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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Canada feels return to full-scale war is inevitable By PETER ARNETT An AP News Analysis SAIGON (AP) Canada has pulled out of the four-nation Vietnam force because it is convinced North and South Vietnam can- not be kept from a return to full-scale warfare. The Canadian assessment is that the weakness of the cease- fire agreement, the unco-oper- ativeness of the Hungarian and Polish members of the ceasefire commission and the attitudes of both Vietnamese sides must lead inevitably to renewed war. Senior Canadians in Saigon say it has become more and more apparent that the Viet- namese sides are drifting to- ward a "fatal acceptance" of a military rather than a political solution to their differences. These Canadians even offered a war timetable recently. The Viet Cong and the North Viet- namese are now in a position to mount limited offensive oper- ations, they said. By the end of the monsoons in October, the Communist side probably will be able to mount an offensive on tire same scale as the mas- sive offensive in the spring of 1972, the Canadians estimated. It was just this sort of devel- opment that the four-nation In- ternational Commission of Con- trol and Supervision (ICCS) was sent to Vietnam in February to prevent. Canada's withdrawal seriously weakens the force's potential, most observers here feel. U.S. presidential adviser Henry Kissinger reportedly has laid the groundwork for a tighter peace agreement in his recent talks in Paris with Le Due Tho of Hanoi. But reports of progress in these talks were not enough to convince the Ca- nadian government that it would be useful to keep its people in Vietnam. From the beginning, the Ca- nadians were unhappy about their mission. "This will have to be the last time Canada enters into this sort of thing without having a say in the writing of the peace one Canadian offi- cer in the field commented. The Canadian government was not given a copy of the Paris accords until 15 minutes after they were released to the press. A senior Canadian in Vietnam charged recently that the U.S. government had "betrayed" Canada by leading it to believe that "secret accords" with Mos- cow and Peking guaranteed that the vague provisions of the ceasefire agreement would be kept, particularly that there would be no Communist mili- tary buildup. The Candians soon found that the Hungarian and Polish mem- bers of the commission were less than co-operative. Charges and counter-charges began to fly. "We've settled into a little war between com- mented a Canadian officer at Oui Nhon. "Indonesia has lined up with us against the Polei and the Hungarians." The division was underlined In the investigations the com- mission was called on to make. Informed sources report only two unanimous decisions of con- both of these were in support of Viet Cong charges. Other unanimous deci- sions have agreed that viola- tions of the ceasefire took place but did not name the per- petrators. Out strolling Princess Anne, 22, and Lieut. Mark Phillips, 24, whose engagement was announced Tuesday, stroll in the grounds of Buckingham Palace, ton- don, this afternoon. President Nixon won't testify By R. W. APPLE JR. New York Times Service WASHINGTON President Nixon will not testify, either orally or in writing, to either the grand jury or the Senate investigating the Watergate case, the While House Tuesday. "We feel it would be constitutionally inappropri- said the presidential press secretary, Ronald L. Ziegler, in response to questions at a news briefing. "It would do violence to the separation of powers." The questions about presidential testimony were raised as a result of a report printed in the Washing- ton Post that the Watergate prosecutors had told the justice department that there was justification for call- ing Nixon before the grand jury. Zfcgler called the story, if true, "a shocking and irresponsible abuse of authority on the part of the fed- eral prosecutors." He added that J. Fred Buzhardt Jr., a special White House counsel, had telephoned Attorney-General Elliot Richardson and Archibald Cox, the special prosecutor, to protest. Late Tuesday afternoon, Cox issued a statement reaffirming that he make all decisions "about the investigation." He said he had made no such de- cisions to date and had authorized no comments by others on the case. Six cut way out of jail FORT SASKATCHEWAN, Alta. (CP) Six men escaped from a med ium-security penitentiary Tuesday night by cutting through cell bars on an outside wall and lowering them- selves to the ground, a prison official reported. The men. who escaoed from the Fort Saskatchewan correc- tional institute at about 10 p.m., are not considered dangerous, the official said. However, he motorists in the area not to pick up hitchhikers. Police identified the men as Lothar Adolphe Hoffman. 22, Wayne Aubrey Neithercotte, 32, diaries William Johnson, 24, Joseph Paul Camilleri, 28, all of Edmonton, Robert Thomas Martineau, 30, of Cold Lake. Alta., and Del Stewart, 20, of Tsawwassen, B.C. The RCMP and police from Edmonton, a few miles to the south, converged on the area, bringing police dogs. The Fort Saskatchewan in- stitute is -operated by the Al- bsrta government. Inside Classified 26-29 Comics 32 Comment 4 District 3, 13, 14 Family 22, 23 Local News 17, 18 Markets..... 2-1 Sports 8-10 Entertainment 7 TV ............6 Weather 2 'He keeps turning evert' LOW TONIGHT so, HIGH THURS. 75; SHOWERS Buclier retiriug SAN DIEGO, Calif. (AP) Cm.dr. Lloyd Bucher is retiring this week after 22 years in the United States Navy. In 1968, Bucher surrendered the spy ship Pueblo to a North Korean force and spent 11 months in captivity with his men. Most recently, he has been stationed in Guam. The LetHbridge Herald VOL. LXVI No. 143 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 1973 PRICE: TEN CENTS FOUR SECTIONS 46 PAGES Hanging seen on way out OTTAWA (CP) In a tense vote Tuesday night the Com- mons gave second reading, ap- proval in principle, to legisla- tion that would extend the par- tial ban on the death penalty for another five years. The 138-to-114 vote, wider than many expected, left oppo- nents of the death penalty jubi- lant and prompted Solicitor- General Warren Allmand to an- nounce that the government may ask Parliament to abolish the death penalty. "There's a point of view that if we did something to tighten up parole the House would be ready to consider complete abo- he said minutes after the vote was taken. "I'm not saying we are defi- nitely going to do it because we haven't made any decision.'' The legislation, restricting the death penalty to murderers of on-duty policemen and prison guards, would renew an initial five-year ban that expired Dec. 29. The bill now goes to the Com- mons justice and legal affairs committee, where several mem- bers have announced they will attempt to have it amended. Break-in report denied OTTAWA (CP) An external affairs spokesman said Tuesday night he had no knowledge of a reported White House plan to break into the Canadian em- bassy in Washington and did not believe anyone would con- sider "such a ridiculous propo- sition." He was commenting on a re- port in The Daily News, a New York newspaper, that President Nixon's White House staff planned in 1970 to break into the embassy to determine what aid the Canadian government was providing to U.S. draft re- sisters. The plan was not put into effect, the newspaper saj's. "Our policy with regard to draft resisters was quite the spokesman said. All the Americans would have had to do was ask for any information they wished." He said external affairs offi- cials probably would examine the report before deciding what action to take, if any. However, there is no reason to believe such plans were ever consid- ered, he added. Two seek abolition Marcel Prud'homme Montreal St. Denis) and Jim Fleming say they will seek abolition with a 25-year minimum sentence for all first-degree murderers. Others say they will press for abolition under the current pa- role regulations, which allow convicted murderers to apply for release after 10 years. The noisy vote, taken with galleries packed, followed 11 days of debate spread over more than four months. It was a free vote without the normal political restraints of party alle- giance and led to a split in all parties but Social Credit. Eighty-four Liberals, 25 Con- servatives and 29 New Demo- crats voted for the bill; 21 Lib- erals, 77 Conservatives, one New Democrat, 14 Socreds and Rocli LaSalle voted against. Eleven MPs, excluding Speaker Lucien Lamoureux who did not vote, were absent or did not rise when the vote was taken. They were four Liberals, five Conservatives, one New Democrat and one Social Cred- iter. Standing in the 264-seat House is Liberal 109, Conservative 107, New Democrat 31. Social Credit 15 and independent two. Hllill HVil'l! I Illll'llinlllllllllllllillli !m I'l II illllllll'lt lllillll'l I 'iHlilmll inn. HIM nun 11 -UN........I........mimm iimiiu......4....................................... PCs may back Liberals on corporate tax .Powerful support Prominent members voting in favor included Prime Minister Trudeau and his full cabinet ex- cept absent Science Minister Jeanne Sauve, Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield, NDP Leader David Lewis and former prime minister John Diefenba- ker. Social Credit Leader Real Caouette was the only party chief to vote against the bill. Mr. Stanfield, who saw the majority of his caucus vote op- posite to his personal stand, left the Commons with only one terse comment: "It was a free vote. I happened to be on the winning side.'' Mr. Lewis, with only Barry Mather Rock) voting against the NDP policy of abolition, emerged from the Commons beaming. "We would have liked the bill to have provided for total aboli- tion, but I'm delighted. I'm also proud of my own party." Justice Minister Otto Lang, also an opponent of the death penalty, said he hopes "this bill or something better" will emerge from the justice com- mittee. TIME SHORT Mr. Allmand said he hopes the bill will return for third reading before the Commons summer adjournment, sched- uled at the end of June. If it fails to pass in the currant ses- sion, all-party agreement would be necessary to prevent it from going back "to the starting line in a new session. Mr. Allmand said about 10 Liberals voted for the bill in the hope tougher parole restrictions will be added in committee. They would vote against it at third reading if no changes oc- cur. OTTAWA (CP) Prospects for Commons passage of con- troversial proposed corporation tax cuts improved dramatically Tuesday as the government pre- sented its tax measures and Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield indicated he may sup- port them. But the worries of the manu- facturers and processors who have been waiting a year for the tax cut are not over. Under the government measures, the Commons will get a chance next spring to change its mind if it passes the tax cuts now. Finance Minister John Turner made it clear to reporters that the second look is being pro- vided to get the tax measures through the minority Commons and that if the Liberals had a majority there would have been no "such qualification. The qualification "adds a cer- tain element of uncertainty that I probably would have liked to Gov't increases support for school bus service Seen and heard About town shopper Rick Larson attempting to shift gears and managing to turn pn the windshield wipers instead Lyle Fletcher and Les Collins worrying more about water in their cowboy boots than uprighting their sailboat af- ter it was swamped in Park Lake. Dollar drops LONDON (AP) The price of gold hit a record high in Lon- don today as the U.S. dollar plunged toward new lows across Europe. The metal sold at an ounce this afternoon, up on the day and 75 cents above the previous high. Gold was sharply higher in other Eu- ropean centres too. The dollar, meanwhile, sank to a new low in Paris and was approaching record lows in other centres. They said the Watergate af- fair still played a part in under- mining confidence in the U.S. currency, but also pointed out that a number of other factors were affecting individual mar- kets. In Paris, the dollar hit a new low o? 4.3850 commercial francs, down from 4.4062 Tues- day. Dealers there said uncer- tainties over the summit meet- ing in Iceland Thursday be- tween Presidents Nixon and Pompidou affected Paris mar- kets. EDMONTON (CP) creased support for providing school bus service in urban areas under the school founda- tion program fund was an- nounced today by Education Minister Lou Hyndman. Mr. Hyndman said in a news measure will pro- vide an alternative to providing new school construction. "City school boards rnay now apply for up to S49.50 pupil where city bus service is used and up to a pupil to cover costs of operating yel- _ In- low buses, an increase of 10 per cent compared with pre- vious rates." Mr. Hyndman said in addi- tion the boards now can claim for elementary students travel- ling or more. Pie- vious regulations applied only where students lived miles or more from their designated school. "The increase in basic rates may also encourage reduction or elimination of transportation fees now charged to parents by some Mr. Hyndman said. Long., hot stay for astronauts have but he had a duty "to try to get the meas- ures through in as permanent a form as I can." "HeD, I think that's a reason- able and a sensible com- promise." SUGGESTS CONFIDENCE Mr. Turner said businessmen can be confident the tax cut will not be withdrawn next spring, provided that they use it the right way and not simply to in- crease profits. "If they respond to this by ex- panding production, by increas- ing employment, by moderating prices, then they have nothing to fear.' With the New Democrats dead against the corporate tax the government needs Conservative support to get Uiem through. Mr. Stanfield said earlier this year his party would support the proposed cuts if they were limited to 1973. Mr. Turner gave that proposal a cold shoul- der, saying the measures have to last longer to be effective. Tuesday, Mr. Stanfield greeted the government an- nouncement by saying Mr. Turner has in effect decided to adopt the Conservative pro- posal. Mr. Stanfield, however, did not specifically say his party will vote for the tax measures. He said he has no faith in Mr. Turner and will examine the announcement closely to see whether it is "some kind of a ploy." HOUSTON (CP) It's going to be a long hot stay in orbit for the Skylab astronauts as they study earth resources and con- tinue solar research. Officials said Tuesday night that the temperature will prob- ably stabilize at 80 degrees in- stead cf 70 as originally pre- dicted after the sunshade was erected over the space station. They said the 10-per-cent loss of protection, where the sun- shade wrinkled due to folds in the material, may be the reason for the higher temperature. Commander Charles Conrad said: "I know where that 10 per cent is. I can run my hand Who will fill peace force gap? SAIGON (AP) Mexico, France, Italy and Scandinavian countries were among those mentioned today to replace Canada on the Vietnam cease- fire commission. But the chief of the outgoing Canadian dele- gation recommended an Asian country. Canada's intention to with- draw from the International Commission of Control and Su- pervision (ICCS) by July 31 was announced in Ottawa Tu- esday, shortly before Henry Kissinger said in Washington that he and Hanoi's Le Due Tho hope to reach "new un- derstandings" to reinforce the ceasefire. Michel Gauvin, head of the Canadian delegation to the ICCS, said the peace-observ- ing force has been "observing a war, not a since the truce went into effect four months ago. He recommended that an- other Asian country join Indon- esia on the four-nation commis- sion to strike a balance with the two East European mem- bers, Poland and Hungary. An Indonesian spokesman suggested that Malaysia re- place Canada because "Vietnam is first and foremost a South- east Asian problem.'' The new member must be ac- ceptable to the four signers of the Paris ceasefire agreement the United States, North and South Vietnam and the Viet Cong. A spokesman for the Polish delegation said Canada's pull- out would not have any effect on his country's mission. He said the Canadian departure was due to "domestic politics in Ca- nada and not just because of the divergence of views which exist on the commission." The chief of the Hungarian delegation said he hopes the withdrawal "will not have too detrimental an effect on our commission." Kissinger said he regrets Canada's withdrawal from the commission, "especially at this time, when we hope that out of the negotiations now going on in Paris an agreement that will be better implemented and that can be better implemented, because of various adjustments that will be made will emerge." around the wall and find it real easy." Conrad and his crewmates. Dr. Joseph Kerwin and Paul Weitz, worked hard in about 88 degree temperature. ABLE TO WORK Conrad reported he thinks the crew can work in the 80-degree temperature for the 28-day mis- sion. The expensive telescope mount, an array of six complex telescopes, was turned on Tues- day afternoon by Kerwin, who initially had trouble zeroing in On the sun. Scientists and solar physicists at the mission control Centre and elsewhere in the world were rejoicing over the results and the photographs sent to the ground. The photographs were considered "most impressive" and included what is believed to be a small solar flare. Weitz said everything was go- ing "hotsy-tofsy" in preparation for the earth resources ex- periment which begins today as (lie space station crosses the United States and South Amer- ica. Commonly called EREP by the astronauts (Earth Re- sources Experiment the expcrimcrils use in- struments similar to cameras to photograph and take measure- ments of the earth. Attention will be focused on crops, fish, mineral deposits, volcanoes, pollution, and geographical sur- veys. Yemen council member slain by bazooka fire ADEN (AP) Sheikh Mo- hammed Ah" Othman, a mem- ber of North Yemen's three- man ruling Republican Council, was killed by bazooka fire out- side his home in Ta'iz early to- day, the Yemeni government radio reported. Othman, 63, was named to the tliree-man council last Novem- ber. The council is headed by President Abdul Rahman Ir- yani. Othman was finance min- ister of the royalist regime that was overthrown in 1962. Reports from North Yemen say there is unrest throughuot the country. Several bomb and grenade attacks on politicians have been reported recently. U.S. may raise gasoline taxes WASHINGTON (AP) Treasury Secretary George P. Shultz said today the Nixon ad- ministration is considering a proposal to raise gasoline taxes. Shultz, speaking at a conference for economic report- ers, also indicated that the ad- ministration has under study other tax-increase proposals to help cool off the rapidjy ex- panding economy. ;