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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 31, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA. FRIDAY, MAY 3l, 1918 NUMIiEU \U The Abandonment of ' Reims is Certiun Now; Huns Pressing Forward CALL 280,000 fGermans Threaten Reims and Abtandonment Now Seems Certain In Short Time aUNS ARE BAFFLED BY VALOUR SHOWN BY ALLIED FORCES London, May 31.-(Via Routora OUawa Agency.)-In accordance with precedent establlBhod by pre-  vloiia offensivea, the German ad-vanco yoflterday slackened considerably on both the centre and wings. An encouraging feature �3 compared with the March drive is that the slackening occurred after four days, but anxiety is not diminished. The abandonment of Hheims seems Inevitable. The Germans are nearlng the Marne and the Paris-Chalonfl Railway, which IH the main communication between Paris and Verdun. , The battle line represents a wedge driven Into the allied front ' with' Its point about twenty jnlles from the lino of a week ago. The main factor In arresting the enemy rush has been the arrival of allied reserves, but It i.s recognized that the alUee have a difficult task, the task of preventing a further development of the menacing enemy success. The battle, indeed, has developed Into a race against time for the reserves. Only now details are arriving, owing the fearful strain and BPlendld heroism and comradeship in arms of the Anglo-French de-� fenders,- wlilcU saved the situation, and the inspiring confidence  in the ultimate issue. Correa-, pondents emphasize that the retreat over the Aisno was a most brilliant feature of warfare, both s regards calm generalship and the conduct of the troops, j The FORCE AUSra INTO IIIARY ALLIANCE Must Aid Germany in Military Way For Period of 25 . Years THE LATE J. R088 ROBERTSON MAN, PASSES AM In 77th Year-Head Toronto Telegram-Once Refused a KniKhthood London, May (Mall and Empire Cable.)-The Telegraph has received the following dispatch from the Milan correspondent under date of Tuesday: "The Austrian and German public is informed at last of the details of the military convention forced upon 13mperor Charles during his recent sojourn at German headquarters and the dolalle as now published by the Deutsch Volks Zeltung, arc bound to create a deep Impression. The new treaty, says the paper, coiiaist o� such clauses as the following: His Majesty and the German kaiser and the king of Prussia oh"the one hand, and his high apostolic majesty, the kaiser of Austria and the king of Hungary, on the other, form close military alliance for twenty-five years, during which both parties to tl!e alliance pledge themselves to employ the entire strength of their peoples for military purposes. The allied nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary shall divert all their care to have their armies e;iter Into any eventful future conflict fully prepared and at the maximum of their trongth." , HUN AIRMEN AGAIN RAID A HOSPITAL ground was repeatedly dete'ndad to the last man. Officers were seen holding the bridges to the last rtioment and'tUen-killed when they blew them up. The outstanding episode was the defense of Craonne by a Britisli and French colonial division, against double the number of Germans, whose Initial gas attacks were followed by an attack of tanks en masse. ARE BAFFLED. Paris, Jlay 31.-r-Bafflcd by the valor of the allied soldiers, the Germans yesterday failed to on-large greatly the pocket in the allied lines. Even in the centre, the enemy appears to have been hold and the advance there is Blackening. In accordance with their favorite manoeuvre the Germans ap-parently are swinging their columns eastward with the object of getting around Uhelnig through Vllle-Kn-Tnrdenols and the valley of the Ardre. The bastion constituted by the ruined city and the high ground known as the Mountain of Rheims is e menace to the German flank. It is too strong to be attacked Itom in front with any chance of success so the enemy is trying to turn it from the (uuthwest. GREAT CONFIDENCE. Wliile any progress by the Germans on French soil, with the inevitable trail of ruin and desolation strikes French hearts sorely, tl;e unswerving confidence with which the general public views the situation is most remarkable. No doubt is fel^ as to the outcome and there Is no'weakening in the resolve to fight on to the end. The" Havas correspondent at the front who is considered to reflect the official view, thus sum-maHzes the situation: "Tho rapid advance of the enemy is due to the temporary numerical Inferiority of the allies which has completely changed the aspect of the struggle. It is necessary to go back to the "begin-alng of the war for an analogous situation. This Is a war whore two armies manoeuvre under the open sky. "Under these condition* tho momentary advance of an army and the capture of a town may moan nothing. The problem is more vast. For its own reason our command did not find it rea- � �onable to give battle on the Som-me or in Flanders after the March offensive. It confined Itself to stopping the enemy. NO ILLUSIONS. "Shftll we accept this battle this time as we formerly accepted It on the Marne? That is the secret of our command. The Germans have no Illusions as to the value of the' success they have gained. - � "They know we have several million picked troops forming in manoeuvring mas^ea which they will have , to dncotinter-somewhere. If, the enemy had the choice of. ground for. the offensive, we have the much more important choice ^ - at tho field of battle In which Ger-' m�ny'� 4e6tluies will be decided- Toronto, - May- Sl.-^Johu Ross Rob' ertson, proprietor .-of.- t}io ^ Evening Tele^ratti,- dltjd'at'-Uls home at 291 Sherbourne Street" at 10.30 this morn Ing. He had bean iU for two weeks H1.9 illness began, .with an attack of pneutnonia, from which he; liad a par tlal recovery and the'critlcal/.staKe ap peared to have been, pasiea;:' . Durlrigf the efiriy^ part of this week he seemed to be' on the mend, but his condition became "'woi'Be yesterday The family were preaent at-the time of his death. Mr. Robertson w?s in his 77th year. ^ John Ross Robertson, on� ot the most famoufl newspaper builders of bis time, head of the Toronto Telegram was also famed as a philanthropist his particular philanthropy being the endowment of hospitals and child wel fare work.. He is believed to have once refused a Icnighthdod. He was u direct descendant- of Duncan Rob ertson head of the clan of Struan Boh (COVTINUXP OK PlOB 6), Paris, May SI.-rTha newspapers do not attempt to minimiz* the Import' ance of the German advance. Oab rlel Honotaux in Ftsaro, compares the strategic situation with that on the eve of the battle of the Marne. All the ' commentators' however ex press copfidence that the high com inand will so dispose the allied troops as to restore the situation, which Li'-Homme I^bre considers to have reach ed its maximum point of gravity yes terday. The Petit .Parlslen says the government officials who siiw the army chiefs yasterdhy returned In *hs evening still confident, which it regarded SB a goo^ sl^n. It la the resistance of the two wings ot the allied forces which, inspire the confidence. To � tAke victorious vantage of the sucoess'they have far gained, the Qermans must succeed Inbending these two winga, and all their efforts to do tbia have up this time failed. Another reason for the confidence la the arrival ot'allied reserves. Besides the mention in ^ the official report of the beginning ot Intervention by these reserves, the Botao da Paris, in a diapatch from;the front filed 2 a.m. today reports that the reserves are arriving on the battle ground with artillery and auxiliary aervtoea. � ..... �  �/ � (LL-TREAt RATIENTS. INU. S. IN JUNE Waahington, May 31.-Official nnouncement was made today that 280,000 men will be called to thi! colors during June. Thsy will be ordered to report June 24, but It has not yet been determined to what camps they can be assigned, GO the Hat of apportionment* Is for the present being withheld. DEFYINa TH8' HUNS' GAS. Asphyxiating gases and mustard shells hav c no terrors for the French artillerymen, who aro"'lendlnB the Huns" 155mm pills. That the-position ot the men is extremely hazardous. Is Indicated by tU fact that they are performing their duties while wearing gas mnBka. BLACKMAILED THE BRITISH AMBASSADOR with the Amapican Army In France, May 30.-German airmen made a pretentious raid on tha area behind the American lines In PIcardy last night. Bombs were dropped on all sides of one of the largest hospitals In a town many mllea to the rear of the front. American and French wounded soldiers were carried to cellars and, caves by American nurses and members ot the American Red Cross. London, May 31.-i;nder cross examination after startling testimony for the defense In the trial of Noel Pembertbn-BIIIIng on the charge of libelling Maude Allan, the dancer, and J. T. Grein, manager of the Independent theatre. Captain Harold Shcrwin Spencer declared today that In May, 1917, he had made this report to the chief of the Brttlah general staff in writing: 'We ane being undermined In Italy because the British ambassador Jn Italy Is being black-mallsd by the Germans and is afraid to send Information to England." Captain Spencer added that the ambaasador'a name was also on the list prepared by German secret agente of forty-seven thousand British men and women.. 1ST CARRY THE NECESSARY PROOF Germans Continue Their Drive, But Are Gaining Little New Ground Now -o DRENCHED WHOLE VILLAGES WITH GAS London, May -The Germans, in their reprisals against pennant disorders in the Ukraine drenched several villages near Kiev with gas, according to a Petrograd dispatch to the Dally Express, thus, adds the message, whole communities were asphyxiated. The Geimans Have Been Unable to Extend Scope of Their Offensive ARE CONTINUING THEIR BIG RUSH; RESERVES SENT UP NIY 166,800 Total Killed 22,000, Wounded and Missing Totiil 115,000 All Men Apparently of First Class ftlust Prove They Are Not PEASANTS ARE RISING IN REVOLT Moscow, May 28.-(By the Associated Press)-Strong revolutionary detachments of demobilized Russian soldiery and peasant's equipped with machine guns and artillery have risen in the district of Tschigerine, in the province ot Kiev, in an attempt to seize governmental power. The Bol-shevikl government has been asked to aend troops to subdue the revolutionaries. German forces, while diaarmtnc Ukrainian troops today at Odessa were fired upon. The Germans then arrested a number ot important per-aonages in the Black aea port and took them to the German arUy headquarters. Peaaant dlaordera are spreading throughout the province ot Padolia. Londoni, May 31.-Wlion the steam', ship Somali arrived at Gravesend yesterday from Bombay It was found that three members ot the crew were aut-ferlng from eymptoms suggesting the bubonic plague. Two cases, one ot Which ended fatally, proved to ^be tha plague. During the voyage several rats were killed by the store' keeper and other dead rats were found in the store rooms. Tho ship is now moored oft Graves end. It win be disinfected and thfj rats destroyed. Must Show the French Their Strong. Arm, Says German Newspaper Amsterdam, May 31.-Political motives/including the defeat of the French army, are responsible for the German thrust on the Aisne, according to a suggestion in the Rheinische Weattaelische Zeltung ot Bsaen. "We are on tho right road," it says, "with this attack, tor all, political considerations imperatively demand that wo should show the French bur strong arm. Well considered strategic plans were at the bottom ot our blow at Amiens. We do not critioize them, but political questions cannot be Ignored. "Bven If the British are expelled fi'om' tho continent the war would not' end as they could land behind the Loire or entrench themaelves on their own islands and continue the .naval warfare. The French army muat' be given a good beating. That day reads: "There waa deaultory artillery aet'tvlty. In the Gludlcaria, the Valla(|arlna and ths Valaraa and onvthi, Aalago Plateau enemy defensive works and enemy troop movements were bombarded effectively. "We fruatrated a aurprlae attack at CIma Palona. A hostile Rptrol counter-attacked at Cortel-lazso. Some prisoneri/ remained In our handa." ' June Isl, tomorrow, will bring in a number of new roguiationa affecting the people of (Canada. Besides being the last date tor the registration of young men of 19, tomorrow is the day when all men apparently in Claea 1 under the Military Service Act must carry papers showing reasons why they should not be in uniform, and these papers mu^jt be.produced at the request of any police officer at any time after thia date. This order will affect men .from 19 to a* years-of age, though men who may be older or younger but who appear to be within the above ages will do woU to carry birth certificates'to save themaelves inconvenience. What le Necessary. In the case of unmarried men, certificates oC exemption v/111 be necessary. In the case ot married nfen. between 19 and 34 certificates showing that they are married will be necessary. A marriage certificate, ,or a certificate from two citizens to the effect that the bearer is married wlU suffice. IVten of 19. Tomorrow is the last day tor registration of yoimg men of 19 years of age. According to the order-in-coun-cil on April 20th every male British born subject born on or since Oct. 13th, 1807, who has attained the age ot 19 years must register with .the registrar ot the military dlBtrict in which he resides, and in the case of Alberta that would be Registrar J. M. Carson of Calgary. Registration must be made direct to him by registered letter. ^ It is believed there are 4000 young men of 19 In this province, but it may be pointed out that many ot these have already enlisted. This, at least, ia the cose in Lethbridge where a large number ot. them enllatod voluntarily with the Mounted Police while others have gone either with tho Royal Air Force or with the 7Sth Battery. Reports from Calgary yesterday wore that only about 800 ot the estimated 4000 nineteen-year-old men ot the province hadaent In their registration papers giving thoir name in full, date of birth, place of residence and the usual post office address. London, May 31,-Casualties in the British ranks reported during the month of May reached a total ot 166,802. The losses were divided aa follows: killed or died of wounds, officers 1536, men 20,-518; wounded or missing, officers 6182, men 138,666. British casualties reported week by week have recently been running near the forty thousand mark, evidently representing the losses sustained during the heavy fighting that started with the beginning of the German offensive In March. The total reported during April was only 52,475 as the lists did not begin to reflect fully the effects of the casualties sustained in resisting the German thrusts In PIcardy and Flanders u.ntll the beginning of May. ANOTHER EXAtLE HON BAD FAITH British Refrained From Bomb' > ing Coloenne> Buf Huns Bombarded Paris Paris, May 31.-A shell from a German long range gun struck a Paris church today. An official statement making the announcement adds: "This fact should be compared with Cardinal Von. Ilartmann's request to the British government that Cologne should not be bombarded today-the feast ot Corpus Chrlstl. This Is an other example of German bad faith, for tho least that could be expected was, that Germany would have the same forbearance toward Paris as waa asked for Cologne." Resumed Work Parle, May 31.-The German long range bombardment ot Paris was resumed early this morning. Were Not Held. Geneva, May 31.-Religious processions in celebration ot the toast ot Corpus Chrlstl were not held in the archdiocese of Cologne today. According to the Trlbuuei Cardinal Von Hartmann forbade tho processions for tear of allied war raids, at tha request of the civil and military authorities. Heavy Rains Are General Over All Southern Alberta Amslerdara, May 31,-^Drastic methods employed .;by the. Oei'man me dical authorities In treating nervous patients in military. hoBplfcaU in Munich resulted in revolts by tha patients in which wards wQre wrecked accordiuK to the Koelntsoho Yolks ileltung. At Roaouli.^ln), the hospital was burned by the WbeUious p'atlenta. Tlio paper adds thfti-electrit!, shocks of such strength fti-e employed that the patients ioream-In terror. Deputies have^re^fiir�d a long aor- Southern Albertiv is oiie broad smile this morniug. From two to tire hours ot steady rain Is enough to make tho whole country laugh and be glad, and that is what Southern Alberta got during the night hours and this morning. All along the Aldersyd* branch, on the Maclood branch and to Crows Nest, the rain lasted from five to sis hours and was very heavy at times. Even as near Lethbridge as Nol)le-ford the rain kept up throughout the night. From Nobleford north It started at 8 o'clock last night and raihed most ot the night and was raining ies ot queatloai^o',#