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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 30, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Solurdtiy, Moy 30, 1970 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 3 Guilders Of The Sonth-6 Margaret Luckhurst The West Was Won By Men Of Vision T DON'T like talking about objected Mr. Andrew Brydon Hogg, Q.C. when approached for an inter- view. "However, I don't in the least sharing a few of my early impressions of southern Alberta, including those of some of'my contemporaries. Many of them were interesting char- acters whose raw experience in Hie influenced the patterns of the new community." Although Mr. Hogg came west in 1905, he was born, raised and educated in the east. "Don't hold that against he .smil- ed, "the west was won by old fellows like me who could see all its possibilities." Actually, Mr. Hogg's western migration progressed at a slow pace. After graduating from University of Toronto in 1904, he came west as far as Portago la Prairie, Manitoba, to read law with young Arthur Meigh- en, who later was Prime Min- ister of Canada for a.brief time. After being called to. the bar in 1905, Meighen and Hogg set up practice in that town. "After a couple of years Ar- thur decided to go it alone so we dissolved our partnership. At that, time he was very in- terested in politics, although from a personal point of view I didn't think he had the attri- butes of a successful politician. Oh, he was a clever man: but he was negative, insensitive and introspective. I think he prob- ably injected a little life into the Conservative party for a time, but he was not a popular man. I wasn't too sorry to break up the partnership and head for Carmangay." Why Carmangay? "Well, it that time it 'was a big wheat growing area and showed real promise of becom- ing the wheat capital of tha south. I set up practice in this town where I stayed four or five years. However, the big city didn't materialize for the usual reasons; there was no business or industry. What there was in southern Alberta was centred around Lethbridge, the miners and the railroad. The population in Carmangay soar- ed to around 550 then stayed there. Part of the reason of course, wax due to the First World War which was raging at that time. Cities were not growing anywhere. "In 1915 I went back east and made a futile attempt to enlist in tile army. However, my med- ical examination uncovered a chronic condition which kept me a semi invalid for about a year. In 1916, when I was quite well again, I decided to return to the west, only this time I aimed for Lethbridge. I had been impressed with the good weather there, and .that was the guiding influence." In Lethbridge, Mr. Hogg set up practice with Fred Jamie- Kin. "He was a colorful Mr. Hogg recalled. "He was an ex newspaper5 .man, former editor of the Medicine Hat News. He took a notion to read law, why I don't know, for after couple of years in practice he went to Calgary and back tnto the journalism field." After Jamieson left, Mr. Hogg practiced alone for a time, then in 1930 formed a partnership with H. W. Menzie, an associa- tion which lasted until the lat- death in 1957. "The thirties were hard times for everyone on the prairie, in- cluding Mr. Hogg re- called. "There wasn't much cash around. Homesteaders were driven off the land by the drought. Those who stayed had a struggle to keep body and had Uieir bills settled with chickens and eggs." Lethbridge didn't develop very rapidly during tlie twen- ties and thirties, Mr. Hogg ob- served. "It WOT a time for dig- ging our roots in and solving our own he said. "I was a member of the Board of Trade in the early twenties when promotion of irrigation was of major importance. I was president of it In 1926, following George Marnoch. It was quite an honor to succeed him, for he was most' devoted and spent all his working time as a liaison with the Board and the Alberta government in the irrigation program." During the election of 1925 Mr. Hogg threw his hat into the political ring. "I was the unsuc- cessful Conservative candidate in the federal he re- called. "I ran against a farmer from Raley, the name of L. H. Jelliff. Farmers were at their zenith as a political group at that time. It was the year Ben- nett was voted in as leader, suc- ceeding Meighen who had lost his brief popularity. I didn't think there was much to choose between the two, frankly. Ben- nett was a negative always posing. I think I'm about ti..; only person in southern Al- berta who ever saw old R. B. unhend. It was at Cardslon we were campaigning to- gether. I actually saw him in the hall of a hotel with his coat and tie One of Mr. Hogg's most in- teresting clients Was the late Dr. C. S. Noble, who, back in the early 20s farmed one of the world's largest wheat acreages. "I think it was over Mr. Hogg stated, "and it was very high grade wheat. He was always winning world prizes for the best 500 acres or something of that nature. He was famous the world over, end was regarded as an agricultur- al genius. As his lawyer how- ever, I have to admit that he didn't know very much about money, and many times I'd have a terrible time straighten- ing out his messy finances. He didn't care about money just growing Mr. Hogg likes to reminisce on some of Lethbridge's early lawyers. "There was an Eng- lishman by the name of Cony- beare who came here in early life. He tried a career in the British Navy, then switched to writing. He wrote two books of poems in the Tennyson style and they were published, but I don't th'ink he made much money on them. His partner was H. W. Church, who was or- iginally a Toronto lawyer. He was an authority on military history. Then there was John- stone, a Nova Scotian educated in England and Harvard. He lived the life of an aristocrat, which Lethbridge was used to. R. Andrew Smith was a color- ful fellow from Manchester. There were many English law- yers in the west at the time. They were of the remittance- men type, but not ne'er-do- wells by any means. Smith was deputy attorney general, and a very clever man." Of his own partner H. W. Menzie, Mr. Hogg has high .praise. "He was from Dalhou- sie where he had been a top- notch student, winning the gold medal. However he was mod- est and unassuming. He never took part in public life. When he became city solicitor he served the post diligently and well." During his tenure as presi-, dent of the Board of Trade, Mr. Hogg promoted the Marquis Hotel. Later he became direc- tor of the Community Hotel writing Mr. Hogg de- murred, "and what I did I en- joyed and received a lot of.sat- isfaction in seeing things ac- complished. I was on the school board and the board of tire pub- lic library and a member of die Lethbridge Playgoers Club, way back in the 1930s. But I dont think you can say I did thing more than anyone else for them. Perhaps if I had to choose a particular project-that inter- ested me more than others and continues to do so it is the .John Howard Society. 1 was anxious lo tec this organized after tire Second World War, and did take on active part in establishing a branch in Lethbridge at that time." In 1917 Mr. Hogg married the former Ada Wright. "We're getting he re- flected somewhat ruefully, but I don't think I'd like to be a young person in today's too many drastic changes and' A. B. HOGG, QC Book Reviews World With Its Own Reality KOUl together. Professional pec- Company Limited. pie, doctors, lawyers and teach- "I don't think I did era, if they were paid at all, for the community that's worth Sixteen Stories as They Happened (The Sono N i s Press, Vancouver 1969, and A Savage Darkness (Sono Nis Press, Vancouver 1969, poems and stories by Michael Bullock. jyjICHAEL BULLOCK moves easily on a plane of exis- tence in which the mundane reality of the outer world is fused with the rich and varied reality of the mind's inner world. The fusion produces a super reality, bound only by the limits of imagination, sub- ject only to the laws cf dreams. Mr. Bullock is a Surrealist, and he achieves in his writing The Predicament Of The Poor The Poverty Wall by Ian Adami (McClelland and Ste- wart, noftback, I54p, THE great merit of this book is that in it tlie poor are personalized. It is easy to read statistics on the poverty-stricken and remain unmoved but it is not possible to go through this book wilhout being stirred. Here one meets various kinds of poor people: Indians, tran- sient men, deserted women, marginal farmers, and New- foundland miners. The miners appear to be trapped more by a health hazard than by pov- erty at least much more is written about the incidence of lung disease than the lack of material resources. Despite the wholly justified indignation that poverty should exist on the scale it does in there is no obvious remedy for much of it. The difficulty the federal govern- ment is encountering in trying Nuggets Of Gould Twelve Grindstones by John CouH (Little, Brown >nd Company, 212p, temptation is great to keep it secret that this little book has been published. Then one would have a supply of delightful stories with which to entertain friends. But it would be hard to tell them as well as John Gould has written them so the announcement of the book is made herewith. John Gould specializes in Maine folklore. For twenty years he has written a column of it from his farm at Lisbon Falls, Maine for the Christian Monitor. On occasion we have reprinted his columns in The Herald including the one from which this book gets its title the story of the storekeeper who had a cunei- form system of keeping track of credit and who mistook his drawing of a dozen doughnuts for twelve grindstones. AH the stories, except the one mentioned, were new to me. I began with good intentions of rationing them to one a night but very shortly I succumbed to the enticement and finished the collection quickly. Perhaps whsn I reread the book I can resist racing through it. DOUG WALKER. lo reach some sort of workable program for improving the lot of tha Indians is an indication of that fact. No panacea for dealing with' poverty is offered by Mr. Adams. His closest approach to such seems to be the implica- tion that tax reform along the lines of the Carter Commis- sion's recommendations would be desirable. But even a wa- tered down version of tax re- form is bsing bitterly attacked by the non-poor which supports the contention that the rich (the non-poor) intend to keep things1 the way they are. It is impossible not to be concerned about the plight of the poor once one has had real exposure to the grinding de- spair it produces. Tire hope is that this book may help to keep the pressure on the leg- islators to work for a just so- ciety and may soften the often brutal insensitiveness of the "haves" toward the "have- nots." Mr. Adams has given this book the same lively style that characterizes his articles in Ca- nadian magazines. If it is not a great book, it is a worthy ef- fort. DOUG WALKEK. a unique vision which, is a syn- thesis cf fantasy and reality. Or so the book jackets say. Unfortunately, I read the book jackets before I read his work. An astute television ad- dict will recognize Mr. Bul- lock's world immediately. It is The Twilight Zone, without a doubt: Rod Scrling's Eombre introduction followed by Ed Wynn, the old pitchman, mak- ing his last big pitch to Mr. Death so Mr. Death takes Ed, and the little blonde headed girl doesn't die. The cancella- tion of the series saved me from The Twilight Zone; the quality of Mr. Bullock's poetry saved me from the dust jacket. Mr. Bullock is a noted trans- lator who has published six vol- umes of poetry and prose. This does not imply that he is more proficient as a translator than as a poet. G. M. Hopkins was a priest who wrote poetry, after all. He is simply more widely known as a translator. Current- ly, Mr. Bullock directs the Translation Program of the Creative Writing Department at the University of British Co- lumbia. He edits UK poetry magazine Expression, He also writes some ve-ry nice poetry. The best of the poems in A Savage Darkness are marvel- ous: concise, self contained, cutting and striking from one gleaming image to the next in a brilliant (and often frighten- ing) fashion. They succeed in drawing one into a world bound only by Mr. Bullock's vision where the ordinary and extra- ordinary meld and interpene- trate, where "fantasy" and "reality" are equally plausible. It is a world with its own real- ity. "Movement and change and the liquidity of water are the world's only enduring qual- he says in one of his prose .poems. "Look quickly ever your shoulder before the flowers in your garden take wing and fly away." When ho is good, his poems achieve his aim as a surrealist and transport us to a place where the miraculous is commonplace and tlie fantastic is real. The .worst of his poems -are like ''fair "acid" poetry: hollow and vaguely pretentious, but mean- ingful perhaps to the stoned. The good, however, far out-' weigh the bad. Sixteen Stories as They Hap- pened is a somewhat different matter. Mr. Bullock's world is still the same: tlie same po- tency of image, the same ebb and flow of fantasy and real- ity. The stories, however, are on the whole less successful than his poems. In his poetry, Mr. Bullock's primary tool is his imagery, and his images produce an experience that .is cerebral in force yet visceral in impact. In the extended form of prose fiction this reli- ance upon imagery is no longer possible. What results is work that is either overly cerebral and didactic, charming us with its cleverness and wit but leaving us otherwise untouch- ed, or separated images with- out the urcity of his poems. The imagery is still striking, but his technique seems stylized. It is as 'if the structure was woven merely to convey the images, and exists only for this purpose. Mr. Bullock's style be- comes stilted, for he works in a world in which the fantastic is the norm and thus presents the fantastic realistically. Un-. for the stories, a realistic technique can seldom make fantasy seem plausible. The fantastic remains fantas- tic, and the fusion achieved in his poetry falters in his stories. Mr. Bullock's vision is a re- markable one, but he is less successful in realizing the vi- sion in Sixteen Stories than he is in A Savage Darkness. Nevertheless, his occasional successes are impre s s i v e enough to make it a book worth reading. JAMES HELMKE, Student, Arts and Science Faculty, University of Lethbridge. Focus on the University By J. W. FISHBOURNE too man y uncertainties. Our lives were more certain in the old days. We set out on a path, and had a good chance of fol- lowing it. I admire today's youi'2 people, even though thfcy seem a little mixed-up to an old man; but they seem to be fac- ing crises of one type or an- other all the lime. No one can predict what state the tforld will .be in in five year: or even five days. That's too much for me to comprehend." Just Two Years Ago WHILE the history of the University of Lethbridge is too brief for even its Convocation Ceremony to evoke a great deal of the usual ivy-swathed nostalgia, it does stir recollections of the first such ceremony, which took place only two short years1 ago. Most of yon will recall. I am sure, the rather moving ceremonial in- volved in the installation of our Chancellor, Chief Judge Turcotte and our Vice-Chart? cellor and President Dr. Sara Smith, and the conferring of degrees upon our first graduates. You may remember, too, the unique event that followed the formal cere- mony, the march by several hundred people from Southminster Church to Gait Gardens, where they joined an even larger group in a public declaration of support for the university's right to run its own affairs. Those were the days of the now-almost- forgotten site controversy, the prolonged and often bitter debate between the uni- versity and the provincial government (et precipitated by the university's choosing a site west of me Oldman River for the construction of its new campus. One might think and I am sure many do that with our new campus beginning to take shape on the west bank, the uni- versity It isn't that simple, however. The real issue was something vastly more impor- tant than where a few buildings are lo- cated. Had that been the sole bone of con- tention, it scarcely would have been worth making all that much fuss about. The real and vital issue whether everyone rea- lized it or not was whether this institu- tion was to be treated like the other uni- versities in this province, and allowed to make those decisions the Universities Act says a university may and must make. It wasn't just the matter of where the cam- pus should be located; it was the infinitely more important matter of what kind of a university this would be. As it happened, the particular issue was resolved the way the university wanted it, as one can see by glancing across the river. But in deciding the comparatively unimportant question of where the campus should be, it was also agreed after what surely can be viewed as "due considera- tion" that the university's right to auto- nomy, as conveyed by the Universities Act, must be respected. It should be pointed out, perhaps, Mint at no time dm'ing those rather hectic days was the continued existence of the university in doubl, a lot of hysterical chatter to the contrary. It having been es- tablished under the law of this province, and for good and sufficient reason, a great deal more than an argument over location would have been required to justify its dis- solution. And that is the case now. There isn't much any of us can do to influence whether or not the Universily of Leth- bridge will exist; the educational needs and the law in this case the Universities Act) of this province guarantee its survi- val. We can, however, do something about the kind of university it will be. In using the pronoun I don't mean simply the people who work at the university; I mean all the people of South- ern Alberta. The Convocation Day march and rally referred to above was not simply an exercise by the university family, although students and faculty both partici- pated. It was the citizens of and Southern Alberta who turned out in suffi- cient numbers to make it a dramatic and important event, not simply a university problem, but a public issue. This is what impresses governments; tliis is what I mean by And un- questionably it is "we" in the same sense who can decide what kind of a place the University of Lethbridge will be. It can be an ordinary little undergraduate college, a sort of feeder station for the giant institutions in Edmonton and Cal- gary, and if "we" don't care, probably that will happen. .Or, with the fine start it has now, the University of Lethbridge could grow to be an important university, perhaps even a great one if "we" really do care. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORIEY Life Without Laiv character in Kipling's poems yearned for a spot "somewhere East of Suez where there ain't no Ten Commandments." He need not travel so far today. The most tragic fact of our Western world is the derision of the Ten Commandments. Hav- ing no God how can man have God's law? Moreover no word more hateful than law to the brave, new world. Uni- versity students go berserk at the mention of the word. "Laws are made Tor them Uiat need said Borglum, the sculptor, "I don't." Are- not laws a burden and shouldn't religion be something, not that you carry, but which carries you? Is not religion supposed to be, not weight, but wings? Besides, laws tempt people. Haven't advertisers repeatedly told people that laws against drinking make people drink, laws against drugs iitafce people want drugs, and so a pel-missive, laisser- faire world is better and safer? By the same argument then laws against killing make people want to kill. Laws against speeding make people want to speed. What nonsense people talk! It is also argued that Jesus came to abolish law and that the New Testament is a religion of grace. Yet Jesus said, "Think not that I am come to destroy the law I come not to destroy, but to fulfill. He made keeping the commandments the condition for his friendship. The Gospel is one of both offer and demand. .If it offers salvation, it de- mands loyalty. Tlis writer of the first psalm says that a man is only blessed when "his "delight is in the law of the Lord." Psalm 119 re- peatedly steles this delight in the law of God. Isaiah sees the true worshipper as one who "takes delight In approaching and who "calls the Sabbath a delight.." The Bible likes wholeheartedness and the writer of Psalm 119 makes it clear that the Lord has little pleasure in "half- hearted ones, or doubters, "which recalls trs maxim that one should run to church and walk home. The Ten rommandmenls are basic lo life and civilization. They are tlie Grund- norm the indispensable, fundamental norm the original statement of duties, from which all law derives. If the world is to be built on moral foundations, the Ten Commandments must be recovered from the wastebasket, something not too likely in the near future, as a casual look at them will make clear. The first commandment states thai God must have priority above all other loyal- ties, even family or country. Tlie second forbids man made gods, such as nation, business, or political ideology like democ- 1 racy or communism. The third forbids a merely formal religious observance with- out reality. The fourth requires a day set apart to rest and cultivation of the spirit- ual life. The fifth requires respect for tradition and inheritance. The sixth de- mands reverence for life. The seventh shalt not commit makes loyalty in a family life essential. The eighth requires respect for property. Tlie ninth sets out the absolute need for truth; The tenth points out the evil of greed. Now consider: No age has become so completely secularized, so godless, as this. No age has set out to worship gods it manufactures. No age had lovelier cathe- drals without much effect on conduct. As for the Sabbath day, ask your ski and golf enthusiasts how they observe it. Re- spect for traditions? Few people know any 51151017. More people have been killed in this century than any previous two or, possibly, than in all the centuries since Christ was born. Adullery is for mucii of society a way of life. Most of the crimes loday involves crime against property, Greed an evil? Covetousness is basic to 90 per cent of tha advertising. As for truth, the whole apparatus of diplomacy is based on refined lyitg. One must be naive to take a man's word any more. This is not cynical: it is realistic, and unless the Ten Commandments are re- covered there can be no possible hope of moral recovery. Without moral recovery, physical degradation and destruction fol- low. Courtesy In The Commons From The Ham llton Spectator making his recent House of Commons speech announcing new pub- lic housing measures, Robert Andras, min- ister, in charge of housing, provided oppo- sition urban affairs critic Lincoln Alexan- der with a copy of the address. In fact, Mr. Alexander, MP for Hamilton West, had the speech in ample time to read it, evaluate it and prepare a construc- tive reply when the 20-minulc speech was delivered. Mr. Alexander publicly thanked Mr. An- dras for the courtesy and thanks certainly were in order. The minister enabled the op- position to do its job properly and thor- oughly, instead of having to rely on quick impressions. Minister's speeches, especially those crammed with statistics, could be given to opposition critics before delivery without any harmful effect on tlie government's po- sition. Even the government benefits by knowledgeable criticism. ;