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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta IT'S NO WALRUS Craig Jennings of Vancouver tests o rww Swedish dry suit for use by divers in cold water. He turned up variable buoyancy control to high and pop- ped up on the surface. The at all times. t will keep a dive: warm Americans ieel serviceman's loyalty disappearing What is treason in this war? By TOM TJEDE WASHINGTON (NEA) When one of the recently re- leased prisoners of war return- ed to his hometown, he re- ceived a mixed reception. There were cheers representing the sentiment of hometowners who were happy to have their sold- ier back and never mind any- thing else. And there were grumblings, too, prompted by the suspicion that the POW paid for his Vietnam release al the expense of the United States. He had said some felt, some fuzzy things about America. Antiwar things. And here he was, for it all, being treated like a hero by the nation he knocked. The latter opinion, correct or not, is a growing one in the land, Confused by more than a decade of war, bitter about the changes occurring in national patriotism, many Americans feel that the last of the coun- try's uniformed values the serviceman's loyalty is dis- appearing without so much as yelp from the regulatory au- thorities- To be sure, this opinion has been repeatedly reinforced by current events. Several years ago the North Vietnamese be- gan periodic broadcasts of al- leged antiwar statements by captured Americans. Over the years such statements multi- plied through the world press. Most recently a captured Air Force captain is reported to have said (via short wave broadcast) that Senator Mc- Govern should be elected pres- ident, because: "I feel that (McGovern) is the only reason- able choice for the American voter. This war must be stop- ped immediately so that the Vietnamese people can live in peace These statements, some much worse, fall decidedly outside the bounds of what is expected of American prisoners of war. And the question is being raised, even though POWs still are im- prisoned: What, if any, action should eventually be taken? There is no doubt that many o( the POW statements beamed out of North Vietnam are, in and of themselves, grounds for court-martial. The U.S. mili- tary has always had a set of responsibility regulations, writ- ten or implied, in time of war: Do not aid or comfort the ene- my. Do not Jeopardize fellow prisoners. Even when the speci- fics were vague, the intent was clear and enforcement was a matter of well-understood logic After the Korean war, more- over, the vagueness was re- moved from the list of prisoner responsibilities. Military offi- cials were taken back by what they considered to be deplor- able behavior by so many pris- oners of war (no one escapee from a camp, or even made a good The Korean statis- tics, actually, were not all that bad of POWs, only 6 per cent were specified as hav- ing possibly misbehaved, and slightly more than a dozen were court-martialed but the mili- tary reacted anyway. Dwight Eisenhower, then president, or- dered that a specific "Code of Conduct" be drawn up to man- date honor. The Code, wliich is still re- quired reading (at least once a year) for every serviceman in the nation, suggests that they not be captured, but if, under "superior they are, they should conduct themselves as "God and the United States" would want. The key point: "When questioned, should I be- come a prisoner of war, I am bound to give only name, rank, service number and date of birth- I will avoid answering further questions to the utmost of my ability. I will make no oral or written statement dis- loyal to my country or its al- lies or harmful to their cause." Clearly, many of the state- ments out of North Vietnam in recent years would bust this Code of Conduct. Thus, many Americans feel, the attending prisoners should be held respon- sible. But will they? With some discomfort, the Pentagon says it is too early to tell. Key officers in the Defense Department warn that the pub- lic should not make any judg- ments about the prisoners until all are safely home and all the 'acts are in. "The broadcasts by themselves mean says one spokesman. "We don't aiow what the conditions for the statements are. We don'l know if they are being forcec to make them. We just don't know. And until we do we are assuming that our men are handling themselves as expect- ed." In fact, the military does more than assume the POWs are handling themselves well. "All of our indications point to the fact that they are doing an ad- mirable job." More than 20 prisoners have escaped from the enemy's detention. Most tablished camps in North Viet- nam, according to good inform ation, have set up military-like structures for behavior and ac tivity. And the word from the releasees-escapees has been, except for some instances, thai the majority of POWs refuse to co-operate or abet their captors Therefore, say authorities "At present we are not plan- ning or contemplating charges against anyone. We don't even like to talk about the possibility of charges." Speculations on the military's part, indeed, would be hazard- ous. Not only do authorities want the public to keep faith with POWs, but they don't want to risk any further public con- troversies on the prisoner ques- tion. "We know the public is wondering about says one civilian in the POW section "but what can we say, The shrug is understandable. Public sympathies lie with the prisoners, not the Pentagon; and anything said without com- passion would be met with an avalanche of contempt. (The Marines did try one former prisoner, a sergeant, for alleged misbehavior, but public critic- ism was cut short by a rather quick finding of innocence.) Besides, says another author- ity, the whole question of right and wrong in Vietnam is mur- ky: "I've read all the state- ments allegedly made by POWs, I don't like them, but they are no different from what politi- cians in America are saying everyday- I think we have to ask ourselves a hard question: What is treason in war, any- So. Still another dilemma out of the Vietnam era. What, in- deed, is treason in this war? Major crash course in Brazil Literacy rate climbing RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) Brazil's literacy rate is climb- ing, thanks to what the govern- ment bills as the world's biggest crash course hi reading and writing for adults. Seventy-two per cent of those over 15 in this vast South Amer- Medical treatment helps midget in effort to grow OTTAWA (CP) Barry Bur- gess is a and 4 feet, 114 inches tall. A hormone deficiency stopped his growth when he was seven. But tlmnks to medical treat- ment lie hns p-own Ihrce Inches in the last in months. His gonl is nt lonst five feel. The key to his new Is Dr. Knmnl Kmvnyli, n specialist in glandular disorders, along wilh of linninn growth hormone from cndnvcrs. The hormone which scls Rrowtli is sccrclcd in the pitui- tary glnnd, n smnll orgnn lo- cated in the brain, just behind the eyes. As yet, tlic hormone cannot be made artificially nnd animal hormones cannot be substituted. The treatments arc given over ,1 six-month period. Between each, there is a six-month gap, rkiring which the effects are noted nnd nssesscd. Doclors say only nbout five per cent of suhnormally-slzcd people boncfH from I he hor- mone treatment Iwcnuse nn in- dividual's conslllutlnn may be responsible for ills size, ican country of 100 million peo- ple now can read and write, the education ministry has an- nounced. In 1MO, Brazil's liter- acy rate was 44 per cent. Education in general has im- proved in Brazil in recent dec- ades. But tho recent upward spurt in literacy is due mainly to a nationwide program for called MOBRAL. Since ils stnrt two years ago, MOB- BA1, claims to have laught more than two million adulls to read nnd write. That total will rise to 7.2 million by 1974, offi- cials sny. MOBRAL Is doubly succcssul in Ihnt it uses hardly any money from federal, sljite or locnl budgets- Most of ils funds will spend mil- lion in 1P72-come from the weekly nntionnl soccer lotlery. Another chunk comes from pri- vate corporations, which can earmark one per cent of their federal Income tax cnch yenr to lire program. Should a POW, aching with years of captivity, be held an- swerable when millions of oth- ers, living free, are not? And on the other hand is a military without rules, and the right to enforce them, a military at all? Even when the war ends, it appears, Its distressing agonies are likely to continue in this weary, weary nation. The Lethbridge Herald Fourth Section Lcthbndge, Alberta, Wednesday, November 1, 1972 Pages 37 to 48 Various styles of operation Sex therapy clinics increase By BOYCE BENSBERGER New York Times Service NEW YORK For many people, including at least haif the married couples in the country, BOX is not Lhe most natural thing in the world. What is called "the act of love" is commonly awkward and painful, often shameful and embarrassing, and some- times completely impossible. Thus, in the two and one half years since Dr. William H. Mas- .ers and Virginia E. Johnson 'irst publicized these facts in :heir text "Human Sexual In- there has been a quiet proliferation of sex ther- apy clinics across the country. Although there is no reliable count, a check of 20 cities show- ed at least several dozen sex clinics in various styles of op- eration. Most operate on a small scale, treating no more than a Few dozen couples a year, in inconspicuous "professional building" offices. Many are closely patterned after the Masters and Johnson program in St. Louis or use some of its methods mixed with other well established tech- niques, such as psychoanalysis. Examples are: The sexual behavior con- sultation unit at Johns Hopkins FJospital in Baltimore, where a modified version of the Masters and Johnson program may cost up to for two or three weeks. Closely related to the nospital's sex-change surgery program, the unit specializes in sex problems involving de- formities of the genitals. A small program at a pri- vate psychiatric hospital in h i c a g o 's suburban DCS Plaines, where couples pay for 15 hours of treat- ment over a 12-week period. The program, at Forest Hos- pital, is headed by a psychiat- rist and a gynecologist and combines conventional psycho- analysis with techniques de- veloped by Masters and John- son. Some sex therapy programs appear to be little more than prostitution rings that have cloaked themselves in a new- ly respectable mantle. Through the use of the "surrogate a technique once used but now abandoned by Mas- ters and Johnson, these opera- tions sell sexual gratification to men, some of whom appar- ently believe they are getting legitimate therapy. Still other programs lie some- where in between, offering some of the methods developed in St. Louis but in settings that are frowned upon by many of the ofothodox therapists. These include: A nude encounter group program in New York where sexually dysfunctional men and women learn to give and receive physical contact by experi- menting on each other. The pro- gram, offered by a private en- counter group centre called An- thos, meets for 12 two-hour ses- sions and costs a person. The Berkeley group for sexual development, which re- lies heavily on the use of sur- rogate partners, some of whom are ex-prostitutes. Patients are charged to 230 for each ses- sion with the surrogate and for participating in an counter group session. "This is a growing said Mrs. Johnson, who re- tains her former name in pro- fessional circles though she is now married to Dr. Masters. "We hear reports that programs are starting up eveywhere. Thee are people in it for all the right reasons and some for not the right reasons." Masters said he believes the men is from 15 seconds to five to engage in a long coital ses- sion before ejaculating. Many men who reach orgasm in a minute or too think they premature ejaculators find, therefore, abnormal. In fact, studies have shown that the range of coital time before ejaculation in normal growth of sex clinics is partly a product of the times, a result of increased awareness of sex through the media and the fact that people feel more comfort- able talking about their prob- lems now. 'I think it's also because a man and a woman need each other more now than ever be- Masters said. "People need someone to hold on to. Once they had the clan but now they only have each other." Another factor in the proli- feration of sex clinics is clearly the emerging demand now that j people know help of this type is available. Most of the therapists, re- gardless of the style of the pro- gram, agree that Americans are beset with misconceptions and myths about what is good and normal sexual function- ing. Many men, for example, be- lieve that they are suffering a problem if they become impo- tent once in a while. In fact the therapists agree, the vast majority of normal men ex- perience impotence from time to time as a result of fatigue, alcohol, anxiety or other trans- ient circumstances. Another miscon c e p 11 o n among men that many of the therapists have found is the be- lief that a man should be able minutes. Arother myth concerns the simultaneous orgasm, once touted in marriage manuals as the ultimate in sexual pleas- ure. In fact, according to many therapists, it is almost impos- sible to achieve and Is no more enjoyable than when one part- ner reaches orgasm before the other. Even having an orgasm at all is not necessary to deep and rewarding sexual pleasure, many therapists said. today's FUNNY OF THE WEIGHS' Jordans Superb Fashion Leader Carpet now featured at spectacular savings ANNUAL SALE of FINE BROADLOOMS Cheap carpet at a cheap price is not good value! 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