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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 2, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta -Thuridur, November 2, 1972 THE LETHMIDGf HRA1D Polish diplomat is UN president A ROYAL SURPRISE Autumn brings h omecoming to college campuses and unus- ual appetites 1o horses as Charlie demonstrates here. The horse look a liking 1o roses held by Queen Patricia Leonard of Ogdensburgh, N.Y., ofter the homecoming parade at ihe State University of New York. Scientists., specialists urgently needed by China By EMMETT DEDMON Chicago Daily News Service PEKING If there is any- thing China needs most today, it is scientists and specialists with skills capable of dealing with modem technology. And this is exactly what China is least likely to get as a result of the application of the theories of the cultural revolution to liigher education. In China today, a graduate of a middle school has no option of going directly on to the uni- versity, even if he may show the precocity of an Einstein, a Thomas Edison or an Enrico Fermi. First he must go to the rural areas or a factory for one or two years and then ha will be accepted at a university only after he has won the ap- proval of his fellow workers to pursue his education. We were told in Hong Kong that the "freedom swimmers" who escape from China each year, most of them young peo- ple, have increased from a rate of to per year. After an investigation of the syslem for higher education, one is not too surprised that a young The favored one-two ticket in Tuesday's U.S. election Vice-praiidint Splro Agntw man who dreams of electronic circuitry can hardly be expect ed to keep that dream alive dur ing two years of hauling nigh soil (manure) to the fields. There is some evidence tha chairman Mao Tse-tung aware that the principle of manual labor may have been carried to extremes in its appli cation to the universities. One detects a tendency in conversa tion to blame this on "the ultra who seem to be emerging as the new villians in this society. Perhaps the way is being cleared to correc the excesses and mistakes of the cultural revolution which are nowhere more evident 01 depressing than in the state o! higher education. We were fortunate in being able to visit Peking University the cradle of the cultural rev- olution. When the cultural revolution occurred, Ihe university was closed, although the students remained on the campus. From 1968 to 1970, there were no uni- versity activities in a forma] sense. Then in the fall of 1970, the enrolment was resumed but only for one new class each year. Today, Peking University, which once had an enrolment of to has only 4.300 students. This figure is typical of all China where total univer- sity enrolment is only about 60 pe- rent of what it was prior to I960. The process of applying for admission to Ihe university does not begin until the middle-school (high school) graduate has es- tablished himself or herself as a "worker" in a factory or n "peasant" in an agricultural commune. Then, if lie wishes (o continue his education, he must lake the following steps: First, get the approval of his co-workers to apply. Secondly, pet a recommendation from the leaders of (he local revolu- tionary committee or othe- local leaders; mid finally, pass an entrance exam administered by the university. This is hardly a route likely to be encouraging to any young person of PH inde- pendent inclination who might be R likely candidate for work in Iho field of original research. It was difficult lo ascertain Ihe program a student follows once he arrives at Ihe Univer- sity. Again, we were ed with the statement that "everything is still experimen- tal" or "we arc still in (he stage of "struggle criticism." As nearly as we could moke out from nn extensive intcrro- gntlon, n student spends nt least iix months of the year in school, nnd at least three months In n work experience program of which one month Is physical labor in (lie fields nnd months Is spent In whnt Is continually translated ns "In- vestigations." By KATHLEEN TELTSCH New York Times News Service UNITED NATIONS "Who diplomats here asked each oth- er that question a year ago when it was announced that Poland had chosen her deputy foreign minister who was virtually unknown in the intre- national diplomatic world as candidate for Ibe presidency of the 27th general assembly. By pre arrangement, the presidency this year was to go to Poland's choice and so Stan- islaw Trepczynski was elected. Until he became a minister in April, 1971, Trepczynski had spent most of his years in the Polish labor movement, having joined the Polish Communist Party in 1945 and risen from the ranks to head the central committee's secretariat. The experience prepared him in some ways, he says, for his new responsibilities. He is ac- customed to presiding at crowded meetings he often has addressed thousands of workers at sessions that have been usually noisy and some- times boisterous. The United Nations General Assembly generally is more decorous, but the Trepczynski style was shaped in Poland. "I like to try to find some common spirit with all those in the hall'' he said. "Sometimes it is a joke or a gesture that will do it when I find that common spirit, I know it will go well." During his years in the labor movement he also developed a talent for organizing compli- cated programs, say his Polish associates. who Is 48 years old, appears to be serene in approaching the burdensome duty of presiding for 13 weeks over the assembly of 132 coun- tries, although he admits to some minor worries. Trepczynski smiles as he says that he dislikes long speeches long is anything lasting over 40 minutes and he also admits to rising impa- tience when he sees decisions put off in favor of more dis- cussion, a common experience at the UN. He said, "better lo make a hundred decisions even if 10 are not so good than make only 10 decisions, 9 of them good." He says he is untroubled by the prospect of dealing with mountains of documents last year the United Nations ground out 553 million pages. One countryman, using phraseology common to diplo- mats here, speaks of Trepczyn- ski as a "post-Gomulia meaning that he emerged on the diplomatic scene after the riots in Poland that led to thi toppling of Wladyslaw Gomul- ka's regime in December, 1970. Trepczynski's position In the Communist Party led him to attend a number ot internation- al peace conferences. Still ht was not known outside the cir- cle of Communist diplomats until the Polish delegation last year let it be known that ha was a candidate for the as- sembly presidency. By tradi- tion, each world region in turn gets a chance at the cy, and by practice the assem- bly accepts the regional choice. SIMPSONS OcdlS b Early Canadian Brick looks and feels like aged weathered brick. Easy to install. Made from new, advanced plastic. Terra Cotta; Antique White. Reg. 1.25sq. fl. C Self adhesive cork panelling. Each panel 12" square x Reg. 66c sq. ft. Today you can save from 11 to 38% and still decorate for Christmas. 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