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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta CLEAtf HIGH FORECAST TUESDAY 85. VOL. LXV No. Brezhnev skill during Nixon talks By WILLIAM L. RYAN Associated Press Correspondent Nikita Krushchev sought from the United States some of the same things Leonid Brezhnev was after at the Moscow summit. Krushchev failed and his col- leagues dumped him. Krushchev paid a price for failure, but there may also be a price for success. Brezhnev, general secretary of the Soviet Communist party, went at tilings skillfully than Khrushchev and got much of what he sought, largely because the Americans happened to have similar goals at this time. Still, there probably must Ire some payment, and part of the price emerges in a serious indictment of the Soviet party by a Com- munist ally. The very fact that Brezhnev succeeded where Khrushchev's ponderous clumsiness failed, causes con- sternation among some Communists, at least in Asia. Brezhnev's "Russia first" stance has provoked dismay and anger in North Vietnam. Hanoi seemed to wonder whether it was being treated as a bargaining chip by1 Brezhnev. Tile chip may not yet be altogether committed to the pot, because one of the things Brezhev wanted most, a trade agreement, was left hanging. But the horse- tradiiig continues awl liic chip still could be useful. Different types Why could Brezhnev have his way and Khrushchev not? Probably because Brezhnev belongs, not to the rough-hewn old Stalin henchmen, but to a later crop of practical technocrats. With him, practical aims are important. Khrushchev liad economic problems similar to and perhaps deeper than those facing Brezhnev. Like Brezh- nev, lie wanted Western and U.S. credits. Like Brezh- nev, bo eyed the technologies that made Western Eunicr economies flourish. But Krushchev constantly got in liis own way. Krushchev launched peace offensives one after an- other, even hinting at one time, without actually saying it, that the Americans and Russians ought to whack up the world into spheres of influence between them. The Americans weren't buying. Richard Nixon, Ihcn vice-president, found Khrushchev's "peaceful com- petition" theme a negative concept suggesting a world forever divided into two hostile camps. Krushchev himself blasted his own peace offensives sky high with crisis after crisis: Berlin, the torpedoed ]9CO Paris summit, the Cuba missiles. Avoid bluster Brezhnev is no such reckless gambler. Wanting tho same things Khrushchev wanted, he avoided the Khriishchcvian style of boast, and bluster. His rationale for the summit was that it vindicated a traditional "peaceful co existence" policy, eased threat of nuclear war and thus assured "peaceful development of all socialist states.'1 Some socialist states won't be impressed by that promise. One is North Vietnam. There seems a fear in Hanoi that in the bargaining with Nixon the Soviet chief has little to offer except an implication of less devotion to the North Vietnamese cause. In 1963 and 1961. Hanoi agreed with the Chinese Communists and lambasted Khrushchev as a nasty re- visionist. Hanoi became the more furious with him in August. when Khrushchev reacted with extraordi- nary indifference to President. Lyndon E. Johnson's order for tho bombinp of Noilh Vietnam's Tonkin Gulf ports, tho event that heralded the wars escalation. Increased aid App.iK m.iy Khrushchev cared little about Vietnam except in lire context of Ihc global picture and the com- petition for influence in Asia. Aflcr Khrushchev. Mos- cow incre.nsctl niil In North Vietnam, particularly in I'rrsidnnl Nixon was on his way to Moscow when Norlh Yiel.nani'.s army newspaper Qnan Doi Nhan Dan published an Jiiwy tirade. II didn't mention Ihe Soviet Union, but Brezhnev obviously was the target. It began by claiming that Nixon was "sowing disunity and sab- otaging the Socialist and went on: "Communists always consider the revolution nf each ration rm inseparahle part of the revolution. They never sol inleresls above Ihe inlorcsts of the v.-ovVI revolution, much less serve national selfishness Ihe. expense of world revolution. At present the UH trresls of world revolution require relentless attack Ihe U.S. imperialists My showing weakness u.ii: liinnol their aggressiveness." ALBI-JRTA, MONDAY, MAY 20, 1372 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS, TWO SECTIONS" -24 PAGES o agree ostility "Want a laugh? Some guys out there have just signed a space IRA men killed in bomb blast From AP-REUTEH BELFAST (CP) An IRA bomb exploded accidentally in a Roman Catholic district of Bel- fast Sunday, killing six persons and wounding 18. The casualty toll was ex- pecttd to heighten Catholic pressure on the Irish Republi- can Army to halt its campaign of violence in Northern Ireland. The bomb blast killed three. IRA men. all on (he army's wanted list. They included Ed- ward McDonald, a 27-year-old bomb expert, and Martin Eng- land, a company commander of the IRA's Provisional wing. The army said I be loo-pnuml bomb exploded as the IRA squad was carrying it to a car. It splattered pieces of bodies across the street, and destroyed several houses, burying sleeping families under the rubble. Four other big bombs ex- ploded in other sectors of Bel- fast Sunday. Three of them, es- timated by the army to total more than 150 pounds of gelig- nite, wrecked large shopping areas in the downtown area. Other bombs blew up a ga- rage in a village 40 miles north of Belfast and severely dam- aged the town hall at Kilrca, 30 miles east of Londonderrv. Union head says 'coup crushed' MONTREAL (CP1 Marcel Pcpin, president of the Confed- eration of National Trade Un- ions, says an attempted, "coup d'etat'' within the CNTU "has been crushed." "The solidarity of Ibis move- ment now has been re-affirmed and we will continue fo fight for Ihe freedom of the Quebec work force." Mr. Pepin said after a weekend meeting here of the CNTU's governing council. The CNTU's ruling body voted to suspend three dissident exec- utives who have said they want to form a new union group from among CNTU rank and file members. MOSCOW (AP) President Nixon and Communist party chief Leonid Brezhnev signed a joint statement of long-range principles today agreeing to avoid military confrontations and envisaging eventual total world disarmament. For the near future, Nixon and the Soviet leader agreed in a companion communique to hold a European security con- ference-long a goal of the Soviet regime-quile soon. The conference will aim firsi at providing for an East-West cut back in military forces in Central Europe, notably those in East and West Germany. Nixon climaxed his seven days of summit, talks at the Kremlin by inviting the three top Soviet leaders-Brezhnev, President Nikolai Podgorny and Premier Alexei Kosygin to visit the United States ''at a mu- tually convenient The communique said the So- viet trio acepted the bid but Henry Kissinger, the president's assistant for national security affairs, said the return summit would not. take place until after the U.S. election in November. GIVES VIETNAM VIEWS The communique recited the opposing views of American and Soviet negotiators in Vietnam. However, Kissinger .said tho war was the subject of 'long, sometimes difriiculf and de- tailed riiscusions" which left, in doubt the vital question of whether the two governments understand each other on the issue and will co-operate to seek peace. As for the prospects, 'only the future can say, and I wouldn't want to Kissinger said. The communique also dealt. with Middle East tensions and said the United States and the Soviet Union "declare their readiness to play (heir part in bringing about a peaceful settle- ment." Of the two summit docu- ments, the statement of princi- ples signed by Nixon and Brezh- nev at a televised Kremlin cere- money was the more .sweeping. BE IGNORED Kissinger cautioned, however, that it represented "an aspira- tion and attitude" snrt that ei- ther side can ignore it at will. The presidential adviser nded that Nixon assumes tho Soviet leaders take the docu- ment seriously or they wouldn't have signed if. The first basic principle af- firmed by Nixon and Brezhnev was that the two governments "will proceed from the common determination that in the nu- clear age there is no alternative to conducting their mutual rela- tions on tiie basis of peaceful coexistence." Differences in ideology and social systems, the document said, 'are not obstacles to the bilaterial development of nor- mal relations based on the prin- ciples of sovereignty, equality, non-interference in internal af- fairs and mutual advantage." The second principle said the f.wo counti'is "attach major im- portance to preventing the de- velopment of situations capable of causing a dangerous exacer- bation of their relations." Nixon and Brezhnev agreed nuclear war." "they do their utmost to avoid military confrontations and to prevent the outbreak of THE DUKE AND DUCHESS IN NEW YORK The Duke and Duchess of Windsor are shown as they arrived in New York aboard Ihe Italian liner Michelangelo on March 30, 1971. Dealh separated the couple Sunday when the Duke died at his hom4 near Paris at the age of 77. (AP Wirephoto) Windsor Castle grounds grave Lon exile ends for Duke LONDON (CP) The long exile of the Duke of Windsor ends Wednesday when bis body is flown home for burial on the grounds of Windsor Castle. The former King VIII, who gave up the throne or, Dec. II, 1936, to marry a twice- divorced American, died r i hour before dawn Sunday at 1: s home in Paris. He was 77, his wife was at his side. The duke and duchess had no children. The duke had been in failing health for months, and there were reports he had cancer of the throat. When his niece. The Queen, visited him at bis home 10 days before he died, he was unable to rise from his chair. The duke long ago arranged with his brother and successor, Foreign ownership debate starts in OTTAWA (CP) The Com- mons gets its first crack at crit- icizing the government foreign- ownership policy in formal de- bate today after a four-week cooling off period since the pro- gram was announced. On the parliamentary agenda for debate today and Tuesday is the legislative incarnation of years of agonizing over what, to do about the domination of Ca- nadian industry by foreign cor- porations. The legislative response, out- lined by the Trudeau govern- ment May ;mi! presented in legislative form two days latrr, rame under fire, from govern- ment opponents at thai time as n paltry answer lo growing for- eign ownership. The sole significant measures in the bill would require ad- vance government approval for any proposed takeover by alien interests of a Canadian firm with assets of SSiiO.ooil or annual income of million or more. Since only five, to 20 per cent, of growth in (oreign-eoiilrolled assets result from takeovers, that means only a small propor- tion of foreign invest in e n t growth would be subject lo gov- ernment approval. At that, foreign takeovers- would be forbidden only when they were judged clearly ngainst Ihc national interest. Penonncpd By MPs Although the Canadian busi- ness community welcomed the bill as less stringent than ex- pected, MPs from all parlies de- nounced the measure variously as weak, a nothing, a zero or a hoax. Conservative Leader Robert Stairfield said the proposed bill would do nothing lo promote Ca- nadian ownership. New lender Pruul sfirl "il drab1 with noth- ing which is of consequence in relation lo regaining control over Canada's economy." Social Credit. {'poke-Milan Gil- bert Hondeau described I be three-year government study as "a dangerous eagle who gave birth to a stillborn sparrow." The Commons agenda already is piled with more legislation than it. can possibly complete. before the ewl-of-June target for summer adjournment. There's More to (nine Since (lie- current, session opened in the middle of Febru- ary, Ihe. government, has sentcd pieces of legislation and there are at least three to come, including bousing legisla- tion. Of those, only seven have been passed into law. and they include two routine bills to pay for government operations. There are 25 sitting days to June 30. Thirteen of those aro already allocated 11 for debat- ing topics lo be chosen by opjxv sition parties, two for comple- tion of the six-day debate on tho May 8 budget. Thai leaves only 1? June days for work mi a M'nre nf govern, menl bills, mam of I hem al- ready exhaustively rJfbaled and olhers as controversial as the foreign-Hint rnl IrgislrLn-n. Boy hilled Handy Fred Secly. II, of tho Kant on district, died instantly shortly before fi p.m. Saturday when he was kicked by a horse, 1JCMP report the accident occurred on his parents1 farm, about, 2fi miles west of N'anton. Coroner J. I.r.idlaw advis- ed no inquest, would be hold. the late King George VI, that he would be buried at Frogmore, the effigy-encrusted mausoleum half a mile from Windsor Cas- tle. Queen Victoria and her con- sort, Prince Albert, are buried there, and so is one of the duke's brothers, the Duke of Kent, who was killed in the Sec- ond World War. ORDERS MOURNING The Queen ordered a week of national mourning until June 5, the day of the funeral. She ar- ranged for the body to be flown back to Britain in an RAF transport. The duke will lie in slate in St. George's Chapel, at Windsor Castle, on Friday and Saturday. Thousands are expected to file past to pay their last respects. The duke, sensitive to royal protocol and the scandal his marriage caused in his home- land, asked for a private fu- neral. So only about 100 per- sons, including the Royal Fam- ily, cabinet ministers and mem- bers of other royal families, are expected to attend the simple funeral next Monday. The Brigade of Guards will mount guard of honor around tho coffin. The Duke was the brigade's colonel-in-ehief when lie was king. The duchess, now 75. will ac- company the duke's body on his last journey home. The Queen invited the duchess to stay at Buckingham Palace for the first time. SOMK COMPLAIV These arrangements were not enough for some Hritons who felt the former king should lie honored by lying in stale in Wesiminster Hall, where Eng- land's monarrhs are t radii ion- aily laid mi) for public mourn- ing. A Labor member of Parlia- ment. Geoffrey Rhodes, said in a protest lo the. Queen anil tho Lord Chamberlain, the bead of the Queen's household, over tho simple arrangements; "Tin's decision surely reflects that the hypocrisy of the estab- lishment which caused bis abdi- cation in Hie first plaee still per- varies those who make up the royal circle." Buckingham Palace replied to criticism by Rhodes, saying thn duko requested the St. George's Chapel site.. A palaco spokesman said; "All the funeral arrangements are at the request cf the Duke of Windsor himself. He planned the entire service at some time in the 1980s. "He selected the form of serv- ice, where it should be held and the spot where he should be buried." But the Britisn press wel- comed the Queen's gesture of reconciliation and mourned tha dead duke in black-bordered ed- itorials and multi-page spreads on his colorful and dramatic life. The Daily Express, a staunch supporter of royalty, summed up the wave of emotion that swept the country, saying: "Many of his countrymen bitterly regretted the political pressures that forced him to ab- dicate. The duchess should know that the king who was never crowned has a firm, en- during place in British QUEEN SENDS MESSAGE In a message of condolence to the duchess, the Queen ex- pressed grief at the death of her uncle and said: "I know that my people will always remem- ber him with gratitude and great affection and that his services to them in peace and war will never be forgotten." The duke became a favorite of the public in Canada and tho U.S. as the affable, hard-bitting, pleasure-loving Prince of Wales and globe-trotting salesman of the British Empire. As Prince of Wales, Edward paid widely-publicized visits to Canada after the First World War. In 1919, the year be bought a -i.ono-acrc ranch in the foothills nf the Rockies, southwest of ('nlgary, he was so popular with Canadian crowds Ilial the press of people wishing to shake, his band became a He learned Canadian slang and Ca- nadian dnncinp, :'hol game in Saskatchewan and played poker in Alberta. When lie sailed home from Halifax he spoke of "so many pleasant things to re- member." Tn 1927, accompanied by tho Duke of Kent and Prime Minis- ter Stanley Baldwin, be re- turned to Canada to open tlio Peace Bridge linking Canada and the United at Vnri Erie, OnL expells ri ROME f AP) Ecu Metcalfn of Vancouver said today ho had been expelled from France dur- ing the weekend when he went to Paris for a symbolic demon- stration at Xntre Dame Cathe- dral against France's forthcom- ing atom bomb test in the Pa- cific. Metcalfe is head of the Green- peace Foundation which planned the demonstration as part of its opposition to nuclear bomb testing. He said he. his wife and Ma- deleine Reed, a Greenpeace director from Montreal, were taken lo police headquarter.-; soon after they arrived in Paris Saturday after an Air Canada flight. He said the oilier two were released after qiK-xi'oning but he was told he would be sent hack to Canada. Melcslfe said no reason was jnvcn and he was not permitted to contact the Ca- nadian consul. He said French police granted his request to be allowed to con- tinue to Rome after he said his group had an audience with the Pope on Wednesday. They were put aboard the Home express and accompanied as far as the Italian border by a policeman. Metcalfe scid lie would confer here with other members of the Greenpeace Foundation to de- cide what to do about (ho planned Notre JJamc demon- stration. Rain forest lire situation TORONTO (CP) An over- night rainfall in the Kirkland Lake district has helped weary firefighters battling two major forest fires today in Ontario. Forester Ed Marcus said in a telephone interview today that about one-quarter of an inch of rain fell, making (he forest firo situation less dangerous than it has been the last few days. He said the areas t w- o largest fires 4.1CT acres in Doon Township and acres in H e n w o o d being held today. Others in the district were under control. The Doon fire has destroyed 612-square miles of woods in the last week. By the weekend. 225 firefighters had assembled al the Doon fire base camp, miles west of Matachev.'an. a small town 30 miles southwest of Kirkland Lake. By Sunday night, the combi- nation of damp and ef- forts of (he firefighters had re- duced fires in (he large section of Northern Ontario heynnr! Geraldton to 31. nine of them not under control. Truck-bus collision kills three L'ORIGXAL. Ont. (CP) Three Ottawa men cicd nr.rl IS others were night when a bus and a light three miles west of here. Dudley Brown. 2-x lYier Her- nandez, 23. and -kimrs 22, were returning frcni a end of motorcycle in Si. Croxi. Que., when tlv'r and (lie bus, carrying I'r.sseiv.'ers, met head-on on what was de- scribed as a 'Jit, love I stretch of Highway Bus driver ph of Ottawa taken lo hoi-pitnl in Ottawa, miles here, where1 he v. as IV treated for muliiple i ruin of Seen and heard About town mere thought of fi five pounds lo hi.-, w H (.-tiring .land. Linden on to piny O ATA dinner teachers when tho piano player (iid nut armv Brazilian viHtor (Ji-in-inn Swcssrn rnvivini: praise for pipe, which he bought, for crnis. ;