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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, May 29, 1973 The fish fight Iceland's fleet of four coastguard patrol vessels pitted against the Brit- ish navy gives a comic opera flavor to the cod war now in progress. But the smuggle is a desperately serious one, especially for Iceland. Fishing is the basis of the economy in Iceland. With the disappearance of the herring shoals in 1987 the aver- age income of every Icelander ped 17 per cent. It" the cod fishing industry should also collapse the people "of Iceland would be reduced to paupers. Disappearance of the cod is a grim possibility. Over fishing of the waters around Iceland and in many other parts of the world is a reality which business interests and governments have been unwill- ing to face. Scientists have warned that cod netted in Icelandic coastal waters have been getting younger which means that the reproduction rate is being drastically cut. Although the 50-mile territorial claim being made by Iceland is not recognized internationally and is in contradiction to an agreement be- tueen Britain and Iceland reached in 1961, recognizing a 12-mile limit a good deal of sympathy must be extended to Iceland. Exclusion of foreign fishing vessels from inside the new limit is the only way in Iceland has a chance to sur- vive and to take the necessary steps to ensure the continuance of the cod. The dispute in the North Atlantic has just as much significance to the people of the world as any other conflict current or anticipated. It serves as a reminder of the food crunch already being experienced in some places and certain to get worse if better resource manage- ment is not instituted. Next year's Law of the Sea ference in Chile becomes more im- portant all the time. Questions of territorial limits will get a lot of at- tention but agreements to sensible limits to fishing catches would be of greater significance. Iceland wouldn't need a 50-mile or a 200-mile limit if fish were in abundance. It is scarc- ity and threatened extinction that makes governments grasp at terri iorial rights. Lots of work for teens The fact 400 Lethbridge students have obtained employment in May through the Student Employment of- fices of Canada Manpower is evi- dence of Southern Alberta's buoyant economy plus the fact the office is fulfilling its intended purpose. While registrants have dropped to half (evi- dence the rest of the students are already working 1 placements have equalled that of last year. Work availability plus the fact em- ployers have co-operated so enthusi- astically is cause for rejoicing and indicative the careful screening car- ried out by the office's trained person- nel is appreciated. Similar offices vere opened on May 15th in Taber, Cardston, Fort Macleod and Blair- more factually a branch of the Leth- bridge office) with additional offices to be opened June 1 in Pincher Creek, Claresholm, Milk River, Picture Butte and Coaldale. Mr. Mike Clemis, head of the stu- dent counselling service says there is little need for a student, male or fe- male, to be out of work in Lethbridge today. He had 75 positions available one morning last week, many of which would be filled by the early-birds in his office by a.m. with the re- maining 25 per cent going to those easily accessible by phone. The bulk of these positions were in the service and casual labor fields. What does disturb Mr. Clemis is the ''awful selectiveness" of some teen- agers who turn down positions, not exactly to their liking, forgetting work experience is both an invalu- able part of their education and train- ing and necessary as a recommen- dation for further positions. If young people are patient and alert, invariably choice jobs will open up to them but it is unrealistic to expect prime positions to be waiting for them the minute they register. In the meantime there's nothing wrong with accepting jobs available in fact there will be marked bene- fits. The casserole No one is saying that U.S. concern over oil shortages led to the recent change of heart about Russia, but it cannot have es- caped notice that Russia is rapidly becom- ing one of the major oil producers of the world. USSR proclamations about her produc- tive capacity often must be taken with a grain of salt, as everyone knows, but there is some rather convincing independent evi- dence that the annual oil production from the western Siberian fields alone will ap- proach 700 million tons by 1975. of an agreement to sell over worth of munitions to Saudi Arabia. This, it seems, is not a highly profitable sale of weaponry to an Arab country, or anything so unsavory; it is just an "arms intended solely to "strengthen Saudi Arab- ia's ah- defences." No one wishes to hold any brief for Libya or any other country (or person) in the arms traffic, but They do get a bit giddy in London at this time of year, and of late some remarkable things have been happening in the old country, wha; with their joining Europe and all. But there is still a good deal of British common sense, as is evident from the Heath government's peremtory rejec- tion of a proposal that Britons be permit- ted to bear arms for purposes of self de- fence. Although Watergate is very important, even the most important events begin to pal! if one hears about them too often. Think of the space program, for example; the biggest ent of modem times, now hardly anyono knows or cares whether man is going to trie moon, to Mars, or staying home. But there's one little point about Water- gate that seem to have been made in ail v, e'ter of news, editorials, ar- ticles and commentaries, and it may as weil be mentioned. One infers from the outpouring that the big concern is to find out who is ultimately behind all this, to see just who is the real culprit. No one seems to know just how to go about finding this out, which is a bit perplexing, especially to anyone who reads crime stories, or watches detective shows on TV. There is a standard, infallible prin- ciple to follow, one so elementary that even rookie cops are supposed to know it; it's that when there are no clues to who committed the crime, the Number One sus- pect always is the one most likely to profit by if. For those who may think there is any- thing frivolous about the idea of an en- quiry into security of Canadian prisons, it might be worthwhile to consider the rec- ords of those involved in a recent incident, a five man break from St. Vinoant de Paul penitentiary. One of the escapees was Jean-Paul Mercier, who murdered two game wardens during a previous prison escape last year. Each of the other four had at least one previous jail break on his record, and for one of them this was his fourth escape. Four of the five had pre- viously broken out of St. Vincent de Paul, which authorities still list as "maximum security." The final analysis of the voting in the recent Irish general election must make Mr. Jack Lynch, who lost the prime min- islership when his Fianna Fail party was defeated, wonder a bit about the vaguar- ies of the democratic voting system. Is 1969 Fianna Fail polled 45.69 per cent of the votes cast, which gave it 75 seats and control of the 144 member house; the two next largest parties, Fine Gael and Labor, polled 51.08 per cent of the votes, but won only 67 seats, 50 and 17 respec- tively. In 1973 Fianna Fail actually increased its percentage slightly to 46.24, while the com- bined efforts of Fine Gael and Labor, now in coalition, netted them 48.79 per cent, somewhat less than in 1969. But because of changes in individual constituencies' vot- ing patterns, in 1973 Fianna Fail won only 69 seats to 73 from the Coalition, so lost control of the government. A few weeks ago a two-bit trader, caught smuggling small arms into Northern Ire- land, implicated in his dirty busi- ness. There was an immediate outcry in the English-speaking press, replete witli ou.raged phrases like "bankrolling terror" and "financing as editor after editor damned Libya as the latest "enemy of civilization." Xo such righteous outburst greeted a recent British government announcement .lust a note to those who think that con- cern about oil spills along the west coast is exaggerated Japan produces no oil, but as a major industrial nation she uses a lot of it. Ac- cordingly, the sea-lanes leading to Japan are crowded with oil tankers. Either they leak, or their crews handle oil rather Care- lessly. According to the Maritime Safety Agency, during 1972 there were oil spills in Japanese waters sufficiently large to warrant reporting. That's more than six per day, the year round. Why can't Nixon keep a spic- cmd-span office like we Fuddling while Rome burns By Brace Hutchison, Herald special commentator After her latest visit to Ot- tawa my neighbor, Mrs. Alfred Noggins, concluded that the state of the nation was far bet- ter than the public had yet realized. "But the Canadian people" she said, "are an ungrateful let, most of them so stupid that they couldn't even climb out of a Quebec penitentiary at the lunch hour. Like Trudeau says, 'ave they got to ccmplain about when there's, nothing wrong except the Conserva- tives' lust for power while the gover'mint cLngs to office, against its will, only to save the country from Stanfield's ravenous ambition. "And Lewis despises power, of course, because 'e already controls all the nation's vital policies without it. accordin' to the sacred principles of democ- racy. No, sir, you won't find any system as good as minor- ity gover'mint with Parlia- mint safely paralyzed so it can't do any more damage to the Just Society. "Well, after denouncin' Stan- field for 'is arrogance, Trudeau keeps a low profile by makin' only six grassroot speeches a day, with a television show at night, to prove that 'e isn't thinkin' of an election. And to show 'is own 'umility, he says the gover'mint welcomes criti- cism of its regrettable mistakes but the critics are all red necks and reactionaries that never 'ad it so good or deserved it less. "Anyways, the cabinet 'as preserved its solidarity. There'll be no economic controls, says Turner, except over my dead body, and we'll deal with the soarin' price level by other methods when we discover them, maybe, one of these days. There'll be price controls immediately, says Trudeau if, by any chance, inflation should rear its ugly 'ead, which we 'ave no reason to expect. "There's no inflation worth mentioning says Whelan, the farm minister, and food is sell- in' at a bargain. The people should be grateful that they're net like the poor Eskimos as live on expensive blubber, or the black bushmen of Australia as eat locus.s and kangaroos. AMn, says Whelan, Can- ajian family can well afford a thick, juicy steak of soy-beans every Sunday, thanks to our wise management. "Prices are too 'igh, says Turner, Prices are just right, says Trudeau. Prices are too low, says Whelan. The cabinet is solid all right even if the dol- lar is a little soft. And why should anyone care about mon- ey losin' its value at only about 12 per cent a year, a purely nominal charge to pay for sound administration and a stable economy. Like Uncle 'Erberfc said when he deserted his fifth bride and unborn baby, it might be much worse. I might 'ave stayed with you. "But Lalonde is the one that really understands the art of the impossible. Yes sir, 'e re- verses the whole social secur- ity system overnight, and all the unchangeable plans laid down last year, and there's no inconsistency, you see, no re- treat, because a brand new gover'mint was elected in Oc- tober and if it's all the same men that's a mere co-incidence. "Besides, we've got serious problems to consider. The Am- ericans are runnin' short of oil and if they can't get ours soon they won't be drivin' automo- biles any more. But not to wor- rv. Like the late President 'Oover, Mr. Nixon will make sure there's two 'orses in every garage and a luscious plankton in every pot. If the thermostat is turned down next winter never mind, because the stand- ard of twin' is still goin' up fast. The 'ouse may be cold but the economy is red 'ot, the na- tional product is gross and that's wot counts. "All this talk of boom and bust is only mischievous non- sense invented by the social- ists to discredit the private en- terprise system. If it soaks it- self in scarce gasoline and lights itself on fire like the monks of Vietnam that'll suit Lewis and 'is boys fine and dandy. "They'll gladly supply the matches for free while explain- in' that wages are no cause of the grand conflagration. Just roll back the prices and forget the production costs and then the boom will go on forever, as all the better economists agree. "You can forget Watergate, too, because no such thing could 'appen in Canada. If you was to bug the telephones all you'd 'ear is a few fuddle-dud- dles of 'umility from Trudeau, a couple of faint me-toos from Stanfield and a fiendish laugh from Lewis to chill the blood. "So red necks of the world unite. When the guillotine gets goin' you 'ave nothink to lose but your sunburn, or your 'eads. Meanwhile this is no time to let the snake of poli- tics into Eden and interrupt the 'armony of the democratic pro- cess. The gorgeous orchestra of Ottawa is pourin' out a springtime symphony across the land. Away with dull cares! Shall we dance? Or, better still, go gatherin' nuts in May when 'eaven knows, there's plenty to be gathered." Cloak of national security By James Reston, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON President Nixon's latest explanation of his part in the Watergate scan- is quite different from Ms first two explanations that everything he did. or failed to do, was motivated by his concern for "national secur- ity." In his mind it is probably true, and this is precisely the problem. In fact, it is the main theme of his political life. Whenever he has been charged with dubious political or execu- tive decisions, lie has always justified them on the ground that, right or wrong, they were done in the name of "nation- al security." It is a very old Nixon story. He came into politics viliifying Helen Gahagan Douglas, and Jerry Voorhees as and he wanted the United States to intervene in the French Indochina war at Dien Bien Pliu. and he fought body who thought il iniqhl bo possible to arrange an accom- modation with Peking and Mos- cow all for the same reason. He thought he was fighting for "national securily." More than that, he still feels he can use any blunt instru- ments at his command to serve his own notion of national se- curity today. His last statement on the Watergate was not a sat- isfactory explanation, or even a credible alibi, but a confession of wrongdoing, of losing control over the FBI, of executive neg- ligence, and even of presi- dential knowledge and approval of bugging and burglary all in the name of "national secur- ity." He asked for loyalty from his staff, and he got it. He had a chance to get campaign finance reform and he opposed it. After his spectacular victory last No- vember, he had a chance for reconciliation with his old ad- versaries and he refused it. After the facts began to come out on the Watergate scandal and he announced that he want- ed all the facts to come out and that he was going to get at the bottom of the whole thing, he ducked direct questioning and put out what can only be call- ed a mystifying clarification, which raised more questions than it answered. (he nation obvious- ly and needed a plain and honest statement of tho facts from the president. What it has had from the presi- dent is one statement last Aug- ust and one in October that he didn't know anything about the Watergate and nobody on his staff was involved, and then on April 11 of this year that maybe he had been misled by his own loyal public servants, and now, in summary, that he really did know a lot about the cover-up but that it was done in the name of "national secur- which must still limit the investigation in the senate and the courts. By his own testimony, he has crested an atmosphere of fear, suspicion and hostility in the White House, which has infect- ed not only the Haldemans and the Ehrlichmans and the Mitch- ells, but all the other minor characters in the tragedy. "To the the president said, "that I may in any way have contributed to the climate in which they (the illegal ac- tivities) took place, I did not intend to; to the extent that I failed to prevent them, I should have been more vigilant." This is probably the most candid concession he has made in this whole tragedy, but he did not rest his case on this confession. He rested it, as he has done throughout his long and remarkable political ca- reer, on the proposition that, whatever he did was done for "national security." And the tragedy is that more crimes and brutalities have been done in the name of "na- tional security" in this coun- try in the last quarter century than in the name of anything else, and Nixon is still falling back on this excuse, as he has done throughout his long ca- reer. Letters Ice caves closed The Herald editorial (May 19) entitled, Worth the effort, has been brought to my atten- tion. The article mentions the Pla- teau Mountain Ice Caves and I would like to point out that these ice caves have been seal- ed off for the time being in order to preserve and protect the delicate ice crystal forma- tions in the caves. The ice crys- tal formations were in great danger of being obliterated be- cause of the number of peo- ple entering the caves with heat producing light sources which upset the delicate temp- erature balance in the caves and caused the ice crystal for- mations to deteriorate. Hope- fully by excluding people, the temperature will stabilize and at sometime in the future we may be able to provide prop- erly supervised tours of these caves under controlled condi- tions. Director of Parks T. A. DRINKWATER Edmonton Lauds America's position Mr. piefenbaker's recent re- marks that "America stands to preserve freedom all over the must have rung bitter- ly in the ears of those who de- cry America and what that na- tion stands for. For instance, in Dr. Anant's letter, May 22, he cites "indiscriminate U.S. bombing in Vietnam, destruc- tion of crops, and goes on to say that Watergate evidences the "bankruptcy" of the Amer- ican system. The American presence in Vietnam was originally request- ed to help prevent a takeover of that country by the North. That the Communist powers have not been deterred from this aim is apparent by the massive infiltration of men and military supplies taking place daily and the obvious dis- regard displayed by North Viet- nam toward the ceasefire agreement. It is increasingly plain that without American in- volvement large areas of South- east Asia are in grave danger of complete subjugation. I think it is unfortunate the term "indiscriminate" should have been applied to American bombing. It was always the in- tention that such raids be dir- ected to military targets in an effort to impede the supply of war materials to enemy troops in the south. This undoubtably cost the lives of many civilians for whom we must surely feel compassion, as did Allied bomb- ing over Germany in the Sec- ond World War. But wars often do not involve personal hat- reds beween peoples. Wars are fought for causes. In the case of South Vietnam there are many who felt the cause was great enough to not only warrant, but justify the exten- sive and extreme measures taken in order to remain free and to be given the chance to develop the kinds of free insti- tutions and systems we have in the west. I can understand Dr. Anat's criticism of American politics with regard to Watergate, but does this affair reveal "bank- ruptcy" of their system? It would be foolhardy to assign moral bankruptcy to a system in which by far the greater number of politicians display virtue and integrity of a very- high order. Similarly, care should be exercised hi express- ing our censure. Such intrigue is not unique to American poli- tics. One need not travel too far into the history of any nation to find something that is distasteful. I am not an American. But I say that an American need feel no shame for his country's ef- forts on behalf of Vietnam. No parent of a son who did not return home need feel their boy died In a dishonorab'e cause. Should that day ever dawn when we who live in free- dom feel its defence is not worth the supreme sacrifice and content ourselves to live as robots in the peace of abject slavery, then we may justly consider democracy has run its course. JOHN C. LEA Ravmond First aid training I read with interest the let- ter by Mrs. Jean Mcllvaney and I agree with her 100 per cent that teachers, especially physical education teachers, should have first aid training. I know that it will be quite a while before first aid training appears in the schools, but those that are interested can take the St. John's Ambulance first aid course free of charge. Meetings are held every sec- ond Monday at p.m., at the police station For further information con- tact Con Leinweber at 327-1153 or Gerry DeHeer at 327-5193. FIRM BELIEVER IN IN FIRST AID Lethbridge Oxfam needs funds The growing cost of food in Canada is partly symptomatic of an increasing world-wide food shortage. An FAO spokes- man recently warned that the whole world is depending on this year's harvest for its food supply. Those who in re- ,cent years have been forecast- ing a world grain famine and who have been criticized for being unnecessarily alarmist, are now seeing their grim pre- dictions coming closer to re- ality. India is already feeling the food shortage with horrifying impact. The monsoon rains have failed to come for three successive years and the drought has turned the crops to dust. It's hard for us to pic- ture the economic and human disaster now facing millions in the western states of India. Many victims are fleeing from the waterless farms and vil- lages to the already overcrowd- ed slums of cities such as Bom- bay, seeking relief the slums cannot give. Oxfam is a small agency with limited means. But, by working with other voluntary organizations and the Indian government, we can help to limit the exodus and remedy the water and food shortages. Drilling rigs are in operation to deepen the wells and bring fcrth water. We have already established a food-for-work pro- gram on a water conservation project. Contributions to Oxfam's life- giving program will be grate- fully accepted at Oxfarn-Can- ada, 411, 339 6th Avenue S.W., Calgary, Alberta. DALY de GAG-NH Western Region Appreciates section I would like to express my appreciation to The Lethbridge Herald for the addition to its pages of the section Religion, under the editorial hand of Noel Buchanan. The unbiased approach he is exhibiting is much needed in our contemporary society, and the wide spectrum of current happenings, thought and opini- on he puts before us will sure- ly help to bring about a better understanding and appreciation for all faiths. BETTY MYERS Coaldale. The Lcthltridge HeraU 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta HERALt) TO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clau Mall Registration No. 0012 member ef The Canadian Presi and the Canadian Dally Newspaper PvMMMrt' AuoclatiOA and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Maneglng Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER IMng Manager Idltonal Editor THE HEftAlD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;