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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 31, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Research council continues vital survey Thunday, May 31, 1973 THE 1ETHBRIDGE HIRALD Some 50 engineers., geologists, geophysicists measure Alberta's resource wealth The Research Council of Al berta began surveying the min- eral resources of the province in 1919 and the survey con tinues. The council had Its begin- ning in the appointment of committee of provincial govern merit and university represent- atives to "make a survey of all the mineral resources of th province and ascertain the pos sibility of their development.' Alberta's mineral resources proved to be so extensive the today the Research Council has some 50 professional engineers, geologist and geophysicists on its staff and is active in almosi all fields of resource develop- ment. Programs related to minera. resources include basic geologi cal studies, investigations of mineral deposits, developmem of extraction, beneficiation, pro- cessing techniques, transporta Uon and conversion to finished products. In recent years, stud- ies of environmental problems related to mineral developmen have become increasingly im portant. The Research Council also plays an active role in the re- newable resource fields. Ground- water studies are an import- ant part of the council's pro- gram, with applications to ag- ricultural, industrial and mu- nicipal development. Soil surveys are basic to land use planning for agriculture forestry, urban development and recreation. Research is conducted on agricultural and Foundation of Canada Engineering Corporation Limited VANCOUVER CALGARY EDMONTON HAMILTON TORONTO OTTAWA FFEDEHIC70I4 SAINT JQHM -HALIFAX ST JOHN 5 planning design project management ARCTIC RESEARCH TRANSPORTATION ICE POLLUTION CONTROL IT, NG IVAPNE INDUSTRIAL TOTTRUP ENGINEERING LIMITED EDMONTON CALAGRY Consulting Engineers for Industry Industrial Plants, Feasibility Studies, Pipelines Process Control and Automation Port of tha Toltrup Group with offices throughout the world forest products and on the ma- terials and equipment used bj these industries. The council's association with environmental studies in the re- newable resource fields wives dealing with problems caused by forestry or agricul ture and with finding ways of using land in a manner which will yield the maximum econ- omic or social returns withoul creating undesirable side-ef- fects. There are many examples o types of work carried out by the Research Council in these various fields. Geological and hydrogeological studies repre- sent a continuing program which is progressively giving a picture of the surface and sub- surface geology and hydrology of the pfovince. The council has recently com- pleted a bedrock geology map of the northern half of Alberta. Some of the council's work in this area is for the benefit of government and industrial cli ents but the majority of it acts as the basis for more detailed investigations by private indus- try and engineering consultants. An important mineral extrac- tion project is Dr. Karl Clark's development of the hot water process for separating crude bitumen from oil sand. This process is currently in use at the Great Canadian Oil Sands Ltd. plant and will also be used by Syncrude Canada Ltd. in its proposed operation. New extraction methods are also being developed particu- larly "in-situ" methods for re- covery of bitumen where the overburden is too thick for sur- face mining. The council is continually working on the extraction prob- lem of finding an economical way of separating helium from Alberta natural gas. While heli- um is present in only small percentages in most Alberta gas fields, the actual quantity available is large due to the great total volumes of gas pro- duced. Htnrever, once the nat- ural gas is burned the helium content is lost to the at- mosphere. A joint project is underway between the Alberta Research Council and private industry to investigate methods of separat- ing helium, from Alberta natur- al gas on a laboratory and pilot ilant scale. What about the possibility of snergy shortages in Alberta? The research council realizes .hat practicable methods must ;ventually be found to produce the province's liquid and gas- rous fuels from coal and bitu- men. Although Alberta has several hundred years supply in the form of coal or bituminous sands the lifetimes of its con- ventional crude oil and natural gas reserves are much less than this. Because of the long lead times involved in most new large-scale developments, the technology must be available well in advance of actual need. In addition to its work on Atha- basca bitumen, the Research Council has started a program on underground gasification of coal. In the area of transportation, the council is investigating dif- ferent methods of increasing the efficiency of transporting bulk commodities by pipeline. The concept of transporting coal through long-distance pipe- lines as a slurry in crude oil was originally developed by the Research Council. Another development is the "capsule pipeline" concept which offers lower energy re- quirements and greater flexi- bility in transporting commod- ities than slurry pipelining. A number of projects of tha Research Council are directed towards upgrading Alberta raw materials to finished products. Upgrading provides increased job opportunities in the prov- ince and widens the markets available for raw materials. A project concerning the Lethbridge area is the develop- ment of a process for making active carbons from Alberta coals, which has led to the es- tablishment of the Aqua-Tech plant in the city. The products of the plant will be used for ef- fluent treatmfeit, solvent recov- ery, taste and odor removal and similar applications. Environmental studies at the Research Council cover a broad spectrum including pollution monitoring and control; de- velopment of processes vhich are inherently less polluting; microbiological degradation of oil spills; waste disposal and recycling; and land restoration after strip mining. Most new projects are set up in such a way that adequate knowledge of environmental 'actors is obtained in advance f any development so environ- mental problems are minimiz- ed in the original design. An assisted-seedlmg contain- brought out by the Research Council, is now being manu- factured in Alberta for refores- ;ation of pulp miU leases and umilar applications. In agricul- 'f t Inland Cement likes to keep you happy. xWe can help you with all your cement of exposed aggregate Just or concrete technology problems. We of" Canada's Whether you're concerned about the cementv sources av our curing of. freshly- poured concrete- in we warjt you to use it, S60' below -wemtHSr or trie aesthetics Gst together .with Inland get v- INLAND CEMENT INDUSTRIES LIMITED -THE CEMENt DIVISION OF, s v ;