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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 2, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1909. PACK SEVEN jjasfrrgsii TRADE MARK REGISTERED DISCUSSED AT TIE Ci Geo.Harcourt and D.W.War- ner, of Edmonton, Tell of the Alberia Farmer and His Problems PERFECTLY SIMPLE PERFECT 6 SIMPLE SIMPLY PERFECT The above illustration, taken from life, speaks for itself. Convertible shapes in one. The most serviceable garment ever designed. A comfort in any weather. fade and guaranteed by H. VINEBERG CO. LIMITED, Montreal. Sold with a Guarantet 57 McKeMe McGuire, Lethbridge. than any other way we can treat many fanners have loose ideas "Dry farming methods if what constitutes a properly applied have a tendency to intensify i worked fallow to at all adequately fanning and will to a marked extent' conserve the moisture. The fact is promote the meat and dairy inter-Uhat k-w of them have got the right ests, which is a necessity for best re- idea the'1 suits in any mixed farming countrv. J the necessity of doing so or the im- and especially so to Central Alberta j portanee of it, neither have they real- tor the climate-conditions with the'ized the inherent value of a properly i rich soil are exceedingly well adapted forked fallow for weed destruction. for raising great quantities of pa's-j The fact.. is that too many go D. Warner, of Edmonton, Alber- j ture and winter forage. I have no- through the process of summer fal- ta, Canada, told the congress "How ticed that the farmers who are sue-i lowing without knowing what they Dry Farming Affects Central Alber- 'ceeding best are those who have been; are doing or why they are doing it. He said, in part i Carrying on j ..Thc farmers in Southern Alberta "It is not 1-0 adoot drr 'tbe knowledgc their exPcrieace made a great step in advance in their rt is not necessai} to adopt .drv taught them to conserve the mois-J conception and understanding of this farm methods in this part of Alberta ture in the soil the same means will; moisture question xyfaen they came to to raise a paying crop of almost any- to a great extent keep their land free Where it is Easy to Turii thing we can raise at all while the land is new and clean, but the wide- awake farmer is not satisfied until his- operations are put on a study dry farming methods. :.Tu .further extend the obtainable of drv farming methods ,i T th u.1llV.h T. the government, has arranged with SptU m lhe Spnng dimns uhich the Mr. H. W. Campbell to establish a lasting moisture evaporates verv rapidly, un- f station in the Prov- from weeds which is'oce the most l( "ot problem of the We general lv have a drv i No reaching across a hot stove and over steaming pots to turn direct- draft damper on Sask-Alta. It is placed right at front of stove (see illustration) where a child can readily operate k. Direct Damper insures your -arms against scalding, by steam, and fingers from being burned. But you cannot get this feature in any other 'range. It's an exclusive Sask-Alta improvement. 37 basis. It seems to be necessary for less the soil is packed and inceat Medidne Hat llis work development that mankind should be down at once after plowing, our grain in scicntific soil culture may SC1TC as confronted with difficulties, and the wiU not get an even start we can j a :permaiicilt object lesson of what his do m the early spring by artificial. can be accomplished and a constant the means wnat nature will, la tec in the j incentive to eXcell knowledge thea thc hods of soil culture bas stea.ailr advanced from the haphazard meth- "The dry farming system is grow-ods of the poorly worked summer fal- .farmer at least seems to have i share no matter what corner of earth he is operating in. So the Cen- summer when the rains come, that is j lual Alberta farmer though very for-.the settling and finning of the seed- tunate in a ''great many respects is beti- I not whollv without trouble. The very Range LETHBRIDGE AGENTS OUR LETTER BOX. MARKET BY-LAW Lethbridge, Nov. i, 1909. To the Editor Lethbridge Herald Dear you can find space in your valuable paper, I should like to give some of my views regarding a certain notice or which is ap- pearing in the under the heading of Notice." In the. first I don't see why the peo- ple who own market gardens shouldn't dispose of their produce in any' way they like we are free'people and an a. free .country, not the-class you will, find amongst the Russian peasantry, who are tyrannized over by over- bearing officials, 'and-afraid to voice their feelings. No I think-this law savours a little of oppression The market garden may be all right those who come some miles, to get-a quick disposal of their produce, with- out trouble and iV-may be all right for the residents in that vicinity. But it is hard lines that a by-law like this should be passed which not onlv interests those- who sell their pro- duce from door to door, but is also a great inconvenience to the general public who reside some distance from the market n-arden such as in the North Ward district; and the time of year is just coining on, when the .in- convenience of going to the market garden to get farm produce, without paying middleman's- profits will be felt more than it is just now, the on-, ly alternative being to do without and all through .a by-law, which 'if money to the city coffers. I am speaking fronra neutral point j lodges badly and especially, the first of view as it won't affect me per-1 crop or after summer fallow, if we sonally whether the by-law stands' overwork the land in preparing the good or otherwise. But I think il it j seedbed, causing injury through richness of our soil 'becomes a source ing more and more in favor each year j j0w to scientific tillage, done in a recognized, will bring in a little more of trouble in some years when a in Central Alberta, and 1 predict that certain manner with a definite object tie wetter than common.: The grain it will continue to grow until it will jn view. The writer has long -'held become the established method of j that the conservation of moisture j farming in that part. The fertility of j was the most important question our soil can be retained, our yield j that the farmers of Alberta had to an can be land can be kept! study. Stafford-Agnew Co. does stand good without comment, overgrowth. freer from weeds, our fall pasture "in closing let me wish the 'Dry it may be the forerunner of similar fmd through experience that the is solved putting our stock Farming Congress God speed. It has by-laws, which will be detrimental to- wheel packer put upon the breaking'' illto winter in better condition with already' spread the gospel of scienti- you. Jive out of town us." the welfare' of the public. Thanking to connect the furrow slice witfc the kss cost and the wide-awake farmer fic soil culture through many states you for the..space, I remain, Yours truly, A RELIGIOUS LEADER sub-soil is a better means of prepar- ing the seedbed, than to cither fcack- !set with a plow or to cut up too i much with a disk which implement is j most in use. When the packer is used ion the sod the disk can be set for and countries and it .is receiving carer fill consideration at the hands of far- mers in humid districts. It is not will use it to advantage in wet as well gs dry seasons." George' Harcourt George Harcourt, M.S.A., deputy "-'that the principles are-new or differ-. minister of agriculture of Alberta and} ent from those many of us have stud- vice-president and corresponding under conditions, but the shallow work and. leave the surface' retary of the Dry Farming Congress, i dr-v farmer has pushed the applfca- fairly level with light disking. Thus spoke on the importance of DryJ tion of them to a step further toward Farming to Alberta. He said, in j their logical conclusion., In the pur- suit of the attainment of greater per-; i the packing of our breaking or anv i other kind of plowing for that i ter as they do in a dry country to 'conserve moisture is a help to us in your ..great our a wet season as well. We have times just imrn.ediateiy north- of fection in the application of the' prin-; two coun tries are bound; together -by manv ciples of dry farming and in a Deeper] I study of these principles I wish, the also that.-we are benefiting Toy using strong and enduring ties, while the j members of this Congress. everr the method.to conserve moisture for rPiat.iAnfihm- J ities of relationship, formed we have dry spell also. .j the many thousands of Canadians! methods when properly applied .have believe Factors of Development have .sought' their fortunes in the I B. Youngblood, special agent never failed us and I .do not believe laiid of stars and stripes and charge of farm management inves- we will ever get it so dry that suet j many. returning thousands of. your i tigations in Oklahoma and Texas.' methods will fail to bring good re- j citizens -.aj.'e now-yearly seekitlK United States department although when poor .and care-1 in the "Last West" of the' less farming, is done we have it too j land of tbe Maple Leaf) are dry at times to start our winter yet i think you win agree with me wheat when it should be sown. Be- that gatherings such as this do very much to foster the bonds of good me what I considered.. the easiest crops to raise on the dry farm, my answer would be fruit and alfalfa. Trees and alfalfa are both deep root- ed, and this is half'-the battle in fighting drouth. On my ranch ;-we: pld'w. from ten to twelve inches for all our crops, in order that their roots may get down as deep as pos- sible in the shortest possible time. iIlWe first secure the moisture ;for; fruit trees by plowing a year ahead of 'time and digging the holes in :the; fall -before planting and with or- three moisture in the ground; we do not care whether a dry year cornel or' hot. 'At the last congress I explained how to handle an orch- ard so that no loss 'could possibly; re-- suit and I could say the .same of winter killing, but though we cannot.: actually prevent, ture, spoke on "Some Factors in the Development of -Dry He said, in part .Land Farms. sides being a benefit in getting our "The principles of farm .economy new land ready for crop in a wet sea- j fellowship and mutual understanding, ply alike to the dry land farms and farms in the humid yet, on; careful choice of tested varieties. ;In different parts of the world, the deserts, we find .trees growing sometimes where nothing else will son and assisting in conserving the i yQ Of intelligent men, such as I' account of the conditions of soil, cli- moisture in dry periods, it is the hest! see gathered here can meet and dis-' matc, population, market, facilities H K General Secretary j possible way to handle our old cuss ,day after day questions of great I and fo'rmativeness of the semi-arid re- of the Laymen's Missionary Move- ground, by deep plowing and by work- spect each other as not always easy for merit and the director of the present Laymen's Missionary Tour of Canada is in the citv. ing it fine by packing the sub-surface disk and har- rows it will absorb more water, in a importance without learning Jo re- as form life long friendships. the hailing from the east to make "In the dry orchard-the farmer can give his 'tree almost as much water as the irrigator, if, he wants to. is simply a question of area, the greater the area the larger the sup- ply of moisture and- the roots will proper application of economic prin- penetrate almost any distance to ob- taken time to "solve the ciPles in the west' from the stkrt- vet time without injuring the crop j nrst principle's 'and arrive at general; "Unlike the humid region where the conclusions concerning soil moisture j lack of capacity and industry may be ;______________________ on the Canadian prairies. The rain i overcome in part by the productive- _, varies [rom inches ja! ness of the soil, the dry land farmer i years of low rain fall to as high as must be industrious and possess an tain the" moisture; and in a verv short space -of time. "When the trees arc .young it impossible, for them to use up this moisture and the surplus is stor- ed in the subsoil for future use, .is all I I I s Co. nearlv thirtv (30) inches in vears of I ability to manage well the affairs of we have our trees standing 1 heavy rains. Even these, amounts vary with differences in local situa- tions. The mean average for Alberta j for a period of thirteen years is 17.47 1 i i 1 I I 1 Special Sale of All-Wool and Union Carpet Squares Now is the Time to Make Your Homes Cosy and Comfortable for the Winter inches. As over 60 per cent, of annual precipitation falls during the the his farm. He must not how and when to plant and plow, but must do these things when they ought to be done for certain days lost often means the loss of the crop. and in fifteen feet of damp soil, as is actual- ly the case in my dry orchard at the present moment, we care little or nothing for dry years. "The trees in the dry orchard sel- twice as much feed as is possible with any other crop." Drowth-Resistant Alfalfas Prof. W. A. 'Wheeler, of Mitchell. S. D., discussed "Breeding .of; Hardv Drouth-Resistant ?He said, part: j' "In the breeding of crops by selec- tion it may be said that we are sim- ply helping nature ;along. There .are certain directions along which; nature seeks rapid progress if left to her- self. Such'are'hardiness-and drouth- resistance. There -are -Others which no rear progress takes place .where .nature is herself and sometimes1'.even a, degeneration oc- curs. In breeding for and drouth-resistance, one has two of the easiest factors to wort with. It is largely a survival of the-fittest, 'for nature in this country plays a large part m all such work sometimes leaves nothing for us to work with after she gets through." Professor Wheeler described methods of selecting good seed seems, then, that the following dom wintcr-kill, because they do not i months of May, June and July, crop i are the factor that determine success become failures need not be looked for if pro- Sii j per methods of tillage are followed. 35 Much of the discouragement met with in dry land farming '1. An arable soil. the right sized farm at the early settlement of the coun- i the Price- Xt must be at least an iron or any other pipe with water and expect it not to burst when the frost comes so with trees. Thous- ands of trees are killed in the West try was due to the ignorance of the I settler concerning soil moisture and i tils rCi2.LiOTi it bore to succsssfu; crop i raising. The same is equally true of large enough to support a family. "3. Conservation of rainfall by aP-jwant to ,tell you that in the propriate methods of tillage. Ample and appropriate average new settlers Today, for the region or the means j accummulation of knowledge on the I of ]t subject is now such that no man need remain long in ignorance. The earlv j settlers found that after a few years "o. The means of existence until the farm begins to yield an income. "6. An appropriate system of continuous crop growing the yields farnunS UNION SQUARES Union 3 yds. Regular for...... Union 1-2 x 3 1-3 yds. Regular for Union s 4 yds. Regular ALL-WOOL SQUARES All Wool x 3 yds. for......... All Wool x 3 1-2 yds. Regular for..... All Woo! x 4 yds. Regular for......... A Splendid Assortment of Brussels Squares Just Arrived. I were greatly diminished. They nat- urarfy concluded that the land requir- cd a rest and resorted to summer fal- i lowing whereas the trouble was one of moisture rather than fertility. In many instances where the summer fal- j lowing was done unknowingly in such a way as to conserve moisture thn yields were satisfactory. In other cases where it had beer, done lo con- serve moisture the results were dis- appointing through not doing tie i right thing at the right time. In other cases again, particularly on land containing a very large amount of humas, summer fallowing resulted in the loss of the crop the following year through excessive and prolonged growth. This is particularly true of the Edmonton district in central AI- j bcrta. In spite of adverse results'' i however, the farmer's adherent faith in the efficaciousness of the simmer i fallow as a soil renovator was so i strong that the practice of allowing the land to lie fallow cyery few years i became general. It was followed blindly without definite knowledge of why it was done. It a common i practice in older countries it was Producing as much of the living as possible on the farm Producing livestock or livestock and a money crop such as wheat, cotton, broomcorn, in addition. "With so many mistakes being made in the selection of soils, in the pur- chasing of land in equipping thc farms in'cultivation, or handling of soils in the systems of farming, and lhe Vast differences in the abilities of different farmers to manage ,1 farm and its financial affairs, we -are not .surprised if not all who come west, arc- satisfied with their measure of success. "We have this condition the semi- nrid portions of the. earth constitute a large area thousands of people have moved into them who want to know their possibilities and how to develop thorn. Some steps have been made in that direction but it is our to fathom the situation so that ay know 'just where we arc H. Medicine a11 al- F" R- Parsons Talks E.'R. Parsons, of onc of t.he most noted dry land every year by late irrigating, an'd I deadly fann I ands of apple trees were lost in the irrigated ranches, we did not lose one. Now, if it were not for the warm spells, which cause the sap to rise, this would not happen in Can- ada, for instance, it does not matter how wet the trees become. The south side of the tree suiters the most be- cause it, is the warm side. "Some of our agriculturists and ex- perimenters tell you not to plant al- falfa on sad they know too well how sod is usually plowed in this coun- or four inches ribbons spread out to dry. "But you can raise alfalfa on sod. j and on sandy land will do better i -t-1 t M than anv other way. We never wait i---------------- for sod to rot we rot it with the disk. We start in the first wet dav j J and disk it, and cross disk it, cutting j it ail to pieces as deep as the disk will go; then we plow it -eight inch- turning it. completely over and j 4 disk it tho other side; then work it j as fine as old land before planting. Fall plowing and spring planting are. best and the seed should be put in during tho wettest period of the year, nboul half an inch to an inch tlee.p. There is always acertain risk of sprouting and drying out before the next rain comes whors small seeds are planted during the. heat of sum- mer. The press drill is much better Parker, for this work than the disk drills. I am not much in favor of rolling or the for breeding types of alfalfa and gave in detail the processes throush which he carried the plants "through a period oi years, the object being to secure de- sirable types. "The breeding for said the speaker, "and drouth-resistance to a large extent takes care of itself.' The only wav to breed for- hardiness "is to have your breeding plot in the region where the winters are severe and the only way to breed for drouth-resist- ance is to work under dry conditions and select the most desirable types that develop under these conditions." After describing in technical detail the results of the work at the experi- ment stations in South Dakota, Pro- fessor Wheeler closed, saying "The field open to any investigator who wishes to work with alfalfa in the northwest is large and there are no very serious obstacles in the wav of carrying on the work. It is not difficult "but requires perseverance and a close study to determine the most desirable types. It may be that after the work has been carried on for a period of time, certain char- acteristics in the individual plants will be found which indicate varieties that are hardier or more drouth-re- sistant. Some of the work that has been done at Svalofi Sweden, with, the grains, has been along this line and considerable progress has been made." 500 TONS OF ICE For sale, in carload lots, cheap. For particulars, write C. COOPER Hat Alta. M M 4 M M t Anything and the Best the Market affords at all hours hor- I s presumed that it was necessary hern tioulturists in West, who has been j packing for seed germination. were not the Jews o? old i commanded to let the land rest, every successfully raising fruit and grain for a quarter of a century on tho Q i seventh year So the work went on high, dry divide southeast of Denver, in an unthinking way. "This plan of summer fallowing has been of inestimable value in west- ern Canada, but it is weak in itat my experience being that the first j 4 good storm will pack your land and settle it more than you could do it discussed "The Dry Raising of Fruit, jn a week's work, and Alfalfa." Re said, in part: "This crop is of vital importance to "It may surprise some of you to [the diversified farmer, for with the know that if any man were to ask same amount of work he can raise Chow Sam Co. RESTAURANT ;