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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 30, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta ________Tuesday, Mar 30, 1972 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID 3 New brand designs stall rustling habits Another faclor, important lo hides from hol-ljramlinR, and out that a free7.e brand Is not question as lo the test way to the tanning indusirv. is hide this could Ijc cut wilh freeze- yet recommended the de- frccze-brand. Under practical damage. Thousands of dollars branding. partments oi agriculture. Fur- conditions, freezc-hrands hava lost annually due lo damaged However, it should be pointed ther, there still remains the left much to be desired. By .rOIIM CT.ARK Fn-e Press Weekly RuaLlors who lo alter the brand will be looking for trouble iT Llie catMe arc mark- ed wiLU a newly-designed brand Developed by a Washington State University veterinarian. Dr. Keilh Farrell, the new sys- tem is based on angles rather than the alphabet system. The brand can't be modified with- out revealing the change. In fiew ol the large increase in cattle rustling today, the sys- tem could prove very useful in preventing alleration of brands. Dr. Fairell's system is based on two concentric squares- Jn the basic square, numbering starts in the upper left corner and continues clockwise wii.h four, six and eight. The orfrl numbers are obtain- ed by rotating the basic square AH eighth turn to the right so the corners fill in the gaps between the even numbers. Numbering begins a( the ton with three and runs clockwise to five, seven and nine. Various combinations of angles, with vertical and hori- zontal parallel lines for one and zero, in that order, aro used lo form symbols. The posi- tion of the angles relative to the concertino squares how the symbols are to bo read. Brand change often is easily possible under the alphabet system. For instance, two let- ters with similar characteris- tics, such as P and R, can IM altered in the old alphabet sys- tem by adding a "foot" to the P. Trying lo change Dr. Far- rell's brand would lie too ob- vious. Another benefit to the new brand is it can be seen from a greater distance. In recognition trials, the angles were more easily read Mian numbers cveu though people were more fam- iliar vviOi numbers. For exam- ple, at Icct only 59 per cent of the numlxM-s were recognized compared to 90 per cent of the angle In conjunction with his new brand. Dr. Farrell also has been (he spearhead behind the develupinj'il of a new brnnding process called freeze branding. A super-cold branding iron is usud to destroy the pigmenl- producmg cells on the hair follicles. On d.iil'-coloi-ed entile, the hair grows hack white and pro- vides a clKilk-likc identification mark which can be easily seen. On light colored cattlo, the iron la hcfrl on a few seconds longer to cause balding similar to hot- branding. Freeze-branding is relatively simple buL the iron temperature and the length of time it is held against the skin is critical. The animal is shaved for branding and scrubbed with a steel creamery sponge to got rid of excess dirt which lends to insulate during branding. A five-inch copper branding Iron, cooled in a mixture of methyl alcohol and dry Ice, or other coolants, to a temperature of minus 9fi degrees Fahrenheit, is applied to the bare hide for 30 seconds. Liquid nitrogen has been tested as a cooling agent but it has been abandoned for the present because it has prov- en lo be loo cold minus 320 degrees fahrenhcit- Freeze-branding causes rela- tively no pain, compared to hot- brnmling. Although there is a alight sensation as the cold iron touches the skin, there is little Involved, Meet the Service Department at Fully qua'ifnd Detroit Diesel and Cummins engine technicians. Fully qualified farm and industrial me- chanics familiar with all makes and of equipment Our Service Area over sq. ft. of service space All the latest equipment including a fully equipped pump and injector stand Open 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. Monday thru Friday. 8 a.m. to 12 noon Saturdays 304 STAFFORD DRIVE, LETHBRIDGE PHONE 327-3125 ;