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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 1, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta I-THE LBTHMIOQI H1HALD November 1. An American tragedy President his secretary of state ind his chief of staff have acknowledged n recent news conferences or interviews that a crisis of confidence exists in Nix- Mi's leadership. They have jsually by that this loss of con- fidence can be attributed to elements of the and they have called on the American public for a restoration of con- fidence in the executive. Not once has any one of them indicated that the crisis of confidence stems from Richard Milhaus Nixon himself and from the manner in which he serves the American people as president. Although Nixon has been a politician most of his his manner and his habits are like those of the stereotype freewheeling corporate executive. his personal friends seem to fit this mold. In the public's this freewheeling corporate executive is ac- countable to very few people for his ac- tions. He is responsible only to the stockholders and only in financial terms. It is his custom to charge even personal expenses to the corporation as a cost of doing knowing they are deduc- knowing that there is a very indecisive line between what is con- sidered a cost of doing business and what is considered purely a personal and knowing further that the line will be drawn in his favor. Perhaps the greatest mistake in Nix- on's life is that he doesn't recognize the difference between a politician and a Hollywood stereotype of a corporation executive. He has acquired wealth in real estate manipulations which have come about only because he is and has charged the corporation for some of the expense involved. By means of tax dodges he has reduced his income taxes to approximately those of a person earning annually very person whose confidence he is now and his if not his very have indicated to his subordinates that in assessing failure is the only im- morality. These habits may fit a cor- porate executive but they do not suit a president. to give Nixon the benefit of a he sees himself as abiding by the letter of the law. If it is not enough. If a politician is going to provide inspiring if he is going to gain the con- fidence of the he has to abide by the spirit of the law as well. He' has to demonstrate qualities of unselfishness and respect for opposing points of view which are not necessary in running a corporation but are demanded in political leaders. He has to choose public good over private gain. There is no indication in his present ac- tions or in his past political history that Richard Nixon recognizes this. He asks the American public for confidence in his he probably discusses with his private advisors the methods of manipulating events to stimulate such and he does not recognize that he is the one who must earn that the fault is in not in his star. Change pension plan Discrimination against women is a continuing scandal in Canada. Despite all the lip service given to the recommen- dations in the report of the commission on the status of women there seems to be little inclination at the government level to introduce substantive changes. Opposition members are right in press- ing the government to eliminate the dis- crimination inherent in the Canada Pen- sion Plan. At present there is no provi- sion for women who choose to stay at home instead of joining the work force to contribute to the plan and thus be eligible for equal benefits with their husbands. It is in this supposedly enlightened that any remnants of the old notion of the inferior status of women should survive. That a prime ex- ample of the lingering prejudice should be the Canada Pension Plan is deplorable. The failure of the pension plan to fully embody its humanitarian objective is troubling. Why it was ever thought right that a woman should have to try to live on less than a man is a why such a notion should continue to have sanction is perplexing. Surely it creates no insuperable problem to make a change that would allow housewives to contribute to the pension plan. Nothing but the admission of failure on the part of the government to act on its own avowed support of equal rights is at stake. Having eaten a lot of humble pie in the last year the govern- ment shouldn't find it too difficult to swallow another bit. Need to buckle up Anyone who has climbed into the front seat of a new car lately knows the problems involved in trying to figure out how to use seat belts and shoulder harnesses. It is not surprising that only four per cent of the public uses them regularly. The moment a motorist settles behind the wheel he starts receiving warning beeping buzzers and flashing telling him to grab for the webb- ing or behind the seat perhaps underneath He fumbles clutches something loose and almost risks choking himself as he yanks the shoulder harness around his middle before realizing it isn't a waist after but meant for his chest. His buckle balks while all tries to fasten it upside down. But once like a sailor pinned to a the buzzing subsides and the warn- ing light fades and he is finally off on his four-block errand. According to Lethbridge police inspec- tor William West seat belt carelessness is all too common with city drivers. In recommending that drivers buckle up for even short runs he points out that the highest accident rate occurs on Thursday night when likely too hurried to secure their are most accident prone. While seat belt usage won't avoid ac- cidents it will greatly reduce resulting injuries. A buckled down driver won't get thrown from a vehicle into the path of an oncoming car or against the dashboard or steering wheel. It is not a case of drivers disbelieving the value of seat belts it is simply that they don't want to bother unscrambling the webbing. Seat belts have been available for three decades and the shoulder harness for the last several years. Both are now mandatory equipment on all cars sold in Canada. Cars manufactured since include a new safety belt system supposedly designed to get more people to buckle up but easier accessibility and improved storage for seat straps would also help prompt voluntary usage. All belts should be on retractors that have a permanent and un- iform regardless of the make or model of the car. This would eliminate the usual hunt and proverbial are the seat belts on this Salesmen who pride themselves in pointing out the ease and convenience of various car models should also emphasize the safety factors offered in restraining devices. There will always be those who won't bother with seat belts no matter how easy they are to use but perhaps the beeping and blinking warning devices designed to turn motorists on are actual- ly turning them off. It may encourage as many people to beat the system as it does getting them to fasten their belts. THE CASSEROLE A local learned wit says the university's new means your car with soap When it comes to even a com- puter can't be at not the one that's supposed to count the traffic on a bridge between Oeland island and the Swedish mainland. So it has three million cars going onto the but only 2.6 million coming off they should try recalling the missing According to the Petroleum net earnings for Canadian oil companies for the first half of 1173 show a marked Increase over the same period of the previous year. Gulf Oil Canada's net of 141.1 million were an Increase of 39 per Shell Canada's net earnings of 142.9 million were an increase of 11 per and Imperial Oil's net earnings of million were in Increase cf 20 per Maybe this is why the province I A. Calgarians and others who have been outraged at recent police crack-downs on traffic might do well to remember that driving infractions kill and injure more and cause more property than all other law violations combined. Bangladesh is sending pounds of tea to Egypt and Syria as a sign of love and affec- tion to its Arab Now if all the other countries supplying weapons would only do the same. A Fried shop has been opened in a Kuwait suburb. It is believed to be the first short-order operation in the MkUle using American food products. The Kuwait Pood Company has announced It intends to buy frozen chicken and shortening from the United States. This puts the Americans in a perfect bargaining in regards to oil. They can simply cut off the supply of fried chicken All eyes on Quebec By Maurice Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA Robert Bou- rassa's crushing victory in the Quebec elections has impor- tant implications for federal politics. The and ob- beneficiary is the minority Trudeau Government. After this massive demonstration of Quebec Liberal many Conservatives are bound to have second thoughts about the wisdom of pressing for an early dissolution. There are other important the removal of an important cause of business uncertainty and the fact that the Prime Minister can now make a more convincing case for the success of his federalist policies. It was of that Mr. although elated with the re- frained carefully from any claim of final victory over separatism. For the other side of the Quebec election coin is the fact that the PQ is now the official Opposition in the having attracted 30 per cent of the vote and a much larger percentage of the French-speaking electorate. There is point to the warnings against complacency for it is clear that separatism has become a respectable option in the eyes of a great many Quebecers. The weakness of federalism in Quebec is that it has become overwhelmingly iden- tified with a credible political party But in democracies popularity is fleeting as numerous ex- amples not guaranteed by top-heavy which make Ministeries more vulnerable. What alone of the conspicuously lacks is a viable federalist alternative capable of attracting the discontented vote which otherwise represents a potential power for separatism. One of the more interesting election-night observations for this very the assertion by Heward Grafftey that the Conservatives must now field their own candidates in Quebec province. Both from the provincial and from the national this would be a welcome development. But such asser- tions have been heard before and nothing of consequence has come of them. Mr. as a federal poli- is well enough aware of one of the that in matters Quebec does not take kindly to instruction from national par- ties. The Conservative of long cannot be attributed solely to lethargy. For some 37 years the position that a provincial Conservative party might have filled has been preempted by the Union Nationale to some ex- in the recent by the Maurice originally a Conservative took the party with him into a nation- alist coalition which he domi- nated and made his personal instrument. In this situation the federal having no proper Quebec base of their sought a substitute in alliances of convenience. There had been a partial precedent in the arrangement of 1911 with Quebec nationalists. But the circum- stances differed in this that Duplessis was no more an out of-office politi- cian but a powerful ruler in a position to make his own if and when he chose. Tne results were deplorable. For the Conser- in courting Duplessis and his nationalist risked their credit elsewhere in the country. even apparent such as the Diefenbaker break- through in was of tran- sient value. Of the Con- servatives then elected in many were in effect Duplessis as they showed by abstentions when policies at issue were unpleas- ing to the UN commander who claimed their first allegiance. Although much in the situa- tion changed with the passing of Duplessis' the temptation to trim Conservative policies for the sake of nationalist sup- port did not disappear since the UN continued to be a force in Quebec politics. Although it certainly does not offer the prospect of quick there is much to be said for Mr. Grafftey's idea. What the election has created is an opportunity to imple- ment it for the Union Nationale went down to utter defeat at the polls on Monday. It may be only a passing op- for na- in the more or less traditional UN has deep roots in Quebec. Mr. Trudeau probably cor- that many UN sup- porters had voted Liberal out of fear of the Parti Quebecois. Such conversions are likely to be temporary especially if it is true as reported that the UN war chest has survived the UN debacle. After the Union Nationale was not only defeated as it seemed at the hopelessly dis- credited at the time of the Quiet Revolution. Its incredi- ble recovery under Daniel Johnson is an indication of how rapidly changes can oc- cur in the politics of Quebec. In other words the Conser- vatives must move now or the chance may be gone. The reaction of some New Democratic observers in Ot- tawa is quite although highly interesting. For some time the NDP has watched the Parti Quebecois with fascinated attention. This has persisted despite the showdown with the now- departed whose leaders actively pursued an alliance with the Quebec group. It may perhaps be said that the NDP is interested not in the PQ as it is but in the PQ as some speculate that it may become. The frustrating fact is that the like the CCF before has an unblemished record of failure in Quebec politics. Having hammered in vain for some four decades at the front is there now a chance help of a more enlightened Parti it can at last gain admission through the back It is obvious that Mr. Le- vesque's tactics did not dis- arm the great majority of Quebec voters. They took PQ separatism very seriously. The very serious question could the separatist even if they so abandon separatism for social reform without destroying their party as a po- litical For while the PQ acquired a social platform as it went it was not the idea of social reform but that of independence which first excited the young people and intellectuals who became its militants. The idea that the PQ can now be deprived of its cause and turned into a federalist alternative may be sheer wishful thinking. There has never been a shortage of this in the CCFNDP approach to Quebec as Mr. with his long experience must cer- tainly realize although some of his followers may not. Letters Hunters misunderstand Both the article on the coyote hunt and the letter by Mr. Lowe on the low number of game birds re- quire some comment and dis- cussion because they seem to indicate some basic misunder- standings on the part of many people. My first concern is the arti- cle dealing with the coyote hunt held by the Claresholm Fish and Game Association on October 28. The rationale behind this and others like is questionable at best. I am certain that adequate investigation would prove that the coyotes are'not responsi- ble for the massive sheep slaughter that ranchers and farmers credit them with. Coyotes do not feed on large prey such as sheep except un- der rare and extreme circum- they feed on small frogs and some insects such as grasshoppers. The coyotes' feeding habits are a useful service to the fanner and rancher. The manner in which this coyote hunt was conducted was in no way blame on the increasing fox population. Weather is an important factor affecting the survival of the birds as well as the percentage hatch of their certain insecticides such as DDT have been demonstrated clearly to reduce the viability of both eggs and juvenile modern fanning prac- tices reduce the number and size of suitable habitats and increase the distance between such habitats. All of these fac- tors act to reduce both the number of females available to each male end also the clutch size of each female. This reduces the population by limiting the birth rate. It is my contention that a drastic reduction in fox numbers and -a massive restocking effort will not produce any lasting increase in upland game bird numbers and therefore that the expense of such a program would be futile and wasted. If Mr. Lowe and his fellow hunters would exercise a little calm and patience their as was suggested in the problem will no doubt be and hunts of this resolved some help cannot hope to pass as effect from the ongoing program live predator control aimed at habitat preservation and It is a well measures as these things I suspect that the real purposes for this Sunday hunt were to provide a few guys with a cheap thrill and to satisfy their manly feelings of omnipotence. My second concern is the letter written by Mr. calling for a large-scale predator removal campaign followed by a bird restocking program to solve the problem of declining numbers of birds. Mr. Lowe completely dis- counted the role of and modern farming practices as impor- tant factors in the population decline and placed entire documented fact that predator numbers drop sharp- ly following a drop in the numbers of their prey and that the prey species then begin to rebuild their population size. This cycle does not happend over a short time but is ex- tended over periods of up to 10 years high to is nature's way of producing an ecological balance. It might do us all good to wonder at the ef- ficiency of nature's systems and perhaps take a lesson or two from her handbook. DOUGLAS D. COLWELL Lethbridge Foxes vs pheasants The rid of letter by Mr. Lowe may be a sincere effort to get more pheasants for but is a very one-sided presentation of the facts. It neglects to point for that officials of the Alberta Game Depart- ment even 10 years where the pheasant stocking program was still estimated a single bird to cost the government the approximately as put in the field. Since only a percentage of these birds were actually it was estimated that a bird the in reality had a price-tag of at least and that was 10 years While I realize that pheasant hunting brings considerable returns to some as one of the vast majority of taxpayers who neither hunt pheasants nor own I most strenuously object to my tax money being used this way. Pheasant stocking has been tried in Alberta and many other places in the world and has been mostly because of its outrageous costs to the public purse. There is no reason why a small minority should reim- pose this heavy burden on the rest of us taxpayers. Biologically also Mr. Lowe's letter is not only in- complete but also in error. I have no reason to doubt the figures he quotes. I must point out that the fox is a native of Southern while the pheasant was introduced from I The diet of the fox consists of not only pheasants and other birds more of and gophers. Remove the and you take off one of the lids in the populations of these rodents. Farmers who encourage fox hunting on their property might well take a new and more balanced view of this question. I should finally like to point out the biological world being as complex as it a reduction in the fox population by no means guarantees an increase in the number of pheasants. Much research of this type has been done in t-.vc other prime pheasant hunting regions of North America Nebraska and the Dakotas. The concensus is that rid of has little if any effect on the number of pheasants available to hunters. My answer to Mr. is that restocking pheasants is not financially and that a drastic reduction of fox pop- ulations is biologically un- sound. JOB KUIJT Department of Biological Sciences University of Lethbridge Record corrected In a recent editorial Mrs. Nellie McCIung was named as the first feminist to be elected to Alberta's legislative assembly. This is historically incorrect for Mrs. Louise McKinney of Claresholm has this distinc- tion. When she was elected in 1917 she became the first of her sex to sit in the Alberta House and the first female to achieve the dis- tinction of sitting in a legislative body in the British Empire. When she replaced Wm. Moffat of Claresholm as an he took considerable kidding for being a real gentleman for giving up his seat to a lady. I feel an interest in this matter for in my youth I knew Mrs. McKinney well. Her hus- band James McKinney early in this a partner of my father Thomas M. Haig of Claresholm in the merchandising business under the firm name of Amundsen and McKinney. A. B. MD. Lethbridge 'How deceitful unfair can they get that was OUR The Lethbridge Herald 7th St. S. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD.. Proprietors and Publishers Published by Hon. W.A. BUCHANAN Second Class Me.il Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W MOWERS. Editor and Publisher TflOMAS H Manager DON PILLINQ WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor HERALD SERVES THE ;