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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta May 29, 1973 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD The mirace of Bangladesh's surviva In search of avocets By Hazel Ross By Dr. Lotta Hitschinanova, executive director, Unitarian Service Committee of Canada My second visit to Bangla- desh has recently come to an end and every minute of my one week's stay remains vivid- ly engraved in my mind. What do I remember most? The wel- come at Dacca airport, as I was suddenly surrounded by smiling faces of friends, many of whom had travelled long dis- tances to thank me for coming back to them, after a year's absence. I was deeply struck by their completely transform- ed expressions: instead of that utter tragedy which was en- graved on every face last year and had so shattered me, I sensed a new triumphant as- sertion of life, a tremendous determination to tackte the im- mense task ahead successfully. The list of tasks ahead is al- most endless. I did not ask this year how many houses remain to be rebuilt, ruthlessly de- stroyed by the enmy during the occupation and during the fight- ing nobody really knows. Of course much has been done in the reconstruction field, but there are siill hundreds of thousands who are homeless. Worse perhaps is the problem of food: the country at this mo- ment is short of tons of rice which has always been the staple food in that part of the world. Because of present drought conditions in all major rict'-producing countries, rice is impossible to procure and the food minister was very worried when he talked to me. Rice supplies in fair price shops con- trolled by the government are running out; because of this critical shortage of grains pric- es have tripled and the lowest income groups of course can- not afford to pay. Hunger is stalking the land. Still, people do not complain, because they realize that hard times are unavoidable after the terrible events of the last two years. They have great confidence in prime min- ister and are ready to heed his cali to rally around him, to build a new and better tomor- row. I was told it will take three more years to reach the level at which the country found itself before the fighting broke out in 1971, and until then there will be problems of every kind transportation, lack of housing, lack of em- ployment, high prices. There is much malnutrition and the shortage of medicines is acute; often people can get only one pill of a kind in the market. Forty-eight per cent of school- aged children are not in school. Driving through Dacca is a strange experience. The streets are amazingly clean, perhaps because everyone is so careful about even the tiniest bits of material which can be made use of in so many ways. Houses in the capital have been recon- structed; there are thousands of bicycle rickshaws plying the streets and the tiny alleys, since taxis do not exist, due to the acute shortage of gasoline. Stores are filled with an amaz- Book Reviews ing array and unbelieveable amounts of goods of every kind, piled up right to the ceiling. You cannot but wonder where the buyers will come from and the money, to take advantage of all these exhibited consumer articles. There are two figures which are haunting me, for they point to some of the basic prob- lems of Bangladesh, difficult to overcome. This country of 75 million people has only 170 qualified doctors, of whom half are working in the cities. This leaves doctors to serve the remaining 70 million people one doctor for every adults and children. The other problem is that of the population explosion. Fam- ily planning was officially en- dorsed by the government in 1966, but little has been achiev- ed so far. It is estimated that the population will double to 150 million by the end of this century a frightening fact indeed, for who is going to feed all the hungry mouths and who will supply employment? But not all is clouded today on the Bangladesh horizon. There is the impressive resil- iency of its people and the mir- acle that the country has sur- vived its first year of test against uncounted odds. The government is placing em- phasis on family planning, on rural development, on co-op- eratives. A tremendous drive for reconstruction is on and good friends are standing by to help. A voluntary agency such as ours has its task clearly treosd out for the next year and beyond: to give maximum support to indigenous agencies of Bangladesh which have the same principles as ours are: to act on a truly non-political, non-denominational basis, to of- fer service and help to the most bereft. Arms trade: dubious business I97J ty NEA, "Maybe by escalating the Latin tuna war we can AVerf attention from the Watergate." International Trade in Arms" by John Stanley end Maurice Pearton (Chatto and Windus, S3.20, paperback, 244 [jages, distributed by Clarke, Irwin and Company Limited.) At first glance nothing could be more indefensible than for governments to be engaged in the business of trading in arms. All the major industrial coun- tries have the capacity to man- ufacture their own weapons so the export of arms is to the smaller nations. Many of these states would be better off with- out squandering their resources on arms and in some instances engaging in warfare. There are two main reasons for a vigorous trade in arms. The economics of developing new weapons and producing them in quantity invite govern- ments to look for opportunities to unload old stuff and surplus new things in order to recoup some of the enormous cost. At the same time governments have convinced themselves that supplying arms is a useful in- strument of politics a means of securing allies. In this day when people increasingly look to govem- jnents to subsidize industries in order 10 make employment it is not easy for politicians to take a stand against the pro- uction and merchandising of arms. It i s still politically sound to be encouraging gov- ernment contracts for constitu- ents. The wisdom of trying to use arms sales as a means of se- curing secondary defence is be- coming increasingly dubious, however. The Russians, for in- stance, must wonder about the value of their investments in the Middle East after the way it went to nought in the Seven Day War. For weapons to be turned against the original sup- plier is always a disconcerting possibility. This book Is not a polemic against the arms trade; it is a sober look at how and why it goes on. Nevertheless the last chapter suggests the authors favor a curtailment of the busi- ness. They see two factors that give encouragement. One is evi- dence of the brittleness of arms transfers as an instrument of foreign policy. The other is the impact of adverse public opin- ion growing despite the sub- stantial degree of economic de- pendence on arms production in many parts of the world. Included in the book are five case studies: Portugal and her African colonies; South Africa and Rhodesia: the Nigerian Civil War; Israel and the Arab pDwers; Latin America. The aurhors were formerly research associates at the In- ternational Institute for Srateg- ic Studies in London. DOUG WALKER New look at schooling "The School We Have" by Shcpard Ginande (Fitzhenry and Whiteside Limited, 273 When it comes to money management, we wrote the frooks. There are many very good reasons to save money. For a house, or a car. Sure, we could remind you of these good reasons to save. But we think it makes more sense to show you how to manage your money in the first place. Which is precisely what our books are all about. They're called Focus on your Finances. And there are three. One is Personal Financial Planning. It shows you step-by- step budgeting in such areas as food, clothing, transportation, and recreation. Follow these steps, and you can budget your money for those good things you have always wanted, maybe a house or a car. And that's where our other two Focus on your Finances books come in. Because these books can help by showing you how to avoid some of the common pitfalls you might face when buying a house or a car. Ask for our valuable books at your local Commerce branch. They're free. Along with something else that's valuable. Sound advice on choosing the right Commerce Account to help you manage what 3rou save. Commerce Savings Accounts, Chequing-Savings Accounts, Personal Chequing Accounts; and for higher interest savings ask about Term Deposits and Growth Savings Certificates. Do it today. CANADIAN IMPERIAL BANK OF COMMERCE You and the Commerce. Together we're both stronger. A new look at schooling for disturbed adolescents is offer- ed in this book. It tells how some dedicated people set up new kinds of situations between adults and disturbed adoles- cents; situations for relating, for education, and for therapy. Students take courses taught by professional artists, musi- cians, dancers, and craftsmen. They also have the opportunity to participate in group in- dividual therapy. The program is highly individualized (24 staff for 60 expen- sive, and successful. Dr. Ginandes insists on a very -close relationship b e- tween staff and students. "Our students and teachers share with one another the techniques for living authentic creative lives-" An excellent idea, but it must be very exhausting for the staff to have to give so much of themselves to their work. I wonder if they have any energy left to refresh their creative spirits. An extremely interesting book that has some important lessons for all those concerned about young people. TERRY MORRIS Books in brief "Trapping is My Life" by John Tetso (Peter Martin As- sociates Ltd., 116 pages, John Tetso, a Slavey Indian now deceased, penned this in- sight into the feelings and ad- ventures of an Indian trapper. The book must be read with mixed feelings. The reader can enjoy this honest, simple, and direct telling of "how it is" on the trapline but one cannot bring oneself to enjoy the re- sults of the hunt. He had been caught so many times in one front leg, the leg froze up to the elbow, and he had chewed all the flesh off, leaving only the bone. I had caught him by the only good front leg he had." If that isn't argument enough against leg traps, what is? After read- ing this type of torture that animals must suffer before be- coming fur coats, one wonders how any woman can put one on. Telso did have his own ver- sion of the "quick kill trap" however, and a great deal of the book does not read like the above quotation. The book is not entirely about trapping or hunting but includes some warm accounts of the author's days on the trail and a particularly meaningful account of violin making. And the sketches they're simple, yet beautifully realistic. GARRY ALLISON How lucky we are in Southern Alberta to have so many exciting places to visit on a Sunday afternoon drive. Recently we made our usual spring trek to the reser- voir south of the town of Raymond in search of that beautiful bird the avocet on its yearly migration. We are fortunate to have some of these long-legged, bright pink birds nest here and although the alkaline sloughs are a bane to the farmer this species of birds likes to make its home there. Its long pointed upturned beak sweeps back and forth in the shallow water to gather in- sects and crustaceans. In tha undulating hills approaching the reservoir we noticed several isolated small sloughs where a few ducks had chosen to jnake their nests. How alone and secluded they were and we hastened on with a feel- ing we had infringed on their privacy. A Hutterite colony nestled neatly among the low hills demanded our attention. But all was qxiiet and even the animals seem- ed to be resting because it was Sunday. On we went but at the next crossroad we slowed as we saw a team of horses ap- proaching from the west. We seemed to be in another world as we viewed a 'horse- drawn buggy with Daddy Hutterite taking his four youthful sons for a drive. We drove on and came in view of blue green water much the color you would expect in a mountain lake. The shore line and water were literally crawling with birds but ther? were no avocets. We were not to be disappointed, however, for there resting on the sand was a col- oney of huge, pure white pelicans, no doubt having a rest before migrating north to their permanent summer home on one of our larger northern lakes. Sitting on the shore watching quietly we soon had a glimpse of the pelican flying with its black undenvings in direct contrast to the snowy white body and flat yellow beak. With our field glasses we could see others farther out swimming in pairs. Such a sight! Our visit was complete. But alas, going home we passed our small secluded slough. The ducks were gone and in their place we could see three men one of whom lowering a gun into Ihe grass. We failed to see why anyone would want to shoot a duck at this tuna of year. Perhaps soon our avocets will be there. We can hardJy wait to go see. Special education By Louis Burke LONDON Tucked immediately behind massive St. Paul's, not far from the can- yons of commerce in London's inner city, stands St. Paul's Cathedral Choir School. A multi-storied structure in cement slabs, and not unlike great trimmed toadstools, this very special school is designed for boys dedicated to cathedral and sacred music. This is a Church of England in- stitute with roots traceable to the twelfth century.' The striking exterior is matched by a sound curriculum. It follows the lines of a public "prep" school classics (Greek and Latin) religious knowledge, English, French, mathematics, science, art, crafts, musical instruments, and a variety of phys- ical education activities: the school having its own pool and gymnasium. All these are wrapped round the school's major subject church music. Countrywide, the institute is open to all boys 1. possess a superb singing voice, 2. are between eight and 10, 3. are members of the Church of England, 4. are intelligent, 5. have a good accent, 6. are in good health, 7. can read and write fluently. St. Paul's School accommodates 33 boarders in all 30 choristers and eight probationers. They agree to stay till 14 years of age, or their voices break; which- ever happens iirst. The scholarship stand- ard is high, having been awarded over 85 prizes since 1949. All students pass on to one or other of England's noted public schools, and 50 per cent finish uni- versity education. Although the present school is new, the past keeps pace within. Embedded in the wall of the rnun L-shaped block, facing a tiny quadrangle in fine grass and gorgeous shrubs, are six ancient planks from the old school. These enshrine the initials of doz- ens; hacked out by students ages dead. The city of London has only two other schools besides both for upper middle class people, costing per year in fees. These are expensive daj time institutions to which commute 2000 secondary school boys and girls living anything up to 100 miles away. The city, each clay, sees up to people pump through its heart to work from nine to Only reside within the walls and hardly 500 of these are school children. As the tide pours in each morn- ing, these trickle out to schools in neigh- boring boroughs. Only the students of St. Paul's Cathedral School remain constant, moving neither in nor out. just roundabout: the canyons of commerce unconscious of the beautiful voices echoing in duine praise on the hill above them. Report to readers -by Doug Walker Remaining editors and writers Two previous columns have provided brief biographies of The Herald reporters and the people engaged in editing the news. This column deals with the remainder of the staff who write and do editing. These are the people responsible for features, sports, district news, the family living pages and the editorial pages. Bill Hay; bora in Edinburgh; attended school in Fort Macleod, Edmonton, Regina, and Lethbridge; joined The Herald staff in 1925 and has remained continuously ex- cept for three and one half years service in the air force in The Second World War; during his years at The Herald Bill has been proofreader, reporter, sports editor, news editor, wire editor, managing editor, and associate editor; now ssmi-retired he has responsibility for such features as travel, gardening, comics, and the weekly TV guide. Pat Sullivan t born in Calgary, attended school in Calgary, Medicine Hat and Leth- bridge; started training as a manager in a department store; joined The Herald staff in 1961 as office boy; spsnt four years as cashier in the accounting department: has been in the sports department for seven years and is now the sports editor. Lloyd Yamagishi: born in Taber; attend' ed school in Lethbridge; joined The Herald staff part-time in 1957 while still in school, working in the mailing room; spent two and one half years in the circulation de- partment; has been working nights in the sports department since the summer of 1970 while attending the University of Leth- bridge where he now lacks only five cours- es toward a degree in education. D'Arcy Rickard: born in Calgary: at- tended school in Calgary and Vancouver; attended the Vancouver School of Art for a time and then worked as an assistant to a commercial artist in Vancouver; join- ed the staff of The Vancouver Province in the photography department and after a year moved over to reporting; gathered news for about five years for The Swift Current Sun, The Victoria Daily Times, and The Nelson Daily News; joined The Herald staff in 1961 as a reporter and is now district news editor. Maureen Jamiescm: born in Sydney, Aus- tralia and attended school there; took two years of English and journalism at Brig- ham Young University in Utah: spent a year as a copy writer for CJOC in Leth- bridge; was copy chief for an advertis- ing agency in Edmonton and also in Britain for a total of six years: was in the tising department of a departmental store in Edmonton for joined The Her- ald staff three years ago as a proofreader and is now editor of the family living pages. Judo Turk: born in Yugoslavia: attend- ed school in Lethbridge; took the two-year journalism course at the Lethbridge Com- munity College; completed three years in arts and science at the University of Leth- bridge: joined The Herald staff in Octo- ber 1971 and is reporter and assistant ed- itor on the family living pages. Dong Walker: bom in Salvador, Sask.; attended school in several towns in Sas- katchewan; graduated from the Univer- sity of Saskatchewan in arts; graduated in theology from St. Andrew's College in Saskatoon; spent a year on the staff of the Central YMCA in Vancouver; was United Church minister in Strasbourg, Sask. for five years and then spent 1C years as min- ister of St. Matthew's United Church in Calgary; joined The Herald staff five years ago as an editorial writer and is now edi- torial pages editor. Chris Stewart: born in Scotland; attend- ed school in New Westminster; graduated from Biola College in Los Angeles: work- ed for the department of national defence for a year; for gathered news for The White Rock Sun. The- Surrey Lead- er, The VancomT Sun, The Vancouver Province, The Nnv Westminster Colum- bian; joined The Herald staff in October 1972 as editorial page assistant and writer. Jim Fishbourac: born in Edmonton and attended school there; graduated from the University of Alberta; ppent. much of his adult life in the army, followed by several years in university administration; joined The Herald staff in September, 1972 as an editorial writer. ;