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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 30, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta luesdoy. May 30, 1972 THI LETHBRIDGE HERALD _ 5 Barbara Ward The crisis facing the world's cities Tim following is excerpted from "An Urban which was commissioned hy the Glranl Dank (if Philadel- phia. nPHE Founding Fathers o f the United Sinks of Am- erica created tluir constitution for a land in which 95 per cent of the people lived in townships of less than Only New York and Philadelphia had reached 25.000 inhabitants (tho population today of Potlslown, Two hundred years later, nearly 75 per cent cf the pop- ulation lives in settlements of over with nearly one- quarter of the urban dwdlcrs in the big cities. Nor is this the end of tho story. By the year 2030, over 100 million people must be add- ed to America's urban settle- ments. SucJi growlh will entail building not much less than the equivalent of the whole of ur- ban America today. Two hun- dred cities the sizu of Cin- cinnati this is (he minimum expansion, both physical and social, that must bs accom- plished in under 30 years. And that figure docs not allow for the reconstructing of at least half the existing cities, as ob- solescence and blight over- come older sectors. We cannot evade these facts. The people will be there. They cannot dumped, homeless, all over the landscape. The choice is not between acting and not acting; it is between doing well and doing badly. "High-speed" highways clog- ged with traffic; communica- tion and power systems over- loaded the point of break- down; urban ghcttoes entrap- ping generation after genera- tion in hopeless poverty; one- class suburbs with marooned housewives; smog in the air; filth in Uie rivers; countryside receding Wore the outward waves of licky-tacky houses anyone can make his own priority list of evils end add the despondent conclusion that net one of them is self-correct- ing. So it is not simply a lion of absorbing the new mul- titudes. The present container does not properly serve its pur- pose. The city must grow, but it must also be transformed at the same relentless speed. Im- provement, reform, radical change this is the need of the urban revolution. It. is like trying to rebuild and raise a dam when the lake is already full, and to do so without agreed specifications or even a consensus on what is causing the problem. Many of our ideas on the ur- ban process are formulated on the assumption that, cities just happen. But this is an hypoth- esis grounded in the history of the 10th century. This argu- ment ran that if modernization and industrial growth occur- red, the city would follow; it would look after itself and, de- spite a few epidemics and tran- sient unemployment, the result would be an urban society that worked. The economic need for con- centration and nearness dic- tated the early centralization of cities. But ''nearness" and "access" have wholly different meanings in the age of tho train, the automobile, the tele- phone. The iieak of density in many western cities was pass- ed as early as JIKiO. Thereafter, the train and then the car brought increased mobility and hence greater choice, setting in motion a new cycle of change. People with better incomes began their es- cape from the dirty, over- crowded, expensive city centre to the ever-widening suburban ring; then came the shops fol- lowing shoppers, industry need- ing more space, and offices able to keep in touch by tele- phone. These movements of resident and work, created thr> ''spread with its dense core, its satellite dormitories, its scattered shops and services, its lifelines of road and rail, its spreading deterioration in wa- ter and air. So a new complex of prob- lems is upon us. The keynote to the modern city is change. Nothing seems more solid than a hundred square miles of con- crete and brick, yet much of it is no more stable than a sand castle. A speeded-up picture of a city taken from outer space would show a membrane of construction, its levels rising and falling, its surface criss- crossed with traffic, every cranny swarming with activity. The farm boy from West Bengal seeking a living in Cal- cutta is cousin to the boy from Georgia who seeks his fortune in Philadelphia; the Bra- zilians arriving every week in Rio do Janeiro face the same problems as the Pucrlo Ricans landing at Kennedy. Lack of skills in an increas- ingly technocratic job market, ever-rising food prices, housing scarcely worthy of the name, senseless crowding, endless red tape to obtain social help the- oretically offered by the gov- ernment, rising crime rates, discrimination on the basis of race or religion or language or tribe, lack of relevant educa- tion for the children, a con- fused and changing social con- text these can be found in all tlw cities of the world. They tick like time bombs in a threatened urban structure. Defining the goals of urban policy is not only complicated in itself, by virtue of all the thousand strands of decision on transport, on housing, on utili- ties, on open spaces which such a policy entails. The task is also complicated by a nunv bcr of larger human issues or values that can? man beyond his city but at the same time profoundly affect his urban life. The first springs from a his- torical coincidence the fact that the urban revolution has caught up mill an earlier up- "Instead of going ouf for o steak dinner don't I buy you a wristwatch, or "Jim has a new theory on yard work. He thinks threat- ening thoughts and says'nasty things to the to make them die, and mildly derogatory comments to the grass ta stunt its Book Reviews Two samplings of New York journalists "Irrational Ravings" by Pete Haniill (G. P. Putnam's Sons, Sift, MS pages, distribu- ted by Longman Canarin lim- "Bread and Hoses Too" by Jack New-field (K. P. Hut- ton and Co., Inc., soft- back, pages, distributed by Clarke, Invin and Co. two books have scv- eral things in common: the authors are both New York columnists (Hamill writes for the New York Post: Newfield writes for the Milage the selections in the books were written between (lie mid fcOs and early 70s; the riibjccl mat- ter is frequently the same Vietnam, New York City prob- lems, Robert Kennedy. The title for Tote HamiU's book came from the lips cf U.S. Vice-President Pplro Agr.ew who called his piece on the Kent State Univcrsily killings "irrational ravi.nrs." T h a t piece contains some nf his harshest HainHl was obviously Lrcally unset hy what, happened. Ik1 .said, "Nixon is as responsible for the Kent Stale slaughter as he and the rest of his bloodless pang of corpora! ion men wore for t lie anti-inlegralion violence in La- mar and for the pillage and murder is taking place in the name of democracy in Cam- bodia.1' In fho same piece ha refers to both Nixon and Agnew as "nenfcrs commanding pow- er, devoid of (rue compas- sion No wonder Agnew felt impelled to strike hack! Ilamill jib'O fell very slrnngly on the occasion of tin; assassin- ation of Knbcrl Kennedy, llo wrote, "Kennedy's death would mean nolliing. an- other digit, in hislori- cal pageant. includes I ho slaughter of (he plun- dering of Moiien. Hit1 enslave- ment of black peoph', the Inmi- ilation of I'nerlo Hicans While Kennedy's life ebb- ing out of him, Americans wcro dropping bombs and flaming jelly on OrionlalK v.'hilo tho cops marie chalk maiks on tho floor of tho panlry, the bravo members of the national Rifle Association were already ex- plaining that people commit crimes, guns don't. These cow- ardly bums claim constitutional rights to kill fierce deer in tho forest The columns which Hamill wrote from Vietnam in 1966 are excellent. They give a picture of what that war was really like at that time. The futility and destructiveness which Ha- mill felt then must be that much .more intense now. Jack Newficld is more con- sciously a spokesman of the New Left than is Pete Hamill. Those who think New Letters are all irrational extremists would do well to read the thoughtful pieces by Newfield and have their impressions modified to some extent. New- field writes that he is bugged by the "New Left's faddish tin- sel heroes: Debray, Mao, Mar- cusc, Leary." In he ticked off the hippies as unrepresenta- tive of the New Left. "The hip- pics will not change he said, "because change means pain, and the hippie sub- Revolutionary drivel "Blood in Eye" by George Jackson. (Random House of Canada Limited, 1ST pages. WHAT A PILE of crap! Even the dedication makes me sick- Written by the now dead .Jackson (killed in an attempted prison this book spews forlh revolutionary drivel that is a sad criteria of today. I'm afraid, after reading this book, that I can't, feel any great loss over the sudden demise of Jackson. He sjwnt 11 years in prison for stealing from a gas sta- tion. At, first glance this would seem to be more than a little- unjust, but upon reading his Ihoughls, put down in this bonk. it's lit.lle wonder he wasn't let free to roam the streets. In fad, in my humble opinion, they could have kept him an- oilier liO years. There is a slightly ironic as- pect to this book. Jackson spouts Ihe phrases of commun- ism and his intense dislike for I he United States government when under Communist rule ho wouldn't oven be able to jot down a few notes against tho government, lot alone have, a crummy book like this one pub- lished. Some of the points he makes arc certainly justified and change is needed, but these vi- able points are lost in tho gib- berish that surrounds them It lakes a tormented mind to end up with a book like this, but what, bo! hers me is some fool is going to read it, and fol- low the preachings of Jackson, The black man in the U.S. docs have his problems, as do the Mexicans, Indians and the whites. But the cry for all-out war against the government is liardly the solution. Only a crackpot would desire this con- clusion. George Jackson belonged in prison and his books, "Solcdad ISrothers" and "filood in My Eye" should never have been printed, save by a revolution- ary underground press. GAKRY ALLISON Books in brief "A Dog Named hy Erik Mmislci-hjelm (Mncinii- lium Company of Canada Limited, KIT pages, CO.MK of tho. lore of living in k the norlliland has rubbed off on the Finnish-born Cana- dian author in this book of in- citement of man and animal against nature and each oilier. 11 is definitely a book written for the younger sot. and will fit in nicely with the reading of any dog lover. RIG SWIHART culture is rooted in the pleasure principle." In liis columns Jack Newfield writes feelingly about the civil rights movement; student poli- tics; the endless war in Viet- nam; the need for better hous- ing; jails, which he calls the ultimate ghetto; the faults of the media. The section on the media is especially interesting. He ar- gues that Spiro Agnew was right in saying a few individu- als control the mass media in America. But Agnew wrongly identified those in control- Most of them arc Republicans and Conservatives, says Newfield. "In lUGo, f.O per cent of the na- tion's daily papers editorially endorsed Richard Nixon, and only 15 per cent endorsed Hu- bert Humphrey. According to a survey compiled by the percep- tive press gadfly Ren Bagdik- icn, '15 per ccnl of the- syndi- cated columns published across the country can generally be classified as conservative of the dozens of nationally syn- dicated daily columnists, with the possible exception of Tom Wicker, not one. represents a radical point of view." Edith Kfron in The News Twisters discovered a liberal bias in the three television networks so probably Agnew was thinking of television rather than news- papers when he attacked the media. Contrary to the usual criti- cisms made of the press, New- field says "the disturbing real- ity is that the press censors it- self, through .superficiality, through bias, through incompe- tence, and through a desire to be the 'responsible' fourth branch of government." I wonder what those readers of Tho Lel.hhridge Herald find Carl Howan and Joseph Kraft. too extreme (hink if we started eaiTvini; Tom or Jack Newfield. No matter whclhcr one agrees with Die views of these two writers it would have to bo conceded thai (hoy arrcst- ingly and well. DOUG WALKER heuval which is not yet com- plete. This is the social revolu- tion, the revolution of human respect and equality with which America, in 1776, began to lead mankind away from the accepted norms of inequality and hierarchy. A second set of preoccupa- tions, which grow in urgency as the whole problem of environ- ment takes greater hold of the public imagination, concerns the quality of life in urban cen- tres. In part, this is a psychol- ogical preoccupation. In some great cities, are not children growing up in an almost lunar deprivation of the colors and scents and textures of living tilings? The steel towers, the windswept asphalt yards, tho din of traffic what will they breed? Is not the weekend rush to hills and beaches a collec- tive cry of need for lovelier sounds and sights? Are these really May they not be, on the contrary, the conditions of human existence itself? The sense of being over- powered by the sheer scale of modern technocracy's energy and output is, of course, moro than an urban phenomenon. But it can have a nightmarish, inescapable quality in our traf- fice-driven, sky-scraping mega- lopolises. IL is clear that the whole ur- ban order is so interconnected that realistic planning must be total. Partial responses, one- problem solutions have either aggravated Uie challenges they were designed to meet or cre- ated worse ones. More freeways into the city's centre increased urban conges- tion more parking lots and wider roads to reduce it simply buried the overloaded core un- der acres of asphalt and con- crete. More mortgages for sin- gle-family homes helped Ihg claimant needs of a rising ulation but increased the spread of the city, the length of the journey to work, and the emergence of racial ghettoes at the centre and one-class sub- urbs on the fringe. Public hous- ing projects provided some desperately needed new riwell- irgs, but destroyed neighbor- hoods, encouraged land specu- lation in some places and drove out the middle class in others. The list of contradictions is endless; it makes clear the need for total urban break- through Of course, urban planners propose various sometimes rival strategies f o r acting within this wider area of re- sponsibility. But virtually all agree on the worst possible out- come that one city's spread should reach the next city's sprawl and create nightmarish extensions of indeterminate ur- ban and semiurban installa- tions; encased in a mesh of lushing traffic, without cores nr communities, without open space or natural surrounding, with used car lots and pizza parlors alternating with pizza parlors and used car lots, "Bos- "Chi-pitts11 and "San- Uie shapeless spread of cities on Uie Eastern seaboard, the Great Lakes and the West Coast are the ultimate night- mare of mindless urban sprawl. The basic principle is that if the megalopolis acts as a giant magnet, sucking greater num- bers of people and square miles into itself, then it must be met with an effective counterforce, diverting future population and the crush of artifacts away from if. Since the urbanization of man is reality, the countermagnet can only be one or more cities (either brand new or existing ones developed in accordance with careful planning1) that lie close to but outside the exist- ing urban magnetic field. And the countercity must be of suf- ficient size, wifh sufficient in- dustry and amenities, to act as a counterbalance. Such a pattern of counter- balancing centres keeps move- ment and density manageable, permits wide experiments in new technologies in the new city and gives the old city time to reorganize creativity for the pressures to come. A program for the world's cities is infinitely less costly and more manageable than the false and desperate search for an armed "security" that now drives the nations to frenzies of fear and inflation and leaves them, at the end of it, chiefly capable of destroying the plan- el itself. We arc not. condemned to false choices by our technology or by our resources. On fho contrary, they can be the moans of our liberation, if that is what we are prepared to seek. The roots of wisdom do not change. II is for us, not for our machines, to "choose life." II. is for us, in I ho time of moon landings and space probos, to discover and use Uie instni- monts of a safer landfall upon the planet Earth. (Newspaper Enterprise Assn.) 1 Inipatieiice not good counsellor Bv Vincent I'ricr, in Montreal I'resse association of Claude Morin with the Parti Qucbecois will surely add still more to the credibility of this politicnl group. All who have had the occasion to rub shoulders with Mr. Morin, to see him at work, recognize the sincerity, the com- petence and the honesty of the man. Ha does not lose these qualities because ho has passed to another camp. It has been o long road which led the former adviser to four Quebec premiers to opt for the thesis of independence We do not share this conviction. It re- mains necessary tn recognize that feder- alism is not easy to live with These tensions in themselves are not un- healthy. Nevertheless, a certain equilibri- um which benefits all taxpayers must be established. For us, apart from a few short periods, notably at the beginning of the 1960s, this equilibrium has never truly existed. Ottawa has notably abused it? un- limited spending power fo Invade provin- cial borders. All hope, however, does not appear lost It would be premature to give up be- fore draining every means of settiement. Federalism for Ihc French Canadians remains the most fascinating challenge there is. It offers them the possibility of imprinting their mark on the policy of a country as vast as a continent. To re- nounce Confederation would Ix; tn abdicate rights clearly acquired Impatience may seem justified to some But impatience is rarely a good coun- sellor. And il is always necessary to ask oneself if federalism, however imperfect, does not remain preferable, at least for the moment, to a fragile independence whose most optimistic supporters do not foresea it as increasing the quality of our French life, of our economic initiatives or our in- dividual liberties. LeDain recommendation absurd By Louis Hocque, in Ottawa Lc Droll TX) legalize possession of marijuana or hashish, as recommended in the ma- jority report of the LeDain commission on the non-medical use of drugs, constitutes at this time an offence, as flagrant as it is enigmatic to common sense, against real- ity and simple logic. And this recommendation takes an as- pect still more absurd on the reading of one of the report's conclusions that all re- search on the effects of cannabis is contradictory and we must wait 10 more years perhaps to have sure facts. In such circumstances what is prudence if not to intensify studies and wait 10 years if necessary to determine once and for all the degrees of harm in these drugs, if there is harm As an example of the diversity of opinion on the effects of marijuana let's look at two recently completed studies one in Toronto which showed marijuana pro duced no change in the brain waves on an electroencephalogram and another at Bristol Hospital in England which resear- chers said shows in conclusive fashion that young people who use marijuana regularly risk brain atrophy. The contradiction between these two studies could not be more evident. It serves, in our opinion, to put in relief that proof of the innocuous nature of marijuana is far from being a fact and from now on research must be continued without draw- ing premature conclusions as the LeDain report seems to have done. Anniversary for Gkicier llie O-eat Falls Tribune National Park was 62 years old May 11. The nation's first park, Yellowstone, which is celebrating its cen- tennial tlu's year, is only 38 years older. The act creating Glacier, fourth largest in the system, was signed by President Taft May 11, 1010. Glacier has shared in the increased at- tendance accompanying the post Second World War population explosion; it passed the one-million mark three years ago and last year received visitors. Montana is one of only eight states with more than one national park within its boundaries. California leads with live, fol- lowed by Washington and Utah with three each and Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Ari- zona, Texas and Hawaii with two each, are divided among 12 states. Coincidental with observance of the na- tional park centennial in which Glacier, as well as the others, shares attention with Yellowstone, is the release by the Mon- tana State Advertising Department of a well-done 27-minute film. "Escape to Mon- tana's Glacier National which had a premiere showing before the Advertising Club of Great Falls. It captures the spirit and color of the park and is something every Montanan will wish to see. On of words Theodore Bernstein THRESH BREAD. Though it is part of the hip vocabulary, bread is by no means a newcomer in the lingo of the street. It is more than two centuries old. As an auld slang sign (excuse it, it meant employment, which was usually necessary to obtain bread. Its meaning today is not far removed from that; it is a synonym for money. It's an old slang word with a slightly fresh meaning. coming, the original, irreplaceable mean- ing will probably go down the drain. Fused participle. This is a well-worn problem of grammar, which is raised in a note from Elizabeth A. Lackman of Phila- delphia. Someone wrote her a letter using the sentence, "T appreciate you sharing your views with and she wants to know if the sentence is correct. H. W. Fowler, who was an authority and some- times a stickler on grammar, would say emphatically no. He would point out that tho object of appreciate is sharing, not you, and that this leaves you up in the air without any grammatical construction. He would insist on making it your sharing, and by and large he would be right. From (be days of Old English until the cighteen- the century Hie use of a possessive ahead of the participle was almost invariable. But since then the rule has been somewhat relaxed. For one thing there are some words that do not take a possessive form. You wouldn't say, "1 hate to see this's happen- ing." For another thing it sometime bap- pens that Uie words ahead of the participle constitute a phrase for which a possessive is just about impossible: For example: "He disapproved of persons active in public life accepting favors from corporations." How- ever, the natural and historical practice is to use the possessive with the participle: "I hr.le my best friend's using drugs." Where possible that practice should be followed. But there are occasions on which exceptions are necessary and acceptable. Youth-yak. If you dig something, you un- derstand it and appreciate it. Nothing es- pecially new about that. But in recent days or weeks perhaps months a little bit ex- tra has been superimposed on that word dig so that it means not only to compre- hend something but also to like it and able to get into it. Now you want to taiow what gel into means. Well, the sense of get into is to become really involved with something because you dig it. For in- stance: "He really digs country music so he's going to get into it by studying it next fall." Okay? Hardly correct. The word under discus- sion is hardly. It has a negative connota- tion and therefore should not be used in a sentence that already is negative in mean- ing. The following sentence is incorrect: "The Smiths do not own a television set or liardly any furniture." One way to cor- rect the error is to introduce an affima- tive verb in the second part of the sen- tence: "The Smiths do not own a televi- sion set and have hardly any furniture." .Another error that is often made with hardly is to follow it with than: "Hardly had the governor started to talk than the booing began." Change the than to when. The conjunction than indicates a compari- son and properly follows a comparative adjective or adverb, as in, "No sooner did the governor start to talk than (he booing began." What lias been said here about hardly applies equally to scarcely. Word oddities. The sound and appear- ance of connive seem to suggest to many people running, contrive or conspire so lhat it is used loosely more often than it is used tightly. From the Latin ronlfrrc (to wink, to shut one's the in its primary sense means lo shut one's eyes to or deliberately overlook .some wrongdoing, as in, "The Mayor was accused as conniving at illegal gambling." Some dictionaries sanction, as a secondary meaning, to cooperate in an underhanded way, to conspire. It's too bad they connive at' the meaning because- if il becomes widespread, as it shows every sign of bc- Word oddities. If you heard the sentence "She is beautiful and bright and has a for- tune to you probably wouldn't think twice about it (though you might start thinking about the But if you did not think twice about il, you might. over that final phrase1, to bonl. What have shoes go to do with it? What's afoot? Oddly enough, slices have nothing to do with it. The word boot in Ibis sense is un- related to the word that means a fool covering. It is derived from the Gothic word Iiota, meaning advanlage or benefit, and the phrase In lino! means an advantage or benc.fil in addition or over and nlxivo. Hoot is scarcely ever used outside of that phrase. However, (he negative version of it in fairly common use. It means without advantage or benefit, use- less. line New York Times) ;