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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 31, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 30 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, May 31, 1973 The chemical fuel cell progresses CWNG working with TARGET research group A Canadian company is par- ticipating in the investigation of tre fuel cell as a new meth- od of producing electricity in coiT-merical quantities. Tne Canadian Western Nat- ural Gas Company, along with 32 American gas utilities and Pratt and Whitney Aircraft Cor- poration is investigating the natural gds operated fuel cell powcrplant. This device trans- forms chemical energy stored in natural gas to electrical en- ergy directly without combus- tion. While the principle was ex- perimented with over 100 years ago it wasn't until the Ameri- can space program began that it made iK debut. In .space fhgHs greater amounts cf electrical power were required in the craft. The fuel call concept was fcurd to have greater potential than bat- teries or solar generators. The fuel cell powerplant de- by Pratt and Whitney Aircraft for the Apollo space program was successful. In connection with this fuel cell development the problems of pollution and its control; the acceleration of electrical ener- gy usage and the depletion of fuels to produce it had to be worked out. The gas utilities felt they could play a useful role in over- coming these concerns. First be- cause they were concered. sec- ond, their product natural gas, has an abundance of hy- drogen, the primary fuel for the cell. In 1867. they, together with Pratt and Whitney Aircraft or- ganized under the name TAR- GET (Team to Advance Re- search for Gas Energy Trans- formation Incorporated) to help reach the cbjcctuc of using this type of powerplant for gen- eral USP. Canadian Western Natural Gas Company Ltd. joined the group in 1971. In 1972 a test unit was in- stalled in a Calgary home and operated for a three-month per- iod supplying all the electrical needs of the home. The basic fuel cell as used in the space program is made with two electrodes and an el- ectrolyte between. It uses hydro- gen and oxygen in their isolat- ed states as fuel. The byprod- ucts are carbon dioxide and usable water. To make the space fuel cell usable as a natural gas oper- ated generator of common util- ity type electricity several ad- ditions were required. They in- cluded a gas purifier to remove traces of odorant; a reform- er to separate the hydrogen from the other elements of nat- ural gas; and a means of sep- arating oxygen from the other gases in the natural gas mix- ture. An inverter was added to change direct current power to alternating current. Costs for producing electric- ity in this manner have not yet been evaluated. The objective of the research program at this early stage is to develop a nat- ural gas fueled system capable of providing competitive elec- tricity efficiently, cleanly and quietly. One of the beneficial effects of the cell is that the emission of pollution of any kind is ex- tremely low. It is considered to be at least 25 per cent more efficient than the best thermal plant in use today. For example, if the city of Edmonton had saved 25 per cent of the gas they used in 1972 to generate their electric- ity it would have been enough to heat family homes for a year. Canadian Western Gas be- lieves the fuel cell powerplant will become part of the natural gas industry scene. They are optimistic that within a few years this type of power gen- eration, in view of its ef- ficiency, low pollution, and modular sizing concept will be relatively common. At this point the fuel cell powerplant is still a research program. However, over 60 units, which were the property of the manufacturer, were put into reasonably satisfactory service in 1972. Not all serious business at engineers9 convention While the delegates to the annual convention of the Asjo.- ciation of Professional Engin- eers, Geologists and Geophysi- cists of Alberta attend their sessions, their wives will be participating in a special pro- gram of their own. The special ladies program begins Friday morning at' the Holiday Inn with a poolside breakfast and fashion show and winds up with a special garden party and luncheon at the bridge Golf and Country Club. Several delegates and their wives are expected to tour some of the city's and South- ern Alberta's attractions in- cluding the Nikka Yuko Japan- ese Garden, the Alexander Gait Museum and Waterton Lake National Park. Congratulations Association of PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS, GEOLOGISTS and GEOPHYSECISTS of Alberta your iii Lelhbridse' (CANADA LTD 3030 5th AVENUE NORTH PHONE 328-3376 CANADIAN SUGAft FACTORIES LTD. Industry By Canadian Sugar Factories Ltd. Canadian Sugar Factories Ltd., which has been a South- ern Alberta indu3try for 42 years, is dependent 011 the dual renewable resources of agri- culture and irrigation. 1 Southern Alberta, with its warm and climate and its ir- 1 rigation systems, is well suited for the production of sugar beets and. hence, sugar and 1 sugar beet byproducts. Canadian Sugar Factories 'Ltd. ot Lethbridge operates two plants in Southern rAlbei ta and supplies sugar primarily to Al- berta and Saskatchewan miar- i kets. I The company clears about 1 million annually, most cf which is spent in the prairie provinces. Of this amount is paid to the beet grov- climate, irrigation ers and to the com- pany employees. Other expenses include 900.000 for rails and truck hauls: for gas, oil and electricity; for lime, rock and" coke; for op- erating supplies and materials; for packaging mater- ials ard P200.000 is paid for i propertj taxes. The company is a western 1 Canadian company controlled j by v.csteAi Canadian capital serung western Canadians. It operates on a grower-com- pany rroiit sharing ccntract with the farmers. 'When sugar beets are delivered to the plants growers rcccn e an 1 initial payment based on the company estimate of returns for sugar during the ensuing year. This is followed by subse- quent payments as sugar is sold. At the same time the growers also receive a share of the returns from the by- products Western Feed Mol- asses and Western Beet Pulp. The first sugar plant was started at Raymond in 1930 but the plant failed. A second at- tempt at producing sugar was made by United States inter- ests in 1935 when 7% million pounds of sugar were produced. The present owners, the B.C. Sugar Refining Company Ltd. of Vancouver purchased the company in 1930. The B.C. com- pany modernized the plant and set up an orderly development of beet acreage. The business in 1973 encom- passes growers producing 650.000 tons of sugar beets oa acres of irrigated land. Production per acre during the early years was 7% tons which was just less than half the average 15 tons per acre in 1972. About 143 million pounds of sugar were produced in 1972. Canadian Sugar Factories Ltd. provides part and full home oil company limited The famous world explorer. leader in the field of petroleum Sxploration on two continents. Home Oil continues an es-tensiva development (jrogram including gzs processing. LP.G. Storage and marketing, and pipelina and mineral development. Head Office, Calgary, Alberta. JAMES E. STERLING, C.E.T. The Alberta Society of Engi- neering Technologists is pleased to announce the election of Mr. James E. Stirling as President of the Society. Mr. Sterling joined Calgary Power Ltd. in 1955. He was re- cently appointd Northern Salei Manager after serving as Indus- trial Sales Advisor for toveral years. He joined the Alberta Society of Engineering Teclinoloaists in 1964 and has served as Calgary Chapter Chairman, Councillor and Vice-President, prior to hii Present appointment. time work for about 600 em- ployees. It maintains engin- eers, chemists, agriculture research men and technical staffs who work to develop new techniques and see that the efficiency of the operation is maintained. The company set up its own cattle feedlot 37 years ago to study the use of byproducts. The information was given to the beet growers to help them develop their own feed lots and was also passed on to the cat- tle industry of Alberta. Canadian Sugar Factories Ltd. is an agent for Cominco fertilizers in Southern Alberta and operates outlets at Taber, Picture Butte, Raymond, Vaux- hali, Coaldale and Bow Island. Their service includes soil test- ing, spreader rental and cus- tom spreading facilities. ALLSO PP. MORGAN ENGINEERING LTD. CC.NCULTINO 10650 113th Street EDMONTON, ALBERTA 425-1710 J. C. NEUFELD ASSOCIATES LTD. Engineering Planning Consultants Sewerage Engineering Structural Engineering Reports Design Supervision, 309 6th St. 328-2066 Welcome APEGGA DELEGATES TO RESOURCES FOR TOMORROW Chevron Chevron Standard Limited Welcome Delegates! iGGA Convention 73 a major energy force in Western Canada CANADIAN UTILITIES LIMITED and subsidiaries: ALBERTA POWER LIMITED NORTHWESTERN UTILITIES LIMITED CANADIAN WESTERN NATURAL GAS COMPANY LIMITED WELCOME DELEGATES TO YOUR 1973 RESOURCES FOR TOMORROW CONVENTION Canadian Sugar Factories Ltd. "We wish your convention May 31st June 2nd every success ;