Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
42 THE LETHBRfDCE HERALD Wedngsjay, November 1, 1971 Severe rice crisis facing Cambodia By JOHN PARCELL PHNOM PENH (Reuter) Cambodia is facing its worst rice harvest in memory because of a nationwide drought, the widespread abandonment o f farms and fighting along the main highways. In the latest move lo aid this war-torn Indocliina republic, Ihe United States has promised to give tons of rice early next year, increasing its food aid budget for Cambodia to more than million. Many experts here believe that may be only a first instal- ment if widespread hunger is lo be prevented next year. Japan has promised anolher tons as humanitarian nid. The government, which lias taken control of all rice distri- bution, has avoided an immedi- ate crisis thanks to an Ameri- can airlift from Saigon and emergency Imports from neigh- boring Thailand. The imported rice is on sale In this crowded capital at less than Ihe price on the thriving black market but 50 per cent more than the best grains cost three montlis ago. Buyers are rationed lo 11 pounds each. The dimensions of flic current shortage, which touched off food riots here in September, arc considered extremly serious by Western experts. Chiefly to blame is the drought, which has prevented planting or withered Ihe grow- ing crop in almost every, prov- ince. Farmers also have abandoned Iheir land because of insecurity, fleeing to swell the number of unproductive consumers in the towns and cities. Others have Inllen under the control of North Vietnamese or local Commun- ists. As a result the area under cultivation has fallen this year by an average of CO per cent in the major growing provinces where detailed surveys are made and the parched fields which are still cultivated are yielding 15 per cent less grain in the current harvest, experts say. With a harvest failure loom- ing, many farmers have been hoarding what little rice there is for their own use in the long, difficult months ahead. In the towns and cities people have been eating up the stocks which almost every Cambodian family keeps as a kind of insur- ance. SIMPSONS oears Today you can clean carpets more thoroughly, even under low furniture, with a Kenmore Canada's most complete home cleaning unil because it's equally effective on carpels or bare floors. Makes light work of walls, upholstery and dusting with its many attachments. The exclusive Powermate carpet unit has it's own motor driven bealer bar and brush which teamed with the huge suclion of Ihe canister, cleans carpets more thoroughly, even deep down dirt and clinging animal hairs! Designed to clean under lower furniture than any upright cleaner. Also features automatic cord reel; 2-speed motor and exclusive attachment caddy. Reg. 189.98 16998 fll Simpsons-Sears you get the finest guarantee Mllificllon or money refunded and free our slorc-lo-door service boglns wilh Ihosalo protects you every inchol the way Quality Costs No More AI Simpsons-Sears STORE HOURS: Opcin Daily 9 a.m. lo p.m. Thuridny and Fliday 9 n.m. lo 9 p.m. Conlro Villngn. Tolnphons 328-9231. Man's Work is what most people see in heavy duty equipment such as the 24-foot, 18- ton loader above. But Ellen Poulin, right, is not most people. For the past five years she has earned her living operating the loader at a sand and gravel quarry at Barre, Yt. She also handles maintenance. It's a great arrangement, according to her boss. "When a man operates the rig, he has to climb down end walk over to the dump truck for the driver to sign the billing. Ellen never has to do that. The drivers all come to her cab." The American "Hunger Gap" Half the poor starving By JACK ROSENTHAL New York Times Service WASHINGTON Despite massive gains during the Nixon administration, half the na- tion's poor are still going him gry, according to the findings of a leading citizens' organiza tion on malnutrition. The answer to this "Hunger Business Spotlight Drilling to begin in Greenland EDMONTON (CP) A con- sortium of Canadian and Dan- sh companies has acquired ex- ploration rights for 250 million acres in northern Greenland and expects to begin drilling :or oil and natural gas next year. Joe Milner, Edmonton oil man who is chairman of the :reenarctic Consortium, said in an interview that after three years of exploration, the 11- company group believes there is "potential for very sizeable" discoveries. The search for oil, gas and other minerals will be centred on about 40 million ice-free acres. Mr. Milner said about S.5 million has been spent since 1969 on geological surveys and "we feel we have defined jood drilling locations." He said the geology of one of he potential drilling sites 'compares favorably" to some of the rich Algerian oilfields. If oil and gas is discovered It would be shipped to European markets. With Denmark's deci- sion to enter the Common Mar- ret, "there's an almost unlim- ited market for minerals anc oils." A port facility would be de veloped on the northeast coasl of Greenland, about miles northwest of England. NO U.S. MONEY There js no American In- volvement in the Greenarctic Consortium which is con- centrating exclusively on on- shore drilling. Some American and French companies are in- volved in offshore exploration in Uie Davis Strait off the west coast. Mr. Milner said he first was attracted to Greenland's poten- tial after exploration started in the Canadian Arctic. "It be- came obvious work would ex- tend into northern Greenland. But even in 1968 few people were paying attention to it." He believes working with Danish companies helped Greenarctic gain the explor- ation rights. "We decided we shouldn't go in as foreigners and try to grab off all the rights. If some- body is going to make a profit, there might as well be some Danes involved in the project." Boyle's Column By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (AP) He- marks a fisherman gets tired of hearing: "That one's so little you'll surely throw it back, won't "I don't think you and your friends actually do any fishing at all. I think you just stay up late and play poker and drink." "I'd think you'd be glad to have your wife come along. After all, when the fish aren't biting, you'd have me to talk to." "If you catch anything, and I'll admit that's highly un- likely, don't bring it home and expect me to cook It.' "It you buy a now rod and reel, I'm going to buy n new dress anrl hat." 'You know this Is the first lime I've ever gone fishing with you, George, so don't get mad at the questions I nsk. Just tell me one thing and I won't bother you anymore. Which end of the worm do you put on the "I can figure out why they cull n smnllmouM! bass n smnllmoulli hnss, George. It's probably because it Is a bass with a small mouth. But why do they call a perch a perch? Have you ever seen a perch "What tlo you need all that expensive gear for? All I use is an old pole, some string, a hook and some old slices of bacon rind, and T never come home with less than 10 pounds of fish." "Well, of course, lo succeed at fishing, one thing has to be true. You have (o me smarter than the fish." "There are only two kinds of fish lo George. If he catches one. It's a minnow; if it gels away it's a whale." "Yeah, If he had longer arms, the fish that get away from him would be longer, loo." "George, why don't you stay home this week and just toss your line into our goldfish howl? Your luck will be just ns good, nnd think of tlw money nnd energy you'll ,save." SKA CURRENT The North Atlantic current spreads around the British Isles, Into Uie Norlh Sen nnd along the Norwegian coast. according to the Cit- izens' Board of Inquiry Into hunger and malnutrition, Is to give cash lo Ihe poor and to abandon whal Ihe board calls callous and costly bureaucratic alternatives. The board gives credit to Nixon administration, which It says, "far more than was true of its predecessor, has had a willingness lo move forward." Since 1967, the report said, federal antihunger spending has risen from million to billion and the number of people served by the food stamp program has risen from 1.8 million to n.B million. Despite these gains, a study by the board found that 43 per cent of the nation's 26 million poor people still received no federal help. In addilion, 12 per cent, the study found, receive substantially less than recom- mended dietary allowances. Achieving even these levels his required "the most bitter and exhausting kind of bu- reaucratic in-fighting" against the department of agriculture, the board said. The department Is so cost- conscious, the board's study found, that last June It return- ed million in unspent food assistance funde to the trea- than 10 per cent of the total budgeted for all food programs. Even without such obstacles, the poor are left with a system that is so studded with regula- tion and Indignity that the poor can use food stamps to buy Ice cream at a carry-out stand but are forbidden to use them to buy fried chicken. The system, moreover, Is a "jigsaw puzzle" of food pro- grams 32 in the area of child nutrition alone. In Ihe end, Hie board con- cludes that Ihe country is not indifferent to its poor, but has so far a s k e d the wrong ques- tion: "How can we feed the Instead, "the question ought lo have been Irom the be- ginning not how 'we' can feed but how they can feed themselves." Inslead of an administrative "jungle of me- the nation should turn lo cash assistance. Tinkering with this complex syslem, I h e board said, "has not worked, is not working, and never will work." The board did not explicitly deal with the. cost of a cash- asslslance alternative. But it appears prepared to endorse I guaranteed income for families suffering hunger and malnutri- lon that equals the federally defined poverty level. This is now about for an urban amily of four. According to an analysis made for the board by John Kramer, director of the Nation- al Council on Hunger, thcro are major "Hunger Gaps" in most current federal programs. Tho largest occurs In tin ood slump program, under chlclf needy persons can buy coupons worth more limn their 'ncn value when exchanged for omV This Is now the major nmlly feeding program.