Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LCTHBRIDOE HERALD Wednoidoy, November 1. 1972 Mr. Hurlburt's great victory II r. Hurlburt's election victory in Lethbridge constituency Monday was of astonishing proportions. While lie lias yet to prove himself as the peo- ple's representative, they have given him an overwhelming mandate. For that confidence he deserves warm congratulations. His work is cut out for him. He enters a Parliament that is confused and disordered, and he must help it out of that state. He supports a gov- ernment (assuming Mr. Stanfield takes over) that will need all the wisdom and statesmanship it can muster, and he must make his con- tribution. And in his duties he will need the support, encouragement and advice of those who elected him. They cannot leave him to his own resources at this stage. His triumph here was part of a pat- tern. He defeated a great Canadian in the person of Andy Russell, but so did his colleagues who swamped such other great Canadians as Allan Sulatycky, Bud Olson, Pat Nick Taylor and many others. A tide was running, and Mr. Hurlburt took it at its flood. Given reasonably "normal" condi- tions, Mr. Hurlburt will probably win many elections in this constituency. It tends to be a stand-pat constitu- ency, defeating an incumbent only once in 37 years, and in all that time being quite content with somewhat irrelevant representation. The less Mr. Hurlburt contributes to the real problems of government the longer he is likely to last as a member of Parliament. The hope is that he does not confuse duty with political longe- vity. Not enough politics? Mr. David Anderson, who resigned his seat in Parliament to take over the leadership of the B.C. provin- cial Liberals, had wise words of criti- cism after his party took such a beating Monday. He said it was a neglect of politics that led to the disaster. Too many of the ministers were concentrating on performance and forgetting sales- manship. They had good policies but they forgot to tell the people. They didn't communicate enough. They neglected to explain, even when the people were demanding explanations. Mr. Eric Kierans, who left the Tru- deau cabinet and voted NDP Mon- day, said soon after taking office in 1968 that perhaps defeat was inevit- able if any government did ;vliat it should do.'His feeling was that politi- cians get no thanks for doing what must be done, but that should not deter them. That is only half true. Re-election should not be the first priority of a government, but surely communica- tion ought to be. It is the people who govern, in the long run, and they have a continuing interest in what their agents and representatives are doing. However good its policies, no government has the right to pursue them in blissful indifference to the curiosity or reaction of the people. Students of government are gener- ally agreed that Canada had never had better government than that St. Laurent, C. D. Howe, Jimmy Gardiner and other giants of the mid- fifties, the pipeline debate notwith- standing. But it had an almost sub- lime altitude of divine right. It never entered the government's mind that the people would not appreciate such good administration. But the people resented being taken for granted, and they threw out a brilli- ant but arrogant government and took John Diefenbaker in its place. Arrogance may be a fitting word for what Mr. Anderson describes in the Tnideau government. Too many of the ministers were taking the peo- ple for granted. "I'll do my job they seemed to be saying to each other, and if the people don't appre- ciate it, that's too bad for them. By Mr. Kierans' measure, the Lib- eral defeat may be a compliment to the quality of the Trudeau govern- ment. But Mr. Anderson has a point. The government consists of politi- cians, and their first duty is to prac- tice the noble art of politics. Stanfield and Lewis Mr. Lewis built his whole campaign around one issue opposition to the tax incentives to industry. Later he also mentioned unemployment and the high cost of living. And after the election he promised his support to any government that would correct these three matters. Mr. Stanfield clarified his position somewhat in his Tuesday night press conference. He will deal with unem- ployment by lowering taxes and thus providing more incentive to indus- try. He seemed to be saying that private industry must have more incentive. That would almost seem to rule out Mr. Slanfield as qualifying for the support of the NDP and thus surviv- ing in government. Hanoi's politics The early release by Hanoi of an apparent agreement between North Vietnam and the U.S. must be seen for what it is a clever political ploy to pressure the U.S. into forcing South Vietnam to override President Thieu's objections to the ceasefire terms. Hanoi believes that Presi- dent Nixon is quite -willing to sell Thieu down the river becaue it would assure Mr. Nixon of re-election on November 7. But President Nixon is sure he will be re-elected anyway, and is not going to play Hanoi's game. The U.S. knows that any creasfire agreement must have the consent of the South Vietnamese. Otherwise cha- otic conditions in South Vietnam could very easily result in danger to the American men remaining there. For the time being, the only thing the U.S. can do is to bring political pressure on President Thieu to under- stand that the present deal is the best one he is likely to get, because, for the first time North Vietnam has agreed to a ceasefire prior to an in- terim political settlement. What form the political pressure is taking is un- certain. About all that can be said now is that prospect of peace is in the air and the smell is sweet. The time is now The successful hijacking of the West German airliner, and the resultant release of three Arab commandos ac- cused of taking part in the Munich horror is a gagging pill. It is made even more difficult to swallow be- cause success will almost certainly lead to encouragement of this kind of individual private warfare. The Pal- estinian guerrillas have served notice that those commandos who engage in premeditated killing for political pur- poses will not be allowed to languish forgotten in foreign jails. Every at- tempt will bo made to release Ihem. While it is impossible to prove that Col. Qadaffi, the unprincipled fana- tic who rules Libya, was directly con- nected with the hijacking, the suspi- cion that he played some part in it cannot be dismissed. The comman- dos were welcomed in Tripoli as her- oes. The report from Western news correspondents stating that "Libya has expressed sympathy with the Palestinian terrorists" is deceptively mild in tone. The incident must surely urge (Jie necessity of some kind of reprisal by world authorities perhaps UN action to bring pressure to bear on nations harboring hijackers. The time is now. Wear a poppy Many Canadians arc too young to remember the horrors of the First and Second World Wars but they can bo aware of the price o[ liberty and appreciative of those who fought for it. At the same time they can dedi- cate themselves to pence. Hcmcmbrance week (November 4- 11) is a time for lo Ihe virtues of good citizenship and for renewal of aspirations for a peace- ful future. The wearing of a poppy is a symbol o[ both. The poppy also has a practical purpose. When wars come to an end some of the problems resulting from conflict remain. These include in- stances of handicapped veterans en- countering financial tlifficullires. The poppy fund exists to help in such discs, a poppy for iill it symbolizes in appreciation, hope, and caring, _, Thieu is being abandoned by Nixon By Carl Rowan, U.S. syndicated commentator WASHINGTON When you see light al the end of a long, dark, dangerous tunnel, you generally don't pause to look back, or ask any questions about hazards on the outside. You just "run to daylight." That pretty well describes the initial reaction of millions of Americans to Dr. Henry Kissin- ger's announcement that "peace is at hand" in Southeast Asia. Yet, some looking back is in- evitable, for there are lessons for the future in determining exactly what the United States achieved, and at what cost. In 1905, Eichard Nixon set a goal o[ "driving the North Viet- namese invaders out of South Vietnam and assuring Its In- dependence." The pending agreement falls far short of that, for it corn- mils Uncle Sam to remove all its forces from Indochina with- in 60 days while at least North Vietnamese troops will remain in the South, and in con- trol of much territory. Despite some linguistic sleight-of-hand by the White House, the United States has agreed to a coalition govern- ment, sugar-coated with an in- nocent title of "council of Na- tional Reconciliation and Con- cord." Thieu. seems to believe that the agreement imperils h i s political future, and he is prob- ably correct. "First they destroy our environment so that we starve then they shoot us to save us from the anguish of The truth is that this cease- fire agreement is based on the United States giving almost ex- actly what Hanoi was demand- ing seven years and more than billion dollars ago. The sly old politician. Thieu, finds that the man he helped into the presidency by sabotag- ing Hubert H. Humphrey in J968 is the one to out to the as S a 1 g o n puts it, Thieu senses what Intelli- gent Americans surely know: that the U.S. objective was scaled down long ago from "saving democracy" to "sav- ing which the Kissinger arrangement surely will do for a while. But the likelihood Is that all we have bought is a decent in- terval before the Communists take over hopefully without the "bloodbath" which Mr. Nixon once spoke of as such a horrible prospect. A big political plus for Mr. Nixon, especially on the eve of the presidential election, is the apparent certainty that U.S. prisoners will be released promptly. And spealting of politics it becomes clearer that Hanoi was exploiting Mr. Nixon's de- sire to at least announce that "peace at hand" before the election. Events in Saigon and Washington have made it clear that the Communists believed they could get the best deal out of Ihe administration while the pressures of a political cam- paign weighed more heavily on President Nixon than did the prolesls and plaints of Thieu. Mr. Nixon is right to get out, even though the next few months will show that his de- parture plan involves no more "honor" and is as much a "sur- render" in the long run as the plans of Senator George Mc- Govera. We have sent good money aficr bad in Vietnam for much too long. There are no victories to be had, no new honor to be reaped, from U.S. Involvement. So let us run to daylight, leaving that dark tunnel to Thieu and his cronies, if that is their choice. Portuguese casualties heavy in Mozambique By E. S. Corbcll, London Observer commentator LONDON The Portuguese are keeping quiet about a new offensive opened against their colonial forces by nationalists in the African territory of Mozam- bique. Frelimo, the Mozambique Liberation Front, began ils armed struggle eight years ago, and since then has penetrated three areas Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Tete, where the aim is to prevent the building of the Cabora Bassa dam. The new front is in Manica Sofala, which lies in the narrow waist of Mozambique between the sea and Rhodesia and contains the port of Beira and the oil pipe- line to Umtali which is just over the Rhodesian border. Rhodesian forces help to pol- ice this area which is one rea- son why the Rhodesian prime minister, Ian Smith, chose to pay a "courtesy visit" to the Portuguese prime minister, Dr. Marcello Caetano, last month. Portuguese casualties in Mo- zambique are half as many again as in Angola, on the other side of Africa, where they are also fighting rebellion. Concern felt in Lisbon is reflected in the decision to prolong for another year the term of office of the tough, intransigent commander- in-chief in Mozambique, Gener- al Kaulza de Arriaga. A man of jicorrigiblQ optimism, he said a few days ago, "The war is won, but no date can be set for ils termination." He added, how- ever, that the situation could change if Chinese and Tanzani- an forces attacked Mozambique and he advised Portugal to pre- pare itself for such an eventu- ality. Portugal anticipated a new uprising in Mozambique. Some 1800 alleged Frelimo agents were arrested in the south of the colony as the result of a gi- gantic cleaning-up operation by the DCS (the security police and former PIDE) in the mid- dle of this year. This so-called fifth column had penetrated the civil service, hospitals and pri- vate undertakings, including the sugar estates where their job was to condition the local popu- lation for renewed activity. Those arrested were sent to camps euphemistically called the Portuguese "agricultural colonies." Portugal has admitted that about Africans were "friendly" to Frelimo. The number could now be more. The 1600 new arrests more than compensate for 1500 former guerrillas released under an amnesty from Premier Caetano in July. Security measures have been introduced for political prison- ers in Mozambique. This could mean prison in perpetuity for some offenders if, after serving a sentence, they are still con- sidered a danger to the state. Hitherto security measures have been applicable only in metropolitan Portugal. But with pressure mounting from Zamco, the international con- sortium building the Cabora Bassa complex, Portugal is pulling out all the stops to try to curb sabotage. So severe have been guerrilla attacks on railways that these are now pa- trolled permanently by a newly formjd military detachment. Aware that it can never destroy the dam itself, Frelimo aims at ils communicalions and the troops defending it. Zamco Is adamant that it will meet ils deadline and deliv- er electricity to Pretoria in 1975. Concrete Is being used to build up the wall of the dam at the rate of 400 tons a day, while an operation called "Noah's Ark" is evacuating wild life from a area in preparation for filling the res- ervoir in 1974. Resettling the native popula- tion in or vil- lages, where the military can keep a watchful eye is proving a more hazardous undertaking. In a tit-for-tat exercise t h e Portuguese are accusing Fre- Jimo of using defoliants on pas- ture land around Tete. Since these could not have been sprayed from the air, as Fre- limo has no aircraft, this is a tacit admission of guerrilla consolidation in the area. Other indications that all Is not well for the Portuguese in Mozambique are the First World War rifles found among weapons captured by Frelimo from the Portuguese. This was testified byapartyof obser- vers from London who accom- panied Frelimo forces in Aug- ust across the Tanzanian bor- der and 60 miles inside Tele, Iwo-thirds of the way to the Z.imbesi River. With defence spending now running at 236 million pounds annually, accord- ing to Jornal Do Comercio of Lisbon, and a record trade def- icit for 1971 of 327 million pounds, it looks as if Portugal is scraping the bottom of the armaments barrel. Vietnam peace helps McGovern By Anthony Lewis, New York Times commentator 6 ira IT MA, hc "I tell girls, I naliai Hurt ft lo Me than a career, onrf began groping tor somtthing meaningful to to m'ln mi tints LOS ANGELES White House announcement that peace was at hand in Viclnam should by all ordinary logic have de- stroyed whatever hopes George McGovern had in this election. So most commentators thought and so evidently did some of the McGovern staff. But not George McGovern. Afler Henry Kissinger's dram- atic news conference he said "I've always thought a settle- ment before the election would help me. It would tend to show people that I was right all along about the possibility of eiuV.ng the war." The American Broadcasting Company has been polling a model sample of voters in Col- umbus, Ohio. The day alter the news from the White House it checked back with those who liatf .said they were undecided. A number had now made up their minds for McGov- cni. Why? The ABC reporters found volcr after voter saying the same thing: Mr. Nixon's sudden peace, as it seemed to Ilicm, was loo opportunely limed lo bo an accident. He must have acted because of the election. But if so, why had he not ended it long ago? Mcflovern could well be right in believing (hat his own cred- ibility will be enhanced. When he sairt he would wind up Amer- ica's role In the fighting in 90 days if elected president, and get the prisoners back In Ihrj, time, many Americans were skeptical of such a tlmo tnblc. Now hero Is snyhiR he lis.s just fllmul arranged lo do it all in liO days. Can nny of this really a difference in the result on Nov. 7? Is there any serious chance thai a candidate as far down in the polls as George McGovern could be elected president? McGovem will use the last week of the campaign to sound themes based on his own read- ing of public reaction lo the hope of peace. He will say that he prays for an early conclusion of the settlement, whatever the political result He will question why it could not have come sooner. And now, he will say, it is time lo look lo peace and the party that can handle ils problems best. So They Say The motion picture theater is a central place where tlio values and views of life of young Americans are shaped, and we think we ought to be in that arena. Rev. Kenneth Curtis, on the decision of the American Baplist Convention to distri- bute commercial films. If in fact McGovern Is seen to be coming on seriously in this final campaign stretch, tantal- izing questions arise. Might Richard Nixon, the least visible nandidale in mocem history, come out swinging in his old style? And if he does, who will go to bed happy on the morning of Nov. 8? 'Crazy Capers' LcL's sen now--was I going to bod, orgottingupl The Letltbridge Herald 604 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Sflcorid Class Mall Registration No. 0013 Mfmbar of The Canadian and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Pybllihen' Auoclallon and Ira Audit Bureau ol Circulation CLEO ft, MOWERS, Editor end Publlihtr THOMAS B. ADAMS, Giniral Managtr DON PILLINO WILLIAM HAY M.manlnn Ellllar A-.somir Editor ROT f MILCJ DOUOUAo K. WALKER Admllslng Manager Bdllonal Pane Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"