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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 31, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD FRIDAY, MAY 31. 1918 it. * DAILY AND WEEKLY Preprlctora and Publliheni tH* LKTHBRIDQE HERALD PRINT' . INQ COMPANY, LIMITED as ath Street South, Lethbrldg* W. A. Buchanan Preatdent and ManagiDg Director tohn Tonance  - Businefi Manager TELEPHONES Bnalnesa Ottloe.............. 1251 Bdltorkl Office .............^ ISM Subscription Ratesi Dallr, flellTered, per week .10 Dalljr, delivered, per year .....15.00 Dally, by mail, per year ......$4.00 Weekly, by mail, per year .....$1.M leeekly, by mail, per year to U.S..$3.00 Datea of expiry of aubscrlptiont appear daily on address label Acceptance of papers (Jitc. expirati(,n data U owe, authority to continue tbo sub-scription. the PROGRESS OF the WAR. The German sweep on the Soisscns front Is s^adually enveloping Rheims, although the allies still hold this historic place. The depth of the German advance since Mon*�y has reached 16 to 20 miles,-has included the city of Soissons, which has been evacuated, and is almost jsure to envelop Rhoims before it is stopped. Though the allied forces have been harder pressed then ever, they have fought valiantly, and with success to prevent a break In the line. The Germans, as in JIarch, paid a terrific prlce�for the advance they have made, and confidence is expressed that the flood will be stemmed before any real or fatal victory can be gained by the Germans. an opportunity for' mayor HARDIE. Mayor Hardie is of the opinion that the electric light and water rates should be increased so that profits from these two departments would take-care of the deficit on the street railway. He Iiomplains tfiat when, last winter, he suggested an Increase In the electric lighting ratee the. people could not see the justness of his suggestion and raised such a �torm of protest that the plan was dropped. If we remember ' rightly, the commissioner of public worke was one of the objectors. The Herald is sure the people of Lethbrldge would like to have the mayorjs views on the. proposal. The jnayor says it \Tould be a matter of education of the rr.tepayers to have them accept his suggestion. The Herald Js perfectly willing to prov d^ HlB Worship with space in its colunjn^ fo ciTfT out a campaign -of education long this line. It is possible hQ night be able to get the ratepayer^ to see it hie way. THE JUGO-SLAVS AND A GERMAN victory. OnJune 10, 1917, President Wilson made the following clear announce; menf. "We are fighting for liberty for the right of peoples to dispose of their own destiny and for the deyelop: ment of nations - - - no people should be obliged to be under a government under which is does not desire to be." To this Count Czemln, at that time the recognized spokeeman of Austria-Hungary, replied on July 29: "We and our allies have a right to life and development just the same as other, peoples. Austrian and Hungary will not tolerate foreign Interference; we want to arrange our houses ourselves in the way our governments and our legislative bodice ; think' just.-" In these two speeches, comments The Montreal Star, were summed up the diametrically opposed views of bureaucratic Austria and democrat- : Ic America on a question that is every day looming with larger portent-the right of the Jugo Slavs and the Cieoha to some voice in their government. The Jugo-Slavs, or in other wordi : the Southern Slavs, .comprise the � Serbians, Croats and Slovenes. By bloodi language and tradition, no � le^s than by economic and political cot^dltlons, they form one homogen-  eouB nation, identical in ni>tlonal aHrae ' and in the ideals of their national life, �/fhey form the compact population of tb kingdom of Serbia and Monten ,\�gro, of the eouthwest provinces of . ^i�trla-Hungary,^and.alBo of an Ital-^ district west, of Gorlzla. In Ser apd Montenegro they number ^bo^t '5,000,000; in-. Austria-Hungary ^ber^ are 7,000,000 more; in the Ital }on province there are approximately j|0',|M)p,' w^ile *an ^ddiUonal 800,000 |ay� been driven to eoeit tjielr for-tuMB 'iff America- ajid eUewhere by ihS^Mapyar jtjd ' Gerinaq raagnates and tbfp MuBsulroan Beys of Bosnia, wbo, ajipna pwners of the rloljea^ �lands; and forest?, by oppression backie these free sons of the soil in  condltfon wpr^e than elavery. |^,4^u>tr|f Hungary tbe^uKO-S|avf are submitted to two dominant state organizations-the German -nnd the Magyar. Thoir territory which covers an area of 160,000 square kilometrps, is wilfully split up into eleven totally distinct administrations. They nro pql^ttically oppressed, denied means of education and of railway communication, andjn every way their Intellectual, " economic and national develop, ment has been hampered. Under Gorman administration at Vienna there aro 2,100,000 Jugo-Slavs; under Magyar- administration at Buda Posth there are 3,020,000, while a joint German-Magyar government controls 1,-900,000 living in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The Jugo-Slavs have always desired to form an independent state and to lead their own national llto free -from all domination, whether Turkish or Austro-Huugarian. In Sor bia and Montenegro they have already achieved and developed thnir freedom, but all attempts to attr.ii even partial unification in Austria-Hun-giiry have met with failuro. The aim of millions o'. Jugo-31avs in the present war is that by the victory of the allies they may bo permitted to joln'thelr brothers in Serbia and Montenegro in the formation of a single independent statt^. The principle of government by the consent of the governed, to which President Wilson gave eotpression, was sanctioned by the Juiro-Slav peo-,1 u a: a mass teeting of their representatives held at Corfu on July 20, 1917, to which King .\Icxauder of Serbia also attached his signature. * For this ideal Serbu and Monif.n-egro have suffered terrible disaster. For this the southern Slav divisions are fighting to-day on the Italian front and elsewhere, knowing that it they fall as prisoners into the hands of the enemy they will meet certain death. For this ideal Jugo-Slav volunteer divisions from Austria-Hungary have shed their blood in the Do-brudja and for It, with equal self-sacrlflce, the Southern Slav regiment at Saloniki are dying. The Austro-Hungarian Government does not in any way represent these people of Slav blood who are her citizens, against their will. For this reason the Jugo-Slavs have with color of right denied the title of the Austro-Hungarian delegates to represent them at Brest I;l{ovsk.. In the Austrian House of Representatives the Germans hold one-half of the seats though the Germans of Austria are less than one-third of the population. The Upper House consists only of archdukes and nominees of the Emperor. In the Hungarian House of Representatives the Magyars who form only one third of the population of Hungary have a monopoly of the parliamentary ^^apdidates. -The House of Magnates consists only of representatives of the^ristocracy and royal nominees. One-third of the Groatiaa^iet is composed of foreign fnobles.:-and great landowners, while the Bosnian Diet has not sat at Sarajevo since the outbreak of war. So that In place of German domination in the-Austrian parliament and Magyar asceiidency in the Hungarian House the delegates at Brest Litovak to discuss peace and the delegates at any futufe conference should be based on the following proportions: 12 Germans, 10 Magyars, 10 Czechs, 7 Jugo Slavs, 5 Poles, 4 Ukrainians, 3 Rumanians and 1 Italian. From a Gernian victory in the war the Jugo-Slav.s ,have nothing to expect but oppression and persecution � from the Germans and the Magyars of the present Dualist system. Their only salyatloii lies in their independence. Germany realizes to-day the strength of the Jugo-Slav movement and she fears the causes that are behind the revolt. For,this reason Berlin Is tightening the..^cords that hind German Austria to her and by this act Is throwlng^ovrn the gauntlet to the Slavs. ^PICKED URIN-* PASSING ^ Tm ^vsITmIn 0. p. Appleton shot a large brown bear nnd a small black one near Proctor, B.C. Announcement is made that Lady Randolph Churchill is to bo married to Montagu Porcli, an official of. the Government of N'igcrla. Thos. J. Watt was trampled to death by a bull at the farm of his employer, John Beatty, near Seaforth, Out., as he was tying the animal up. _ * W. J. B(*l?on, of Pipestone, "Man., was arraigned In police courtf. In Moose Jiiw on the charge of the theft of $l.i;u; from A. K. Long, alpo of that town. Lleut.-Col. R. H. Lnbatt, late officer comnuinrilng the fourth battalion, who recently resigned from ths pensions board, is seriously- ill In St. Joseph's hospital at Hamilton. Tho Salvation Army's campaign for a war lurid of $1,000,000 has gono "over the top" with a total of ?2,-2"iT,33-i. Now York- City, asked to give ?150,000, subscribed $285,000. Three hundred and fifty workers at tho coal docks went on strike in Fort William. The men have been getting ST and 45 cents an hour and demand an increase of 10 cents. James H. Foils, proprietor' of the Commercial Hotel at Winnipeg, was released by tho police on ball of $10,000. He �was held following an affray In his hotel In which Sam Hearst was stabbed twice. Dr. Johannes ^Caempf, speaker of the German Reichstag since tho beginning of the European war, is dead. Dr. K-aempt, wbo was 7G years of ago, was a consistent supporter of the government. Harrison Dockery, aged So, one of the earliest settlers in , the Carman-gay district, passed away in Calgary. The deceased was well.known In Car-mangay where he lived up to a few weeks ago. The arrival of American troops has been received with great enthusiasm in Franco, but the Americans aro purchasing meat there. The gov ernment had failed to provide refre-gerating warehouses and for that reason it has been necessary to send i back to the United .States frozen moat which had been Imported. V- ' � � .Ka Omaha registrant who tpd been given deferred classification because I he had a wife and twin lables to sup port presented himself before the local draft board at Omoha, Neb.,. knd asked to be put in class 1. He I explaineti that his wife and babies" had died and he wanted to be drafted. The board granted his request. H. H. Morgan, representative in Cuba of the United .States food administration has been nbtlfe'd that the inter-allied sugar commission has signed a contract''for the purchase "by the United States from the Cuban sugar producers ol-thfi remaining 25 per cent, of this J^aac^S-crQU. JSo Information has been ~, received; Mr. Morgan said, regarding the' price to be paid for tbe sugar. " ,; The death occurred in Saskatoon pf Alfred Anderson, a well known farmer, of Harrfsland, Sask. Mrs. Caroline Kllzabeth Hamilton, wife of Rev. A. Hamilton, pastor of ZIon Methodist Church, died Suddenly at her home In Winnipeg. One thousand persons, all Jewish refugees from Batoum were drowned when the steamship Oriole, carr>'lng a passenger list of 1,500 was recently sunk in tho Caspian Sea. Every part of tho north country from Spirit HIver to Kdmonton was represented at the convention of North Alberta constituency conven- ers of Wom.en's Institutes In Edmonton last week. 13. Sigtryggur Johasson, .ot' GInili, returned nfler a five weeks' sojourn on the north end of Lake Winnipeg. Ho was prevented from returning by great, masses of Ice which blocked tho harbor In which IVa boat was an-choted.'';FV)r � two' woeks ho �was a prisoner on board. Glvll servants o^iployod In tho parliamentJjulldlng nro coming (orw^ard and offering their services for farm work during their vacation. To date 105 men and women have promised to forogo tholr annual holidays nnd do their "bit" "toward increasing production. Tho miijorlty of tho volunteers aro women. On next Saturday the Duke of Dev-orishiro, governor general of Canada, win pay a visit of inspection to the atrial gunnery school at BeamsvlUo, Ontario and in that connection a squadron of ton airplanes, possibly more, will leave this camp nnd fly across Lake Ontario to the Beams- CoAL�ALE (From Oiir'Owli CoiTnupoiicJont) CoaUlale; May 30.-Tho now government road-, ferador has gono oVor tho fond thvotlBh horo to Medicine Hat. AnotherT!re\Y is at work widening and raising the grade through tho Blou'feh In front of tho Schrlmm villG cjimp,' 'n � disttlilce forty and fifty nillefl. of between Rev. C. A. Sykes, B.D., who has been pastor of Trinity Methofllst church In Kitchener two years, and who loaves to aSsumo tho pastorate of Grace Methodist Church, Winnipeg was surprised by a group of re- prosbntativo citizens at tho annual congregational meeting and presented wltlr a solid gold watcli, nnd chain. Two . Mennonlto farmers In the Aberdeen district named iPctor Wall and Kloss Dyck, were sent to Prlnco Albert jail for 15 days' hard lahor by Magistrate H. J. Newton for falling to sond' tholr, children to the public-school. farm. The roads'are being put Into fine shape. It remains for Irrigators to knop tho water In'tho proper channels, in order to .preserve them so. Mr. Kon'iper, u farmer from oaHt ol Chin took tlio U.F.A.' service on Sunday In the ahsonco of Rev. J. M. Faw-cott, al Edmonton. Mr. Jtempcr in his address dealt with the oppprluu-Itlos and iidvantages enjoyed by farmers today in our lAnd, In contrast to eHrltor times and, in other lands at tho present time. Tib spoke of co-opor-atlon�among farmers npt only from tho commercial and business standpoint, but In socurlng law reforms along moral linos. His address wa� much appreciated. f Mr. nnd Mrs.' Slret of Calgary aro , visitors this week with l.hoir niece. I Mrs. King. Tho Coaldalo Chapter O.B.S. held tholr regular monthly meeting oa Monday night. Miss Hiurt spent May 24th and week end with her parents at Iron Springs. Harold Porry of Chin, left on Tuesday for tho United Stutes'whero he will enter military training-^ under Undo Sam. -  People's Forum Communications under this - lieadin^ must bear the signatures, < o( the writers. Over In the trenches 'getting his wind up.'"* they call It Our old time resident, P. L. Nals-mith, says he doesn't care to phophecy about thQ weather. He Is-a wise man who leavM the weather subject alone these days. Says the Financial Tli/ea of Montreal: ^ , Western municipalities which have been regarding their tax arrears ag a liquid asset are beginning to realize that some liquids are apt to leak. It Is said that the lucky farmer down south of Foremost who ' got flowing water the other day al 800 feet makes his prayer every night now: "God bless ma and pa and the Lethbrldge Board of Trade and Geological Survey! alid keep the water flowing in the well. Amen." It Is suggested that 'l.�thbrldge should subscribe $10,000 to the Sailors' Relief Fund. This Is quite a sum coming on lop of the lied Triangle campaign, but a well organized cam-pal$a would result in a good donation we are sure. There aro very many patriotic calls on the purse Ipeae days.'but that is \var at Its mll^estj; Devastated Franca is war ^t its ^yorst, , , THE POLICE FOBCe. Lethbrldge, Alta., May 30, 1918. Editor, Lethbrldge Herald, Sir,-Your editorials in your Issue of the 30th Inst., are pure--Camouflage and the expresalon of the opinion of a single person yfhose inlnd" is warped and 'exasparated -afeainst the mayor. ' ' The fact that therfe are twelve men active In police duty In ii city"o� 12,-000 people is surely-proof-that we are not undermanned. The cost does not enter here. If the mayor's plans accomplish at no cost'lb the city what might cost and does ^13,000 per annum lav other cities, the plans should receive credit, and pot be held up as a reason why more money should be spent, especially when it would be useless spending, which would accomplish nothing. FurtHer, pow that the matter Is settled and Hardy knows he fs chief for good, the citizens may expect even botteir results. Try it.. . ' , , ' I fall to see one single benefit that has accrued from the Herald's criticism of tho city gover;jmerit in all tho years I have been in office. The facts are the Herald Is not sufflcl'ently informed to intoUlgehtTy ,tritlcize civic affairs. , . Take tho proposed purchase of the coal mine'for instance, Tlie-Herald opposed that^butthfr opportunity was not given to decide for which I am sorry. Let; The Herald try to purchase that njlue to-dayapd It would be lucky to get H for-$100,000, and It the city had got it and gone on with the yjilann'proj^osed, by the maybr, It would be yielding a clear profit to-day of at leabt $50,000 per annuin, and be rfiduclhg tho taxes at least four mills on'the dollar. That would be worth while, but the great wisdom of Tho Herald was against It. The loss of that,mine to the city compares with the loss of ^ho gaa franchise and all Ita concomitant evils. : ^, - Your, position,,,, la undoubtedly ^VronB and you arp dolnp; thp.'clty Ir-roparablo injury. You are creating wrong ImpreBHlonB in your own city and spreading ^vll - and absoluTely wrong reports broadcast over the wholo of Cunadar I know this from reports 1 get. Yours truly, W, D- U HARDIB,  --, -Mflvrtr. i ^ The Bankers' Canadian Association Invites the Co-Operation of the Pubhc on Behalf of the Banks  � - Staffs Heavily R^educed by War TV/f^GRE thciri half the men in the banks of Canada are now on military service, and the numbei; which remains is being steadily reduced. Women clerks have been employed in thousands and have done splendidly, but they have not the experience of the men they replace. It would be out of the question to expect them to work as rapidly or with the same knowledge of banking as pflficers of mai^y : years training in the profession. The drain upon the number of experienced officers has now jeaehgd a pgiiT^^ w^ it is necessary to ask th^ public to take intp consideration this decrease in eifficiencyf ^nd tp lighteji, as far m they can, the'burden thus thrown upon those left to run the business: Canada was never so busy as now and-the volurn^ of banking business is greater than ever before. f How the Public Can lielp Transad: your banking business in the morning as far as possij^ley and as "early as possible. Try to avoid a rush at closing time. Do not draw any more cheques than are absolutely necessary. In^ead of paying^small ac'counts by cheque, draw the money in pne amount and pay in cash. Change in Banl^ing Flours June 1st. On and after June 1^ banking hours will be: 9,30 to 2'30; Saturdays 9.30*to 12.00.  This arrangement will give the ^afl m6re time to qpinplete the large amount: of work whi^h cannot be taken upjintil ^fter the office is closed to the public. , ' Special Services Discontinued July 1st. Certain services mu^ of necessity be discobtinued^ for a timip at least. On July 1st banks will discontinue receiving paj^ments for fax bills and the bills of gas, electric and other public sgrvice cprporatipns, 77ie hanks desire to render all essential services including many special ones arising out of the war. In order to do this they makp this appeal for co-operapon iri the manner suggested above ;