found himself incapable of solving the "difficult problems" facing his country with the means at his disposal. Hamon Iried to minimize Ihs significance of the fighting by maintaining that it was more a police action against bandits than a military operation against rebels with pob'lieal aims. What he failed to tell Parliament was Ibat in last month's a m b u s h. the ill- equipped Chad rebels w ere fighting for (be first lime with modern arms, including mor- tars and light machine guns, British-made weapons of the same type as used by the Lib- yan army. This discovery con- firmed suspicions that the rebels, mostly Muslims, are in- creasingly relying on Libyan aid to wage their guerrilla war against Tombalbaye's regime. Education Advertising I nolc. mth intcrcsf, Ibal (be fwo IxUhhiittge radio sin- lions are willing to provide ono-niimile blurbs of informa- tion abonl our public ivilling. Iliai is. if Hie sc-hooJ board is prepared to pay the price. deal' .Iiidging from the siory in "Ilip Ileralil one station lias proposed to lhe school board that il wit] provide one whole ni.iuulE? pr-r clay .it a of six bslf Hie regular rom- rale, claims the sla- I ion's spokesman. Tbe other slalion offered three announcements per day for the price of one. Again, I sav deal. The cdnralidi) in tins m province and in Uii5 c a u n i r y ii slaet'eiiite enough vviUiont school boarda seeking additional means flf tossing your money and my money inmiud with such vMk- les.s abandon. As a laxpaycr I si rongly object. Dcn'l gel me wrong. I am all lor r.ilucaUon. but I think il'a lime sonic of the frills were eliminated. Jf lhe radio .stnlioiu really want lo provide a service 'ur education and tlieir listening public, don't Ihry blink away Ibr- dollar sign-, and dr. vole, say. .in minulcs a week lo a really worthwhile pro- gram? I am certain the radio sta- tions conW wilhsland thc finan- cial si rain a Ini more readily Ilirui Ihc brlfagurrcd laxii.vcr ulm gels hil from c v n r y angle. AIOTIIlifi OF SIX For the French this evidence of Libyan assistance has come as a bitter disappointment. Only nine months ago, when France agreed to supply Libya with jet fighters, the Libyan Government had promised to sever connections with the rebels in Chad. Even before Chad became in- dependent 10 years ago, tbe northern desert regions, in- habitated by about no- mads of Arab origin, had been notoriously insecure. The silua- tjon worsened when Tombal- baye took over and tried to im- pose his authority there by using members of his own African tribe. The unrest among the Mus- lim nomads, resenting African domination, coincided with spreading opposition lo Tom- balbaye's diclalorial regime in oilier parls of lhe country. By 1900 even road traffic around Chad's capilal, Forty Lamy, was no longer safe from at- tack. At the same lime lhe revolt in the north look a distinctly political turn wilh (lie creation oi a chad national liberation front, known as FROL1NA, in Tripoli. Us chairman is a sur- geon, Dr. Abba Siddick, for mauy VRDTS Chad's Education Mini.sfcr Tombalbaye that FflOLlNA's goal is lire of the norlh. In rf> interviews Dr. S i i) d i r k daily rcjcclcd Ihcsn accusa- tions. All be wanls lo achieve, he says, is democratic govern- ment which would nol act as a more tool of the French, as is lhe case wilh lhe present re- gime. Independent observers agree !hat conditions had become so explosive in Cbad last year Ihat Tombnlbaye would have been swept from power if the French army had not come to bis res- cue. Chad, two-and-a-half HrnCD tlie siw. of France, wilh 3.500.- IMX) population and lew econo- mic resources, is not itself of vilal importance for France. However, it occupies geo- graphically a key position in Africa as a kind of buffer bc- tuecn lhe French .speaking cmmliies of Wcsl Africa and Ihc Aral) Stales ot Libya and Sudan, bolb ruled by revolu- tionary regimes. The danger of subversive influences from these Iwo countries is a factor that influences French pou'cy in Chad. Still, the main reason for military intervention was the fear that the collapse of Tom- balbaye's regime was liable to have a contagious effect on neighboring African States. Both Niger and thc Central African Republic iiave major strategic and economic signifi- cance for France since the re- cent discovery of iiraniirm de- posits in their territories. A subsidiary French concern In propping Tombalbaye was lhe maintenance of the French air base in Foil Lamy. More- over. Chad's capilal is, next to Dakar, in Senegal, the most im- portant French telecommunica- tions centre in Africa. The decision to send troops lo Chad was also motivated by lhe amiely to preserve tbe credibility nf French treaty commitments. The rulers cl French-speaking Africa, il was felt here, would have lost faith in their- links with France if the Government had failed to respond to Tombalbaye's SOS. Since African independence, France has sent troops both to the Central African Republic and to Gabon lo avert the col- lapse of their governments. In Chad the French troops ap.pcur to have achieved the "pacification" of the southern and central parts of the coun- try. About rebels, it is claimed, have been put out of action while 26 French soldiers have hccn killed and 53 wound- ed. About rebels are still reported to be operating in the north. In his slalemenl lo Par- liament, Hamon promised that all French forces would be evacuated from Chad next year. The recent ambush makes it liighly u n c e r I a i n whether Hie Cbad crisis irill be solved by then. In fact French reinforcements may be needed during coming months to elimi- nate the rebel threat from the north. (Written (or ThD Herald and The Observer Lnndon) LOOKING BACKWARD TlIltOL'CIl THE IIERAH) 1929-Thc, Conliiienlnl fail of pipn suioliing by women Irss invaded England, wilh pipes of rtninly design and elegant pro- iravlicms now Ireiug made in London. fjick, pioneer in- duslrialist, was honored on the eve ol his ilcparlnre for Van- couver, where he will take up resirtejiw. far as is known, no Saulh Alherta residents who claim United States cilirenslnp have been affected by the draft, which will provide military training lor a large number of Americans. advance parly of Canada's special brigade have nrrivcd in Japan and will leave immediately for Korea. jury of nine men and three women a ver- dicl Ihat lhe unccnsorcd ver- sion of D. II. Lawrence's book, Lady Chattel-ley's Lover, is rot obscrne and thus gave lhe green light to its publication in Britain. Tlie Letltbtidge Herald 7th SI. S., Lclhbridgc, Alberta LETIIBRJDGE HERALD CO, LTD., Proprietors aird Pi Wishers Published 1005 193-1, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mali Reg lion No 0013 Member of The Canadian Press and Ihc Daily Newspaper Publishers' Assodallon and ifia AudiF Qurcau of circuiationi LLEO W. LOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager BM.LA WILLIAM MAY Editor Associ.ilc Eclilor p.OY F MILES nOUGUA5 K, WALkCR Adverlisir.rj Manager editorial Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;