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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 2, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta "4 THE tETHBRIDGE HEKAID Thuridoy, November 5, 1972 Willy's chances Reports from Bonn indicate that Chancellor Willy Brandt has more going for him in the Nov. 19 elec- tions in West Germany than some ob- servers thought possible a few weeks ago. They attribute the upsurge in the fortunes of Brandt's Social Dem- ocratic and Free Democratic coali- tion to the personal impact of the Chancellor, who has attracted huge enthusiastic crowds everywhere re- cently. Brandt, astute politician thai he is, is warning his followers not to lapse into euphoria. He has plenty to overcome if he is to emerge from Ihe contest with a working majority. There have been defections of parlia- mentary supporters, accusations of radicalism, the resignation of the economics and finance minister, the Olympic games catastrophe, and a widely publicized political scandal or two thrown in for good measure. But these are small potatoes in the large field. The oppositions' guns are levelled at Brandt's coalition for its failure to deal with inflation, now at a seven per cent level. Many Ger- mans who remember vividly the ter- rible post-war years, have a fear of inflation amounting to pathological horror. It is on this issue that the election is being fought. It is an issue on which the Chancellor is decidedly vulnerable, The treaty governing future rela- tions between and East Ger- many may be signed before election day. This could boost Brandt's chances a little, but recent polls show that the election is likely to be a cliff hanger. The hope is that it will be decisive one way or the other. Germany des- perately needs a strong government as it moves into the new European Common Market era. The debtors' paradise Never in the history of this nation has there been such pressure on the public to borrow money. Lending in- stitutions of all kinds banks, fin- ance and trust companies are all guilty of participating in a campaign urging individuals to borrow rather than save for the future. The pro- motion to borrow in order to have unnecessary luxuries right now is growing beyond all reason. Have a snowmobile, a second car, go for that holiday in the sun, have what you want now. No need to wait. Simply make a visit to your friendly finance company; join the debtors' club. Sooner or later the evil of this borrow-now pay-latter system catches up with the unfortunate citizen who has been taken in. The pay-now date can no longer be delayed. The debt has grown quite beyond his capacity to pay. He tries all kinds of methods of getting out from under, but finds to his horror there is no way out. He's stuck with the burden of his on-n folly, his simple belief that those who lent him the money did not, as the propaganda told him, do it be- cause of concern for his happiness and welfare. Now they clamor for their pound of flesh. He has to pay hack, and at an enormous rate of interest. He is a victim of the insi- dious disease called consumer credit which in its own way, is as great a danger to society as the drug prob- lem is. In some cases the cure takes a life-time. If lending institutions do not adopt a more responsible attitude, if they continue in their refusal to recognize that what they are doing is morally and ethically indefensible, a menace to the individual, and to the nation as a whole, government intervention will be inevitable. parle Men francais! r Full marks go to Conservative leader Robert Stanfield, who fielded questions from the French language reporters at his recent press confer- ence, with amazing aplomb and great courage. Mr. Stanfield has been studying French intensively for a comparatively short time, a year or two perhaps, but in addition to his heavy political schedule, he has achieved an astounding facility in un- derstanding and delivery. His re- plies were carefully delivered; at times the effort must 'have been agonizing, but his performance was generally excellent. His example should give some other English speaking Canadians, who resist tak- ing instruction in French, something to think about. Nos felicitations, M. Stanfield, pour une execution admir- able. Combatting litter It Is encouraging to note that the city's two bottling plants have de- cided to increase their deposits on pop bottles in an effort to combat litter and pollution. The one cent increase on both the 10 ounce and 28 ounce containers should prove an incentive to gather up those empties and hurry them off to either the grocery store or the local recyling depot. Non-refillables and cans will still bring two cents apiece. A bottling company representative has pointed out that when people throw away pop bottles they are lit- tering with someone else's property. Cost of the pop did not cover the price of the bottle which cost be- tween 10 and 15 cents to produce. The price of pop cartons will be increased slightly. This means the individual tossing bottles and failing to collect the deposit fee will be pay- ing for the increase, rather than all pop consumers. Complaints have been heard to the effect that some merchangs are not complying with Section two of the Beverage Container Act and are of- fering refunds in kind rather than money. The act clearly states that the retailer shall pay the person a refund for each empty container pre- sented, with the manufacturer re- sponsible to reimburse the retailer. Customers should insist on compli ance with the Act. It's all a hoax! By S. B. Tain A friend of mine retired after a 40-year stint as teacher and principal in a school system. I asked him, "As you look back on your years in teaching what single thought summarizes your views on public educa- tion? Give me one profound saying to pass on to future teachers and scholars." "It's all a replied my learned friend. "Ymi can't be I protested. "Look at our open area schools, our multigradcd classrooms, the new non-graded programs, and the mixing up of students into family like groups. Doesn't this add up to inter- esting and stimulating "We called them one-room schools or the little red school house in my an- swered my friend. "But look at how we help our troubled Blurienls today. Psychologists, psychi- atrists, counsellors, speciality in this, that, and the other. We know it's extremely ex- pensive but it must make our students feel very happy to receive so much attention." "A visit to the office solved most of tho personality-behavior problems in my day and wo had some excellent local organiza- tions to take care of the real social prob- lems. Also, we used to have the time lo help Individual .students but now it's meet- ings Hint use up tnar.hors' onorgios." "You cnn't dismiss Involvement as a I prolosled. "Why, pnrenls, teach- ers find oven students arc consulted iihrmt everything Hint gnps on in our schools. That's what our educational leaders tell us and they wouldn't mislead us, would "Have you read that home and school associations are almost dead and that teachers arc scared lo let their views be known? Something doesn't ring too true docs queried my cynical friend. "What about all the supervisors, consul- tants, co-ordinators, and administrators we have now? They're too important to do any teaching but think o( all the clever ideas they must invent to keep teachers busy. You didn't have such support in your days did "No, thank goodness! It's an expensive luxury that we don't need today. Have you heard of Parkinson's Law? It helps to ex- plain why education costs so much these days." "At least there's no failures In our mod- ern schools. No student will feel psychologi- cally upset because he didn't get his dip- loma or degree. It's very pleasant when ev- erybody gels a prize, isn't said my Iricnd, "and our school systems- have been compared lo a giant fairground: sideshows, clowns, and the bandwagon (rips. A.s I said licforc, it's all a I mnM. linvn looked ns drannmlF.nl as I fell, for my friend suddenly gripped me by the shoulder and quipped, "I'm only joking you know." 1 uniitlcr. The joker is wild Soames good omen for Canada PARIS: "The English will al- ways be the the news- paper France Soir commented dining the summit conference of the enlarged Common Mar- ket. This wry observation illus- trated one of the lighter out- ward touches of change in Eur- ope. After the summit, the Common Market will never be the same. Britain was inside, as Mr. Heath was quick to tell the home audience, making forceful interventions that al- ready will influence For good or ill the evolution of Europe over the next decade. The new pow- er structure was already evi- dent. Britain, France and West Germany dominated the sum- mit. Holland showed that a smaller power, sufficiently de- termined, can hold up the whole Community. And history may come to show that Dutch Premier Barend Biesheuval was more right than he knew in fighting to keep political union moving parallel with monetary and economic union. The brief reference to Can- ada in the communique owes nothing in particular to Mr. Heath's presence here. It was Chancellor Willy Brandt of West Germany who made a special point of recognizing Canadian problems as a major trade partner. The community was deter- mined, the communique said, to maintain a constructive dia- logue with Canada. Ihe U.S. and Japan In a forthcoming spirit and using the most an- propriate methods. Canada could have wished for nothing more, given this fundamental change of Britain in the Com- mon Market. Barring some unforeseen up- heaval in one of the member countries, Britain's new Eur- opean commissioner, Sir Christ- opher Soames, in January will lake over responsibility for ex- ternal relations. He will suc- ceed Ralf Dahrendorf who, if Bonn reaoppoints him, will b e transferred to another field. "I would take Sir Christo- pher's appointment as a good omen for Canadian relations with commented a source from the commission in Brus- sels. Why? Mr. Dahrendorf, ob- servers believe, was obsessed with the problem of American By Dave Humphreys relations. The Canadian elec- tion campaign provided a ready excuse to cancel a visit to Ot- tawa three weeks ago, even though the U.S. election cam- paign did not prevent him from going to Washington for the semi-annual meeting of top of- ficials. This should not be in- terpreted in any way to mean that Canada has any cause to complain. During his term of office, It can be argued, the Canadian campaign was won to stamp its own identity in Brussels, leav- ing London, Paris, Bonn and the other capitals to convince. The dialogue with Brussels con- tinues as officials go to Ottawa November 20 to take up the story left off during the sum- mer. Canada has argued for an agreement with the Common Market, preferably including a special ministerial level com- mission. Mr. Heath himself has on more than one occasion ex- pressed his understanding for Canada's out-on-a-limb position surrounded by trading blocs and industrial giants. Thus the probability that our future re- lations will be in Britaish hands can only be a happy luck of the draw. The communique accurately reflected a fresh concern, if not an obsession, to do something about the Communnity's image among its own people and French President Georges Pompidou was more forthcom- ing himself than ever before. France was not doctrinaire, he said, proving it in allowing the British to get their new fund for aiding areas of regional in- dustrial underdevelop m e n t. Since Britain is obviously not prepared to take on France and others in pursuit of Cana- dian interests, especially at any risk to her own, an absence of doctrine among her partners could be important. One hopes abroad. Mr. Pompidou's meaning Is clear, as it is not In his most celebrated pronouncement of the conference. Mr. Pompidou hoped the sum- mit would provide the stimulus to those "who, like myself, be- lieve in the need to construct, in this decade, European un- ion determined to shoulder its destiny. (The communiq u c, too, sees "the major objective of transforming before the end of the present decade the whole complex of the relations of member states into a Euro- pean Ambitious preparatory pro- g-ams and deadlines for action to achieve full monetary and economic union within the de- cade are unmatched by any similar determination to build supranational political institu- tions.) Thus tiie true spectre facing Canada, indeed all major trading partners, is of an economic colossus of Immense import- ance to all yet without respon- sible government to direct it. A huge careening truck with the controls of what the British call a "mini" car. Already Canada has laced the problem, Who speaks for the Community? The commission with power to propose? Com- mission President Sicco Mans- holt proposed deadlines for dir- ect election to a European par- liament, the basis for real Eur- opean government. The member government? Then which one? The French or the Dutch who were at op- posite ends on the issue? Cum- bersome as it may be for years yet, outsiders will simply have to live with an untidy commun- ity. Year by year, according to summit intentions, it will be gathering strength and cohes- ion. Immediately member cab- inet meetings will be held on Ihe same day to facilitate deci- sion making. Foreign minis- ters will meet four times a year instead of twice. Within two years a report must be presented on merging foreign policies. Within three years a report will come to grips with the crucial definition of union. The countries will face the world united in trade talks scheduled next year under GATT. Undeniably all these in- tentions, deadlines and reports give the Common Market a new stimulus lacking in the old Six. Europe in the vernacular is "where it's at." Returning through London the other day Mr. Dahrendorf quoted a top U.S. official as saying: "For the next five or six years Eur- ope will have top priority in America's overseas relations." It is inconceivable that, if he was anywhere near ihe truth, Ottawa will not be similarly occupied. Long hair banned in the Orient By Dennis Blooclworlh, London Observer commentator SINGAPORE There is a morbid tendency on the part of many Asians to assume that the sole cultural product of Greece, Rome, Nazareth and the London School of Economics has been a bunch of unwashed, pot peddling cadgers who haven't the price of a haircut between them. Chastizing a group of student demonstrators, the most cutting jibe that a contemptuous Singapore minis- ter could offer, for example, was that "they behaved nnd dressed as though they were the most decadent Europeans or Americans. They have for- forgottcn that they arc Asians" Owners of restaurants and nightclubs must now put up n bond to ensure (lie "good Ixjhavior" of every foreign ar- tist they import. Shaggy lions may allowed, but shaggy locks arc not, and last month jazz pianist Dave linilwck was Ihe latest of fl long list of well- known performers lo be shut out of this close-cropped mini- republic in which the unkempt jungle is symbolically giving wny to nor.l lurf oral tarmac. Official Asian hostility to the hippie subculture which Asian philosophy nurtured is the norm today. In Bangkok the police are picking long haired youths off Ihe streets and putting them under arrest, and hirsute for- eign arrivals at the airport must cither submit lo an im- mediate shearing or go back where they came from. In the first two days of last month alone young people in South Korea were detained and forced lo have Ihcir hair cut as part of the current campaign against "unhealthy ways of life." Some who refused were charged in court for "arousing public disgust and discomfort." Malaysia banned hippies as from September, and the In- donesians "abolished" long hair at (he beginning of the year. Taipei, Manila, find even the pocket .sultanate of Brunei in North Borneo have all made Iheir own public or privalo pro- lest ngaln.il. Ihe cult. Tho dcbntc over the long nnd short of It has provoked ricm- nn.slralions, nightclub rnlds, frontier incidents, at least ono suicide nnd one murder in Mal- aysia and Singapore, and a bul- lish market for barbers. Histor- ically, the overseas Chinese can argue for or against as it suils their mood, for the alien Man- chu dynasty that ruled China for nearly 300 years ordered their forefathers lo wear a pig- tail at the hack of Ihe head as a mark of subservience, but to cut short the hair over the rest of it on pain of execution for rebellion. "If you want lo keep your head, you cannot keep your hair; If you want lo keep your hair you cannot keep your ran the grim warning. The Instinct of the true rebel, therefore, would bo to cut off his hair at the back, but grow it in the front in defiance of the foreigner. Given the endless possibilities for punning that n monosylla- bic language offers, however, the problem lo cut or not lo cut could in theory Ire n delicate one within Communist China Itself, slnco the chnrnr- ter for tho name "Mno" nlso means hair. But happily It only refers to Ilic down in- fur of an animal. Tho hair of I he dog, lor example, Asia's new shape By C. L. Siilibergcr, New York Times commentator PARIS The approach of Indocliina peace brings with It inevitable discard of shibbo- leths that have dominated po- litical thinking on Asia during the last two decades, Two as- sumptions that now seem wholly outmoded are the so- called Domino theory, Wash- ington's basic precept of the 1960s, and the so-called Brezh- nev doctrine tentatively pre- sented as a fundament of Mos- cow's eastern policy. Both approaches lost their as- sumed validity as attitudes to- ward China were reexamined. The United States finally ac- cepted after a long period of doubt that Peking and Mos- cow were seriously at odds and that no tacit conspiracy existed f a v o r ing communism's ideol- ogical conquest of Asia. And the Soviets seem to have recognized that there is no compelling requirement or at- tainable possibility for the USSR to contain Chinese ex- pansion southward; such an im- perial thrust was not in the cards and also, were it prob- able, would be difficult for Mos- cow to forestall. The new realities are highly different from what had been foreseen even a relatively short time ago. A kind of balance has been established among con- flicting U.S., Soviet and Chi- nese interests, which are at least as much national as they ire ideological. This enables the contested area to envisage a neutralized function. Partly as a consequence of the Sino-Soviet split and partly as a consequence of American dynamism, there has been a re- gional readjustment in power relationships. Indonesia, the lower lever in a Chinese nut- cracker squeeze on southeast Asia when Sukarno was boss in Jakarta, is now governed by a more realistic, less Ideological regime. What appears likely for the whole complex of peoples be- tween India. Indonesia, China and the Philippines is a deliber- ate trend toward nonalignment. There is increasing belief that Hanoi, although it will not light- ly abandon its goals, has been seriously hurt by the conflict now drawing to an end and will lie low for some years while it recovers strength. Although it surely still dreams of a reunited Vietnam and federation of all the Indo- Chinese stales once ruled by France, there are many indica- tions It is not yet going to for this aim. Consequently there Is a ten- dency to view the prospect of southeast Asian develop- ments in a more relaxed way and to consider the possibility that divisions created by war in Indochina and resulting peri- pheral pressures may ease; all nations between Burma and the Philippines could therefore de- velop new patterns of relation- ships. The foreign power that couH benefit most immediately from this change is not Russia, not China, not America but Ja- pan. Tokyo, which has already expanded its trade throughout Asia, will move Into Indochina dramatically, offering cheap long-term loans in order to grab markets and returns. The Japanese seem about to establish on a sound founda- tion, the kind of east Asian co- prosperity sphere once im- agined as the goal of brutal im- perialism 30 years ago. Nor is there any reason why the U.S., the U.S.S.R., China or the European Common Market see anything Inimical In this. New realities gain prom- inence as old prejudices fade. It is evident that Hanoi is now dominated by a Communist party faction that opposed UIB 1872 offensive in the south which failed in its strategic ob- jectives. It became clear that a settlement was inevitable and would not require a dramatic battlefield victory frsl. It wag shown that a second Dienbien- phu need not precede a second Geneva. The powers principally Inter- ested in Vietnam are now en- tering a new phase of relation- ships. It is vitally important that President Nixon should not forget Indochina .pnee a final settlement has been the way French Premier Mcndes-France forgot the area after the first Geneva meeting. But it is unlikely Nixon has any such intention. He is keenly aware that to achieve any true balance in the tormented area no artificial vacuum can be permitted. Among other tilings, such negligence would encour- age revival of the Brezhnev doctrine and assertion of So- viet influence at China's ex- which Wash- ington surely would not wish. What is now so clearly shap- ing up is a slow trend toward genuine regional neutralization in a political sense and an im- mutable expansion of Japanese commercial activity. France will try to resume an in- creased cullural role, stressing that in so doing it sneaks for the West. America will un- doubtedly have to pay a con- siderable bill in helping this new Asian pattern to emerge. Russia's policy is unclear. Minority groups Tlie Winnipeg Free Press No social system or form of government has shown greater consideration for the individual and for minority groups than Western democracy. To the car- dinal principle of majority rule it has added the balancing prin- ciple of individual and minor- ity rights. In Western democ- racies, and nowhere else, do we find civil liberties associa- tions set up for the express pur- pose of protecting these rights and it is here alone that we find a significant body of liter- ature whose concern is to de- fend Individual and minority freedoms against the tyranny of the majority. Minorities loday are holding whole societies to ransom, de- fying governments, showing (in some cases) more intolerance than any majority ever did. It is evident in the activities of a myriad of groups, from the Black Panthers in the United States to the FLQ in Quebec. It was evident in the attempts of Zippies (the revolutionary left of American youth) to disrupt the Republican convention at Miami Beach. This sort of thing is no longer the exception; it has become Ihe order of Iho day; and it poses serious ques- tions. Not least is whether or not democracy can survive if such activities arc not checked. How far cnn minorities be protected, nnd their rights ensured in a climate where law has been re- placed by violence and order by force? How far can minori- ties go in their defiance of law, order and government without endangering themselves. The situation has Iwen ngra- vnted by the fact that minori- ties, by their very nature, ore more cohesive than the publio at large: They know what they want and arc prepared to take risks to get it. If has been ag- gravated furllier by the fact that defiance of majority opin- ion, both within and beyond the law, has produced results: If they can get away with it once, why not try it again? It is a problem easier stated than solved. It is possible that it cannot be solved without the co-operation of the minorities themselves if reason pre- vails and they come to see that the destruction of democracy, which could be the inevitable end of the process, would mean their destruction too. But (he majority also may help contri- bute toward a solution: The first democrals had a sense of purpose, a determination to make the democratic system work. A recovery of this sense of purpose is needed today as never before: If, in the face of the tyranny of the minorities, we settle for anything less than democracy all will be losers majority and minorities- alike. 'Crazy Capers' You're still letting tho hair dryer get too hot, Dorcc.nl The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lolhbrldgc, Alberta LETHBRrDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1005 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second CIASJ MAH RpnlslrAllon No. D013 Mfmbflr of The Canadian Press and tho Canadian Dally Nowsnnotr And lha BnreAU or clrculallnnf CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor Ana PuMlihcr THOMAS H. ADAMS, Manaqir DON PILLING WILLIAM HAr MnnftQlnfl Editor Associate Editor ROY f MILES DOUGLAS K. Admllslno Man.inrr fcdltonal Puna fiditor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;