Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - November 1, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
FORKAST HIOH TUESDAY 25-30. The Lethbridge Herald ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIV - No. 272 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS - 20 PAGES Nixon not trying to punish UN By KENNETH J. FREED WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon's hardening altitude toward the United Nations appears part of an orchestrated effort to turn a defeat into long-term political and diplomatic gains, not an attempt fo punish the world body for expelling Nationalist China. Administration and diplomatic sources say that while the U.S. president is disappointed and frustrated over the failure to keep a UN seat for Nationalist China, he also sees an opportunity for progress toward three goals: Recovering and re-establishing political strength among more conservative U.S. voters; pushing the UN into economic reforms, and breaking the mould of international thinking about American foreign policy. On the first point, the sources say Nationalist China's expulsion has touched off a reaction throughout the U.S. reflecting a deepfelt concern about the fate of the Taiwan government and suspicion of the United Nations. Aware that some conservatives, displeased with his overtures toward Communist China, are considering challenging his leadership, Nixon has moved fo pre-empt their issue. Set it in motion It was with this in mind, sources say, that the president set his strategy in motion, even as the debate was developing in the United Nations over the China membership question. When some members of Congress said early this month that the U.S. should reduce its aid to the UN if Taiwan were tossed out, the administration called attention to the statement in the United Nations. At first officials said they raised the matter publicly only to inform other countries there was such thinking by Americans. They declined to discuss wheth- . er the president would support a reduction. This was followed by statements that the administration did indeed want U.S. financial aid to the UN to continue, but officials would not be specific when asked for details. After the vote to expel Taiwan last week, State Secretary WiLliam P. Rogers said the United Nations was not acting in a financially responsible manner and American economic support might be re-evaluated. He adcied this was not an act of retaliation. By taking this zigzag approach, say state and diplomatic sources, Nixon hopes he created a conservative-pleasing image that lie won't abide nations or organizations accepting American aid while kicking the United Slates in the teeth. None of Nixon's goals is independent of the others, and that is particularly true of the question of U.S. financial aid for the United Nations. Besides trying to strengthen his political position, Nixon is said by American officials fo be truly concerned over the UN financial situation. By Secretary-General U Thant's account, the UN is near bankruptcy. In addition Thant is retiring and much of the top UN executive structure has been weakened by illness and vacancies. Also tied in is Nixon's' strategy toward Communist China. While trying to disarm conservative opposition at home and shock the United Nations into reforms, the president also is wary of doing anything that would disrupt the relaxing U.S.-Peking mood. Nixon, therefore, has been careful not to attack the UN decision to give the Nationalist China seat to the Communist Chinese government. Instead, the shock and outrage the White House attributed to the president nearly two days after the Nationalists were expelled were aimed at the "shocking demonstration" of "undisguised glee and personal animosity" toward the United Slates by some delegates celebrating the American defeat. The first official reaction by Secretary Rogers was to say admission of Communist China "was consistent" with administrative policy. Expressions of regret over Taiwan's ouster came second. Official sources say Nixon is making radical changes in foreign policy and the U.S. approach to its conduct. East-West love story BERLIN (AP) - Her worst problem in 25 months in an East German prison, an attractive East Berlin nurse said Saturday, "was to adjust to being in jail, although I had done nothing wrong." What Elisabeth Neumann, free and in West Berlin since Tuesday, had done was fall in love with an American language student, aaid try to marry him despite objections from East German Communist authorities. Love cost Lyle Jenkins, 31, of Norfolk, Va., 22 months of East German imprisonment as well. The East-West love story began with Jenkins studying al the Academy of Science in East Berlin, a top European language institute. He became a friend of Jack Strickland, 29, of Santa Barbara, Calif., studying oceanography in West Berlin; Strickland's fiancee, Brigitte Hcider, 33, of East Berlin, and Miss Neumann. Each couple made mairriagc plans. Jenkins and Strickland went to East Berlin in September, 1969, to try to gel Jenkins's girl and were arrested along with Miss Neumann. Jenkins received a sentence of 2Vi years and Strickland four years on charges involving helping or enticing persons to flee East Germany. Miss Neumann was sentenced to two years and nine months for trying to flee, Jenkins says that once Elisabeth obtains a West German passport they will go to the United States, where they plan to marry, Strickland says Miss Hcider and he plan to go to California where ho is enrolled at the University of California at Santa Barbara. Fear 20,000 dead in tidal wave Killer tidal wave sile NEW DELHI fAP) - A IB-foot tidal wave swept through villages along the Bay of Bengal last Friday and local political leaders estimated, after a tour of the area, that 15,000 persons, perhaps as many as 20,000, had died. The Indian government radio put the total at 10,000. It reported that at least a mil- lion homes had been destroyed or damaged so severely as to leave f o u r -m i 111 o n persons homeless in the newest disaster to afflict the Indian subconti-nent. The Cuttack and Balasore districts of eastern Orissa State, 150 miles southeast of Calcutta, appeared to be the areas hardest hit by the tidal wave and accompanying cyclonic winds of up to 100 miles an hour. The Times of India, in a dispatch from Cuttack, said air drops of food were urgently required in some areas where all roads, rail lines amd air strips had been flooded or destroyed. The low-lying coastal villages are the target of annual cyclonic storms and tidal waves that roar in from the Bay of Bengal, hitting villages in East Pakistan and India-an impoverished region where the local residents live on a bare subsist-ance diet even in normal times. 300,000 DIED IN 1070 A similar tidal wave last November killed at least 300,000 persons in the Gange River basin in Cast Pakistan, 300 miles northeast of this weekend's disaster area. The latest storm passed Sun- day from Orissa to neighboring West Bengal state, destroying homes and rice crops in coastal villages that only two months ago were ravaged by the annual monsoon floods. The area in West Bengal is filled with East Pakistani refugee camps, although initial reports said most of the camps had escaped the brunt of the storm. Alberta teacher pact too late RED DEER (CP) - Some 3,900 students were without classes today because a last-minute decision that averted a teachers' strike apparently came too late to call back custodians and drivers of school buses, school authorities reported. Spokesmen for school authorities in Lacombe County north of Red Deer said their schools will not open until Tuesday though the teachers are willing to work. About 19,000 students in the Battle River School Authorities Association would have been affected if the strike had started today. TEACHERS BACK The 980 teachers employed by the association averted the strike at 1 a.m. MST today when they agreed to report for work in the morning. The teachers and trustees agreed on terms of a two-year contract S'aturday but the teachers balked when the trustees said they would not be able to sign it immediately because of difficulty in reaching all the persons who needed to sign tho document. The trustees said they would meet later today to give a firm decision on whether the terms were acceptable. The earlier plan had been for the trustees to sign a memorandum of agreement containing the contract terms which would be held for ratification at a meeting later in the week. The teachers said that if the trustees do not approve the contract terms today they may again give strike notice. A strike would have affected schools in the counties of Red Deer, Lacombe, Welaskiwin and Stettler as well as the school divisions of Camrose and Rocky Mountain House. About 850 teachers in rural areas north and west of Edmonton returned to school last week after a strike over a contract dispute involving the is- Tito comes to Canada Tuesday OTTAWA (CP) - President Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia arrives here Tuesday night to begin a five-day Canadian visit for talks with Prime Minister Trudeau, a news conference and aii honorary degree. He confers with Mr. Trudeau Thursday and holds the news conference Friday-before leaving Ottawa for a brief visit to Quebec City. Premier Robert Bourassa will preside at a dinner in his honor Friday night. Saturday, President Tito is scheduled to receive an honorary degree from Dalhousie University in Halifax. Security for the visit is tight, and public appearances by the 79-year-old head of state are being kept to a minimum. Only the barest itinerary has yet been released. President Tito will fly into Uplands military airport from the United States, where he has been since Wednesday. His wifs is accompanying him. Halloween prank blamed for death BLACKFALDS lCP) - Alfred Ralph Appema, 17, of BJackfalds was killed Sunday when his car struck a barricade of straw bales which police said were placed by halloween pranksters. Appema was returning home from church on a district road three miles northwest of Red Deer when the accident occurred. Police said charges would be laid if the pranksters are found. sue of consultation with the teachers regarding policy changes. The teachers and their boards agreed on a form of consultation and submitted the remaining issues to binding arbitration. Poli Machine-gun ambush in Belfast ce on full alert after London blasts Post office, armory hit BLAST RIPS POST OFFICE - A whole section of the Post Office Tower in London's West End, note windowless strip ot left, was ripped away when an explosion ripped open part of the building. Debris from the blast was thrown some distances into the surrounding streets from the 600-foot-tall structure, tallest building in Britain. Work outlook grim OTTAWA (CP) - Finance ministers and officials from the 30 provinces met Finance Minister E. J. Benson today in a general economic conference, with gloomy forecasts for the winter's employment outlook. Mr. Benson told the conference all signs point up for strong economic growth, but unemployment remains the primary problem. Premier Allan Blakeney of Saskatchewan and Finance Minister Saul Cherniack of Manitoba criticized the federal government for acting too slowly �md timidly in fighting unemployment. Provincial Treasurer Darcy McKeough of Ontario caught the attention of conference delegates by releasing his main policy paper to reporters Sunday night. It called for credits on personal income tax to offset part of the burden of sales and property taxes on lower-income families. Husky Tower rechristened Calgary Toiver CALGARY (CP) - The 626-foot-high Husky Tower, built in 1907 at a cost of $3.5 million, has been renamed the Calgary Tower. It's a logical change," says Donald Cutler, the tower's general manager. "Since its completion some three years ago, the tower has become accepted internationally as a symbol of the city. . . ." Ontario also called for a revi-talization of the process of federal-provincial tax and fiscal policy consultations. NOTES FORWARD THRUST Mr. Benson said there is a forward thrust in demand, production and employment, sparked by healthy consumer spending and government outlays. But he added that unemployment still looms large. lie said also that the cost of living rise appears to have stabilized, except for rising food prices. And he emphasized that the economic future is too clouded by the effects on Canada of President Nixon's Aug. 15 introduction of an extra 10-per-cent U.S. import duty and other measures to jack up the U.S. economy. All provinces were represented by premiei's or treasurers except British Columbia, which sent senior civil servants. Newfoundland was represented by Frederick W. Rowe, finance . minister defeated in last week's election. War of Worlds broadcast upsets Buffalo citizens LONDON (CP-AP) - British authorities went on a full alert ir. Britain today following two bomb blasts in London while in Belfast terrorists killed two policemen in a machine-gun ambush. Earlier in Belfast, another bomb was detonated in a downtown department store blowing debris and shattered glass into the street. There were no deaths in either tiie London or Belfast bombings. One bomb in London at 1:45 a.m. blasted the headquarters of the Royal Tank Regiment a quarter of a mile from Parliament. Earlier, the other ripped a gaping hole in the 3lst floor of the Post Office Tower, the highest building in Britain. First reports indicated tha tower was blasted by the outlawed Irish Republican Army. But the IRA in Dublin, usually quick to claim the credit for anti-British bomb attacks, denied planting the tower bomb. GUNNED DOWN A Belfast police spokesman said the two detectives were gunned down in a suburban avenue when they went to investigate a reported burglary at a newspaper shop. The killings took the two-year death toll hi the fighting between Protestants and Roman Catholics in troubled Northern Ireland to 146, 12 of them police officers. In the Belfast bombings, attributed fo the IRA guerrillas, the blast injured six shoppers and pedestrians in the morning rush-hour crowd outside. The bomb, wrapped in a duffel bag, blew out the ground floor of the Automobile Association, and a radio centre on Great Victoria Street. Ambul- ances rushed the injured, most of them cut by flying glass, to hospital. LIGHT BOMB FUSE The bomb was planted in broad daylight as shops and offices opened. An office clerk said two men armed with pistols walked into the building, lit the bomb fuse and yelled "you've got four minutes to get out." Terrified office workers fled before the blast blew debris and shattered glass into the street. In London, a mystery telephone call claimed both explosions there were set off by The Angry Brigade, a secret anarchist movement dedicated to wrecking British society by violence. An anonymous telephone call to the British Press Association claimed the Post Office Tower bombing was to protest Brit-air's entry into the Common Market and the blast at the army barracks was to demonstrate against the British government's handling of the crisis in Northern Ireland. The Angry Brigade has been blamed for half a dozen previous explosions in London, including blasts at the home of a government minister and the head of the Scotland Yard police force. BUFFALO, N.Y. (AP) - Scores of Buffalo residents thought interplanetary warfare had broken out in then-own backyard Sunday night, as a local radio station broadcast its version of H. G. Wells' classic War of the Worlds. Station WKBW had presented its takeoff on tha simulated newscast the last three Halloweens, and it had repeatedly broadcast promotional messages about the planned broadcast throughout the day. Nonetheless, the station's switehbbard-and those of area police agencies-lit up with calls. The Buffalo program employed the voices of WKBW reporters in its "on the scene" reports. The original Wells produc-cion in 1938 caused a countrywide furore. In Buffalo, police described the public reaction Sunday as "nervousness," rather than panic. Well over 100 persons phoned the Buffalo police starting when the show began shortly before 11 p.m. as a bogus "bulletin" announcing a Martian landing at nearby Grand Island. Seen and heard About town T ABOR LEADER Roy Ber-lando commenting on how the NHL Vancouver Canucks had graciously lost to an eastern team and only had their two goals scored by left wingers during Russian Premier Alexei Kosygin's recent state visit . . . Dave Boyden commenting on women drivers, Gold-starred red flag hoisted By WILLIAM N. OATIS UNITED NATIONS (AP) -The gold-starred red flag of Communist China was hoisted for the first time at UN headquarters today. The 12-blue-uniformed UN guards who routinely raise the flags of all 131 member countries each weekday morning trooped from the General Assembly building promptly at 8 a.m. carrying the rolled flags of member nations. Starting at the north end of the line of flag poles, arranged alphabetically along the perimeter of the UN, the guards made their way slowly to the 30-foot pole reserved for China's flag. A few minutes later the blood-red flag of China was hoisted. Nuclear test trigger cocked BULLETIN WASHINGTON (AP) - A federal judge turned down today requests by American environmentalists to hall a huge underground nuclear explosion set for this week on Amchitka Island off Alaska. U.S. District Judge George Hart's ruling frees lawyers for groups protesting the blast to file an immediate appeal to a higher court. 'Funny world, oh? The only ones minting to tiuwry are priests who ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) -Preparations are nearly complete for the largest underground nuclear test ever fired by tho United States-a detona-Lion the Atomic Energy Commission contends will trigger fewer shock waves than the in- ternational debate preceding it. Code name for the five-megaton blast is "Cannikin" and ground zero is Amchitka Island, a narrow 42-mile-long pile of mostly rocks far out in the Aleutian chain. Despite widespread opposition in the U.S. and abroad, the AEC says little if any permanent sn-vironmental damage will occur and adds: "The effects of Cannikin on man are expected to be about nil." The explosion will occur in a 5,875-foot-deep chamber, sealed to contain heat and radioactivity, if the government clears the last two of a series of court challenges this woek. BOMB IN PLACE President Nixon gavo liis go-ahead last week and the AEC says the bomb is in place and will be ready for firing by Friday, although no definite date has been set. Commission Chairman James R. Sclilesinger, who will monitor the experiment from an Amchitka control centre, said the blast is planned to assist in development of the Spartan anti-ballistic missile system. The isolated test site is about halfway between Anchorage and Tokyo and some 700 miles from the Soviet Union. Although equal to the power of nearly five million tons of chemical explosive and some 250 times stronger than Hiroshima bomb, government scientists insist there is virtually no chance of damaging earthquakes or tsunamisn radiation venting or similar effects. But those assurances haven't convinced Alaska state officials, the Aleuts, conservationists or foreign governments opposing Cannikin. The AEC experiment has prompted debate in a United Nations committee, inspired Senator Mike Gravel (D. - Alaska) to picket the White House and set the scene for two highly-publicized protest, voyages to Amchitka Island by members of the Vancouver', B.C.-based Don't Make a Wave Committee. The detonation is opposed by Canada, the Soviet Union, Japan, Sweden and Peru. Somo oppose Cannikin for environmental reasons, others fear it may diminish prospects for success at the strategic arms limitation talks.