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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The Lctlibridae Herald VOL. LXVI No. 142 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, MAY 29, 1973 PRICE: TEN THREE SECTIONS 40 PAGES What really happened in Zambia JOHANNESBURG (Reuter) The Johannesburg Star published today what it said was the "first de- tailed account of what really happened" when two Can- adian girls were killed by Zambian gunfire at the Vic- toria Falls earlier this month. The front-page story, which the newspaper said was the result of a week's investigation, said that "about 50 people watched in horror" while five Zam- bian soldiers shot dead Christine Sinclair, of Guelph, Ont., wounded American John Crothers "and then snip- ed for nearly two hours at Marjan Drijbfr hiding be- hind a rock in the Zambezi river." Miss Drijber came from Rockwood, Ont. The Star said the report by Argus Africa News Ser- vice editor Wilf Nussey "completely refutes the Zam- bian explanation" that the touris'.s were fired at by only one sentry who feared they were about to attack a vital power station on the banks of the Zambezi be- low the falls. An official Zambian statement released a few days after the shooting incident May 15 confirmed that the party of four had been shot at by a Zambian sentry. Crothers wife was unharmed. DUTY TO DEFEND A Zambian government spokesman said it had been evident that the group ''had a mission connected with a threat to Zambia's security. Therefore, the sentry on duty could not have taken these people to be innocent. His duty was to defend the power station." The government said it deeply regretted that the shooting had led to the deaths of innocent people, but added that they shcuM have been warned about areas which were not safe to visit. Last Friday, Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda wept as he told a gathering that the two Canadian girls had been "shepherded to their deaths" by Rhode- sia for propaganda purposes. According to the report in today's Star, all witness- es to the incident had been "cowed into silence" and "indications in Lusaka are that President Kaunda has had the truth deliberately kept from him by his secur- ity forces with the connivance of members of his cab- inet including Mr. Grey Zulu, minister of defence." Nussey, whose story did not contain any direct quotes by witnesses, said he had discovered that some of tha people who saw the incident "shouted angrily at the troops to stop shooting. Nussey added that Zambian police had warned wit- nesses, most of them Africans, that they faced "dire penalties" if they talked shout the tragedy. Inside The back yard season is now in ful swing throughout Southern Aberta. Above, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Orcutt of 810 5th Street S., Leth- bridge, prepare their garden for flowers. Look in Chinook, enclosed with today's Heald, for o picture report on back yard activities; a story about prairie wildlife and'a photo his- tory of Lethbrdge Research Station. Classified 16-19 Comics......6 Comment 4, 5 District........3 Family 14, 35 Local News Markets 20 Sports.......8, 9 EntertJiriment 7 TV..........7 Weather........2 LOW TONIGHT 45, HPGH WED. 75-80; SUNNY 'First time he's smiled >'n weeks.' Canada stays in Vietnam The pinch is on This service station in Kansas City informs customers of the gasoline shortage with notations on its windows. The station closed its pumps over the long Memorial Day weekend on Sunday and Monday. Close hanging vote seen Bv VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Those advocating the abolition of capital punish- ment will win the first round, defeating the retentionists by a narrow margin in the Comimns Tuesday to give second reading to the bill that would extend the partial ban on hanging. That is the educated forecast of the two main opposition par- ties, house leaders as they count up the members of parlia- ment and seek to assess the outcome of the vote on the highly controversial issue. The vote for second reading of the bill that will extend for another five years the partial ban. is scheduled to take place at p.m. Tuesday. It is a free vote, that is the members are free to vote according t o their consciences and not along party lines. G. W. Baldwin and Stanley Knovvles, house leaders for the Progressive Conservative and New Democratic Party respec- tively are confident that the measure will receive second reading. But they also predict the margin will be close possi- bly only 10 votes separating the "yeas" from the "nays'. But that will be only the first round in what promises to be a continuing struggle in the house. The bill will go to com- mittee where attempts will be made by those advocating re- tention of hanging as the pen- alty for capital murder to make changes in the bill. That fight will be carried back to the floor of the house once the bill is reported back to the Commons for third reading. If the bill did not receive sec- ond reading it would mean capi- tal punishment would be re- stored as it was before Dec. 29 1967. At that time a five-year trial abolition of the death pen- alty except for the murder of a policeman or prison guard was initiated by parliament. That trial period officially ex- pired Dec. 29, 1972. Poor said soaked by supermarkets PRINCESS ANNE Princess to wed commoner LONDON (AP) Bucking- ham Palace announced today the engagement of Princess IT Lieut. Mark Phillips, a commoner. I The announcement came after months of denials from both the 22-j car-old princess and the dashing 24-year-old cav- alry officer. They have been constant compansions since last December. Palace spokesmen insisted right up until a few hours be- fore tho announcement that re- ports of an impending engage- ment were "pure speculation." Toronto (CP) The plight of Canadians on low fixed incomes and the unemployed who exist on less than a year in the face of rising food prices was brought to light in an Ontario Federation of Labor report re- leased Monday. The report said studies by both government and private agencies show that big super- market chains consistently charge more for food in low-in- come areas than they do in higher income regions. "The practice of soaking the poor is the report contended. Several supermarkets in slum areas mark up their prices be- cause, the OFL claimed, they have fewer stores in these areas and thus there is less competition. Also, higher rates Beet ivorkers arrive here First contingent of sugar beet workers under the Agricultural Manpower organizzed labor movement into Southern Alber- ta arrived at the Lethbridge Exhibition Grounds this morn- ing. Manpower officials register- ed 27 workers from the first bus load, filling the labor needs of six farmers in the Picture Butte, Taber, Coaldale and Tur- in districts. The native workers, mostly from the Loon Lake Reserve near North Battleford, Sask., slept on bunk beds, set up in the Youth-a-Rama Building be- fore being picked up by the farmers. (See story page 11.) of pilfering are blamed for the disparity in food prices, the re- port added. Elsewhere, prices of low-in- come food have escalated and the poor "feel the crunch of this suocrmarket the report said. The price of hamburgers rose 20 per cent in the last year and liver 25 per cent, it claimed. The report also hit out at a recent shopping study by the department of agriculture which said a person could eat on ?6.40 a week. When this figure was ques- tioned, one of the compilers of the study conceded the allow- ance covered only the bare min- imum needed to be adequately nourished by welfare standards. "Government actions to create employment and stamp out pov erty are clearly the need of our the report said. "Not advice on how to live ade- quately by welfare standards." OTTAWA (CP) Canada will remain on the International Commission of Control and Su- pervision (ICCS) in Vietnam for another 60 days External Af- fairs Minister Mitchell Sharp is expected to announce today. But Canada will be drawing out its 280 peace-monitoring personnel at the end of that 60- day period, sources say. It had generally been antici- pated that Mr. Sharp's Com- mons statement today would say the forces are being with- drawn. But Canada needs to give only 30 days' notice, which would mean departure by June 30. Instead, it has decided on a further 30 days because, a source said, it is desired to pro- tect the success potential of the talks now being conducted be- tween Henry Kissinger of the U.S. and Le Due Tho of North Vietnam. The contingent on the four- country ICCS was dispatched to Vietnam hours after the cease- fire agreement was signed Jan. 27 and is being withdrawn be- cause the commission has proved itself ineffective in monitoring the truce, Mr. Sharp is expected to say. Withdrawal after 60 days would be complete by July 31, leaving time for possible re- cruitment of a replacement member to join Indonesia, Hun- gary and Poland on the ICCS. The government limited its first commitment to the ICCS in January to 60 days. On March 27 Mr. Sharp extended partici- pation for a further two months, putting the deadline at Thurs- day, May 31. He told the House then that the government would withdraw from the commission unless "substantial improvement" was evident in the Vietnam situ- ation, or unless "distinct prog- ress has been made toward a political settlement." Sten and heard About town Tf 0 R M E R Lethbridgeite ..Don Jensen wondering out loud why Lethbridge weather is so much superior to what usually prevails in Calgary coach John Mc- Coll telling members of the Lethbridge Family Y Sting- ray swim team "I'm allergic to water. New process developed to destroy mustard gas An incinerator built at a cost of to destroy poison mustard gas stock- piles at the Defence Re- search Establishment at Suf- field may not be used after all. Clay Iverson, director-gen- eral for the establishment, told The Herald the destruc- tion by means cf incinera- tion was originally scheduled to begin about now, but re- search scientists have devel- oped a chemical process which "looks like it might provide more benefits." He said he was not pre- pared to release details of the process at this time. Once the new process has been fully tested, a Deport will be made to the Defence Research Board in Ottawa. Included in the report will be a recommendation of the best way to destroy the dead- ly gag by incineration or the new process. Mr. Iverson predicted a wait of up to two more months before the destruc- tion could begin. DR. BURTON BERYL PLUMPTRE Claresholm man board OTTAWA (CP) The newly- appointed chairman of the gov- ernment food prices review board warned Monday that price increases will not stop just because the board exists. Beryl A. Plumplre said there would be further price in- creases in the near future and emphasized that while the board can study them and sug- gest solutions, it has no power to force retailers and process- ors to hold the line on rising food costs. Mrs. Plumptre, president of the Vanier Institute of the Fam- ily and a former presidpnt of the Consumers' Association of Canada, said she hopes to gather the five-member force "within the next 10 days" to de- velop details of its planned in- vestigation. At a news conference with Consumer Aftairs Minister Herb Gray less than an hour after the board membership was ta- bled in the Commons, Mrs. Plumptre said she envisaged the board analyzing in depth the reasons for rising food costs. And Mr. Gray, she said, has assured her a budget ade- quate to fulfil the board's man- date. The search for board mem- bers began about a month ago. Six people were approached for the five-member board, Mr. Gray said. Only one refused be- cause of a lack of time. BOARD MAY TRAVEL Mrs. Plumptre, whose salary is being negotiated, is the only full-time member. Meetings generally will be held in Ottawa although the board may travel as wen. The present board members are appointed until December, 1974, but Mr. Gray says he re- gards the review as "an on- going thirg'' Besides Mrs. Plumptre, mem- bers of the board are William Grant Thompson, a Halifax chartered accountant; Evelyn A. Root, a Vancouver journal- ist; Dr. Gordon C. Burton of Claresholm. Alta., a former economics professor; and Louis II. Lorraine of Baie d'Urfe, Que., an executive of the Cana- dian Labor Congress. Mr. Gray explained the ab- sence of retail or food process- ing representatives as a govern- ment desire "to avoid putting people in awkward positions by appointing people not directly linked with the food industry." Space instruments trained on sun HOUSTON (AP) The Sky- lab astronauts point a battery of telescopes at the sun today and hope to give scientists their best look yet at how this sphere of gases controls our solar sys- tem. Physicists also hope the ex- periment will help unlock the secret of controlled thermonu- clear fusion, the source of the sun's energy. This might aid in the search for an unlimited, pol- lution-free power source on earth. Ground controllers completed an automatic checkout of the array of six tele- scopes Monday, and Charles Conrad, Joseph Kerwin and Paul Weitz plan to put it in op- eration today, the fifth day of the scheduled 28-day orbital flight. Mission commander Conrad today requested a private radio conversation with Space Centre Director Christopher Kraft, flight controller Neil Hutchison and Donald Slay ton, director of flight crew operations. The centre said it would re- lease a summary of the private conversation later in the day. Conrad had expressed dis- pleasure Monday at a great number of extra engineering tasks the astronauts were being asked to do. He asked that these be held off a couple days until the crew got back on schedule. The astronauts completed set- ting up housekeeping Monday in the laboratory, which is the size of a three-bedroom home, and began their first medical ex- periments. Strike hits Redcliff Jobless insurance costs mount plant OTTAWA (CP) Cost of the unemployment insurance pro- issue which har- rasscd the government during last year's election was about million higher in the first quarter of 1973 than for the same period in 1972. Latest figures from Statistics Canada show total benefit pay- ments of about million in the first three months of this year. In January, February and March last year, the figure was million. Higher average benefit pay- merits and a greater number of claimants had offset a drive to cut off payments to alleged abusers of the plan and a recently-improving unemploy- ment situation, causing the higher coste. Last year, the program proved expensive to the govern- ment financially, and possibly politically, as the Conservative opposition raised the insurance costs as an election expenses by eliminating from Unemployment insurance be- came a campaign issue when it became apparent the govern- ment had spent more money on the benefits than planned. Stung by opposition charges, tire Unemployment Insurance Commission tried lo cut down payment persons who were abusing the system. Last week, Guy Cousineau, UIC chairman, said in the first quarter of recipients investigated in se- lected occupational groups had been cut off from payments. But in spite of this and an im- proving unemployment situation in recent months, increased payments and a larger number of claimants have raised costs. Other 'actors adding to the million increase are the higher wages of those who re- sort to unemployment insurance than lash year, a UIC spokes- man says- Average weekly, payments to recipients have been about this year, compared with 1972 average payments in the same period of to Part cf the increase at least can be laid at the door of the increased basic benefit rate which now ranges between S32 and Last year the rale lay between to d3pcnding upon circumstances of past em- ployment. But a larger number of claim- ants, more than 1 million for each month in 1973 compared with 1972 totals of just over have also added to tho of payment.? REDCLIFF (CP) The 300 employees at the Dominion Glass Co. plant today refused to cross picket lines set up by the firm's 15 office workers. The office employees, mem- bers of Local 234 of the United Glass and Ceramic Workers Union, tcck strike action in support of contract demands after negotiations between the union, management and a pro- vincial government conciliator broke down Monday night. The plant, five miles west of Medicine Hat, manufactures bottles and other class pro- duels. ;