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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Wtdnndoy, November 1, 1972 THE ISTHMIDOI HMAIB 43 The death of baseball great Jackie Robinson Diabetes and its complications major factor By LAWRENCE K. ALTAIAN New York Times Service NEW YORK The immedi- ate cause of Jackie Robinson's death last week at age 53 was apparently a heart attack. But to many doctors a more funda- mental process was involved: Diabetes and its complications. The former Brooklyn Dod- ger's heart attack, which came after a decade of failing health, was his third since 1968, two of the Manhattan specialists who cared for him said in inter- views. These two previous at- tacks had left him with need for cardiology care to treat his congestive heart failure. The Dodger second baseman had also consulted several oth- er kinds of specialists in the 20 years he knew he had diabetes because during this interva Robinson had developed mos of the conditions that can com plicate the endocrine disease.' The first Black major leaguer had lost the sight o 5 eye and was becoming pro A GIANT High-rise space hardware is dwarfed by the High Bay area of Cape Kennedy's Vehicle Assembly Building. Section is the Skylab Orbital Workshop which will be mated with a Saturn V launch vehicle for the Sky- lab mission, scheduled for a launching next year.______ Blue marlin mark broken gressively blind in the other, despite treatments with a laser learn. In 1961, his knee, already damaged by arthritis caused >y the trauma of sliding around he bases on the playing field, as further injured by a seri- us infection. The staphylococ- cal bacteria that caused the uiee infection also poisoned his >lood system with near fatal case of septicemia and tempor- arily threw his diabetes out of control until antibiotics and more insulin helped him recov- er. Robinson had also suffered from burning sensations and other pains in his legs that had resulted from a combination of diabetic damage to the nerves and arteries in his legs. So dis- comforting were these symp- tons, his doctor said, that Rob- inson had to give up golf. Also, his blood pressure was abnormally nigh for many years. Though hypertension can be another complication of dia- betes, Robinsons physicians said they considered it an un- associated problem in his case. Cardiologists have reported that hypertension is found with un- usually high frequency among Blacks. Er.docrinologists say they be- lieve that diabetes is the re- sult of inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas gland, which is situated deep in the abdomen, insulin controls the amount of sugar in the blood. Chemical pathways are so com- plex and intertwined, diabetes affects protein and fat meat- bolism as well as that of sugar and other carbohydrates. Other doctors said that Robin- son's case vividly illustrates the types of medical problems with which many of the 200 million diabetics in the world must live. Diabetes knows no geograph- ic borders as it affects people of all races around the globe In the United States, two per cent of the population, or four million people, are said to have diabetes. It's symptoms can in- clude fatigue, unusually fre- quen urination, excessive thirst and increased appetite in the face of weight loss. For more than 50 years, in- sulin injections have staved off early death for million of dia- betics. As a result many dia- betics live for decades, where- as those born before insulin's discovery survived just months. Nevertheless, a diabetic's life expectancy is about two-thirds that of a nondiabetic at any age. Doctors at the Joslin Clin- ic in Boston reported recently, for example, that a 30-year-old diabetic could expect to live another 30 years, whereas a 30-year-old nondiabetic could ex- pect to die in 42 years. The price from the complica- tions made possible by the ad- vance of insulin therapy is en- ormous. Economists say that each year diabetics spend billon for such items as phy- sician fees to regulate the in- sulin doses, hospital beds to care for diabetic coma and in- sulin-shock, nursing care to help skin ulcers heal and prevent gangrene of the toes and legs, pills, seeing-eye dogs and live- in help to care for blind dia- betics. Diabetes ranks behind cataracts an6 glaucoma as the third leading cause of blindness in Americans. Diabetes specialists say they are still mystified about the dis- ease that has been known since ancient times. Among the my- riad unanswered questions sci- entists hope to resolve are: Why does arteriosclerosis occur so much earlier in life among diabetics, making heart attacks and strokes so much more common than among non- diabetics? Precisely how is diabetes inherited.? What causes the bodies of some diabetics like Jackie Robinson to become so severe- ly ravaged within 20 years, whereas other diabetics who have had the disease for twice as long escape the leverttj el many of the same compli- cations? Why does diabetes, In a pattern distinct from arterio- sclerosis selectively the smallest arteries, particul- arly those in the eye, kidney, nerves and skin? Why do diabetics have more difficulty combating bac- teria like Jackie Robiasen'i staph knee infection non-diabetics? Why do cells of diabetics age much faster than those of other people? Researchers at the University of Washington at Seattle, one of the leading centres of diabetes investiga- tion, discovered recently that cells taken from diabetics, what made to grow artificially la test tabes in laboratories, much faster than do those from nondiabetics. Precisely how these cell changes produce dia- betic damage is what teams of researchers elsewhere IB the world are trying to learn- HAMILTON, Bermuda (CP) This light tackle fishing re- sort never has been known for its blue marlin fishing, but this may change after this summer. A record-breaking number of the big blues have been taken and probably dozens, if not hundreds, lost through inexperi- ence. In the previous decade only 31 blue marlin had been caught off Bermuda. This summer 22 have been boated and the Bermuda record that stood since 1958 went by the board. Norbart Monish, a local an- gler, boated a 416-pound 12- ounce blue marlin to beat the record of 382 pounds that had stood since Lee Roberts made his catch back on June 29, 1958. But while local anglers were excited about the marlin boom, one man was skeptical. Pete Perinchief, fishing infor- mation bureau director, isn't prepared yet to start telling overseas fishermen to head for Bermuda for marlin fishing. "My own feeling is that it's going to take four or five years to see if we continue to hit Perinchief said. "If we do it could mean there has been some sort of change in the mar- lins' habits or it could be more people are fishing for them. It could be a combination of both." Perinchief noted that a sud- den jump in the number caught attracted a great deal of inter- est from local anglers. "Apparently everybody got excited about the number being caught and went trolling exclu- sively for he said. "The concerted effort has pro- duced more." In previous years it was as- sumed the surface conditions had something to do with catch- ing marlin. "We assumed we needed a chop on the Perinchief said, "but this season they are being raised on a calm day. "But I'm skeptical until proven otherwise. I hope we have more marlin than we fig- ured. But if we don't we still have one of the top light tackle areas in the world for wahoo, blackfin tuna, yellowfin tuna, amberjacks and all the other species we have." While Monish's fish stands as the island record it is not the biggest marlin taken. Just three weeks after he made his catch policeman Dennis Brookes landed a 551-pounder, only to have it disqualified. Two men handled the rod and game fishing rules state that only one person may touch the rod from the time of the strike until the fish is boated. Although the marlin rush at the height of summer has eased the occasional blue is still being taken, backing up Monish's opinion that the species are around Bermuda all year. What was Perinchief's reac- tion to the marlin population ex- plosion? "I'm as pleased as he said. Death replaces sex as leading taboo EDMONTON (CP) "Death has replaced sex as the most prevalent taboo in our says Rev. Leo Klugg, who teaches a course exploring atti- tudes towards death and the dying. "Death still cannot be talked about socially, and those most in contact with the clerical and medical professions don't know how to relate to the dying said Father Klugg, who is offering the course for the first time at Newman Theological College. "There is even evidence to suggest medical personnel and the clergy fear death more than segments of the general popula- tion. "The dying arc isolated so- cially, in hospitals and in old peoples' homes because soci- ety prefers to ignore this aspect of life Ji: doesn't understand. "People have the right lo die in dignity and the moral and medical implications of keeping people- alive by artificial means need more exploration." SUn.II ICT EVADED Being "morbid" wltcn death is mentioned, silence, and treat- ing tlw subject as a joke to mask anxielics, are some ways people avoid coming to grips with death, he said. "Now that sex is no longer a taboo lopic of discussion, let us hope death also cnn lie brought Into Ihc open." Knlltcr KhiRg, 40, who has a master's degree in sociology from Fordham University In New York, has acted as a hospi- tal chaplain. He said just talk- ing about death alleviates some people's anxieties on the sub- ject. He said, however, that three or four students told him they were dropping his course after the first meeting because they felt they were not up to discuss- ing death in an objective man- ner. Father Klugg said as a result of this reaction he is trying to detect student anxieties and dis- cuss them within the frame- work of the course. ESTABLISH COURSES Though admitting that death is an area where little research has been conducted, he said the body of knowledge on the sub- ject has grown phenomenally in the last five years. Several universities In the United States offered courses as did the University of Windsor in Canada. In addition, two sociol- ogical journals and several theses and books on the subjecl were available. CANADA AIDS LAGOS LAGOS (Renter) Is lo design and supervise the construction of a 42 mile power transmission line frotv Nigeria's hydro-electric dam at Kainji in the north to the neigh- boring Niger Republic. An agreement for Ihc project, cost- ing about million, was signed In Lagos. Save sq yd Let it rain, let it shine. Let the kids play and the dog romp. Sundeck' survives the test of time! Whatever's happening this carpet retains its good looks, softness and bounce. Reg. 9" sq. yd. What makes a marvellous ad-round carpel? The answer is the fibre. Probably the toughest and most colourfait fibre available! Put 'Sundeck'on the patio and It won't fade, even In the strongest sunlight. Put it In the living room or den and it stands up to the roughest child's play. This carpet has so many good qualities: It's warm and cafe for children with allergies. It's soft and luxurious underfoot.The texture bounces back despite heavy wear. It's dirt and mildew resistant which means It's easy-care. And It comes In eight great ft. widths. If you haven't heard of 'Sundeck' let Introduce you to It now. At this low priwl Save J36 on 9' x 18' rug. Reg.119.BS I3.M Available from coast to coas; '1 Canada, through all Simpsons-Sears stores, this very special Is the sincerest effort Simpsons-Sean can make to bring you merchandise that combines tint quality with the lowest possible price. this is n Simpsons-Sears best value. 3 days only our floor coniuiunt now. At Simpsons-Soars you work with a professional right In your own homo. Seo samples, got odvico, free estimate at no obligation. 328-9231 EXT. 237 Quality Costs No More at Simpsons-Sears STORE HOURS: Open Daily 9 o.m. lo p.m. Thursday ond Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Centre Village. Telephone 338-9J3I ;