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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI IITHIRIDOI HHAID Wtdniidny, May 10, Has helping the truce helped anyone? ICCS not a wasted effort Canada's armed forces have had more experience in peace-keeping and truce-observing duties than any troops in the world. This experience includes service in Kashmir, Korea, Egypt, Cyprus, the Congo, and 19 frustrating years as part of the old International Control Commission set up to supervise the 1954 accord that was supposed to have ended another Vietnamese war. Largely because of this expe- rience, when it was proposed that a new supervisory commission be formed to observe the cease-fire to be arranged in Vietnam, it was with very great reluctance that Canada agreed to become a member, and even then it was subject to certain carefully defined conditions. These conditions -were all assented to. and the four-nation International Com- mission of Control and Supervision (ICCS) was formed. All Canada's misgivings have been justified by and now Canada has served notice that its member- ship in the ICCS will terminate July 31. The reason for this move, how- ever diplomatically it may be ex- pressed, is that the Commission is so hopelessly ineffective that continued participation would be no more than pointles pretense. To anyone who has followed the short, troubled history ot the ICCS. this will come as no surprise. Es- tablished to supervise a cease-fire that was formally agreed to but al- most completely disregarded by all parties, the Commission accomplish- ed virtually nothing: its members divided their time between arguing among themselves and ducking hos- tile fire, from one side or the other. This does not mean, however, that Canada's brief participation was a wasted effort, m en that her one fatal casualty (so far) was suffered in vain. The ICCS was an indispensable part of the agreement that got Am- erican prisoners of war released, and American ground troops out of Vietnam. In order that there could be a sufficient appearance of peace for withdrawal of U-S. troops to be considered, there had to be a cease- fire. Not even the most naive could have placed any credence in an un- supervised cease-fire between com- batants who had fought so savagely for so long. A supervisory commis- sion, then, was indispensable if U.S. ground forces were to be extricated from Vietnam. Hence the ICCS. From the vantage point of hind- sight, it is hard to believe that any- one knowing the real situation in Viet- nam could have seriously expected that a genuine cease-fire would come about, regardless of paper agreements. Nevertheless, as an es- sential first step towards peace, even such a small step towards such a shaky peace, it had to be tried. Given the imperative need it was logical, even inevitable, that Canada should be asked to participate. And the call came, what other an- swer could Canada make, except to agree to give it a try? It can be. and doubtless wUl be, said that it just didn't work. In a very important sense that is true; the fighting is almost as fierce as ever it was. But it also must be said that now it is Vietnamese against Vietnamese, and that no longer are American ground troops involved. That is a not inconsiderable differ- ence, one that history may very well say was worth all that it cost Can- more An enduring institution There seems to have been no fan- fare about it, even in England; not even a Royal proclamation that this is Monarchy Month. Yet it is in May, in the year of our Lord nine- teen hundred and seventy three that the English monarchy passes its one thousandth anniversary. The notion of kings and queens as soveriegns, ruling with the approval and authority of the Almighty, is more than a thousand years old. of course. Queen Boadicea, for instance, led her army of Britons in an at- tempt to free East Anglia from the Romans circa AD 60, nearly 2.000 years ago. Boadicea was indeed a queen, but only of a people known as the Iceni, and her realm, lay almost entirely within what is now the coun- ty of Norfolk. Similarly, many of the monarchs who dodge in and out of English history books and legends were really very local rulers. It was not until the coronation of Edgar, son of Edmund the Magnifi- cent and his Queen Aelgifu, that Eng- land had a single king, ruling the length and breadth of the country. Edgar crowned in the abbey at Bath, in Somerset, as the first king of all England, in May AD 973. L Clearer air up there Several times during the Watergate Fes- tival of Finks, President Nixon has re- tired to Camp David, Md.. to lick his wounds in fee seclusion of that mountain- top compound. The top of a mountain clearly has ther- apeutic benefits for today's executive, trou- bled as he is by undependable aides, per- secution by the press, grand juries and other bothersome forms of life prevalent at sea level. Here is a great opportunity for Cana- dian tourism. It there is one thing with which Canada Is endowed in abundance, it is the moun- taintop. British Columbia in particular has the kind of vertical topography being Bought by heads of state and international financiers whose fingers have wandered into the till. In Japan alone there must be hundreds of millionaire electronic manufacturers willing to pay a tankerful of yen for guar- anteed seclusion above the tree line. They'll never find it on Mount Fuji, which is Coney Island without the beach. At the moment our Canadian peaks are being wasted on a few domestic mountain climbers who barely scratch the surface of tiie revenue potential that lies at the high- er altitudes. If our national parks can ac- commodate the old mining company, sure- ly ttieir mountain tops can be reserved for emotionally disturbed moneybags, native or alien. The promotional ad should run in not only Time magazine but also aU tiie Wash- ington papers BUG OUT TO B C Senior Executives! Tired of talking 1o on the level? Hassled ty UM atl> too-human fajlings of your cabinet mem- bers, legal advisers, political or industrial spies, Martha Mitchell? Come to Canada' The land that invent- ed Splendid Isolation. Here waits the moun- taintop to meet your needs, ranging from feet, the novice candidate for a nervous breakdown, to Mt. Waddington perfect for presidential contemplation of impeachment. Access by private helicopter only, or trained American eagle. Rise above your problems! Treat your inner torment to a weekend of total with- drawal from all society except that of other goats. Gaze down on the moral pollution of your former associates, and smile into your oxygen mask. Listen to what former IDS executive Bernie Hayfield says about his weekend on a Canadian mountaintop: was depressed and irritable before 1 went up to Camp David Barrett, B.C., for the weekend. I am still depressed and irrit- able, but it was really wonderful to get away to a remote place where I could en- joy a good scream." You too can be literally out of your tree, hi beautiful B.C. Ask Prime Minister Tru- deau, who vacations regularly on Mount Whistler, just outside beautiful, mountain- girt Vancouver. Lofty affairs of state and industry are i.ot clarified by lunging about in a hollow. Remember where Moses went to upgrade his wasn't Miami. Rates for a genuine Canadian mountain- top retreat begin at per weekend, including firewood. Don't wait till Wateigale clangs behind YOU. Aeoand now, pay later. By Peter Desbarats, Toronto Star commentator Events in Washington and Saigon are conspiring to make a shambles of the rationale be- hind Canada's decision to join the international truce force in Vietnam- There were two principal rea- sons for deciding, in the first place, to go along with the Americans' offhand assumption that Canada would say "ready- aye-ready" whenever the U.S. was ready to end the overt war in Vietnam. The first was a cautious hope that Canada's presence on the International Commission of Control and Supervision would contribute to a genuine settle- ment in Vietnam. The second was that Canada's willingness to help in the deli- cate business of getting the Americans off the hook in Viet- nam would pay off in the long run for this country. Reports recently that the conflict in Vietnam, apart from bombing, is now as severe as it was before the peace agreement show how futile the Canadian effort has been in terms of helping the Vietnam- ese people. The chief beneficiary of the Canadian decision hag been the American military. Because Canada agreed to undertake its expensive and potentially dan- gerous mission, the Americans were able to bring their boys in uniform home from Vietnam and retrieve the American pris- oners held by the North Viet- namese. But this movement of military personnel is far from being equivalent to American withdrawal from Vietnam. Awareness of this is sharper in the U.S. today than in Can- ada. Fred Branfman, co-direc- tor of the Indochina Resource Centre in Washington, calls it "the illusion of withdrawal" in an article in the May issue of Harper's Magazine. "The Paris agreement repre- sents an adjustment of our mili- tary posture in Vietnam, not an abandonment of states Seek, save, sanitize energy sources By C. L. Snlzberger, New York Times commentator PARIS It is just as ob- vious that the United States must curb its ridiculously exag- gerated reliance on fossilized fuel as that new energy sources other than petroleum and nat- ural gas must speedily be de- veloped The U.S, Western Europe, Eastern Europe and Japan are al' increasingly dependent on petroleum. Experts of Comecon forecast that by 3980 this So- viel equivalent of the Common Market will have to import borne 50 million metric tons from non-Communist sources each year. But in America, more than any other industrial society, the extrapolated dependence on oil a? a source of energy is surely needless. As the New York cor- respondent of the F i n a n c i a 1 Times of London writes: "There is a tremendous po- tential for marginal economies involving only minor sacrifices for a country that has made the all-air-conditioned home the hallmark of civilized life and perfected the electronic egg- freshness-tester for kitchen use." As those who have suddenly recognized the problems of pol- lution and uninhibited popula- tion growth have come also to recognize that certain disciplin- ary steps must be taken by so- ciety to preserve its health, it is apparent that similar steps are required with respect to the energy problem. This is not simply a question of discovering new sources of existing fuels, or developing additional fuels such as shale oil, nuclear fusion or solar pow- er, all of which are feasible but still too costly. It is above all a question of abandoning familiar slogans like "two cars in every garage" or the simple assump- tion thai overheating houses in winter and overcookng them in summer is necessarily desir- able. On the contrary, it is evident many people would be far hap- pier to live lives more closely attuned to the seasons and less closely linked to rapid transpor- tation over even the shortest Letters to the editor Problems for handicapped As a student in a wheelchair, thsre aie many things I like about the University of Leth- bridge. But there are two prob- lems. The location of the univer- sity, without a direct bridge to the city, is a burden on all the students, but especially on one who has no car and cannot drhe. Tail rates to and from the city are to S5, one way. That takes a big chunk out of whatever funds one might have. Secondly, students such as I have a special financial prob- lem have earning po- tential during the course of our education, and must wait until after we graduate before we c any income Thus the strains on our budgets are much heavier than for the av- erage student. However I think it .should he drawn to attention that the of- fice of the Alberta premier is aware of the special problem faced by students such as my- self and is trying to work out some form of remedy. For this we are appreciative F attended Cam rose Lulhcrn College for one year, the Urn- versity of Calgary for one, and now have put in two years in residence at the University of Lethbndge. I hope to graduate in arts and science at the next convocation. Here the student-professor ratio is low, and there is good communication between stu- dents and professors. I appre- ciate this. It contributes a good deal to one's education. JOHN (CHUB) MacMILLAN Lethbndge Poor tasle How could an editor put in his paper a cartoon such as appeared in Weekend Maga- zine (May 19) the one show- ing Mr. Trudeau naked after the federal election? An editor has a responsibility to society and I do not care that our prime minister may not be perfect or that an editor may not agree with his politi- cal views, an editor has no right to picture him in this way DEEPLY DISGUSTED distances. Were any such mod- est approach devised and en- couraged by graduated taxes for excess the immediate strain on existing energy sources could be reduced. It is moreover logical to ini- tiate such measures now be- fore the problem becomes more critical. As things are, the state department predicts the Uni- ted States will use about 24 mil- lion barrels of oil daily by 1980, importing half of it mostly from the Middle East. This outlook, if not altered by swift planning, would make America and its industrialized albas enormously over depen- dent on the whims of that large- ly unstable group of West Asian and North African countries where most present day known petroleum and natural gas re- serves exist. Whatever happens whether self discipline in the devel- oped world and discovery of new sources of fossilized fuel do coincide it is evident the latter face increasing depletion. Until cheap solar energy be- comes available many years hence, there must be a period of far greater reliance on nu- clear energy. A discussion of this by Pro- fessors E. J. Zeller and E. E. Angino with Dr. D. F. Saunders in the January Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists emphasizes that this period will bring much greater accumulation of radio-active waste materials re- quiring isolation from mankind. Their analysis suggests this poisonous garbage can most logically be stored under the Antarctic ice cap. Antarctica is the only internationalized land area, recognized by special treaty in 1959, which could be used for such a sanitizing solu- tion. Other large expanses of ice. like Greenland, are nation- al territory. Although the An- tarctic treaty bans radioactive waste disposal, it specifically contains privision for amend- ments. It is hard to imagine any oth- er safe disposal bin for a sub- stance bound to increase in quantum jumps. As the authors point out: "permanent djsposa! of the waste under tire Antarctic ice cap would remove the wastes from populated areas and if the depository were properly designed would re- move the wastes from all con- tact with the Biosphere "Scientific studies have indi- cated that the average temper- ature in Antarctica has re- mained below freezing for more than million years so that the large thickness of polar ice may be expected to provide a good seal for at least a similar pe- riod for the future Certainly no inhabited coun- try wants to become a nuclear garbage pail and the sea around us is already sufficiently poisoned with industrial wreck- age. Now, before our machines are idled by thirst, is the time to limit useless functions of en- ergy. It is also the time to plan for sanitizing the noxious dan- gers of new energy on which, no matter how much discipline we practice, we must ultimately depend. Branfman, who served with the International Voluntary Sendee in Laos from 1967 to 1971. "So it appears that the ad- ministration is preparing for period of covert war to assure pro-American South Vietnamese government." Branfman then goes on te document the extent of contin- ued massive U.S. involvement in military and security activi- ties of the South Vietnamese government. He claims that the U.S- is "progressing back" to the covert warfare practiced Vietnam during the late fifties and early sixties. Nothing in Branfman's article will come as any surprise to of- ficials in Ottawa. Even as the first Canadian soldiers were fly- ing to Vietnam, these officials were aware in detail of prepa- rations for the truce that were being made by all sides. But the irony of the situation lay in the fact that Ottawa's com- mitment to observe the peace in Vietnam gave it a clear pic- ture of US. activities there since the truce, but prevented it from commenting on these ac- tivities or informing Canadians about them. The decision to go into Viet- nam as an open minded ob- server of the truce has effec- tively prevented us from mak- ing public judgment on U.S. conduct there. In the eyes of the world, Canada runs the risk of appearing not only to con- done Washington's "progressing back" process but to be collabo- rating in it. The second reason for Can- ada's current involvement in Vietnam springs from national self-interest. It has always been felt in Ot- tawa that helping the cans to withdraw from Viet- nam would be good for Cana- dian-American relations In the long run. Whenever it was suggested to- officials here that the bargain might have been harder, they reacted with pious dismay. Ca- nadian soldiers for so many concessions on the automobile agreement. But at some point, the Americans would remember who had helped them out of a. tight spot. It is now time to ask: which Americans? Officials here admit that U.S. media have done little to make ordinary Americans aware of Canada's role in Vietnam. But a few months ago, it was argued in Ottawa that Canada's decision was certainly appre- ciated by people in high places in Washington. On one occasion, private correspondence was shown to me to illustrate this. That was before the Water- gate flood gates really opened. Now it appears that all we have done is to build up an in- tangible stock of goodwill with an administration in Washing- ton that is rapidly becoming sy- nonymous with political corrup- tion. As events develop in Washing- ton and Saigon, it is becoming more and more difficult to show that Canada's decision to help the truce has helped anyone at all. C 1973 by NEA, Ire "He's not a lame duck! You said he was a lamedueki" The Lethbndge Herald _ 7th St. S., LettbrMge, Alberta WHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1964, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clatt Mall Registration No. 0012 Mambtr of TIM Canadian Pren and Canadian Dally Ntvnpaptr PvMMMrV Aimciation and tltt Audit Bureau of JSSSf WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor POU6LAS K. WALKER editorial MfftAftD MNB INC SOUTH" DON riLLINC Managing Editor ROY F MILES ;