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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 30, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta -Tuesday, May 30, 1972 THE LETHBRIOGE HERALD 3 New brand designs stall rustling habits .IOUN Cr.ARK e Press Weekly Rustlers who to alter the brand will be looking for trouble if Hie cattle are mark- ed with a newly-designed brand. Developed by Washington State University veterinarian, Dr. Keith Fan-ell, the new sys- tem is based on angles rather than the alphabet system. The brand can't be modified with- out revealing the change. In Tiew of the large increase in cattle rustling today, the sys- tem could prove very useful in prevenling alteration of brands. Dr. Fan-ell's system is based on two concentric squares- In the basic square, numbering starts in the upper left corner and continues clockwise with four, six and eight. The odd numbers are obtain- ed by Totaling the basic square an eighth turn to the right so the corners fill in the gaps between the even numbers. Numbering begins at the top with three and runs clockwise to five, seven and nine. Various combinations of angles, with vertical and hori- zontal parallel lines for ono and zero, in that order, aro used to form symbols. The posi- tion of the angles relative to the concentric squares indicates how the symbols are to bo read. Brand change often is easily possible under the alphabet system. For instance, two let- ters with similar characteris- tics, such as P and R, can be altered in the old alphabet sys- tem by adding a "foot" to the P. Trying lo change Dr. Far- retl's brand would be too ob- vious. Another benefit to the new brand is it can be seen from a greater distance. In recognition trials, the angles were more easily read than numbers even though people were more fam- iliar with numbers. For exam- ple, at feet only 59 per cent of the numbers were recognized compared to 90 per cent of tho angle In conjunction with his new brand. Dr. Farrell also has been the spearhead behind tho development of a new branding process called freeze branding. A super-cold branding iron is used to destroy the pigment- producing celLs on the hair follicles. On dark-colored cattle, the hair grows hack white and pro- vides a chalk-like identification mark which can be easily seen. On light colored cattle, the iron is hefd on a few seconds longer to cause balding similar to hot- branding. Freeze-branding is relatively simple but the iron temperature and the length of time it is held against the skin is critical. The animal is shaved for branding and scrubbed with a steel creamery sponge to get rid of excess dirt which tends to insulate during branding. A five-inch copper branding iron, cooled in a mixture of methyl alcohol and dry Ice, or other coolants, to a temperature of minus degrees fahrenheit, ia applied to the bare hide for 30 seconds. Liquid nitrogen has been tested as a cooling agent but it has been abandoned for the present because it has prov- en to be too cold minus 320 degrees fahrenheit- Freeze-branding causes rela- tively no pain, compared to hot- branding. Although there is a slight sensation as the cold iron touches the skin, there is Involved, Another factor, important to the tanning industry, is hide damage. Thousands of dollars lost annually due to damaged hides from hot-branding, and this could be cut with freeze- branding. However, it should be pointed out that a freeze brand !s not yet recommended by the de- partments of agriculture. Fur- ther, there still remains the question as to the test way to freeze-brand. Under practical conditions, freeze-brands left much to be desired. Meet the Service Department at Fully qua'if'sd Detroit Diesel and Cummins engine technicians. Fully qualified form and industrial me- chanics familiar with all makes and of equipment Our Service Area over sq. ft. of service space All the latest equipment including a fully equipped pump and injector stand Open 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. Monday thru Friday. 8 a.m. to 12 noon Saturdays 304 STAFFORD DRIVE, LETHBRIDGE PHONE 327-3125 ;