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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDQE May not wanted No political leader has ever had to bear n mind both his predecessor in office and his possible successor to the office in luite the same way as has been the lot of Progressive Conservative leader Robert stanfield. This fate wins him a lot of sympathy but not necessarily .vhich he is seeking in the present jlection. Throughout his time as leader of the Conservative party Mr. Stanfield has had bear with the presence of his John close at land. Not only has Mr. Diefenbaker jf ten been critical of his successor but he las provided a constant reminder of an incipient division within the party. Now there is speculation that if Mr. Stanfield fails to lead his party to victory in this summer's election he will be forced to resign to make way for somebody with greater appeal to the electorate. Most frequently mentioned possibility as successor is Alberta Premier Peter Lougheed. The confrontation between Ottawa and Premier Lougheed over the location of a plastics plant places Mr. Stanfield in an obviously difficult position. If he takes a position he will be bound to lose some votes somewhere. In any event the stature of Mr. Lougheed continues to grow. Although Mr. Lougheed has endorsed Mr. Stanfield's federal campaign there are differences in their approach. Nowhere is this more apparent than on the question of wage and price controls. While Mr. Stanfield is making the imposition of controls one of his major only recently in the in answer to a question by Albert Ludwig Credit MLA from Mr. Lougheed flatly rejected the idea of controls. Mr. Stanfield has learned to live with the fact of his how he copes with the threat of a successor in the wings will be watched with interest throughout the election campaign. It will provide one of the more interesting aspects of what may otherwise be a hum- drum affair. The inflation puzzle Although inflation is the key issue in the current political the three national leaders are too busy scoring political points off each other to make many sensible remarks about it. There is a reason for this. According to conventional methods for controlling inflation are politically and conventional wisdom guides most campaigns. The thoughtful voter will have to turn elsewhere for guidelines if he is taking his responsibility at the polls seriously. The latest insight into inflation is that offered by the weekly Financial Times in a series of six articles which it labels and which are written with the layman in mind. In the first of the the Times points out that if the economic situation in Canada were to be frozen at the present most comfortable people would be grain finance corporate treasurers not .necessarily lenders and Unemployment in Alberta is the lowest in the at 2.4 per cent. This will not surprise readers of the help-wanted ads in this newspaper. they may be surprised to learn that the two other prairie provinces rank second and third lowest in unemployment. Manitoba has a rate of 3.1 per cent and 3.3 per cent. The national rate is 5.3 per cent. Another way of showing that inflation has hit the prairies less than elsewhere comes via a Discomfort a combination of price indexes and unemployment rates. The Edmonton- Calgary areas are the most favored in this with Saskatoon-Regina close behind. Montreal and some Maritime cities are far down on the list. says the the investment boom also favors the with British Columbia doing nearly as well as Alberta in proposed public and private capital expenditures on a per capita basis. Saskatchewan and Manitoba are also in the top five provinces in this category. Although there are five more articles to come in the at the moment the Alberta reader is still puzzled. If Finance Minister John Turner is right in his assertion that the way to meet inflation is to increase there is good news nationally in the report that Canadian industrial in declared only 34 per cent of net income as cash dividends and retained 66 per cent for reinvestment. This is the largest reinvestment made in the past four years. If this is a solution it will be a long range one. In the the admission that the average wage earner made little or no gain in real income last year reinforces an NDP about the present predicament of consumers. The citizen of Alberta will accept with equanimity the idea that there are winners and losers at every stage of since he is one of the winners. he won't know whether to credit the Liberals at the federal or the Tories at the provincial or a divine providence is not in the running in this election. RUSSELL BAKER Washington poker WASHINGTON We went to Dick's house for poker. After the first few hands at which Dick won big and wiped out Bob and Carl both noticed something about their cards. cards are making a lot of Bob said. are said Carl. said Bob. cards are bugged Dick was furious. It was he said. Bugged cards. And in his house too. He called in H. R. who was in charge of cards. R. he cards are and I'll bet I know who did was John said H. R. bet your life it Dick said. him he's through at this and bring us another The game resumed. It was seven-card stud. On the next hand Archie was showing two aces with three more cards to come. That was when Dick refused to deal him a fifth card. didn't give me my said Archie. Dick said. can't have any more cards in this Archie said he had never heard of such a thing. Dick said it was his and Archie was there at his and if Archie didn't want to act like a good he could get out. Archie did. On the next hand Leon drew five but didn't bet heavily because Dick was showing four kings up. kind of deck is Leon and began counting cards. All except Dick's. Dick wouldn't turn his over. Without Dick's seven Leon counted only 36 cards in the rest of the deck. What's 17 of them were deuces. He said he'd never seen a poker deck with only 43 17 of which were deuces. want the rest of the he told Dick. Dick said he couldn't have them. asked Leon. those cards are not relevant to this particular Dick explained. Several of us grumbled about so Dick agreed to have a fresh deck brought in. He put it on the table face down. everything there this Pete asked. Dick said he had had the deck edited to but everything we needed was there. Dick began to deal. He had dealt every hand so far and somebody asked when the rest of us would get a turn. Dick said it was out of the question for anybody else to do the because deck was confidential and it would set a bad precedent if it were passed from hand to hand like a bag of peanuts at a baseball game. Both Pete and Leon showed strong hands on the next but Dick wasn't showing anything because he had dealt all his own cards face down. Pete and Leon let that pass because they had such good hands and Dick was betting so heavily that it looked as if they might recoup their losses. Finally Pete called. He had a straight flush and Leon had four nines. too said raking in the pot. the cried Pete. called you. You've got to show us your tell you everything you need to said Dick. have a royal straight want to see the Pete and Leon chorused. said Dick. would violate the principles of confidentiality. If I did no host would ever again be able to keep his cards to Everybody was almost broke except but Pete and Leon agreed to one more hand. This time Pete had three of a kind and Leon a full house. Again Dick raked in the pot. you feel like telling us what you asked Pete. Dick said. two jacks don't beat a full sighed Leon. course they said Dick. right here in the And he pulled out a small text entitled rules of and started to read. said Leon. know what it will Nobody had the heart to get angry with Dick. Everybody knew how much winning meant to him. We all left too broke to rent a taxi. over again soon and we'll play high- stakes Dick called as we and then went probably to start warping Letters A talk with Stanfield By Richard Toronto Star commentator A journey of a thousand as Chairman Mao has begins with but a single step. One step also is needed to finish the and that can be the most difficult part of all To translate that wisdom into Canadian The closer Robert Stanfield gets to his the harder the going gets. Stanfield's political applied in Nova Scotia during nine years as Opposition Leader and for six years at Ottawa in the same is that voters don't elect opposition they defeat governments. It's a good theory. It worked for him in Nova Scotia and has done so for many other politicians in other elections. But it won't work this time. And Stanfield knows it. In hundreds of thou- sands of as it telling each other decided to teach Pierre Trudeau a lesson. They did By doing it they almost elected Stanfield. This even within the Liberal citadel of the public knows perfectly well that a vote against Trudeau is a vote for Stanfield as prime minister Prime Minister Robert Lome Stanfield. The bed-rock Nova fits the title. His aides are fa- natically and that is al- ways a tribute to a leader. He's easily lost in a but close up the dignity and solidity are unmistakeable. The question is whether loyalty and quiet com- petence are enough. The elec- tion issue has been labelled as leadersip. That's a fancy way of saying it's a personality contest. As always. Nothing points up the intellectual poverty of Canadian politics more than this should be so. Issues rarely are except as fodder for newspaper editorials and for academic dissertations long after the votes have been counted. Stanfield's first campaign week was but a solid rather than a striking success In his French passed the ultimate test of a radio open-line show. In the only place such comparisons are so far he though in a Liberal almost as large a crowd as Trudeau. None of this is quite enough. so has done bet- ter. He has captured the media with his new image as a 'fighting politician.' the new has captured the crowds. It's the old story of hare and and no one likes to be a tortoise. In an interview on the plane back to I probe to find out whether Stanfield resents Trudeau's undimmed charisma. He far more so than I had realized. made that speech where he virtually called Trudeau a because Mr. Trudeau continually twists certain and it is time to do something about it. He gets away with murder many times. That 'two nations' tag of 1968 still rankles. I never came into federal politics to divide the country. He knew that. Mr. Pearson would never have done that. I sometimes feel it is that he thinks this is the kind of thing politicians do. It That probe hit a nerve. An- other one that I try misses. I ask about prices and incomes controls. President Nixon's in worked because it was entirely Stanfield has telegraphed his intentions and businesses could destroy their purpose by raising prices in advance. When would Stanfield apply his retroactively to July 8 or starting when the legislation was passed by would have to judge at the time. If people were taking advantage of the waiting period we might have to make it The answer doesn't resolve the and invites other questions. There's unhappiness within Conservative ranks over Stanfield's not just be- cause controls may frighten voters but because controls mean more government inter- vention and that contradicts Conservative ideology. There's fuzziness about where Stanfield wants to take the except to replace Trudeau. Asked about regional development he responds with a cliche Asked about communications he answers with another would discuss this frankly with the He promises to cut back government but offers no specifics. What is left except for the single issue of controls to fight is the man his his trend of leaderhip. The reason Stanfield's last step is his .hardest is because to make it he has to step over Trudeau. A leader is not in isolation but in com- parison. Who's I just don't but sense Stan- field still is by an inch. One thought in- trudes as the interview ends and I leave the plane to switch to Trudeau's campaign. Stanfield is and Canadians today are in a very 'Canadian' without great expectations or desire for excitement. Then another thought. Perhaps price and in- come controls are too exciting. Perhaps Stanfield has made the mistake of being of being too definite about an idea. THE CASSEROLE Opposition members in the B.C. legislature are upset because the government plans to use a million fund on rapid instead of building a third bridge across the Vancouver harbor. They claim the additional bridge is because the volume of traffic is too heavy for the two existing bridges. But isn't the whole idea of rapid transit to reduce the volume of Washington has decided Israel will not have to pay for the billion in arms it has received from the U.S. since the October war. Needless to the firms that made the arms have been paid in full. Just about any company in the business will pay per cent on a 5-year investment certificate. Some stick at per cent and the odd one will go as high as per but as a rule it's per cent. The other day one company was offering per cent and on one-year ceritificates at that. But there was a niialifiar ttiA mirtirVtnm amminf urae It's quite understandable that large businesses should find it convenient and profitable to deal in larger amounts. But it's still regrettable that those with the most money always get the best deal. Dyed-in-the-wool Englishmen will smile knowingly when they read that a while back the Wiltshire County Council offered a prize to its employees for the best suggestion of the and awarded last month's prize to an entry proposing the scheme be scrapped. Recent headlines such as tanks in the Mekong admits troops in or air strikes on Viet may cause a few raised eyebrows among the literally minded who recall that last year the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to those who about peace in Vietnam.'' It shows the awards are made on a truly democratic if the people who brought peace to Vietnam can anurwvlv ran Controversial article Was the major source of information for Jim Grant's recent article on objective-based entitled Tiger by the the same end of a less domestic He appears to have little understanding of his his apparent purpose was to stir up controversy. To begin Mr. Grant suggests that teachers are being forced to sight some revolutionary fad which just appeared on the scene. In many teachers had already been basing their teaching on objectives for years when Taxonomy of Educational the first major attempt to systematize their appeared in 1956. Practically every teacher- training teachers' organization and school authority in Canada and the U.S. has been promoting objective-based education since that time. The methods now being encouraged by the local board are a systematic variation of what every teacher has been told about repeatedly for nearly 20 years. Mr. Grant himself summarizes OBE as system of planning in which educators spell out their goals and the guidelines for obtaining the To compare such a system to monster with a frightening is absolute nonsense. The only is a chimera created by the what is frightening is that we could be prevented from improving education through fear of a paper tiger. Mr. Grant repeats his theme of forced radical change ad nauseum. The fact is that a major feature of a sophisticated objective-based system is the feed-back component. In other the system operates on the principle that the teacher sets his plans his then examines the results. If there are he checks back to see what went wrong and adjusts accordingly through gradual and careful errors are reduced and improvements made. There is absolutely no way that the quality of education in Lethbridge can decline as a result of OBE. The only possible objection that teachers might make is that it requires considerable work. An additional unfortunate aspect of Jim Grant's article is another biological mix-up. He talks of having tigers by the then introduces a few red herrings. He states that OBE would allow each student to advance at his own pace in each which is but there is no direct relationship between the two systems. The most conservative educator can carry on as usual in his OBE to his planning but he still makes the decisions. As for the minimum standards who can possibly object to a system in which a pupil at the end of a particular grade is expected to have mastered certain basic minimal understandings and To equate such a system with the elimination of the traditional grades set-up is ridiculous. Anyone who likes the present organization can be perfectly comfortable with one that checks out each pupil at the end of grades and 12. My teaching in a one-room would have found the prospect something less than traumatic. Throughout his Mr. Grant states that teachers say this and teachers think that. It might have been better if he had talked to a few who have been using the system for there are dozens in Lethbridge and hundreds more in other parts of Alberta who could have cleared away the undergrowth to reveal that the is really only a gentle pussy cat. Then the reporter could have given us an informative article instead of a mish-mash of half truths and vague fears. In I must agree that if OBE is to be effective teachers must know what they are doing and must support the system. the only way to find out how to use it and whether it is useful is to try it. No harm can come to pupils from its the worst thing that could happen would be for some the extra work might outweigh the advantages to their pupils. E. Lethbridge CH2M report dead The recommendation to sell the city power plant came as no surprise. The city has been moving toward this sellout since the signing of the 1969 contract with Calgary Power Ltd. What does surprise concerned citizens is the poor quality of the power committee report. The report contains no new explanations for the sale. It merely repeats the same old statements made by some of the committee members before the public meeting in February. The power committee still holds to the conclusion given by report even though it was pointed out at the February meeting and recently proved by the price policy on fuels announced by the provincial that future fuel price increases will likely be kept lower than what CH2M report assumed. With government control over prices of even if the cost projections of CH2M becomes grossly wrong. As far as its conclusion is the CH2M report is dead. The power committee report brings out the old argument of the high cost in building a new power plant. But what has the building cost got to do with retaining the power The report states that an initial capital investment of some million would be necessary. However the report says nothing about the size or nature of the plant fancied. According to an application to the energy resources conservation the city of Medicine Hat recently added a 15 MW gas-fired generator at cost of Is the power committee trying to scare people by the big The question is not a matter of choice between sellout and big expenditure The city has to find new including intermediate plans. Because of the 1969 the city's position is indeed difficult. Till 1981 or nothing big seems but only a struggle to hold on. if there is no will to work nothing will be achieved. Around the time of the public some city officials and politicians expressed their worries that citizens knowing what they are talking would produce nothing more than a ring at the meeting. But only because of public questioning on the sale price of the city power at the did the city renegotiate and get an additional offer for the plant. Faced with a the city has no weapon but people. S. KOUNOSU Lethbridge Who's the wise guy that keeps The Lethbtidge Herald 504 7th St. S Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;