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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Lew tonight near 30; high Thursday near 45. The letlibrukje Herald VOL. LXV No. 273 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTi FIVE SECTIONS 60 PAGES Conservatism thrives again on Prairies By JIM POUNG Canadian Press Slatl Writer Progressive Conservatism Is alive and thriving again on the Prairies. Not that it ever was desd. but Liberals' gains in 1968 and election of two New Democrat provincial gov- ernments since indicated perhaps it was fading. Monday's federal election proved a myth. The Con- servatives snalchecl 35 of Hie 45 prairie seats, dropping the NDP to seven and leaving the Liberals .with a meagre three. The 1968 election and its Trudeauihania excluded, the Prairies have voted solidly Conservative since John Diefenbaker stormed the country in 1958. Also, .the dwellers of the Canadian plains traditionally are the most Conservative-thinking people in the nation. This alone, however, doesn't answer why Prime Minister Trudeau and his Liberals were repudiated so totally Monday by prairie voters. Offers idea James Richardson, one of two prairie cabinet ministers to survive.the thumping, offers another piece of the explanation. "I would like to think that if more Liberals had taken the line about building power in the West, we would have had better he said. Mr. Richardson, supply and services minister, won re-election handily in Winnipeg South. His campaign stressed his efforts for the West, such as locating the new Canadian mint in Winnipeg and getting the gov- ernment to do more western purchasing. He said the Liberals should have tried to put more western influence into Parliament. The lesson learned, he said, is that future candi- dates have to be more aware of western concerns. One of these concerns is agriculture. But whether the Liberals lost the Prairies largely because of their agriculture policies is debatable. Lang survived Otto Lang minister responsible for the wheat board, defended those policies and won handily in Saskatoon- Humboldt. Agriculture Minister H. A. Olson, on the other hand, was thrashed in Medicine Hat by Bert Hargrave, president of the Canadian Cattlemen's Association. Were prairie farmers happy with Mr. Lang's suc- cessful grain-selling efforts, but discontented with pol- icies effecting the cattle industry? The Liberals had proposed controls on the cattle Industry, and tliis didn't go over with the large ranch- ing community in Mr. Olson's riding. Another part of the puzzle is Prime Minister Tru- deau himself. Campaigns across Prairies were clear indication that his free thinking style doesn't sell in the rural bible belt. Many Liberal candidates in Manitoba, Saskatch- ewan and Alberta tried to leave the prune minister out of their campaigns. The majority based their cam- paigns totally on their own personalities. Jce Clark, the former Robert Stanfield aide who upset Liberal Allen Sulatycky in Alberta's Rocky Mountain riding, credits anti-Trudeauism for his win. Dan McKenzie, the Conservative who look Winnipeg ,'3'iulh centre from the Liberals, said the Trudeau policy on bilingualism disturbed more people in Manitoba than anything else. Lack of communication by the Liberals in toe West was another factor. British Columbia Liberal David Anderson blamed the cabinet ministers, whom he said forgot to be poli- ticians. "The cabinet was far too cerebral, especially the ministers from the western provinces. "Their attitude was that in due course, what they were doing would come across to the people. They didn't engage in gut-fighting, getting out there and talking in those little halls. 'Lousy joV The Liberal party did a "lousy job" of communi- cating, said Alberta Liberal Leader Bob Russell. Why (he NDP didn't do better is yet another ques- tion. Saskatchewan gave birth to socialism and that province and Manitoba now have NDP provincial gov- ernments. The NDP retained their three Manitoba seats but lost two in Saskatchewan. In Alberta, swept clean by the Conservatives, they were Uu'rd choice, except for theatre owner Jake Van "oorsl who ran second to Conservative House Leader Gerald Baldwin In Peace River. All 19 NDP candidates in Alberta lost, their deposits. The New Democrats never have been supported in Alucrla, possibly as rearing provincial Social Credit Leader Harry Strom puls It: Alberta is "more right whig than anywhere else in Canada." No one from the NDP has offered any explanations why llw parly didn't make gains in the other tiro Prairie provinces Tlie election left a of questions lo be answered by Social Credit, the party that ruled half of Western Canada provincially for two decades. Wiped out in B.C. and Alberta In UK last federal election, the Social Credit failed lo elect n member in tho West Monday. They had 37 candidates on tho Prairies, all of whom losl their deposits. Other minor parlies, Inrlucllnp the. Wnstarn Cannda Party, the Rcvaliilionnry Political Movement, Commu- nists nnd a vnricly of independents really weren't In the race. As for the Liberals' fate, Mr. Lang offers com- ment which may have .is much validity as basketful of theories. "We hnvc a shower in our home which in a way predicted the results of this campaign, It keeps switch- ing from hot lo cold." AIL SMILES Conservative leader Robert Slanfield smiles as he onswers queslions at a Views conference in Ottawa Tuesday night. He said his first act if he were called on to fcrm the government would be to inlreduce tax cuts, as he promised in his cam- paign for election. (CP Wirepholo) Thieu brushes off U.S. SAIGON CAP) Shunting aside the United States, Presi- dent Nguyen Van Thieu de- manded today that the Commu- nists in both North and South Vietnam negotiate a peace set- tlement with his government. He repealed his demand for the withdrawal of all North Vietnamese troops from South Vietnam and his rejection of a "disguised coalition govern- ment." Thieu offered to hold Ins ne- gotiations anywhere in the world. Reds try to grab territory before truce declared New York Times Sci-vice PN01MPENH, Cambodia Authoritative western military sources reported Tuesday lhal large numbers of North Vietna- mese and Viet Cong troops are moving out of their Cambodian border base areas into South Vietnam apparently as part of the Communist attempt to seize control of as much South Vietnamese territory as possible before a cease fire is declared. These military sources, who declined to be identified, said the Communist troops began their move a few weeks ago and that the push toward End into South Vietnam had been stepped up in the last several days. All this has coincided with the flurry of negotiations be- tween the United Slates and' North Vietnam this month (hat has led to a tentative agree- ment on a cease-fire for Viet- nam, but snags have developed and must be worked out before It can be signed and go into effect. In recent days, Com- munist troops have stepped up their attacks in South Vietnam, trying lo grab new territory and be in the strongest position possible when the cease fire conies. Meanwhile, the United States Is seeking reassurances Irom Hanoi that once the Indochina peace agreement takes effect, North Vietnam will withdraw many of its 35.000 troops now stationed in the northern part of South Vietnam, even though Hanoi is not required to do so under the terms of the accord. This new element in the com- plicated negotiations picture be- came known Tuesday at the same lime as the White House reaffirmed that President Nixon would not be "stamped" into a signing of the tentative agree- ment until liis chief foreign pol- icy advisor, Henry A. Kissinger had a chance to sellle all de- tails in a further thrcc-or four- d a y negotiating session wilh the North Vietnamese. The South Vietnamese presi- dent outlined a plan calling for separate conferences between his government and North Viet- nam to work out a ceasefire aid between Saigon and Ihe Viet Cong to negotiate a politi- cal settlement. He made no mention of U.S. participation. MAKES BROADCAST Thieu spoke in a recorded broadcast commemorating South Vietnam's National Day today, the anniversary of the overthrow in 19G3 of President Ngo Dinn Diem. The ceasefire agreement worked out in Paris last month by U.S. presidential adviser Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representatives re- mained unsigned, and sources close to the Paris psace talks said North Vietnam has not re- sponded yet to Kissinger's re- quest for further negotiations. Diplomats in Waslungton said earlier that Kissinge- and Le Due Tho of the Hanoi polilburo ViOuld meel 'again this week, probably in Paris. The North Vietnamese in Paris attacked the Nixon ad- nunistralion for failing to sign the peace agreement Tuesday, the day Hanoi claimed Nixon had agreed to formalize tha agreement. The North Vietnam- ese demanded that the United Slates "proceed rapidly" with the signing. Canada involved in peace scheme WASHINGTON (CP) While tlie Uniled Stales says it won't be hurried Into a peace in In- dochina, arrangements are being made for an international force lo snpFtTi.se a ceasefire Ftgrceinent. 'Hip Associated Press reports and quotes diplo- matic sources as saying Can- and heard About town ITUOK slid Irpalprp Lnrry Knh.v and Kick Lai sew disrupting n local refresh- ment establishment Hallow- een night when their panly- hosc ripped Bctly llohhs, who claims she never blush- es, finally shading her check a rosy i-ccl l.ro Hourrssa Si-, dusting off his ancient curling broom ton1 another MUOO. ada is one of the countries in- volved. But an external affairs spokesman in Ottawa said the report is "pure speculation." "I would rcileialc Iliat we liave. not been invited to partici- pate In Ihe spokes- man said. Canadian and U.S. officials have discussed peacekeeping in Vietnam and Canada umler- Mands it could be one of the countries Invited lo lake part in (lie ceasefire operation, the spokesman said. fluf if Canada wcrp invited, il would wanl lo diTnss del nils nf :inv international fn'-pp before to tnkp part. Canada IPS n member of the Inlernalional Control Commission for Indochina since If' Ineepllmi In The AP sji'd dlnlonmllc fpurcp'! bad Hut Cin- IVland anrped lo provide officers each lownrd Ihc First Berlin prisoners released WEST BERLIN (Reuler) The firsl group of aboul 50 pris- oners released under an East German amnesty crossed into West Berlin today. East German buses drove up (o two border crossing points on the Berlin Wall and un- loaded groups of thinly-clad, penniless prisoners who were preplcd by police on Ihe other side. Alnn.r had been jailed for helping people escape lo the West and one or (wo for serious trnffic offences, police said. Arab hijackers vow lo deliver another blow TRIPOLI. Libya (lleuler! Till1 hijackers of Ihe Lufthansa airliner who hr-rn after freeing three Palestinian guer- rillas held in West Germany for Hie Munich Olympic massacre went Inlo hiding Tuesday vow- Ing (o deliver nnother blow Against Israel. A .spokesman for Ihe two Anil) liii.iokors said: "You cnn forKi'l about their whereabouts, nnmcs or dc.sllnnlion from here. POLITICAL LEADERS HUDDLE Next regime still in doubt By STEWART MacLEOD Canadian Press Staff Writer Just who would form the next federal government remained in doubt today as Canada's po- litical leaders huddled with ad- also received no end of unsolicited about settling the tightest gen- eral election battle In the coun- try's history. With the Conservatives hold- Ing 109 seats, and the Liberals JOS. it was not known whether Prime Minister Trudeau would try to maintain power with one less seat or turn the govern- ment over to Robert Stanfield's Conservatives. The New Demo- TRUDEAU'S CHOICES- QUIT OR FACE HOUSE OTTAWA (CP) Beaten by the Conservatives in Mon- day's election, Prime Minis- ter Trudeau must decide whether to resign or face the Commons outnumbered by the opposition. If he resigns without calling Parliament into session, Gov.-Gen. Roland Michener would ask Conservative leader Robert S'.Lnfield to form a government. Mr. Stanfield says he is ready. But if Mr. Trudeau decides to face the House, he could govern as long as tlie Liber- als are not defeated in a no- confidence vote. That is true even though the Liberals have one fewer seat than the Conservatives. Theoretically, Mr. Trudeau could also ask the Governor- General to call another elec- tion before meeting Parlia- ment. But that is st-etching a constitutional point and is considered by observers polit- ically disastrous. The prime minister faces no deadline for his decision, lie could wait until next week, when recounts are ex- pected to be complete in sev- eral close ridings. A change in any of those ridings could put the Liberals back In the lead. ML A pay increase bill introduced EDMONTON (CP) A bill to amend the Legislative Assembly Act to permit pay in- creases for all members of Ihe Alberta legislature, including a whopping increase for Ihe lead- er of the Opposition, was intro- duced Tuesday night by Deputy Premier Hugh Homer. The amendment endorses recommendations contained in a report made public last month, from a three-member committee headed by Mr. Jus- tice Michael O'Byrne of the provincial supreme court Irial division. The Opposition leader would receive a huge jump from in a "marked de- parture from the manner in which this office has been dealt with in the the commit- tee said. As well, (he premier would get a 62.2-per-cent increase which would bring his total re- muneration to up from S25.200. EXPENSE ALLOWANCES All MLAs would receive a sessional indemnity of compared with the current 800. In addition, all would re- ceive in expense allow- ances. They now get Cabinet ministers with a portfolio would get an increase from the they now receive. Ministers without porl folio would collect against the now paid. The Speaker would go to 500 from and the Deputy Speaker to from The commission also recom- mends an Increase to from S15 in the dally expense allow- ances paid to out-of-town mem- bers during the session. Mr. Justice O'Byrne and his co-commissioners, Arnold Plait and Dudley Balchelor, appoint- ed in June by the cabinet, com- pared Alberta members' sal- aries with those of members in other provinces and with a va- riety of people in public office. In an appendix to the report, the commission showed the re- muneration of Canada's other premiers: British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, 000; Quebec, New Brunswick. Prince Ed- ward, Nova Scotia, 000 and Newfoundland cratic Parly, vilh 30 seats, holds the effective balance of power. The Social Credit Party elected 15 MPs. all from Que- bec, and two independent mem- bers won their ridings. Mr. Trudeau was to meet with his cabinet today to dis- cuss the outcome ol Monday's election and, presumably, the likely course to be followed. With recounts likely in some half dozen ridings, a decision may be deferred for a week or two The prime minister could re- sign and let Mr. Stanfield form a minority government or he could face Parliament and risk defeat by a combined opposi- tion which now outnumbers the Liberals 154 lo 109. NEWS CONFERENCE Mr. Trudeau will hold a news conference later today, prob- ably around 4 p.m. Lethbridge time, Ms office said today. '.Vhilc most constitutional es- many have ex- pressed Mr. Trudeau should face Parlia- ment before resigning, there are precedents for both courses of action. Either a Liberal or Conservative government would require the voting support of the NDP to survive, and all party leaders are no doubt studying Ihe political con- sequences of the various al- ternatives open to them. The party in power has far greater opportunities to control events, but on the other hand the risks are obviously greater. In any event, many people are predicting that the minority sit- uation will bring on another election long before the normal Jour-to-five year term. Meanwhile, Mr. Stenfield lias made it clear he is ready to as- sume power, and he told an Ot- tawa news conference Tuesday night that Mr. Trudeau should resign. "The prime minister has lost the confidence of the people he should resign." The Conservative leader said that if he assumed office he would not make "adjustment in philosophy or approach to try to get the support of Mr. Lewis or anyone else." 'When your smiling, when your smiling, tha whole world smiles with Thieu...' Halloween blast kills BELFAST (AP) Tiro little girls made up in fancy dress to celebrate Halloween, the eve of All Saints' Day, were killed by a powerful bomb blast Tuesday night in a fresh spasm of Northern Ireland bloodletting. A British soldier and a teen- aged civilian also died during the day to raise the province's known death toll to 624 since 1959, and 413 this year alone. The girls, six-year-old Paula Strong and her playmate Clare Hughes, 4. were dressed in masks and witches hats and dancing around a bonfire a few minutes before the bomb erupted outside Benny's Bar in Ship Street, Belfast. Monitoring system urged in land control report EDMONTON (CD Al- though forr.ipn ownership cf land in Alberta isn't viewed .is a serious problem, a report lab- led In the legislature Tuesday night recommended a "moni- toring system'1 to keep track of such ownership. The report, tabled by Julian Kozlak. 32-year-old lawyer who is ttie Progressive Conservative liacklx; n c h c r for KdmonUm StrathcoiiH, was nn inleiim vp- porl from a splert commillpp on foreign Investment appointed last April. The committee's nine mem- bers were instructed lo find ways lo ensure "grcate- parti- cipation by Altaians In Iho ownership and control of Alber- IH" as wpll us assessing I h c economic results of foreign own- ership of land. Of ipecUio Inlerat to tha committee was Bill 107, an amcndmenl lo the Public Lands Act introduced at Ihe spviiig pitting of Ihe current session. The amendment would provide for restrictions on the sale of public land lo non-residents and would prohibit the sale of land to individuals who arc not Ca- nadian or to corpora- tions not 75-pcr-ccnt controlled by Canadians. II also would give Ihe prov- Inrp legal muscle to regain cnnl.rol of land if il is sold to fl Canadian and subsequently sold 10 persons or to a corporation not meeting the ownership re- quirements. Mr. Koziak'.s committee said 11 supports the Intent of Bill 107 but was concerned about Iho rcpossc.ssioh clause. The committee recommended Hint n non-Canadian who ac- quire! Alberta land through mea. Mher lhan cli-ect such ?s inhcrifance or should be given a "reasonable time'1 lo dispose of llic prop- erty in a manner suitable lo the Alberta government. COMPENSATION If the properly cannot he sold true value within the reasonable lime, any legislation should provide for adecj u a t o compensation whore Ihc prop- erly revrrls t'i Iho H also said the bill should iiol be retroactive, nnd should apply only to land acquired after any legislation comes into force. Tlie after nn ex- amination ot flic public land filps in tho dcpaiimonl of lands and forp.sts. it appparcd Hint the. snle of puhllp land in tin last 12 years Is not signifi- cant. ;